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inferior order. They are a set of creatures filled with guides of the day, and the former disbelieve on the same such a bitter malignity against each other, and with such unsatisfactory grounds. The people of the sixteenth an implacable hatred against all who will not adore their century believed that there were witches, because all the productions, that they cannot be otherwise than in the divines and philosophers, all the courts of law, and all the very bottom of their hearts most miserable. Their lives, universities of Europe, attested the fact. The people in also, must be lives of irksome labour, as it must certainly the nineteenth century reject this faith with contempt, require at least as much hard working to make second because all the mechanics' institutions, all the phrenolorate as first-rate poetry. Some of these wretched beings gical lecturers, and all the pennyworths and twopencehave actually died out of vexation that they could not get worths of useful knowledge in the land, call upon them to the world to think so much of them as they did them- do so. Thus, in the language of Sir Thomas Browne, selves; others, who have not gone the length of dying " Whether the object whereunto they deliver up thelr directly, have fretted away their health and spirits, and assent be true or false, they are incompetent judges. spent their lives in maligning the prosaic part of their For the assured truth of things is derived from the prinfellow-creatures. With this exception, however, it may ciples of knowledge and causes which determine their with safety be affirmed, that all that Pierius de infelicitate verities; whereof their uncultivated understandings literatorum and others have written of the calamities of scarce holding any theory, they are but bad discerners of authors is mere nonsense. Many of them have had to verity, and in the numerous tracts of error but casually struggle with poverty and misfortune, but so have many do hit the point and unity of truth.” (Vulgar Errors, more as good men who were devoid of letters; and many b. i. c. 3.) This is something like a digression from the of them have been punished for their vices, but so also questions which Michael handles ; for he wisely takes have many more who did not know a letter of their care, as we have already mentioned, not to give any alphabet. The difference is just this, that illiterate suf- theory on the causes of dreams, but contents himself with ferers must content themselves with clamouring with retailing the vulgar interpretations of certain things their simple tongues, and must travel a great deal with dreamt of. The object which we proposed in digressing their legs in order to give even a limited circulation to was to offer some apology for those who are not so contheir sorrows; while the afflicted learned can sit on their fident in the wisdom of the present age as to adopt the chairs, and pester the earth with their woes clearly laid fashionable doctrine, that all dreams arise out of imprèsout on black and white, and printed and published for sions previously made on the mind or the senses. We the gratification of their own absurd vanity and the gene- submit that it is real credulity to swallow a theory which ral annoyance of mankind.

is falsified by facts, and that in such a case a suspension DREAMS MYSTERIOUS, AND CHEAP LITERATURE

of all theory on the subject is on the whole sound


HOW TO TEACH MORALITY. The interesting and mysterious subject of dreams has Morality is a thing which it is well to have mixed up at all times engaged the attention of mankind, and and disguised, like physic amidst sweatmeats, if you regarding the nature and origin of which, the nineteenth wish it to be swallowed by mankind. In nothing has century cannot boast of having made any advance, beyond the great moralist Shakspeare more shown his power the knowledge of what are looked back on as the darkest than in the indirect manner in which great moral lessons and most ignorant periods in the history of the human are to be gathered from his immortal pages, where you are race. That upon this profound and very curious subject never annoyed by an ostentatious moral forced upon you Michael Scot has not been able to throw any new light to frighten you away from his works. Did ever any is, therefore, not matter of reproach to his intellect or child derive any good from those tales which are impulearning. His discourse, indeed, does not touch at all dently and barefacedly entitled " Moral Tales ?” and upon the interesting part of the subject-namely, the did ever any child not resent the insult to his underorigin and cause of drcams-and he has thus avoided the standing which is implied in printing along with Æsop's folly of Dr Macnish and other modern writers on dreams, Fables that tawdry and useless appendage which is called who, scorning to confess ignorance of anything, or to “ the moral,” which is so disagreeable an interruption to admit that there are more things in heaven and earth good reading? than their philosophy can fathom, have laid down with the greatest confidence, a theory on this subject, which is

A PRUDENT REFORMER. utterly inadequate to explain many strange things con

Sir John Borthwick, provost of Linlithgow, was cited cerning dreams and their fulfilment, which are just as to appear at Edinburgh, and answer to a series of charges well authenticated as any facts in history are or can be. of heresy in doctrine, and of practical rebellion against It is surely not gross superstition to believe that there the see of Rome. The provost of Linlithgow, however, are some depths in the nature of man which the wisdom wisely declined the authority of this bloody tribunal, and of the nineteenth century has not yet sounded to the of Cardinal Beaton, who sat at its head; and, instead of bottom; and it is an evidence of a becoming humility, as foolishly appearing to carry on an argument which well as of a masculine spirit, to admit that there is a limit would have been finished, as far as he was concerned, at to human comprehension. It is surely the man that is the stake, he fled to England, where he was kindly dogmatic, and insists on his philosophic theories being received by Henry VIII. It is abundantly evident that received in the very face of opposing facts, that deserves Sir John was furnished with plenty of zeal, as well as the name of superstitious--not he who confesses that on Protestant orthodoxy; but, not being a fanatic, he remany subjects of deep importance he has no theory at membered the Scripture injunction, which tells us that all. 'Even the utterly illiterate man, who believes

when we are persecuted in one city we should flee to All that the nurse and all the priest have taught,

another; and, being possessed, along with the best of is not in the true reckoning more superstitious than the principles, of a natural repugnance to being roasted man who receives, on the authority of Useful Knowledge Protestantism to save the life of a good Protestant like Societies, Scientific Associations, Penny Magazines, and Mechanics’ Institutions, the fill of his head of the fashion- himself

, in order that he might be long in the land upable and prevailing notions in philosophy and science, Sir John lived to write a learned reply to the accusations

holding sound doctrine. As the reward of his prudence, the foundations and grounds of which notions he has of heresy brought against him—to hear of the wellnever doubted and never examined. The great bulk of merited death of the Cardinal who thirsted for his blood the philosophical acquirements of the public in every age is, and can be, nothing else than downright superstition to die peaceably in his bed at a mature old age.

--to see the Reformation established in Scotland-and that form of superstition which accords with the spirit of the age being, however, always reckoned knowledge. THE ARGUMENTUM AD HOMINEM APPLIED TO THOSE WHO The people who in the nineteenth century disbelieve OBJECT TO JOHN KNOX'S EXULTATION AT THE DEATII the existence of witches, are just as superstitious in their OF CARDINAL BEATON. unbelief as those who in the sixteenth held that belief; Some of our modern historians are exceedingly scanfor the latter believed on the authority of the intellectual' dalised that John Knox should openly and honestly declare the joy which he felt at the death of the Cardinal, , threshed her so soundly, that he brought her to a full and that Sir David Lindsay should express himself as confession, on condition he would forgive her, and noways ill pleased upon the whole. How Mr Tytler and never disclose a word of it to anybody; which he having Mr Lyon would feel if one who had been lying in wait to promised, she revealed to him all the secret mysteries of shed their blood had been removed before his opportunity her wicked and damnable science. Which her husband came, we are unable to say. It is a fact, however, that hearing, began to have a great desire to see the manner it has been customary amongst men in all ages to feel of their meetings, if it could be done with safety. She some degree of satisfaction when any enemy of whom assured him it might, after she had obtained 'Satan's they have the best reason to stand in fear, is, by the leave. Things being thus agreed, at night they both kindness of Providence, taken out of the world. They anointed themselves, and were carried to the wicked then breathe somewhat more freely, and, though it may assembly. The man having gazed about him, and dilino doubt not be altogether a christian feeling, they gently observed all the devilish ceremonies that passed, actually on these occasions do feel their “bosom's lord at length sat him down at table with the rest, on which sit lightly on his throne.” There may have been a mis- were placed great variety of meats, which seemed to the take in the boisterous mirth of Knox, and in the calmer eye exceeding fine and delicious; but when he had tasted satisfaction of Lindsay, but both were natural enough several of them, he found they had a very unsavoury under the circumstances; while there is something at relish ; upon which he began to call for salt

, but none once intensely disgusting and ludicrous in the artificial being brought, he called several times : at last, one of the tears which the modern historians alluded to have shed devils, to please him, set a saltcellar on the table. The over the very just punishment of the Cardinal. When sight of the salt made the poor man forget his wife's adhe that uses the sword to maintain his opinions perishes monition, not to mention one word that was good or holy by the sword, there is certainly no great occasion for while he was in that company : God bless me, cried he, I sorrow or regret amongst good men. When, therefore, thought the salt would never have come! Which he had no we hear that eminent antiquary and amazingly silly and sooner spoken, but all that was there vanished away, senseless writer, Mr George Chalmers, telling us that the with a horrible noise and tempest, leaving him in a death of Beaton was “the foulest crime which ever trance ; out of which, as soon as he recovered, he found stained a country, except perhaps the similar murder of himself stark naked in a field, where he walked about in Archbishop Sharp, within the same shire, in the subse- great sorrow and anguish of spirit till daylight, when he quent century, by similar miscreants;" and when we met some shepherds, of whom he inquired in what country listen to Mr Tytler, who has obtained the name of a he was, and to his great grief he found he was above one historian, telling us that it was "one of the most flagrant hundred miles from his own house; to which, with much acts which has been perpetrated in any age or country” | ado, making the best shift he could, at last he returned, (Lives of Scottish Worthies, vol. iii. p. 265),—the only and gave a full account of all that happened to the insorrow that a Scotsman of sense can feel is in being quisitors ; whereupon his wife, and many others whom obliged to admit that there is not a shire nor a parish in he accused, were apprehended, arraigned, convicted, and Scotland that has not witnessed much worse actions than burnt.—The Bloody Tribunal, or an Antidote against Poeither of these two murders. In the times in which we pery, by John Marchant, Gent., p. 86. live a reaction however has taken place in favour of all the persecuting class. Some men are reckoned saints and martyrs because at last the fate which they delighted SUBORDINATION OF THE ARMY. to deal out to others overtook themselves. But, in all ages, the most wicked of men have had people who admired their character and actions. Charles IX. had

"He died, as erring man should die, hiseulogists, and even of the Emperor Nero, it is recorded,

Without display-without parade!” that there were not wanting those who for many a day

Byron. duly decked his tomb with the flowers of the spring and

One sultry evening in August, an anxious group of civil and military employees was collected in the chief square

of a city of some importance among our Mediterranean In Italy there was a woman, who, through the temp- possessions. tation of the devil, entered into the detestable society of They had apparently left the dinner-table of Sir Ralph sorcerers, and practised all their abominations; so that Stanley at an untimely hour, in order to indulge in some she went and came so often from those assemblies, that discussion upon which his presence had been a restraint. her husband began to suspect the matter, and charged “I knew how it would end,” observed one of the her with it, at the same time promising, if she would younger officers : “ from the moment of his arrest—nay, confess the truth, he would never divulge the secret; but from the day of his enrolment in Majendie's company, í she, with many oaths and protestations, denied it; which, predicted some black conclusion. Frank Willis is too however, did not satisfy her husband, who had acciden- fine-hearted a fellow to match with the adjutant. But tally seen some actions that convinced him his suspicions you were on the court-martial, Vernon,-how did Frank were too true, and therefore he resolved to watch her stand his ground,-how did the lad get through his denarrowly for the future. A little while after, he observed fence ?” one night she had locked herself into a little chamber. “ He attempted none. The charge of having struck He had made peep-holes in every room in the house, and his superior officer was clearly substantiated, and was could plainly see whatever was done in them. He had recorded with all the tedious precision of legal definition. not waited long before he saw her anoint herself with a Corporal Rutherford swore to having seen Willis disorstrange kind of ointment; which she had no sooner done derly on parade that very afternoon." but he thought she was transformed into a bird, and that “But there was no witness who could speak to the she flew out at the window. He instantly lost sight of principal charge ?" her; whereupon going down stairs, he found the street “None !” exclaimed Arthur Stanley, the governor's door fast shut, and taking the key out, he went to bed, nephew and youngest aid-de-camp. “ And Majendie exceedingly amazed at what he had seen : But what gave his evidence in such a cursed, shuffling, apologetic increased his surprise yet more was, when he awaked in style, that I was in hopes the court would have found the morning he found his wife by his side. Upon which Frank guilty only on the minor counts. But old Kedhe again taxed her with having skill in sorcery, and she jeree, my worshipful kinsman, after a cross examination, again with oaths protested her innocence. He bid her which appeared to me, and indeed to most of our fellows, say no more, for he had plainly seen her whole proceed- vexatiously persevering, called upon the prisoner for his ings, and told her all the particulars, This put her in defence." great confusion, yet she still persisted, with horrid oaths, “ You have not told us how Willis bore up against the to deny everything; which so much provoked him, that, evidence. Did he seem cast down when it went hard starting out of his bed, and taking a good cudgel, he / against him?"




“I never beheld a firmer demeanour. If the fellow had Arthur Stanley drew near to listen. been carved out of the rock on which we are standing, he Yourself, Arthur, as his nephew and heir, can pretend could not have shown a more stern and resolute counte- to some claim upon the general's consideration. We have nance. There was not a variation of colour upon his given him time for his hookah ; let us go back together, cheek, nor a glance of passion in his eye, even when that and say what we can in furtherance of this petition, which red-headed Judas-our worthy adjutant, who, by the bears the signatures of half the garrison, and all the reway, could not conceal his trepidation even by the deli- giment,--nay, even Majendie's, who, I believe, would berate drawl in which he was pleased to drone out his give his right hand for liberty to withdraw the charge.” declaration-swore to a thousand facts of general and Go, and heaven speed you!” exclaimed every officer particular insubordination in Willis's conduct. There present ; "we will wait here to learn the result.” was not so much as a start of surprise or indignation to Sir Ralph Stanley listened with gentlemanly forbearance be detected."

to the succinct relation, made by Major Vernon, of the " And when he was called upon for his defence?" services and good conduct of the condemned soldier; of

“He replied that he had none to make, in a voice as his claims by birthright, upon the goodwill of the regiclear and deep as a nightcall at sea. The general, how- ment, and by individual service, upon that of its comever, appeared to consider this answer as a mere ebullition mandant. of temper, for he reiterated the demand in an angry voice.” “Most willingly,” said he, “would I accede to the

"Ay!” said young Stanley, “and then there arose wishes of the corps, and the more so, as having been exsuch a murmur in the court as brought all the hot blood pressed through a medium honourable to their choice, into Kedjeree's blessed cayenne countenance. "Speak and interesting to myself, as that of Major Vernon.” your provocation, Willis !' cried one voice. Show up Major Vernon-an old staff officer--was too well ini. the ruffian !' shouted another. Be not' butchered in tiated into the mysteries of official replies to be staggered cold blood !— Show the general the sabre-cut you got | by this rebut. He only seemed to consider it as a signal at St Sebastian, covering his son in the breach ; till the for a patient recommencement of his narration, and for a old gentleman, moved only to greater fury by this con still more earnest declaration of the warm interest which tempt of order, commanded the court to be cleared,--and Willis's smartness, and courage, and honourable feeling, that in no holiday tone."

as a man and a soldier, had roused in his favour through“The evidence was briefly recapitulated,” continued out the garrison. “I know of no instance,” added he, Vernon ; "and after a short consultation, sentence of “ in which an act of clemency would be more popular.”. death was recorded.”

But General Stanley was inflexible, and sternly, al“By heavens!” exclaimed Arthur Stanley, "I would though not harshly, proof against all expostulation. rather have heard the opening of an enemy's battery “My good friend,” he replied, "you have to deal with rattling round my ears than my uncle's grave sonorous an old soldier.-Willis must die his last sun hath set : voice, as he addressed the prisoner. I did not think so and, before God, I doubt whether it will ever shine upon much true dignity lay hid under his every-day slouch ; a finer fellow !” nor that he was capable of the deep emotion which thrilled The old soldier walked to the other side of the chamber through his words at the close of his charge. He could to recover his voice; but notwithstanding his emotion, not fix his eye upon poor Willis's fine manly figure as he Vernon was satisfied of the ill success of his suit. He pronounced that one horrible, concluding word; and while ventured, however, to glance at some circumstances of he spoke, there was not a sound stirring in the crowded elucidation respecting the adjutant, on whose behalf and court, except the hard breathing of one or two of our accusation Willis was sentenced to suffer, and the lovely youngsters.- I know that my own heart swelled till it young bride of the condemned soldier, which staggered, choked me."

although they could not conquer, the resolution of the "There is not a smarter soldier than Willis in our stanch old governor. Upon his ardent nephew, however, ranks,” observed one of the subalterns, after a pause. the mere recapitulation of that which he already knew, “He seems to belong, by divine right, to the regiment, had a far more powerful influence. “ You cannot hope, for he was born in a retreat in India, in Blackshaw's sir,” said he to Sir Ralph, with little ceremony, “ to have time; and his father, who was sergeant-major, was left one peaceful hour of rest, after persisting in your severity behind to scoop a grave in the sand for his wife. I re- towards a brave man like Willis, in consideration of the member hearing several of our old India fellows relate, rascally and unsupported testimony of that sneaking, when I joined, how Frank was swathed in a wallet, and shirking dog, Majendie. If Vernon's suppositions are tossed into a baggage-waggon, with little or no care from just, I only wonder that Frank has not been conthe women, who were busy with the sick and wounded." demned to death for cleaving the ruffian to the earth,

“Frank Willis served with us through the Peninsula,” rather than for repulsing him by a paltry thrust of his observed another; “and he has the Waterloo medal.”

“What think you, Vernon? is there no hope for him ?” “I was not aware, Captain Stanley, of having referred inquired another of the group.“ It is revolting to the case to your sapient judgment; but when your boyish see a fine fellow cut off under such circumstances ; for, intemperance will permit you to listen,-know, sir, that although Willis scorned to bring forward the name of his a soldier can sleep as freely after the conscientious disyoung wife in his defence, yet not a man in the regiment charge of a civil duty, as he can when the cause of his doubts under what irritation the assault was committed. country has imbrued his hands in the blood of his fellowMajendie's character is so well known,-and his admira- creatures. In either case, he is an instrument in the tion of Bessy Willis was apparent even to ourselves.”. hands of a higher intelligence. I am myself, Arthur, but

“Most true," replied Vernon. “But old Stanley, | the servant of the public and of the law ;-but I will not saving Arthur's presence, is a martinet in point of discip- shape my doings according to your, or any other enline; and to say the truth, I believe pardon, in such a thusiast's, vague opinion. Be they judged between myself, tase, would be altogether unprecedented.”

my country, and my Maker! And now, Vernon, good "Ici bas, l'on peut tout ce qu'on veut quand on veut ce night,” added he, kindly taking the hand of the major, que l'on doit vouloir.”

“ forgive my apparent ungraciousness, and believe that I “Not in a garrison, Arthur, as you will one day find equally appreciate your rights upon my indulgence, and to your cost. But that is not the point. If anything your forbearance and delicacy in using them. And if it can be done to save Willis, or to mitigate his punish- be any pleasure to you, Arthur Stanley, assure yourself ment, his previous ties npon us, and his manly firmness, that my sympathy in poor Willis's fate is, at least, as demand every effort at our hands. Sir Ralph owes me keen as your own.' some kindness," continued Vernon, lowering his voice, The veteran retired as he spoke; but, thanks to gout " as the surviving friend of his only son--as the receiver and grape-shot wounds, not so actively as to escape hearof his last breath; and you, Arthur, who provoke your ing the graceless comments of his nephew.

“Go thy uncle's reprimands and curses from morning till night, ways, thou heart of bowstring and bend-leather! go dose can little imagine with what indulgent tenderness he in thy easy chair, thou incorrigible slave of form and predoated upon poor Edward."

judice, who wouldst sacrifice one of the noblest of God's


creatures to a mere automaton, moving only under the ing by their conduct towards that self-condemned man, influence of bad passions and evil thoughts."

their sense of my injuries.” “ What success ?” exclaimed twenty voices, as they Vernon, instead of granting the pledge required by the regained their expectant companions.

generous vietim, demanded, in a very low tone, whether Vernon shook his head. "Inexorable!” replied Arthur, he had any message to send to the poor suffering creature doggedly. “Nothing now remains for Frank Willis but he was about to leave to the tender mercies of a wide and to die—and he will die-like a man.”

selfish world. One chamber of that many-windowed façade had been “Tell my poor girl," faltered the soldier," the best closed throughout the day, and the grassy plot it over- and truest of wives,--that I should grieve more in shatlooked was even more sadly silent than the rest of the ting my eyes upon a world which deals, as you say, but barrack-yard, and many a pitying look was sent up to those harshly with the poor, were I not persuaded that we shall desolate casements, and many an adjuration of “God soon be united in a more equal country! And, after all, help her!” directed towards them. It was that of Bessy sir, what avail the tears that we drop over a grave, what Willis, whose numbered hours were passing rapidly away avail those which we shed on the brink of that which is in the deathliness of utter despair. God was indeed will about to cover us? Short will be the longest separation ing to help her-he was taking her to himself!

-a brief moment in the endless day of the universe ; Conscious that the feeble condition of his wife would and in a few years, all alike will mingle in the dust. secure him from the bitter agony of an earthly parting, You, Major Vernon, if I may imbolden myself to make ---since weakness bound her to a dying bed,-Willis was the request, you will see that Bessy and the boy are dethe better enabled to keep up the show of manly firmness cently sent home to her old father; and that he is told which, from the first moment of his arrest, had distin- how truly she formed to his last hour the blessing of an guished his deportment. But he had never deceived honest heart of the husband who died in her defence." himself with regard to his destiny. A soldier's son- “God of heaven! it is then true that." almost a soldier born—he was keenly alive to the fitting “No more, sir, on that head; my spirit, thank God! strictness of military discipline; and so little had he look is tranquil now! Ay :-Bessy's father wavered long ere ed for mercy, so ill exchanged would he have considered he would give his darling to a soldier,-yet he little the doom of honourable death for one of stripes or im. dreamed that soldier would make an ignominious end." prisonment, that he had never striven to wake among his At this moment, the entrance of the gaoler, preceding udges a sense of the consideration due to his services, a figure wrapt in a military cloak, interrupted the course nor the slightest degree of personal interest; nay, with a of his comfortless reflections. delicacy worthy a better object, he had even forborne to “ This is a late hour for visiters --whom have we here!" connect the outrage for which he was to suffer, with some said the deep voice of Sir Ralph, approaching the prisoner. grievous personal details of insult and injury.

“ A friend, dear sir!" replied Major Vernon, anxiously The prisoner groaned heavily as he thought of the wife referring the governor's untimely visit to some motive of of his bosom, and the young boy which had blessed their mercy. mutual affection ; and as he sought to bury his head in " Willis!” exclaimed Sir Ralph, addressing the flutterthe straw, a compassionate voice warned him that he was ed soldier, who stood erect before him as if still engaged not alone.

in the execution of military duty, “ I have too intimate He roused himself to inquire who stood beside him, a knowledge of the heart of a good soldier, to believe amid the gathering darkness.—“It is I, Willis,” replied that you entertain any ill will towards me for the part the gentle voice of Vernon. “ It is your old master, who you have obliged me to act in your condemnation. But would fain exchange a few parting and friendly words since you needs must die-part we friends! Give me with you.”.

your hand, Frank Willis, my son's preserver,-my brave “Your honour is very considerate,” answered Willis, son's, who is with God! Ġive me your hand, boy ; and attempting to gain his legs. “You have ever been so to remember that your wife and infant from this hour beme, Major Vernon; and things would have gone better come my children.” with me if I had heeded your reproofs of my fiery spirit.” “One of them will not, I trust, tarry long from the

“Sit down, Frank, sit down,” said Vernon, forcing him shelter of her heavenly Father," answered the gratified back to his straw ; "you have need of rest.”

Willis, pressing the venerable hand so cordially extended “Not so, sir,” answered Willis, affecting a more cheer- towards him. “ And his blessing be with you, general, ful voice. “My rest to-morrow will forestall your own; for your kind will towards the orphan. Make him a good and when the dial shadow of the bastions falls upon noon, soldier, sir, if it please you ; unless you think that the Frank's head will be lying among sleepers, as heavy as blight of his father's name will be upon him.—But no !” any we left at Quatre Bras.”

exclaimed he, proudly collecting himself

, “ in spite of one Vernon did not rebuke this lightness of speech, but he erring act, Frank Willis's life is free from reproach!" damped it by the tone of his reply. “I am come, Frank, “We know it,—we acknowledge it,” replied Sir Ralph to inquire whether you have any commands to leave, and Vernon, at the same moment. “ Take no thought which a friend may execute. Having never deluded you for the boy; but tell us what we can further do to favour with hopes of mercy, I have the less reluctance in an- your comfort ; and first,” said the general, touching nouncing to you, that even your most sanguine friends Frank's fetters with his foot, and recalling the gaoler, have ceased to cherish them. Willis—you must die to- “first let us dispense with these ; we know, and will be morrow.”

responsible for our man.” “I have never thought otherwise, major ; and I have As the sledge-hammer was instantly applied for his therefore prepared myself to seek from my great Maker relief, Willis appeared to shrink back in pain. “Wbat that clemency which my fellow-men withhold.”

is it ?" inquired Vernon of the gaoler, who exhibited “I trust you have neglected no means of reconcilia- unequivocal symptoms of sympathy with his prisoner, tion, which our holy church affords to such as die in hope, now that he found them sanctioned by his betters. —that you have no malice still rankling in your heart “The irons have galled an old wound,” replied the against your accuser ?”

And Vernon remembered that the bone had “None !—Major Vernon; none, as I trust in the good been shattered by a musket ball in the affair at St Seness of God! I have need to be thankful-humbly bastian's, during Willis's active defence of his friend, thankful—that my resentment against the ruffian who has Edward Stanley. The looks of all present showed their sacrificed me, did not betray me into the sin of murder concern. when my indignant spirit was at its height; but now, I “ General !” said Frank, approaching his former comcan declare that, from the bottom of my soul, I forgive mander with a manly plainness, inspired by the knowCaptain Majendie that which I fear he will scarcely learn ledge that all earthly distinctions between them were to forgive himself. And indeed, sir, if I might presume soon to end; "do not distress yourself about me, when I to express a dying request to the gentlemen of the regi- am gone. The good of the service required an example ment who have so kindly interested themselves in my --you have given it. Your own generous nature sugfavour, it would be that they should forbear from mark- gested a redeeming show of mercy—you have given it,


sir, and where it has not been unfelt; for I die comforted | light-infantry company, that to which Willis belonged,

-proud, if I may say so,-knowing that my child will wheeled round, and, in another second, the solitary, not be fatherless, nor my poor widow unfriended and blindfolded figure, which stood as proudly erect to redesolate. Farewell, gentlemen !" continued Willis, per- ceive the fire of his own familiar friends, as if it had ceiving that even the sternest of his auditors was deeply been that of the enemy, started with a bound from the touched; do not prolong your sorrow for one whom the earth, and fell lifeless and quivering upon the ground, world declares unworthy of it. Father O'Halloran will as a loud simultaneous discharge appeared to cleave not leave me to-night, nor--nor to-morrow."

the air. "Farewell, Frank, and God be with you!” said both In less than an hour from that time the regiment officers, solemnly, as they left the cell; and old Stanley marched back into the barrack-yard-the band playing a was fain to accept the arm of his aide-de-camp, as they lively martial air. The women wrung their hands at the wound together through the intricate stone passages. sound, for they thought of Bessy; but there was no Between the prison door, and the garden postern of the cause for their compassionate anxiety. Government-house, there was not one syllable exchanged In reply to Sir Ralph Stanley's cordial inquiries after between them.

the poor bereaved creature, he learned that she had The morning gun boomed heavily over the harbour as waxed fainter and fainter throughout the night, until she the dull grey dawn broke over the waves; and many, or had lacked strength even to wipe away the cold dews from most of those who were awakened by the sound, turned her forehead. When the morning drums sounded, Arthur sickening away, “as if they loathed that light.” But the Stanley, unable longer to repress his desire of supporting whole garrison was soon astir for parade, for the horrible her in her hour of trial, and of marking his opinionis conceremony by which it was to be succeeded ; and the cerning the punishment of the day, conducted the comhollow roll of a muffled drum was heard at intervals, as passionate wife of a brother officer into her darkened a sad prelude to the dark array of death. Thrice did chamber; and both were tenderly bent upon exhorting the distinguished regiment to which Willis had belonged and comforting her afflicted heart. -assembled by the ordinary and now revolting delay of There was just light enough admitted into the room to the muster-roll-march round the parade ; the long, enable the intruders to see the cautionary fingers of the deep-drawn notes of the trumpet prolonging the funeral women who watched the sufferer, lifted to their lips in march by which their steps were measured. It ceased, token that she was sleeping. But those who were come and a solitary human voice was heard reciting the service to minister to her sorrow looked upon the fair waxen of burial for the dead; a solitary human voice, which hands extended on the coverlid, and knew that her repose pierced into the inmost recesses of the heart to which it was fast-beyond earthly disturbance. Yes ! she was was addressed, which animated as it was with the proudest indeed, dead ;-but so recently, that the unconscious instincts, and the most generous impulses, was about to fall infant still lay nestled in her bosom. The earliest suminto the dark stagnation of the grave. The felling of a mons to military duty, the first morning drum, had been lofty tree is a subject of interest and sympathy with the her signal of release; and, ere it sounded again, she was standers by ; but to mark the cutting off of a vigorous laid by the side of her soldier in a common grave.human frame--the death-wound of a warm human heart Selected. -is almost too trying a duty.

Uncovered and alone, in the full uniform of his corps, but with his hands bound behind him, Willis followed

THE EXCLUSIVES OF SCIENCE. the minister, preceded by a detachment of the regiment in whose ranks he had so often rushed on to victory. He all classes of men err, when they think more about rushed not forwards now; his step was slow, measured, resolute; his face stern but pale, like that of one to whom their rights than their duties. The Pharisaical “Stand the encounter of death is familiar but appalling. back, for I am holier than thou," has never been suc

Yet although many a heart beat quick among the cessful at any period of the world's history, and crowds assembled to look upon, and be admonished by, has less chance now than ever. People are getting a deed of death, that of Willis kept temperate time : ashamed of laying the stress they were wont to do although many lips were compressed in agony at the on rank and wealth ; and that because they see that solemn spectacle of deliberate bloodshed, Frank's were

these qualities, like certain trees, cannot rise to a high gently parted, as if to inhale the last sweet breath of elevation, when standing alone. Exclusiveness, howif to save the big drops from falling, in shame to their ever, still lingers amongst men of science, and we manhood, -those of the victim were alternately bent in

are afraid will linger longer amongst them than good-will upon his former comrades, or humbly lifted among any other class, in consequence of their towards that sky which he trusted was not unmindful greater seclusion from the world. of his penitence.

With few exceptions, and the more shame is it to The ceremony was nearly at an end. Major Vernon, the nation, men of science in this country possess accidentally in command of the regiment, gave contra- | limited incomes, and almost the only employment dictory orders, seemed harassed and perplexed, and for which they can undertake is that of teaching, either in the first time, on duty, lost his self-possession. The the shape of private lecturers, or as professors in the young officer at the head of Majendie's company, whom colleges and universities. It does not necessarily General Stanley had considerately despatched to an out- follow that an able philosopher should be a successpost on the coast

, turned deadly faint, and could scarcely ful teacher ; but the office of instructor being suppersist in his duty. The most unearthly stillness pervaded the whole scene; and even the spectators assembled posed to be the only occupation into which men of by curiosity to witness the execution, were breathless science can be thrust, no other method of disposing from emotion.

of them, except by occasional pensioning, is ever Yet not a murmur rose from that vast multitude-not thought of. It would often be better to bestow a a disproving word was spoken--and the very victim pension, or to increase one already given, in the case gazed with manly firmness upon the last receptacle—his of those not over qualified to teach, as they could coffinwhich was borne before him by four of his com- benefit the country more by scientific research than rades, listening the while in patient hope to those they ever could do by mere prelections—these, howtroops afforded a remarkable contrast with the uncon- sider what is done by scientific men in the position dying hour. Altogether the disciplined steadiness of the ever, are points which we may afterwards take up at

greater length; in the meantime, we wish to controllable feelings of indignation rankling within their hearts.

which they presently occupy. But the last sentence of christian exhortation had been

Some of them manifest great reluctance to every breathed, ---the word of command was hoarsely given,-a thing connected with the popularisation of science

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