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of the past century would have felt no shame to matter of chance, or a following of authority under confess their ignorance.
the pretence of an independent judgment. The greatest defects in our Scottish universities Another more palpable result has been the lamentarise from this want of adaptation in the course of able decay of classical literature. In the early days study to the spirit of the age, and the absence of due of the Reformation, and until civil dissension spread its preparation for any higher instruction in the stu- dark shadows over the land, Scotland was behind no dents when entering college. These are deficiencies country of Europe in classical learning. Many of which even the most zealous and talented teacher our most distinguished scholars had, indeed, frecannot overcome. A great part of the students quented foreign universities, and some of them even come to the universities ignorant altogether of Greek spent their whole lives there ; but the number was grammar, and but imperfectly acquainted with that not few who returned to feed the lamp of learning in of the Latin language ; and what can a professor do their native land. Small as might be the encouragebut teach them as he would teach a school, or dis- ments to learning, they were not so glaringly dismiss them the class. It is this state of things that proportionate to its rewards in other countries, or to makes the startling affirmation of Professor Pillans, the general wealth of society as they now are. But in reference to the Humanity or Latin class in the we would ask where now is Scottish learningUniversity of Edinburgh, so true, that “the more where the great heroes who are to uphold its fame in learning and erudition a professorial prelection dis- foreign countries ? Instead of filling the chairs of plays, the less chance is there of its doing any good." foreign universities, we have to send to them to fill Not only are the students incapable of understand our own. And what classical works, we would ask, ing it; but they come to this class at such a time of are now coming forth from the presses of Edinburgh life that they have little inclination to listen to a or Glasgow, once honourable by the names of a lecture. To many students from the country, also, Foulis or a Ruddiman ? The utmost that Scotland lecturing is so completely new, that they have diffi- can now boast of, is to copy a few humble extracts culty in following a continuous discourse on any for schools from the text of a German or Swiss critic, scientific subject. In our Scottish colleges, were a sometimes after he himself has rejected it for a professor to take up an elegy of Tibullus, or an better, or to reprint their notes, borrowed at second oration of Demosthenes, and, instead of drilling his hand, from America. But enough of this humbling students like school-boys, on its construction and subject, on which we cannot hope to see any immeaning, to give a critical and exegetical comment provement, till our schoolmasters are raised to their upon it, as would be done in a German university, proper place in society-till they receive incomes nine-tenths of his audience would be asleep, or that will enable them, without imprudence, to buy playing themselves in utter despair of comprehend a new edition of a classic when it appears—and ing what he was about. This is the great evil of till the teaching in our universities has become our present defective school education, that it binds such as will enable them to know what use to make the professors in our universities down to be mere of such an edition when they have got it, The low schoolmasters, teaching the rudiments of learning, state and small encouragement of classical literature instead of its higher branches. And the necessary in Scotland is a disgrace to the descendants of consequence is, that the elements are only half Buchanan and Melville, and one which the nation learned, whilst the higher departments of criticism should exert itself to remedy. are wholly neglected. We do not blame the pro- But though thus low in reality, and, as compared fessors for this state of matters ; they are parts of a with other nations, classical literature yet holds system, wheels in a great machine, where any mere undue prominence in the scheme of our studies. partial change would produce unutterable confusion, Of four sessions at college, the usual period for or, at the best, bring the whole concern to a stand attaining a degree, or qualifying a student to enter still, and thus compel the necessary changes to be the theological schools, the best part of two, somemade.
times three, is spent in classical studies. Science One or two results of this low state of academic and philosophy are thus pushed into the back learning are too important to be passed over in ground, and the little that is got of them is of the silence. A large proportion of the students of Latin most elementary, character.
In mathematics the and Greek are intended for the church, and study professor must begin with the mere elements of the classics as a preparation for the study of the geometry and algebra, and spend the most of the Scriptures in their original languages. But as clas- student's time on these first branches, to the great sical literature is now taught the most important neglect of the higher fields of science. The profesdepartments for this purpose are wholly neglected. sor is thus employed in teaching what would be The students may be taught the rules of syntax; better acquired at schools ; whilst those parts of the but the rules of criticism they are not taught. They science which cannot be looked for in the schools are are never practised in the art of distinguishing the not taught at all in Scotland. In this manner, not true from the false writings of an author, or the only is the university," as Professor Blackie well true reading of the text, from the corruptions to says, “converted altogether into a school, and the which all ancient authors have been liable in the stamp of a thorough and permanent degradation long lapse of ages previous to the invention of print- fixed on the academical institutions of the country," ing. Even in regard to the true meaning of difficult but the schools themselves suffer in character and passages, they are not so exercised as it is of import-efficiency. The pupils from a well conducted school ance they should be. The consequence is, that spend the first three years at college merely in reviswhen questions of this kind come before them in ing what they have already done, or, to speak more their study of theology, they are cast, as it were, correctly, in wasting their time waiting for those astray on an untried ocean, with no chart or com: students who should have been at school, and not at pass to direct their path. They are then asked to college. All inducement to seek a higher standard decide on some of the most difficult questions of of education in schools is thus destroyed, as the criticism, with no former practice in the art, and no pupils from the most inferior starts with the same rules with whose application they are at all conver- advantages as those from the highest. In some sant. Their decision, therefore, becomes a mere respects, the former are even better, since, in the first years at college, they require to be busy, whilst fluence of particular appointments can be clearly a young man, coming to college properly educated, traced, in the rise or decline of a particular study. may spend his time almost in idleness, and acquire We can see how, under an energetic, able professor, the worst of habits.
science has grown up, with vigorous stem, and wideThe great remedy for this state of matters is to spread branches; and how, under one of an oppoabolish the elementary classes in the universities site character, it has been completely dwarfed, and altogether, and to confine the instruction there to forced to trail its feeble shoots along the ground. the higher departments of science. A more elevated It is not the welfare of a particular individual, standard would thus be imposed on the students, or a particular university alone, that is thus sacriand a due encouragement given to those schools in ficed, but that of a whole generation of students, and which it would be acquired. A far more accurate the whole science of the country for a lifetime. It knowledge of the rudiments of Greek and Latin, and is, therefore, the duty of the public to watch over all of the elements of geometry and algebra, would be appointments to academic chairs, and see that the obtained in twelvemonths spent in a proper school patrons make the proper choice. On this depends than in two sessions at the university. And this the scientific reputation of the country, and the propreliminary training would enable the professors to per instruction of the rising generation. start from a far higher position, and to carry their It is for these reasons that we rejoice to see the students at once into the depths of science. It would public attention drawn to this subject in various also leave room for many studies of importance now quarters. We would especially recommend to our much neglected. Instead of crowding the whole of readers “ A Letter to the Citizens of Aberdeen on the natural philosophy into one session, it might occupy Improvement of their Academical Institutions,” by a part of two. Natural history, which can only be Professor Blackie. Though in some respects of mere properly studied in connexion with an extensive local interest, yet most of the evils he points out are museum, might then compose part of the curriculum not confined to the northern colleges, but equally for all students, instead of being neglected by the affect the institutions south of the Tay. In his greater number. Civil history would form no bad recommendation to unite the two colleges at Abersubstitute for a session now spent on the mysteries deen, without suppressing the double chairs, we hearof the Greek alphabet or verb. Geography, too, tily concur. One of the great evils in our Scottish not the mere dry bones of the science as taught in universities, and the root of many others, has been schools, but that living reality which points out the the want of all internal competition, and of that sticonnexion that exists between the form and struc- mulus to exertion which it can alone supply. A ture of a land, and the manners, habits, government, professor, once appointed to a chair, has a complete and history of its people, ought also to form part of monopoly of the subject he has to teach. No one, the course of instruction in our universities. It is, can interfere with him; and every student who wishes indeed, a remarkable circumstance that this science, a degree, which can only be got from a university, so interesting in itself, and so highly important to a must attend his lectures, and pay for them, though great commercial nation like Britain, should have they may be utterly useless for instruction. Inbeen utterly neglected in all our higher institutions stances are well known, where, for years, students for education.
were forced to buy a professor's tickets in order to There is no end, however, of pointing out deficien- get their degree, whilst they had to attend private cies in the system of university education. The lectures, in order to acquire the necessary informamere fact that it has stood still for centuries, whilst tion. The professor's lectures were worth absolutely the world has been moving onwards, of late with nothing, and the students would have gladly comtenfold accelerated speed, is proof enough of its need pounded to pay the fees, and be excused from attendof reform, provided it is to be maintained in a con- ance, but the monopoly system forced them to waste dition at all suitable to the wants of society. Other both their money and their time. The prejudicial institutions for scientific education are springing up effect of such an incubus on a university need not around, and our universities must take higher ground, be told. Not only did it hurt the students, but drove or sink to the level of mere upper schools and mecha- many from it to other institutions, and thus injured nics' institutes. Popular science may be left to the every professor in it, and permanently lowered its care of the public ; but science, properly so called, reputation. Now, the plan of double professorships, difficult and profound, fitted for the study of the as recommended by Professor Blackie, and adopted few of higher talents and greater leisure, not of the in the German universities, would so far remedy this many busy with the cares and employments of the evil. A bad professor would find no students; they world, must find a refuge in these academic retreats, would all flock to his rival, and he would be left in or be driven wholly out of our land. The profes- | the solitude he deserved. Patrons would be afraid sorial chairs form the only situations in our country to appoint unqualified persons, whose deficiencies to which the learned and studious can look forward"; wouid be so speedily tested, and these persons themand if they are pandered away to political adherents, selves would shun a situation where their incapacity or conferred on unworthy persons, an injustice of the was so evidently declared. Where the professors highest kind is done to the intelligence of the coun- were nearly equal in ability, the students would be try. There can be no doubt, that in former times divided between them, with this advantage, that political subserviency, or family interest, was too each student would select that teacher whose mode often the ground on which appointments in the of lecturing was best suited to his taste or capacity. universities were made. Persons altogether unfit It is a great mistake to suppose that a good teacher for the office, persons who would have formed but is equally good for all. There are certain peculiariindifferent students were thus elevated into the place ties of thought and expression which render this not of teachers; men of incomparably higher talents the case. Hence it is very important to give a cerwere forced into secular professions, and a per- tain degree of choice to the student in the selection manent degradation fixed” on the intelligence of the of his teacher. country. The students, forced to listen to drivelling The only objection to this system of double, or imbecility, learned only to laugh at science, or to even triple professorships, which has been found to slumber in indolent repose. In many cases the in- I work well in foreign countries, is, that the emoluments of the chairs would be so reduced that no man many are subjected. They who toil from morning to of high talent would accept of them. The simple night, without seasons of thought and mental improveanswer to this is an appeal to experience. The most ment, are of course exceedingly narrowed in their facalhighly endowed chairs are not always those filled by ties, views, and sources of gratification. The present the most distinguished men. Indeed, in some cases, pleasures of intellect, of imagination, of taste of reading, talent and endowment seem to follow an inverse pro- of cultivated society, are almost entirely denied them, portion. Studious men look less for great emolu- What pleasures but those of the senses remain ? Unused ments than for a situation in which they may have to reflection and forethought, how dim must be their leisure to pursue their researches, and an opportunity perceptions of religion and duty, and how little fitted are of communicating the results to others. But the they to cope with temptation! Undoubtedly in this remedy for this evil is, to increase the salaries, to country, this cause of intemperance is less operative than give each professor enough to preserve him from in others. There is less brutal ignorance here than elsewant, but not to dispense with the necessity of exert- where; but, on the other hand, the facilities of excess ing himself to increase it. A country which spends temptation to vice may be stronger in this than in less
are incomparably greater, so that for the uneducated, the fourteen millions sterling every year on its army and enlightened lands. Our outward prosperity, unaccomnavy might surely spend one on the education of its panied with proportionate moral and mental improvepeople. °It is, however, not the means but the will ment, becomes a mighty impulse to intemperance
, and that is wanting ; and, were the people fully alive to this impulse the prosperous are bound to withstand. the national importance of our universities, a remedy I proceed to another cause of intemperance, among for their defects would soon be provided.
the poor and labouring classes, and that is the general sensuality and earthliness of the community. There is
indeed much virtue, much spirituality, in the prosperous THE AUTHORS OF THE NINETEENTH classes, but it is generally unseen. There is a vastly CENTURY.
greater amount in these classes, of worldliness, of devo
tion to the senses, and this stands out in bold relief. The No. VII.—DR CHANNING.
majority live unduly for the body. Where there is little ON THE CAUSES OF INTEMPERANCE.
intemperance in the common acceptation of that term,
there is yet a great amount of excess. Thousands, who The primary cause of intemperance is in the intemperate are never drunk, place their chief happiness in pleasures themselves, in their moral weakness and irresolution, in of the table. How much of the intellect of this comthe voluntary surrender of themselves to temptation. munity is palsied, how much of the expression of the Still, society, by increasing temptation and diminishing countenance blotted out, how much of the spirit buried, men's power to resist, becomes responsible for all wide- through unwise indulgence! What is the great lesson, spread vices, and is bound to put forth all its energy for which the more prosperous classes teach to the poorer ? their suppression. This leads me to consider some of the Not self-denial, not spirituality, not the great Christian causes of intemperance, which have their foundation in truth, that human happiness lies in the triumphs of our social state.
the mind over the body, in inward force and life. The One cause of the commonness of intemperance in the poorer are taught by the richer, that the greatest present state of things, is the heavy burden of care and good is ease, indulgence. The voice which descends toil, which is laid on a large multitude of men. Multitudes, from the prosperous, contradicts the lessons of Christ to earn subsistence for themselves and their families, are and of sound philosophy. It is the sensuality, the often compelled to undergo a degree of labour exhaust- earthliness of those who give the tone to public sentiing to the spirits and injurious to health. Of consequence, ment, which is chargeable with a vast amount of the relief is sought in stimulants. We do not find that civili- intemperance of the poor. How is the poor man to resist zation lightens men's toils; as yet it has increased them; intemperance ? Only by a moral force, an energy of and in this effect I see the sign of a deep defect in what will, a principle of self-denial in his soul. And where is we call the progress of society. It cannot be the design this taught him ? Does a higher morality come to him of the Creator, that the whole of life should be spent in from those whose condition makes them his superiors ? drudgery for the supply of animal wants. That civiliza- The great inquiry which he hears among the better tion is very imperfect, in which the mass of men can re- educated is, What shall we eat and drink, and wheredeem no time from bodily labour, for intellectual, moral, withal shall we be clothed ? Unceasing struggles for and social culture. It is melancholy to witness the outward, earthly, sensual good, constitute the chief degradation of multitudes to the condition of beasts of activity which he sees around him. To suppose that the burden. Exhausting toils unfit the mind to withstand poorer classes should receive lessons of luxury and selftemptation. The man, spent with labour, and cut off by indulgence from the more prosperous, and should yet his condition from higher pleasures, is impelled to seek a resist
the most urgent temptations to excess, is to expect deceitful solace in sensual excess. How the condition of from them a moral force, in which we feel ourselves to be society shall be so changed as to prevent excessive pres- sadly wanting. In their hard conflicts, how little of lifesure on any class, is undoubtedly a hard question. One giving truth, of elevating thought, of heavenly aspiration, thing seems plain, that there is no tendency in our pre. do they receive from those above them in worldly consent institutions and habits to bring relief. On the con- dition! trary, rich and poor seem to be more and more oppressed Another cause of intemperance, is the want of selfwith incessant toil, exhausting forethought, anxious respect, which the present state of society induces among struggles, feverish competitions. Some look to legisla- the poor and laborious. Just as far as wealth is the tion to lighten the burden of the labouring class. But object of worship, the measure of men's importance, the equal laws and civil liberty have no power to remove the badge of distinction, so far there will be a tendency to shocking contrast of condition which all civilised com- self-contempt and self-abandonment among those whose munities present. Inward, spiritual improvement, I be- lot gives them no chance of its acquisition. Such naturlieve, is the only sure remedy for social evils. What we ally feel as if the great good of life were denied them. need is, a new diffusion of Christian, fraternal love, to They see themselves neglected. Their condition cuts stir up the powerful and prosperous, to succour liberally them off from communication with the improved. They and encourage the unfortunate or weak, and a new dif- think they have little stake in the general weal. They fusion of intellectual and moral force, to make the multi- do not feel as if they had a character to lose. Nothing tude efficient for their own support, to form them to self- reminds them of the greatness of their nature. Nothing control, and to breathe a spirit of independence, which teaches them, that in their obscure lot they may secure will scorn to ask or receive unnecessary relief.
the highest good on earth. Catching from the general Another cause, intimately connected with the last, is tone of society the ruinous notion that wealth is honour the intellectual depression and the ignorance to which as well as happiness, they see in their narrow lot, nothing to inspire self-respect. In this delusion they are not rendered susceptible of the finest impulses and the clearmore degraded than the prosperous ; they but echo the est conceptions by his judicious early training. She read voice of society; but to them the delusion brings a deeper, with him, or rambled with him in his scientific expediimmediate ruin. By sinking them in their own eyes, it tions through wood and over mountain, and so became robs them of a powerful protection against low vices. It endowed with a healthy frame as well as a cultivated prepares them for coarse manners, for gross pleasures, mind, the balance of the latter being maintained by the for descent to brutal degradation. Of all classes of so- household duties she was called upon to discharge. Nor ciety, the poor should be treated with peculiar deference, were the occupations of Catherine confined to the puras the means of counteracting their chief peril; I mean, suits we have mentioned. To the poor of the village she the loss of self-respect. But to all their other evil is was an ever constant friend. The strength of her underadded peculiar neglect. Can we then wonder that they standing and the affection of her nature, made her often fall?
the counseller of the troubled, and, so far as human symI might name other causes in our social constitution pathy could do it, the comforter of the afflicted. Did the favouring intemperance; but I must pass them, and will worthy pastor visit the bed of distress to administer spirisuggest one characteristic of our times, which increases tual consolation, his daughter was ever there to alleviate all the tendencies to this vice. Our times are distin- the combined sorrows of bodily trouble and of poverty. guished by what is called a love of excitement; in other It need not, therefore, be wondered at that Miss Nwords, by a love of strong stimulants. To be stimulated, was a favourite with all in E-and that their hearts excited, is the universal want. The calmness, sobriety, were drawn out toward her by the exercise of reciprocal plodding industry of our fathers, have been succeeded feeling, and that she felt happy in the love of the lowliest by a feverish restlessness. The books that are read are of the villagers. not the great, standard, immortal works of genius, which An event of a highly interesting character to the vilrequire calm thought, and inspire deep feeling; but | lagers happened not long after the writer had been introephemeral works, which are run through with a railroad duced to the family at the parsonage, an event which rapidity, and which give a pleasure not unlike that pro- materially disturbed the hitherto unbroken retirement of duced by exhilarating draughts. Business is become a E- The Lord of the Manor, Sir Thomas Bevil, race, and is hurried on by the excitement of great risks, whose virtues was a theme of great delight to all the older and the hope of great profits. Even religion partakes the inhabitants of the village, and especially to the pastor, general restlessness. In some places, extravagant mea- had died, leaving his only son, a boy of seven, to the care sures, which storm the nervous system, and drive the of guardians, whose residence in the metropolis demanded more sensitive to the borders of insanity, are resorted to that the heir should be removed thither until he should for its promotion. Everywhere people go to church to reach his majority. That period had arrived; and, albe excited rather than improved. This thirst for stimu- though celebrated with great rejoicing, no intimation was lants cannot be shut up in certain spheres. It spreads made that the young lord would visit the home of his through and characterises the community. It pervades fathers. Four years afterwards, however, intelligence those classes, who, unhappily, can afford themselves but was sent to the pastor that Sir Henry Bevil might be exone strong stimulus, intoxicating liquor; and among these, pected in E- in three days. The village was now all the spirit of the age breaks out in intemperance.
in a stir. The old kall had previously been repaired, and all awaited the day of arrival with anxiety and curiosity. The expected day at last arrived. The retainers
were marshalled around the lawn. The villagers lined THE PASTOR'S DAUGHTER.
the avenue of the principal entrance. There was a bonfire on the village green, and flags and garlands of flowers adorned the front of the Crown and Garter, and indeed the
village seemed for a time untenanted. Even the charm « The life of every day hath its romance;
of the bonfire scarcely sufficed to detain the people ; and The smiles and tears of human nature yield
had it not been for the beer barrel which stood near it, it Themes for unending song."
might have burned unheeded. Catherine N-how Ben Jonson.
ever, was busied with her usual household duties.' Her
father, as the acknowledged patriarch as it were of the The family at the parsonage of E consisted of three village, had gone to welcome the young lord; but the individuals,--the pastor, who had been long a widower, tastes of his daughter led her to avoid rather than court one son, and a daughter. The Rev. Mr N-was the the busy scene in the avenue. youngest of a very ancient and honourable English family. The expectant crowds had waited long for the coming
had been his first charge, and it was endeared to of Sir Henry, when the appearance of the pastor and the him by the beauty of its situation, which harmonized with announcement that the expected visitor had come by his retiring disposition and refined tastes, as well as by what was called the wood-gate (the private entrance to the mutual affection which existed between him and his the hall) caused them to return with more leisure and in people. He devoted his whole energies to the work of a very different mood to their homes. The succeeding his Master, and divided the time unoccupied by study for day, however, lulled their suspicions, for Sir Henry, in the pulpit between his flock and his family: About the all the gaiety of youth, and with a dashing reckless air, time of my first visit to the parsonage, his only son left the rode through E- amid the shouts and hubbub of the paternal roof, and joined the army, to which the buoyancy villagers, to which were added the cheers of the schoolof his disposition and his peculiar habits inclined him. boys prematurely dismissed from their forenoon lessons. Catherine N- was thus the only companion of her He rode directly to the parsonage, where he had invited affectionate parent. Owing to the early death of her mo- himself to lunch. The meeting between the heir of Bevil ther, the sole charge of her education, the full develop. Hall and the pastor's daughter was rather a singular one. ment of her character, and the direction of her tastes, Catherine, who, notwithstanding her secluded life and depended on him ; and at the age of eighteen, his affec- modest disposition, had none of the awkwardness of a tionate and judicious tuition had made his daughter an country girl, received him with that ease which belongs amiable and accomplished young woman. Story-tellers to the good manners of a well-regulated mind. The saare generally accustomed to entertain their readers with lutation on his part was different. Accustomed to the a description of the personal attractions of their heroines; gaiety and frivolity of city life, and supposing, no doubt, but as the writer of this sketch does not pretend to be a that rural simplicity carried with it a corresponding de romancist, but to narrate a true story, he has merely to gree of rustic awkwardness, he saluted Catherine with say, that, at the time he first saw the gentle Catherine the familiarity and boldness of a city gallant. Sir Henry, Nshe had all the simple loveliness of some beautiful however, soon made himself at home; at one time intefield-flower, all its retiring character, and its tender deli- resting the father with his inquiries regarding the state cacy and fragility, Her heart had been drawn to that of of the village, and at another putting the daughter to the her father by a similarity of disposition, and her mind | blush by obsequious attentions and formal compliments.
AN ORIGINAL TALE.
The human heart its sorrows and its love.
He had, however, been struck no less by the personal | therefore, she waited the return of the carriage, but the appearance of the pastor's daughter than by her artless sunset came, and the stars shone out, and no vehicle came simplicity of manner. And notwithstanding the praise back. The postboy, who came with the evening letters, which he lavished on the charms of metropolitan society, averred that he had seen a carriage come from the wood he seemed greatly to enjoy his visit to the parsonage. gate with a young lady, and one very much resembling The clergyman's discourse, a trifle too serious for one Sir Henry; but the return of the latter on the following who had spent his youthful years amid all the pleasures day to the parsonage at once ended all doubt, and lulled which London, with its opera-houses, its gaming-houses, all suspicion. Once, indeed, when the pastor mentioned and its Almacks, afforded, was borne with patience, for the circumstance of the lady's visit, Sir Henry for a mothe sake of a glance at, or an adroit compliment to the ment looked confused, but the turn of conversation ended daughter; and even the visit to the family aisle was all thought of the matter. And, indeed, an anticipated acceptable, when he had an opportunity of offering her event engrossed in no small measure the attention of the his arm.
From that day the young Lord of the Manor family, as well as their visitor. This was no less than a was a constant visitor at the parsonage; nor was his de- visit which Catherine intended to pay to a friend in the portment such as to conceal the object of his visit. Ca- metropolis. An occasion such as this to one who had therine - from the moment he first saw her, had never for a week been away from her native village was become an object of great interest. He had been accus- one of peculiar importance. Extensive preparations tomed to all the fascinations of high-horn beauty ; but, were made, and all was in readiness for the day of depar. the influence of a high-minded, amiable, and lovely ture. Meanwhile Sir Henry, called away by the death woman had not yet been brought to bear upon him. The of a relative, came to take leave previous to his departure. rude boldness which he practised, with the freedom of These circumstances contributed to make this visit of the one who, by his high birth, thought himself entitled to young baronet a particularly exciting one. Up to this use any familiarity, was smooth and polished to a more time each had felt emotions which never had obtained a winning and unassuming manner. The eulogiums passed direct utterance; but now the circumstances of leave. upon the city and its gaieties were seldom or never made; taking opened both hearts, and the hitherto silent love the charms of woodland scenery, and of rural life, were was avowed in all the strains of passionate fervour, and, the themes he loved to discourse on, for he knew they in the case of Catherine, by the eloquent look of the were beloved by Catherine. The professed object of Sir kindling eye, and the heaving breast. They parted, and Henry's visit to his country seat had been to enjoy the shortly after Catherine left the parsonage with thoughts pleasures of the field ; but these seemed to have been at once of sorrow and of joy. Scarce could the enticing swallowed up by the all engrossing nature of the attrac- pleasure of a first visit to London dispel the sadness which tion at the parsonage: and daily as the afternoon hours hung around her spirit while thus leaving for a brief approached, he came to accompany Catherine in her bo- space the scene of her childish sports and her womanly tanizing walk. Even the Sabbath could not detain him pleasures. in the solitary mansion of his ancestors, but brought him, London was a stirring scene for the inhabitant of a regularly as it came to the church.
lovely and quiet village among the mountains, but with The frequency of his visits, and the attentions he paid all its gaiety did not attract Catherine N— The to the daughter of the pastor, were so marked, that they bulwark which education, true refinement, and religion could not but attract the attention of the gossips of E- had reared around her heart, was too strong to break It had become a regular topic of conversation among down before the giddy wave of fashion which swept them, that the young Lord intended to marry the pastor's through the parks and squares of the metropolis ; and but daughter; some looked grave; others shook their heads, for the charm of the domestic circle in which Catherine and hinted of strange tales being abroad about him; but resided, her visit to London would have been comparaall agreed, that Catherine might not only be a lady, but tively of little interest. Even here, however, the benethat she actually was an angel. How seldom do gossips volence of her heart found scope for its exercise. The agree to praise any one for their good deeds, or to give family whom she had come to visit were pious, and, in them the meed of praise which their character merits. the spirit of their faith, went about doing good. With Nor was the pastor himself blind to the growing intimacy them, on one occasion, Catherine was induced to visit between the young lord and his daughter. Jealous for the sick-bed of a young female apparently far gone in the character of one whom he loved as dearly as his own consumption. The countenance of the sufferer was falife, he took the advantage which a walk to the hall miliar to her, and, after some little effort of memory, she garden afforded to question Catherine in reference to the recognised in the individual before her, lying in one of subject. The affectionate earnestness of her parent over. the poorest dwellings of a poor district in the metropolis, came at once the diffidence of the daughter; her gentle the young lady whom she had seen at the parsonage a nature and unaffected simplicity at once prompted her to month before. The change of circumstances, and, above confess that Sir Henry was now more in her sight than all, the change in her appearance, acted powerfully on he at first had been. While the amiability of her dispo- the heart of the sensitive girl, and she felt irresistibly sition had drawn him to her, and influenced all his drawn to visit her again alone. Catherine's second call, thoughts and feelings, she had herself been attracted to and the sympathy she seemed to feel for the invalid, won him by the seeming warmth and nobleness of his charac- the heart of the dying Agnes, and with all the confidence ter: almost unconsciously their hearts had been drawn of trusting affection, she disclosed the events of her together e'er aught of love was spoken.
chequered life. She was the daughter of parents distinThe agitation consequent on this conversation deter- guished alike for their wealth and
for pride. The former mined the father and daughter on returning home to the had been the fruit of many prosperous undertakings; the parsonage. Scarce had they passed the porch and gained latter, the almost invariable result of a rapid transition the small ante-room, when they were aware of the pre- from middle to high life. She was beautiful e'er yet the sence of a young lady, very pale, and habited in a travel- worm which was gnawing the thread of her existence ling dress. Her object, she said, in waiting was to procure through had insinuated itself into her frame. She was a guide to the hall, and some refreshment previous to admired, had been married privately, and, to avoid the her departure. These having been procured with all the outbreak of parental displeasure, had fled to London, promptness of hospitality, the stranger lady entered her where, deserted by him who in name only was her huscarriage, which waited at the door, promising to call on band, unfriended and unattended save by the hand of a her return. Such a circumstance as this was not likely mercenary attendant, she was what Catherine had found to pass unheeded by Catherine. For the first time in her her. The recital of this too frequent tále of woe almost life she felt as if she had erred in fostering an attachment overcame the gentle heart of the pastor's daughter. Her to one who perhaps was the destined husband of another; head was buried in her hands, and when the burst of but the seeming truthfulness of Sir Henry's every atten- sympathizing sorrow had found way, she raised it to ention, and the expectation of again seeing the stranger quire the cause of the visit of Agnes to the village of lady, in whom she already felt interested, in some mea- E- But the patient had passed away from her sorsure dispelled her doubts. With some degree of anxiety, rows; the recital of them had proved too much for the