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attendng to; even the bare plaster of the walls and win-1 171. Moonlight. A. Perigal, jun. One of this artist's dows, and the homely desks and tables, are all indicative best pictures. of the simple primitive country school, and of the habits 174. Landscape and Cattle. G. Sidney Cooper. A and domestic life of the dominie.

soft, mellow, evening scene, with cattle scattered about. 67. Evening Scene on Loch Etvie. M. Macleay. This | A beautiful picture, both as respects the landscape effect artist delights in mountain scenery; and he does it jus and the truth and accuracy of the animals. tice, only that, to our taste, he has too vivid and decided 175. Portrait. W. S. Watson. A good specimen of tints.

this artist's style of youthful portraits. 73. Portrait of a Lady. J. Ballantyne. A graceful We are quite aware that many pictures of merit have and pleasing picture.

been passed over in this enumeration, but we shall pick 78. Early Winter. Sir W. Allan. A simple pastoral up some of them on a future occasion. homestead among the hills,—the green sward forming a contrast to the snow-capped hills in the distance, - | ASSOCIATION FOR PROMOTION OF THE FINE very true to nature.

ARTS IN SCOTLAND. 79. Glenfalloch. Miss Stoddart. 85. The Brides of Venice carried off by the Pirates.

To the Editor of the Torch. J. R. Herbert. A picture replete with action and good SIR, I have a few remarks to make upon - The drawing,—the tone of colouring rather subdued.

Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Seot100. Murder of Fethelmac. J. E. Lauder. A dark land," but which will apply as well to all associations of toned composition, suitable to the subject. The princi the same kind. And as I know your anxiety to promote pal figure is the minstrel,-the victim and the murderers the arts on all occasions, I hope you will be able to being cast into comparative shade.

afford space for the following observations in your exSome good portraits here intervene, by C. Smith, cellent periodical, as they are only called forth from an Mackenzie, and Watson Gordon.

anxious desire to benefit the arts and artists. In the 119. Peter the Hermit preaching the Crusades. D. first place, then, it seems, after an experience of ten Scott. A large picture, full of figures of varied charac years, that the system of engraving and distributing ter. There is here less of the mannerism of the artist, annually to the subscribers, a print engraved exclusiveboth in design and colouring, and a decided improve ly for them, does not give satisfaction,—this I think will ment as respects both. The subject is a difficult one, not be denied. No member that ever I have seen or to convey to the spectator, through the medium of the heard of, puts any value upon them whatever, they are expressions of others, the impulse intended by the ora looked upon, as they in general deserve to be, as very tor. On the whole, we should say that the diversity of inferior works of art; in fact so far from the print being the groups breaks up the unity of expression.

any inducement to join the association, I know many 121. Oberon and Titania. J. N. Paton. A small cases where it has been the direct means of making mempicture, but full of fancy and aerial visions as is the mid bers leave it. How often have I heard the following summer dream from which it is taken. There is a pe reasons given for ceasing to subscribe ? “ I never grudged culiar coldness of colour which at first is unfavourable, the guinea so long as I thought it could be of the least but on farther and minute inspection this peculiarity use to the arts or artists, if that had been all, but a print seems to throw an increased ideality over the whole was sent to me every year, which, as I had no place to scene. The picture evidently shows genius and imagin keep it in, I got framed, which cost me another guinea, ation, the latter power not always in the possession of and even that I could have stood, but worse than all, the artist.

after the print was hung on the wall, I only got myself 127. Greyfriars' Churchyard in 1679. W. Johnstone. laughed at for framing such things. So to prevent my A group of covenanters taken at Bothwell Bridge. There friends from laughing, and the print from being sent, I is here a good deal of power of expression, and bold and withdrew my name from the association," I think every free execution, though the colouring is rather hard and member must have heard this, or something very like it, cold. This artist gives good promise.

hundreds of times; the very faet of seeing them in every 131. River Scene. E. T. Crawford. A soft, mellow, house is quite sufficient to make them of little value, and pleasing picture.

in the ornaments of a house, above all things, one does 132. Dolbadern Castle. A. Perigal, jun. This artist not like to see a facsimile of their next-door neighbour's has several good landscapes in the room, and is rapidly in their room. It may be argued that from the great improving in delicacy of touch and fidelity to nature. expense of paintings, a sufficient number of prizes can

135. Portrait of T. de Quincy, Esq. By J. W. not be obtained, without the print, to please the whole Gordon. A perfect likeness, and much of the ease and subscribers. This to a certain extent is true, but in fine tone of colouring of this artist.

what follows I mean to bring forward two plans by 136. Jeanie Deans and Queen Caroline. J. G. Mid which this objection will be overcome. The first plan is dleton. A good picture, but the attitudes rather con to spend all the funds except what is required for necesstrained.

sary expenses, in the purchase of paintings, and it is 140. The Firth of Clyde. J. F. Williams, The best possible by this plan to add very considerably to the we have seen of this veteran artist's for years.

number of prizes; thus, the engraving and printing of 145. Distraining for Rent. Sir D. Wilkie. This pic the one print, will cost at least this year, L.1,250. Here ture requires no comment. It is one of those happy is a fund that would at once add a third to the number efforts which tells its own tale at a glance, and the of prizes; and doing so would, in my opinion, please all longer it is inspected the more it is liked. The Edin- parties much better than wasting the same sum on a burgh public owe a deep debt of gratitude to the Scot second-rate engraving. This sum, large as it is, could tish Academy for the repeated opportunities they have be, I think, very much increased by a little more econohad within the last few years of inspecting some of the 1 my on the part of the committee; thus, the funds at their finest of this artist's works.

disposal last year were L.5,641, 10s. 11d., the sum spent 149. The Cathedral of Durham. D. 0. Hill. A noble on works of art only L.2,047,- all the rest of this large view, and treated in the best style of this artist.

sum is swallowed up in expenses of one kind or another, 160. Coast of Mull. M. Macleay. A very pleasing with the exception of L.1009, lls. 6d., which is “ reand well managed landscape.

served,” but for what purpose I cannot tell. Surely 162. Loch Coruisk. A. Perigal, jun. The wild something might be done to reduce the expenses; for scenery of sky painted with a good effect.

instance who cares for the volume of reports issued 167. Norbam Castle. J. Stein. A rich and mellow every year, which costs the association L.2007 a simple toned picture.

advertisement of the state of the funds and number

of subscribers, would answer every purpose, and thus four prizes of 1.50 each would be obtained from this one unnecessary expense alone. But if it is found that the great mass of subscribers would still prefer having something like a certainty of obtaining a work of art every year, the second plan, while it retains the print system, would prevent the same print from being seen everywhere, and also do an immense deal more to improve and elevate the public taste, by giving variety, and works of a much higher standard. It is this- let the L. 1250, (which is the cost of the one engraving ) be spent in the purchase of the finest engravings that can be obtained in the British market, varying in price from 8s. to L.5; of course even L.1250 will not procure a print for every subscriber, but the chance of obtaining one would be very great, as will be afterwards shown; and I think no one would hesitate to take his chance of obtaining such a work of art as "John Knox Preaching,” “Bolton Abbey," “ First Reading of the Bible,” « The Highland Drovers," or “ Prince Charles entering Edinburgh,” compared with the certainty of getting a print which no one values when obtained. L. 1250 would not purchase many prints of the expensive class mentioned above, but prints a thousand times more welcome than the annual one, can be obtained for a sum very little above the actual cost of the Association-print, which is 6s. each; thus, for instance, the prints of “ Finden's Gallery of Art” cost only Us. each, but wholesale could be purchased for the very price paid for the Association print; and who would ever compare Stanfield's glorious « Trafalgar," engraved by Miller, with its transparent sea and life-like ships, with the “ Castaway," or indeed with any print ever issued by the Association? The chance of obtaining a prize, too, at present is very small. This last year, the subscribers being 4108, and the works of art purchased 54, gives 1 in 76 only, whereas L.1250 spent in the purchase of prints would give, along with the paintings (taking them even at the same number as last year) a prize to every third member.* By this plan a large patronage would be bestowed on engravers as well as artists, and printpublishers would be induced to issue works of a superior class, knowing that nothing which had not some standard of excellence in it would be purchased by the committee. There is yet another advantage worth mentioning: it is well known that all paintings do not answer for engravings, or, in other words, that a very splendid painting may, and often does, make but a very poor engraving. From this risk the committee would be entirely relieved by purchasing only prints which have stood the test, and been approved of by competent judges. In conclusion, I hope sincerely that the committee will take the above statements into their consideration at our next annual meeting; and I think that either of the above plans, or any other that will do away with the annual print, will insure a large addition to the list of subscribers. Adam Urquhart, Esq., stated at last meeting, that " while the subscriptions from other parts were large, the proportion from the citizens of Edinburgh was not so large as might have been expected.” The print is the cause of this; the evil tells with tenfold effect here, where so many are distributed compared with any other place; give none, or give variety, and the evil is removed. T. J. B.

News of the cateek. ARMORIAL BEARINGS.- At a meeting of Commissioners of Supply for the County of Forfar, held at Brechin on the 24th day of June, 1845 years, for the purpose of hearing and determining appeals against the surveyor's charges of assessed taxes,

The Right Reverend David Moir, Bishop of Brechin, appealed against the charge made upon him for duty on armorial bearings,

L.1 4
And 10 per cent. additional, . . . .
Amounting together to ,

L.1 64 for the year 1844, ending at Whitsunday 1845.

Upon hearing the appellant and surveyor, the case appeared to be as follows:

The appellant had not, during the year for which the charge was made, used or worn a family crest, or ensign, on a seal or otherwise. He had, by right of his office or appointment as one of the bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Scotland, used two seals (impressions of which are herewith produced), and the smaller senl was worn, as well as used by him; the larger seal was only 0.0 casionally attached to letters of orders, and deeds of consecration. The appellant therefore contended, that reale of this kind were not of those described in schedule K. of the Act 18 Geo. III., cap. 55, under which he was charz. ed, or, if they were, they came under the exemptions fron the duties, as set forth in said schedule.

The surveyor contended, that by said schedule of this Act referred to, the appellant is clearly liable, in respet that the arms on the large seal, an impression of which is produced herewith, are the duly registered arms of the of Brechin, to wit- Argent, three piles meeting at the points, in base, gules-see Robson's Peerage of Scoilari, 1830; and as it was admitted, on the part of the appellant, that he was in the practice of using the small seal, upon which is engraved a "mitre," with the initials of his name underneath, an impression of which is also produced here with, the surveyor contended, that as the seal bore under neath a mitre the initials of the appellant's name, he had thereby adopted the same as his arms or ensign, and which ensign, though connected with, and bearing upon, the ar pellant's ecclesiastical office, was nevertheless as clearls his arms or ensign as was the coronet of any peer or baror. Further, that the appellant's clerical office was not such as to entitle him to exemption for the private use of such seal, which is purely a heraldic ensign. Further, that the exemptions under the Act do not recognise any such es. emption, being declared only in favour of the Roych family, and others using their arms by appointment, ti right of office, or those used in any city, buryh, or town cute porate."

The commissioners considered the appellant entitled tr relief from the charge appealed from, and relieved him of the same accordingly. But the surveyor being dissatisita with that decision, requested that a case might be made for the opinion of her majesty's judges, which is hereby stated accordingly

13th January, 1846.- We are of opinion that the de termination of the commissioners is wrong, in respect of the exemption in the statute being limited to any person who shall, by right of office or appointment, have worn or used any of the arms or insignia worn or used by the royal family, or used in any city, borough, or town corpu rate."

F. JEFFREY.

J. CUNINGHAME. KNIGHTHOOD.--Mr Murchison, the geologist, has been created a knight. Dr Kane has also been raised to the same dignity by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

MR SAMONELLE.-We regret to announce the death of this able entomologist. He was connected with the British Museum for 24 years, and died suddenly, in his 56th year, on Friday se'enight.

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1315

54 paintings. 1360 prizes in all.

1369 )4108( 3 times

4107

EDINBURGH: Printed by ANDREW JACK (of No. 29 Gilmose I'lace:

at No. 36 Niddry Street, and published at No. 58 Princes Strefi by WILLIAM AITCHISON SUTHERLAND of No. 1 Windsor Street: and JAMES KNOX of No. 7 Henderson Row, all in the City and County of Edinburgh.

280

P.S. The prints are valued at the full price, but nearly one-fourth would be allowed by the print sellers off so large a sale,

ROYAL SCOTTISH ACADEMY.-Mr James Eckford Lauder, formerly an associate, has been elected a fellow of the academy.

EDINBURGH: SUTHERLAND and Knox, 58 Princes Street, and sold by Houlston and Stoneman, Paternoster Row, London W. Blackwood, Glasgow : L. Smith, Aberdeen: and may be a by order of every Bookseller in the United Kingdom.

Edinburgh, Saturday, February 28, 1846

183

ENDOWED HOSPITALS AND SCHOOLS. The numerous, endowed hospitals for the aged, what of a pristine glow at the chubby, rosy face of and for the education of youth, made in latter infancy-the almost extinguished eye sparkles at times, had their origin from the monastic institu the wild and vivid gaze of boyhood—the fading tions of the middle ages. When first instituted, in memory of the aged, now loaded, and well; those remote periods, they were, perhaps, the best nigh overwhelmed with the mass of events, turns suited for the times. When society was as yet but away from the present, and delights in going half-formed when the majority of the people back to childish days, and is garrulous of childish were poor and ignorant, and when frequent wars sports, and visions long since swallowed up in the disturbed the country, these were sacred and seclud abyss of time. No scope has such a one for the exed retreats, where the indigent might resort to find ercise of his feelings amid the throngs of his aged relief, and the ignorant, the young, and the help companions around hiin; and we would rather see, less, might be received and educated, and trained even in the meanest cabin, the mingling notes and to usefulness. Even such places were the centres expressions of human sympathy,—the aged grandand repositories of all the art and knowledge then father or grandmother, surrounded by her children in the possession of society, and while all was and children's children,-than the better clothed change and lawless rapine around, their sanctity and fed, though listless and monotonous, ranks of and utility made them be respected and encour the art-regulated workhouse. But it will be said, aged. No doubt such institutions then, as at all such things are inevitable. To a certain extent times, had their defects, and latterly ran into they may; but not to the full extent, as at present abuse; but as expedients suited for the times, their existing. And, perhaps, among the many causes original intention was good, and they undoubtedly which have tended to raise up, and fill our hospihad a practical effect upon society. But what is tals for the aged, have been our numerous hospitolerable in one age may be useless, or worse than tals for the young. If the old are not intended by useless, in another. The good and pious intentions nature to congregate exclusively together, so neiof a founder of such places, in former times, may ther are the young. Man is a creature of imitaclaim our just praise; but it may so happen, that tion and experience; and if the young herd excluthe intentions and bequests of their modern fol- sively together, it is evident that they can learn lowers may be looked upon only as vain-glorious nothing from each other, at least nothing that is and self-exalting exhibitions. If we consider such salutary and humanizing. Take a boy of tender iņstitutions, apart from any circumstances of the years, and view him at home, under the paternal times, or of the state of society, they are in princi roof. His intellect and feelings are just beginning ple erroneous. The natural state of man in society to open up-that intense maternal affection, which iş a mixture of old and young, of independent and he has drawn in as it were with his mother's milk, dependent, of rich and poor,,hence, if a number is beginning to manifest itself in rational love, reof old people are huddled together, or if a number spect, and obedience—the frowardness and coarseof young are collected exclusively into a perma | ness of his nature are being tempered and refined nent society, an artificial state of life is created, by sisterly influence, and his inquiring faculties inimical to the full play of all those emotions and called into healthy play by brotherly collisionendowments of the human heart and intellect. not that the external discipline of the world is in

The poet. Cowper compares men, when crowded the meantime excluded—the day-school, the playtoo closely together in communities, to trees plant ground, and the ramble in the fields, as well as in ed too thick, which will grow up weak, spind the crowded mart, are all at play on his character, ling, and imperfect, totally unlike the same trees sometimes eliciting good, and sometimes evil; but when scattered over hill and dale, and rearing from all these he has the retreat of home to flee to, their strong, healthy trunks, and spreading their | and its softer and purer influences to temper and broad, flourishing branches, into the sky. We know subdue his expanding passions and propensities. not a more melancholy and depressing thing than If his home be a straitened one-and perhaps for to visit an hospital, or a poor-house, filled with old him not the worse on this account-he has many people, even when there is no want of mere physi lessons of prudence and forbearance taught him cal comforts. The inmates may be clothed and fed daily; and when, in return for some kindly office, tolerably well; but there is a languor and restless. | his mother or sisters exact from him a promise of ness, a death-like depression, and an unimpassioned future kindly deeds, when he grows up to be and unfeeling deportment, which is more like a liv- | able-bodied and rich, what a lasting stimulus does ing entombment than a real and earthly existence. this idea impress upon his little swelling heart, and Singular enough that, as the old increase in years, not unfrequently what ample fruits of future kind and even in sorrow and affliction, their sympathies offices are the result! But suppose this same boy turn more and more towards the young! The old taken from home, and placed in some hospital, or blanched and withered cheek lights up with some great educational institution, his heart at first is THE TORCH, NO. X.

MARCH 7, 1846.

sad, and he droops like a transplanted flower; / eminent philanthropist, to whose report we alludone by one his affections deaden and wither-he ed in a late paper, maintains that even the poorest must have companionship of some kind or another | can pay a small sum for education, and that they

-he joins the crowd, and soon acts, and thinks, will and do think more of such education than if and feels as they do. In such seminaries, the in- it had been bestowed in an eleeinosynary way. tellect may be, and generally is, sufficiently culti There is no greater hope of individuals and of comvated, but the feelings and affections shrink up, | munities, than when even the lowest are willing and all but disappear; and in their place what can and able to help themselves,--when they cease to be substituted but selfish considerations, and too slavishly or ignobly depend upon extrinsic aid, often vicious passions and indulgences. If in such | For this reason we regret to see proud palaces with institutions the discipline be imperfect or relaxed, glittering domes, rising in the present day, to form of course idleness and licentiousness will be preva the secluded prisons either of the discontented and lent. If, on the contrary, the discipline be strict, peevish old, or of groups of the young and artless, then, although the intellectual advantages may be uprooted and transplanted from their native and great, and even the moral conduct guarded, still more useful beds, where they might have withthere is a barrier to the full play of the best and stood even the bitter blasts of poverty, and perhaps most valuable of the affections. In thus generaliz grown more hardy and brave-hearted in conseing we by no means exclude exceptions; but we

quence of this discipline. Not, however, that we think it will be found, that those exceptions are altogether blame the founders of such institutions. where institutions of the kind are placed as much Though personal vanity may have been one of as possible upon the model of domestic and family their chief prompters, and that other singular tuition. If, again, it be said that these generaliza- | feeling, which almost always actuates great hoardtions are visionary, or at all events greatly exag ers, a desire to keep their accumulated wealth in gerated, we could bring proofs of the accuracy of one great mass, and so to perpetuate it down wani our conclusions, and adduce evidence to show that through all time, unbroken and unalienated, yet the discipline of such institutions has been so de we believe other benevolent feelings may, and often fective, and the morals of the inmates so contami- have had their influence. Of this nature is that nated, as to fill with alarm the breasts of parents high estimate which every partially or un-educatwho had confided their children to them. But it ed man has formed in his mind of the paramount will be said, do not idleness, and disobedience, and importance of learning and knowledge, and that vice, and profligacy, prevail sufficiently in private benevolent desire which actuates him to do all that families, or at least among individuals of such | in him lies to procure that learning for others families, trained and cared for in the most anxious which he had not had the good fortune to commanner. True, this is the case. But vice in com mand in early life for himself. Of this cast must munities becomes inevitably contagious;—it grows the canny, industrious, and courtier-formed “ginand increases, and is transmitted from one year to | gling Geordie” have been when he formed the deanother, with a faithfulness and pertinacity not sign of endowing Heriot's Hospital,-an institution easily to be overcome; while individual vices are which undoubtedly has been of service in its day, more circumscribed, do less extensive harm, and and which, in the present time, by a judicious exmay be weeded out, if not reclaimed. So obvious tension of its founder's general intentions, has been have become the evils of such institutions, that in the means of establishing excellent and cheap dayEdinburgh propositions have emanated from seve schools, throughout the most populous districts of ral quarters to abolish them altogether, and sub this city. The fame and success of Heriot's instistitute domestic education and training in their tution, however, and the prospective eclat of simistead. An experiment of this kind is being tried lar glittering domes rising to the memory of others, with the orphan children of the city poor, and a pro have had a contagious effect upon many worthy position to extend this experiment to institutions of citizens, who, finding they had more wealth than a higher grade, has been more than once mooted. they had the heart to bestow upon their own needy It appears, indeed, as if the age for such institutions relatives, have, from time to time, inundated the had entirely gone by. Their necessity is not now northern metropolis with their charity. Within apparent,-a good common education is now with-| the precints of the city there are not less than in the reach of every family, even of very humble seven such hospitals, at which are educated and means. Make even a first-rate education as cheap maintained about six hundred and fifty boys and by the funds of our numerous endowments,-apply girls; and there is besides, Donaldson's Hospital, the surplus to the domestic board of orphans and which looks more like a magnificent palace than a destitute children, and every fitting and salutary place of charity, which is now nearly ready to repurpose of the donors will be served. Such a sys ceive some hundreds more; and a similar institutem as at present exists, besides producing the evils tion to be yet reared from the bequeathment of the we have enumerated, tends still farther to degrade late Sir William Fettes. the proper independent spirit which both children The actual intention of most of these donors and parents, in all ranks, ought to cherish. An was, that the charity should be confined to or

phans alone, who had been left unprovided for by their elders with awe as well as reverence. The their parents. This restriction it was always found system of apprenticeship was universal among difficult to observe, and as the institutions became the middle classes, and the master not only held richer, by the gradual increase in the value of pro- the sway of command, but exercised a paternal perty, the admissions also became more indiscri surveillance over his young household. We do minate and promiscuous. The total annual expense not affirm that all this was wisely done, or that in of maintaining and educating each individual practice it was found uniformly advantageous. But within such establishments is also comparatively if severity of treatment, restraint, and ceremony, high-much higher, in fact, than what is necessary were imposed upon the young of those days, the to clothe, feed, and educate, in a private way, reverse is the case now. The youth of the present individuals of the same station in society, and des- time may be said never to be young. They start tined for the common business of life-80 that, on from the cradle to the independence of manhood at economical views alone, these establishments are one leap; the toga virilis of the Romans, that disbased on erroneous principles; but when to this tinctive check of a people fond of salutary disciwe add the moral considerations which we have pline, is never worn; every child is hurried into a already alluded to (and we must say, that we have forced precocity; restraint is deemed a cruelty or merely hinted at evils which are quite palpable a mark of slavish oppression, and hence indulgence and notorious), the sooner some radical change is has its full and unrestrained swing. The very brought about the better, both for the interests of characteristics of youth, even under the best manthe young, and the community at large.

agement, are, self-sufficiency, a tendency to hasty But one erroneous principle, if carried out in conclusions of thought, and a quick play of fresh practice, is sure to bring other evils in its train. and untamed passions, but the sway of unWe have said that the eleemosynary education of bounded liberty thus degenerates into boldness, so large a proportion of the community, especially rudeness, and every kind of selfishness. Formerly so large a proportion of the poorer class, may have respect to the opinions of the old and experienced no little effect in bringing back to hospitals a con was deemed a virtue, and the “ wisdom of our ansiderable proportion of the old and infirm poor. cestors" was perhaps too tenaciously adhered to: Once impart an idea of an hospital in early life, and now antiquity is despised in the gross,-neither its it becomes familiar afterwards,—many may trust wisdom nor its errors claiming a passing glance of to it themselves, and more may find it a convenient attention. All modern thought is hurried on to way of getting quit of the burden of their aged par the future, we live not in the past or the present, ents, or dependant sisters and relatives. It has but in what is to come, or rather in anticipation of been frequently remarked, both in England and what may come. Formerly Britons gloried in Scotland, that where such institutions abound, “Old England,” now it is Young England, Young trade and enterprise languish. It is not to our France, and Young America. An acute traveller ancient cathedral cities, with their endowed stalls, has pointed out the remarkable prevalence of and deaneries, and hospitals, and free schools, that young opinions in the latter country. It would we are to look for the greatest enterprise or the appear by their vital statistics that the proportion sounds of busy labour,-to stately York, or solitary of young people as compared to middle-aged and Lincoln, or ancient Chester,—but to the unpinna old persons is more in America than in other councled Manchester, and Leeds, and Birmingham. | tries in Europe; now this physical fact, joined to Even those great and renowned halls of ancient the precocious forcing of the young, and the unilearning, Oxford and Cambridge, now allow the versal go-a-head system of the country, has evicobwebs to accumulate in their córners, and the dently produced a national effect, and hence the sleek and amply endowed professors sleep in soft rashness and volatility of purpose, the self-sufficient slumbers, while the world around is all awake. boasting, that constitutes the chief foibles of that The electric telegraph, that mechanic power which otherwise remarkable people. has rivalled the celerity of thought, did not origin In addition to the strict surveillance and suborate there. The brilliant gas, which rose a meteor dination of former times, which we have just alfrom the earth, did not first shine on the Cam or luded to, as existing in all families of the communithe Isis,-neither did steam engine or railway car ty, there was also the discipline of the army and riage start from their classic abodes. Few Watts, navy, and especially that discipline as exercised or Boltons, or Windsors, that we are aware of, during states of long and trying warfare. This have ever issued either from ancient universities or had no doubt an effect on the general manners of endowed hospitals.

the community; and if there were any salutary Few changes in society are more remarkable advantages arising from it, it is now lost, by the than the different position which the young now relaxed discipline of these our “piping times of hold from what they did formerly. In the days of peace.” It appears to us as if the training and our ancestors young people held a very subordinate | fitting subordination of the young did not altoplace. They were kept in strict discipline and gether keep pace with the improvements and refinesubordination. They were taught to look up to ments of the uge.

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