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her brow, her falling hair. As he had seen her last. she had; she made herself a party to his treachery, by And when they found her thus, they neither turned concealing it. Last night she saw him, in the interview nor looked upon him, but gathered close round her, and we witnessed. It was wrong. But otherwise than this, comforted and kissed her: and pressed on one another she is innocent, if there is Truth on earth!' to show sympathy and kindness to her; and forgot him 'If that is your opinion- Tackleton began. altogether.
“So, let her go!' pursued the Carrier. Go, with my Thus the night passed. The moon went down; the blessing for the many happy hours she has given me, stars grew pale; the cold day broke; the sun rose. The and my forgiveness for any pang she has caused me. Carrier still sat, musing, in the chimney corner. He Let her go, and have the peace of mind I wish her. had sat there, with his head upon his hands, all night. She 'll never haté me. She 'll learn to like me better, All night the faithful Cricket had been Chirp, Chirp, when I 'm not a drag upon her, and she wears the chain Chirping on the Hearth. All night he had listened to its I have rivetted, more lightly. This is the day on which voice. All night the house hold Fairies had been busy I took her, with so little thought for her enjoyment, with him. All night, she had been amiable and blame- from her home. To-day she shall return to it; and I less in the Glass, except when that one shadow fell upon will trouble her no more. Her father and mother will
be here to-day—we had made a little plan for keeping He rose up when it was broad day, and washed and it together--and they shall take her home. I can trust dressed himself. He couldn't go about his customary her, there, or anywhere. She leaves me without blame, cheerful avocations; he wanted spirit for them; but it and she will live so I am sure. If I should die-I may mattered the less, that it was Tackleton's wedding-day, perhaps while she is still young; I have lost some courand he had arranged to make his rounds by proxy. He age in a few hours---she'll find that I remembered her, bad thought to have gone merrily to church with Dot. and loved her to the last! This is the end of what you But such plans were at an end. It was their own wed- showed me. Now, it's over. ding-day too. Ah! how little he had looked for such a Oh no, John, not over. Do not say it's over yet! close to such a year!"
Not quite yet. I have heard your noble words. I
could not steal away, pretending to be ignorant of what Old Tackleton pays the carrier a visit in his marriage
has affected me with such deep gratitude. Do not say array, and they talk over the latter's sad mishap, wait- it 's over, 'till the clock has struek again!" » ing till the marriage hour comes up.
Tackleton now leaves his friend strolling disconsolate «• Did I consider,' said the Carrier,' that I took her; among some neighbouring elms, and hastens himself to at her age, and with her beauty; from her young com
meet his young and blooming bride. panions, and the many scenes of which she was the ornament; in which she was the brightest little star that “ The Carrier's little wife, being left alone, sobbed pitever shone; to shut her up from day to day in my dull eously; but often dried her eyes, and checked herself, to house, and keep my tedious company? Did I consider say how good he was, how excellent he was! and once how little suited I was to her sprightly humour, and or twice she laughed ; so heartily, triumphantly, and how wearisome a plodding man like me must be, to one incoherently (still crying all the time), that Tilly was of her quick spirit! Did I consider that it was no merit quite horrified.” in me, or elaim in me, that I loved her, when every
But the denouement comes at last. The mysteriou body must who knew her! Never, I took advantage of her hopeful nature and her cheerful disposition; and
stranger turns out to be old Caleb the toy-maker's son, I married her. I wish I never had! For her sake; who was reported to have died, but who now returns not for mine!
from South America to redeem a youthful engagement * Heaven bless her! for the cheerful constancy with made with the blooming May, the intended bride of the whieh she has tried to keep the knowledge of this from
old, rich, but unloveable Tackleton. The young stranme! And Heaven help me, that, in my slow mind, I have not found it out before! Poor child! Poor Dot!
ger had been more alert and active that morning than I not to find it out, who have seen her eyes fill with the intended bridegroom: he comes back from church tears, when such a marriage as our own was spoken of ! with his young wife, rejoicing the hearts of his old faI, who have seen the secret trembling on her lips a ther and affectionate blind sister, and clears up the brow bundred times, and never suspected it, till last night! Poor girl! That I could ever hope that she would be
of the regenerated carrier. The day ends in mirth and fond of met That I could ever believe she was!
happiness. "She has tried,' said the poor Carrier, with greater Such is an outline of the gay, golden-embossed, artisemotion than he had exhibited yet; ' I only now begin tically adorned, little trifle of the day, or, we may say, of to know how hard she has tried; to be my dutiful and
the hour. By this time, thousands and tens of thousands zealous wife. How good she has been; how much she has done; how brave and strong a heart she has; let the
have devoured it, beguiled by the magic name of Dickens. happiness I have known under this roof bear witness! Every miss in her teens and beardless boy, every milliner It will be some help and comfort to me, when I am here and mantua-maker, every fashionable belle, every draalone.'
per's apprentice, as well as every man of wit and fashion I sat upon that hearth, last night, all night. On the spot where she has often sat beside me, with her sweet
about town, has been rapturous in its praise, and is full face looking into mine. I called up her whole life, day
of free and flowing criticism on its merits. By this time by day; I had her dear self, in its every passage, in re- too, in another dress, it has strutted its hour upon the view before me, And upon my soul she is innocent, if stage, for which we believe it was originally intended. there is One to judge the innocent and guilty?
It will not detract from the fame of the pencil which Stanch Cricket on the Hearth! Loyal household Fairies!
sketched little Nell, or Pickwick, or Oliver Twist, though • Passion and distrust have left me!' said the Car- the lines be less deep, and the lights and shadows less rier: 'and nothin: but my grief remains. In an un- marked and enduring. The plot is commonplace enough, happy moment some old lover, better suited to her
and the characters want depth and originality, with the tastes and years than I ; forsaken, perhaps, for me, against her will; returned. In an unhappy moment,
exception of Dot, who is a perfect model of a pre ty, taken by surprise, and wanting time to think of what
dumpy, lively, loving, kind-hearted, and delightful little wifie. Tilly Slowboy the nurse is also excellent in her of Caleb's toy room forms an amusing episode ; and way, and, in her baby slang, acts the part of a Greek Bertha is a good sketch, though we suspect her blind chorus, in darkly expounding the plot; while the hissing experiences are not quite agreeable to nature, or the tea-kettle, the chirping cricket, and a band of gentle fai- philosophy of Dr Kitto in his Lost Senses, two volumes ries, form the machinery of the tale. The description which we shall soon introduce to the notice of our ieaders.
TEA AND COFFEE.
We had a little talk about tobacco last week, and if age of the tea plant, and other eircumstances. The we recollect right, congratulated our fair friends and fresh young leaves from the upper branches or young readers--for by this time we are sure we have thousands shoots of trees not too old or overgrown, constitute the of readers of the gentle sex-on their exemption from 'finest flavoured and strongest tea, commonly called its baneful influence. We are now to take up the sub- green teas. The older leaves from the lower and older ject of tea; but be not startled, ladies, for we shall deal branches, constitute a middle quality, and the coarser gently with you, as well as with your fragrant herb. If teas are formed from still coarser leaves. These leaves you had never heard of snuff-taking, or tobaeco-smoking, are hand-picked from the shrubs, dried over a fire, in your lives, and if, by some of our new railway lines, rolled up by the hand, and picked and sorted in the way you could be suddenly transported among the Turks, in which the teas are brought to this country. When or even to the centre of Germany, how would you first prepared, the peculiar principle of the tea leaf is start and laugh outright, to see a human being spend so active and strong, that it would be unsafe to use it; several hours a-day in inhaling and puffing out, from tea is accordingly kept a year in China before it is an old sooty-looking tube, a smoke which, to your brought to sale, and frequently another year elapses befiner sensibilities, would prove of the most nauseous, fore it is used in this country. sickening, and disgusting nature. Or how would you
What is the nature of this principle ? Chemists call it be still more astonished to see hundreds of people stuf
Theine. It is narcotic, highly azotised, and exercises a fing a brown dirty powder, pinch after pinch, up their peculiar stimulating effect upon the whole nervous sysnostrils, to the total disfiguration of their faces, linens,
tem. Liebig supposes that it contains a matter which fingers, and imparting to their whole persons an odour enters directly into the constituent nourishment of the compounded somewhat of a tan-yard and an apothecary's brain and nervous tissues, and that thus, its refreshing shop-we are sure you would call them brutes, and more
and exhilarating properties become so direct and rehateful even than Gulliver's Hoynhyms. Now, tea,
markable. At all events, it is a deeided stimulant, if though we warn you that we may start some little objec- used in moderation, of a mild, calm, and unperturbing tion to it, is managed altogether in a different way. nature, and not followed by any perceptible depression. With a classic dignity, you pour the fragrant infusion
If taken in excess, like all narcotics, it becomes hurtful from the richly embossed tea-pot into the elegant china to the stomach in the first instance, and at last to the cups ranged around, and you sip and swallow it with a
nervous system. In a concentrated state, it is a decided grace. What is more delightful than a tea-table with poison. Along with this peculiar narcotic principle, or all its smiling domestic faces--what more grateful than theine, there is also a slight and somewhat grateful aroits rich aromatic vapours--what more intellectual and matic quality, as also a bitter, which is the usual vegepoetic than the brilliant sentiments and soft eloquence table bitter called tannin. The excitement of strong tea, which circulate around it. Contrast this with the puf- especially green tea, is well known to cause watchfulfing and blowing, the more than Dutch solemnity, and
ness. There is a continued flow of vivid ideas, with no phlegm of the club-room—the beer- bespattered table desire to sleep, even let you court your pillow ever so the dirty floor—the spittoons-pah ! We are sick of the sedulously. It is a more refined and placid excitement
than that caused by opium, or any other drug, but even The tea shrub, as we daresay you all know, is a native this period of watchfulness is not followed by any fatigue of the temperate parts of north-eastern Asia. It grows or weakness,--the disagreeable consequenees are imon the mountain sides of certain districts of China, paired digestion, and flatulence. Japan, and part of our now Indian possession of Assam,
That singular people, the Chinese, have been accusto the north-east of Bengal. Speaking geographically, tomed to drink infusions of tea for thousands of years, the tea districts extend from the twenty-seventh to the
In a curious old tract on the geography of the Erythreana thirty-first degree of north latitude; but the plant will sea, written in the first century of the Christian era, & thrive even still farther north to about the forty-fifth commercial people corresponding in all respeets to the degree. It is a shrubby plant, about the size of our wild Chinese, are mentioned as coming from afar, bringing for sloe, with leaves something like the sloe or some of our sale “large mats full of dried leaves.” These leaves there willows. The flower blossom is exceedingly like that of are strong grounds for believing were tes, so that its the common hawthorn. It delights in a rather hilly introduction into the west of Asia and probably into locality, and a light sandy soil. It is not very well as part of Europe, must have been at an early period. certained whether there are two or only one species of In modern times, the Dutch brought it to Holland, and the tea-plant. We are inclined to think there is only from Holland it was imported in very small quantities one, and that the various qualities or kinds of tea de- into England in the year 1666. It then sold for sixty pend upon the age at which the leaves are pulled, the shillings a-pound, a sun equal to six or eight pounds of
our money at the present day. It was then only used not for show,—the little happy faces peering round, and as a medicine or a curiosity,—the human palate requir- watching with an eye of intense interest the equable ing a long initiation to the actual relish of such narcotic division of the luscious sugar—the frequent grateful and dainties. Tea was by no means in general use even a cen- refreshing draughts of the tired-out good man, and the tury ago, but like other luxuries, its consumpt has increas- solicitous replenishing of the careful house-wife. Well, ed with increasing civilization. In 1840, the annual con- now, you have almost spiritualized tea, and I shall love sumpt of tea in Great Britain, amounted to thirty-six
it more and more when I call to mind the numerous millions of pounds weight. On this a duty of about four lowly domestic hearths which it makes happy. But I millions of pounds sterling was paid, while the sale of long to hear some thing of coffee. the same amounted to about other four millions, thus
COFFEE AND COCOA, not less than eight millions of pounds sterling are annually paid by the British nation for this one article of which both consist of the kernels or fruits of shrubby luxury
plants, are in their nature essentially the same as tea.
They both contain, as a principal ingredient, that pecuWHAT IS THE USE OF TEA ?
liar narcotic principle called theine. It is certainly a Do you ask this medicinally, financially, morally!
curious instinct, for we can scarcely call it anything else, We must frame our answers accordingly.
which has led men, far removed from each other, to select Could we exist without tea! Certainly, else the exist
from among the numberless classes of vegetables, these ence of Britons, and indeed of Europeans anterior to
three plants, which are so similar in their properties. the seventeenth century, must be but a dream or fable,
The coffee tree, which grows to the height of ten or Did they laugh, talk, frolic, gossip in those times, or
twelve feet, is a native of Asia, and particularly of was their life a perpetual yawn? I do assure you the
Arabia. It has also been transplanted to the islands of Countess of Northumberland in the days of Elizabeth,
the West Indies, where it finds a congenial soil and
climate. The kernel of the seed or berry is that part was a noble and fashionable lady, and she breakfasted on
sses the peculiar virtues of this plant, along a pint of beer an a red herring, with a good cut of cold
with an essential oil, which imparts to the whole a strong beef, and a brown loaf, and supped upon much the same
aroma or flavour. fare, with perhaps a cup of sack, by way of a night-cap.
Coffee has been long known and used And did all the world—I mean the world of fashion,—do
in Turkey and other parts of Asia, but was introduced the same? Yes, and all the vulgar world too, at least all
into general use in Europe only so late as the sevenof them that could command as good fare. “You astonish
teenth century. The first coffeehouse established in me, a world without tea! A world without a sun or a moon
London was in 1652, and in Paris in 1671. Tea and I can conceive, because we could live very well by gas
coffee thus appear to have been introduced into Europe
much about the same time; and about fifty or sixty light, and indeed some people and some dresses look best with gas-light, but without tea ! oh, I declare, life would
years before their introduction, tobacco and the potato be miserable.” It is not more than thirty years since
were made known. In so short a period have these four
substances taken such hold of the public taste, that now tea was known only as a kind of medicine for invalids in France, and they owe its introduction into more ge
their use is deemed indispensable! Yet the elegant and neral use to the English-it was and is the same in
tasteful Greeks, and the brave and hardy Romans, knew Germany, and throughout the greater part of Europe.
none of these things. Coffee is now universally used on “ Well, but they have coffee instead.” I grant you
the Continent; and Humboldt, many years ago, estithey have, and coffee, as I shall presently show you, is of
mated its annual consumpt to amount to one hundred the same pature exactly as tea. “ But have you really
and twenty millions of pounds weight. In 1840, the
consumpt of coffee in Britain amounted to twenty-seren any objections to tea ?" None to its moderate use, and as it is generally employed, but it may and is often
millions of pounds. The quantity exported from all the used immoderately and improperly. The abuse of it
coffee-growing countries amounted to two hundred and causes all the derangements of the digestive and nervous
fifty millions of pounds. What a prodigious quantity! systems which the excessive use of any other narcotic
But pray, is there any difference in the properties of would do. Yet, even with unwise indulgence, tea does not
coffee as compared to tea? Essentially their properties produce those insidious moral perversions which most
are the same, only that coffee is reckoned more stimuother stimulants do. In this respect, it may also be cal
lating, and perhaps to some constitutions more heating. led the drink of the gods, a pure and sinless draught
As tea is the peculiar favourite of the fair sex, coffee from heaven. Then, too, as it has superseded beer, and
may be said to be that of men. Fortunately, too, it is other tumultuary ensnaring beverages, it has been of vast
very little liable to be abused,-less so, perhaps, than service to the community. We know no ill that it can
its sister, tea. A cup of hot coffee, as the first draught bring upon a poor man but its expense, which in a year in a morning, and a cup after dinner, is the universal amounts to a considerable part of his hard-won earn
practice on the Continent. In the latter case, perings,-yet with this even, how cheaply he purchases, haps aids digestion, instead of interrupting it, which tea, when he returns to his home in an evening, after his
taken immediately after such a meal, is with many apt day's exertions, the sociality of his domestic hearth,- to do. It only remains to mention Cocoa or CHOCOLATE, the smiles of his children, the love and blessings of his
which is a production of tropical America, and was used frugal, and kind, and careful wife. I think I see them by the Mexicans when first this people were discovered sitting round a cheerful fire, and clean swept hearth by the Spaniards. It is the inner nut or kernel of a the hot rolls,-the brown-ware tea-pot, made for use, and pulpy fruit. In its properties it resembles coffee, with
out the peculiar flavour of that substance; and is, on We are glad to be able to subjoin to these remarks the whole, a wholesome and pleasant substitute for either the following poem in praise of tea, one of the early tea or coffee. Its use in this country is extending con- Doric lays of a celebrated Grecian, who has since siderably. Linnæus called it theobroma—the food of the tuned his lyre to the classic strains of the Greek angods.
IN PRAISE OF TEA,
Te dulcis conjux, Te solo in littore secun,
Te veniente die, Te decedente canebat. - Virg. G. iv. 465.
When maidens of a certain age
In converse sweet their tongues engage,
"Tis tea alone that can assuage
Their pitiless bark,
When some frail sister 's on the stage
Of their remark.
O soother of the single life,
And cement between man and wife!
Full many a matrimonial strife
Is hushed by thee.
Ye husbands, when dark frowns are rife,
Call in the tea.
I love to see the female face,
Tho' oft it robs me of my peace;
And o'er my heart in every place
It bears command:
Yet woman has a triple grace,
Tea-pot in hand.
O if I were first cousin to
The Emperor Tzin-Tzian-Choo!
Thee, THEA, thrice a-day I'd woo,
On bended knee,
And spurn the beer-besotted crew
That drink not tea.
Drink of the fair, then, fare-thee-well,
On all thy worth I cannot dwell;
And oh, may every Scottish belle
Ne'er want a dose:
The loss of thee we all can tell
'S the chief of woes.
EXPLANATIONS-A SEQUEL TO “VESTIGES OF THE NATURAL
HISTORY OF CREATION."
« The times bave been
We thought this system-builder had been fairly knock- succession, till at last man was produced. This praed on the head.
gressive law being still presumed to be in force, even higher organizations than man are also hinted at. The
simplicity of this plan, and the plausible language in Here, however, are a few last words. He seems which it was announced, took the fancy of the million, anxious for living fame, and grasps eagerly at straws. and appeared to them something quite new. It did It is now about twelve months since a volume entitled not so delight the thinking part of mankind, however, the Vestiges of Creation came out in London under who seem more difficult to please. a strict incognito. The work professed to exhibit a
The critics were up in arms throughout all Britain, theory of the development of all created things, by a America, and wherever the English language extends. simple and uniform law, impressed upon elementary The reviews of the work must be familiar to our matter from the beginning, whereby, from the mist readers, and here comes the author's review of his reof nebulæ, were gradually conglomerated suns, from viewers. In these Explanations, however, he but reitthese suns planets, and from the planets moons. Next, erates what he said before. Notwithstanding the disthis world of ours began to be furnished with plants and coveries of Lord Rosse's telescope, showing that many animals, these commencing in the lowest and simplest of the supposed nebulæ are in reality clusters of stars, forms, by the action of galvanism vivifying and organ- he falls back upon this reserve, that the remainder of ising matter, and after the first animals and plants the clusters not yet so resolved may be nebulæ, and in were produced, another law of development evolved from this he is backed by Professor Nichol of Glasgow. He the simpler kinds others more complicated, in gradual
illustrates his theory of the formation of planets by de
“ VESTIGES OF THE NATURAL HISTORY OF CREATION."
tailing an experiment of Professor Plateau of Ghent, of Weeks and Mr Vestige,) with the power of acquiring new a drop of oil shaken in a glass of diluted alcohol. The parts, attended with new propensities, directed by imitheory of the spontaneous production of animals he be- tations, sensations, volitions, and associations, and that lieves confirmed beyond a doubt by some farther ex
possessing the faculty of continuing to improve by its periments of a Mr Weeks, and the development theory
own inherent activity, and of delivering down those imis still farther re-illustrated from the facts of geology. provements by generation to its posterity, world without
end ! !" We do not mean to bore our readers by going into the discussion of a subject about which the public has of
But Mr Weeks and our author go farther than this late heard too much, only there are one or two things of
We wish we had space to quote the appendix to the which we shall briefly take notice.
Explanations, where W. H. Weeks, Esq., of Sandwich The author somewhat complacently speaks of his lu
details his experiments, showing how the galvanic spirit, cubrations as a new view of nature,”—
?—as a “system
after brooding for two long years in a dark room, over which finds none of the previous labours of science
a chaotic mixture of ferro-cyanate of potass, at last proshaped or directed in favour of its elucidation, but all
duced several acari, and sundry minute fungi. A purer in the contrary way." Now his leading views have
specimen of self-delusion, both on the part of the expebeen afloat in the world ever since philosophy was
rimenter, and on that of his credulous correspondent, known. Not to dwell on the Epicureans,-Lucretius,
could not be exhibited in all the annals of alchemy. for instance, and other ancient sects, we have in the Unfortunately, the thus self-produced acari were never famous Système de la Nature the very same general law
seen but in a drowned and mutilated state, because, as of the formation and progression of the universe insist
Mr Crosse, Mr Weeks' friend, sagely suggested, he had ed upon, as we find in the pages of the Vestiges. In
omitted to provide for them a shelf, up which they might the System” too we have (chap. ii. part 1,) the assum
have crawled from the matrix fluid, out of which they ed fact of the spontaneous production of eels (animal
were formed, to dry land! Mr Weeks tells us, he visited cules) from moistened flower, by a still simpler process
his experiment room every other day for two years. Now than the galvanized albumen of the Vestiges. If we
it is strange, that in all that time he could not have seen look for a believer in Lamarck's theory of progressive
the actual formation of such creatures, the singular development, we have only to turn to the pages of Dar
junction of the crystallising atoms, first to form the win, and there we find him fully displayed (Zoonomia, &
brain, then the mouth, legs, spiracles, or air cells, and all 39, 4.) “When we revolve in our minds the great
the other curious parts of the insect machine. It is similarity of structure which obtains in all the warm
equally strange that no animals should have been formed blooded animals, as well quadrupeds, birds, and amphi
till after a lapse of two years, and that in this case, as bious animals, as in mankind, from the mouse and bat
well as in the experiments of Mr Crosse, the only animals to the elephant and whale, one is led to conclude that
seen should have been these acari, creatures which hapthey have alike been produced from a similar living fila- pened to be swarming in all places, especially in the ment, In some this filament in its advance to maturity
house of the experimenter, about the time the experihas acquired hands and fingers with a fine sense of
ments were performed. It strikes us too that this expetouch as in mankind. In others it has acquired claws
riment, so decisively convincing to both parties, is totally or talons, as in tigers and eagles. In others, toes, with
at variance with the general law of the Vestiges ; howan intervening web or membrane, as in seals and geese. ever it may be so with that of nature. In an animal In others it has acquired cloven hoofs, as in cows and
thus created, we should have looked for a structure of swine, and whole hoofs in others, as the horse.” Then the simplest kind, and in the lowest scale of organizahe goes on to his theory of appetency.
“ The trunk of
tion, a monad, a polype, or a vesicular hydatid; but no, the elephant is an elongation of the nose for the purpose we have here an insect, a creature, high up in the scale of pulling down the branches of trees—beasts of prey
of being, far above worms, mollusks, and many other have obtained strong jaws or talons cattle have ac
classes. We would require another volume of “ Explaquired a rough tongue and a rough palate, to pull off
nations” to explain this. the blades of grass-some birds have acquired hard
But we must do the author justice. He complains, beaks, as parrots, or long beaks, as woodcocks, or broad and we think not without cause, of the treatment which ones, as ducks, to filter the water of lakes. All which he has received from his reviewers. In the first place, seem to have been gradually produced during many
he utterly denies all intention of excluding a Deity from generations by the perpetual endeavours of the creatures his system of creation—in this respect, he differs from to supply the want of food, and to have been delivered the author of the System of Nature—that system denies to their posterity, with constant improvement of them a Deity out and out. Our author only lays down a sysfor the purposes required.” “From thus meditating on
tem which he believes the Deity has actually employed, the great similarity of the structure of animals, and at or which, he thinks, he should have employed. He has the same time of the great changes they undergo, both only attempted to expound laws, which he did not underbefore and after their nativity, would it be too bold to stand; not to deny or impugn the wisdom of the Lawimagine that in the great length of time since the earth giver. In the next place, he very naturally, and, we began to exist, perhaps millions of ages before the com- think, effectively turns round and blames his accusers mencement of the history of mankind--would it be too for having led him into many of his errors. It is an old bold to imagine that all warm-blooded animals have remark, that the common prejudices of the multitude arisen from one living filament, which the great first are but the cast-off opinions of philosophers. Here is a cause endued with animality, (mark this, galvanizing Mr daw that has dressed himself in the plumes of his supe