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and was supposed to have buldged directly, as a very | ments, for which great facilities were afforded, it great rippling appeared on the water immediately was made abundantly manifest that although in proafter her sinking. Whether this was the case or mise he fully equalled poor Day, he fell very far not, it is certain that fears began very shortly to short of him in performance. arise in the minds of the spectators that an accident had occurred, as, although Day was provided with
THE ANCIENT BARONET. three buoys or messengers, which he could easily
AN ORIGINAL TALE. send to the surface, and by means of which he was,
THERE are many affectations; and none deeper than from time to time, to announce his safety, not one“ the pride which, apeing humility," pretends to despise of them made its appearance. Notwithstanding this titles and distinctions. Such things are of little value to very suspicious circumstance, neither Mr Blake nor the man of intrinsic worth, but to persons not exactly of those who remained to witness the result of the this high caste, we daily see that they are useful. The experiment took any steps whatever until the ap child at school feels the value of its medal; the soldier pointed twelve hours had elapsed ; and then when
that fights successfully and is decorated, feels his decoraneither buoys nor vessel made their appearance, they
tion a bond not only for future bravery in the field, but for bet to work with an energy which, had it been dis
good behaviour everywhere. Thoughtless young men,
the inheritors of the higbest rank, may often forget the played at the proper time, might have benefited
claims of that rank, and there is a strong temptation to the unfortunate projector. Application for assist
this in these days, when they are suffered to go undisance was made to the captain of a frigate moored
tinguished; but were certain of their number, as of old, near the spot, which was immediately granted; and perpetually marked by their dress and attendance, we Lord Sandwich, who chanced to be at Plymouth at would discover that distinction is of some value in society. the time, ordered a number of men from the dock- The soldier and the sailor must not disgrace their uniyard to aid in attempting to recover the vessel. forms, the judge his gown, nor the clergyman his cloth. Every effort that skill or ingenuity could devise
Even the plain coat of a gentleman has a decided and was tried to effect this object, but without any satis
powerful influence, and must not be degraded. In short, factory result; no vestige of either man or machine
distinctions are founded in nature, and the desire for could be met with. A Dr Falck, desirous of ascer
them is, with many, a strong incitement to excellence,
and their possession the most powerful preservatives taining the contrivance made use of by Day, repeated
where better motives are imperfect. Badges of honour the attempt to discover and weigh the vessel, but have, in consequence, been truly designated “the cheap after persisting in his endeavours for upwards of defence of nations ;" 'they may also be as truly termed, six weeks, he despaired of success, and abandoned like friendship, the '“ solder of society.” No doubt a man the attempt.
of real worth and force of character will assert his place, That Day possessed some means of purifying and in disregard of external marks of honour,—will always renewing the air contained in his machine was placed stand forth as one of nature's nobility. He may therefore bevond à doubt by his various experiments, but all I justly disregard both titles and distinctions; but he is knowledge of the process perished with him. It is
only one of a thousand, and should not exactly despise stated by Boyle that the celebrated Cornelius Drebelle
what incites, though by means which he may deem invented a vessel capable of being rowed under water,
unworthy, to go and be like him. The distinctions of
family, clan, and nation, have also their value in the and also a liquor to be carried in the vessel which
meantime, and though perhaps the desire of enlightened could create fresh air : he further states that this men is that these also should cease, and that all men vessel was made by order of James I. It carried should feel of one family and of one nation, still, till that twelve rowers besides passengers, and was tried in happy period shall arrive, the helps that tend to lead to it the Thames. There is a vagueness, however, about should not be despised. this statement (and the number of men said to have We have been led into this digression by seeing that heen carried in it is so improbable), that, to say the
titles and honours begin to be frowned upon in certain least of it, renders it very apochryphal looking.
quarters as beneath the dignity of man.” We do not About two years ago, a French gentleman, Dr
say that this is from envy, nor even from any improper
| motive, but the feeling may be turned to very improper Payerne, professed to be able to accomplish precisely
account. It may lead to contempt, and a desire to what Day undertook to do, viz., to remain in a diving
trample, instead of a manly, philosophical disregard, and bell, under water, and without any communication
extirpating titles by inimical coarseness instead of raising, with the external air, for any indefinite period. He as they are really calculated to do, into that equality of performed several experiments in London, which excellence that renders the assumption of distinction excited a considerable sensation in the scientific unnecessary, and therefore unpleasing. No man of title world, and gave rise to great expectations. On one in his senses builds upon that title where he sees all are occasion he descended in the diving-bell at the
his equals. Polytechnic Institution, taking with him a box,
Our object at present is to show, from actual experience, supposed to contain his apparatus for restoring or
the influence of a title, the humblest in the scale of renewing the atmosphere in the bell, together with
hereditary honours, on the conduct of an individual, and
the fortunes of a district and family. a lighted candle. He remained in the bell between
Sir Robert Rose of Birchenbowers was the descendant three and four hours; and upon being drawn up, it of a line of lairds, in one of the low country districts of was found that the candle was still burning, and he, i Scotland. Up to his time the lairds had led a coarse, the operator, had suffered no inconvenience. This scrambling, drinking, negligent kind of life ; and he began was, however, afterwards shown to be a very incon- the world as “the young laird” in a way that seemed clusive experiment. The bell at the Polytechnic likely to perpetuate the line in a similar manner. His contained a very large quantity of atmospheric air,
father had deeply involved the estate, and he himself and it would have required two or three hours res
gave no indications of a contrary disposition. At last piration to have so far deteriorated it as to render it
his father, one afternoon, after his usual debauch, and incapable of supporting life. Calculating upon this,
while sitting in his chair, breathing sonorously certainly, two gentlemen, after Dr Payerne's experiment, de
but not much more so than was customary with him, put scended, and remained beneath the water nearly two
out his hand to his son sideways, and said, “ Bob! I'm
going! I'm going !--Be kind to the old woman and the hours, without communication with the external
girls—at least as far as you can. But-I leave you a air, and without any attempt to interfere with it. ravelled hasp, I have been a sad dog, but it's too late to As Dr Payerne failed in his more extended experi- think of it now.-I don't think you can recover it, but try if you can. You might one day be a baronet if you | Meantime, having removed his mother and sisters to the could support the title; but not a shilling of the money county town, and by some means procured a little money, will come to you, and you have none of your own. Loose he had the whole apartments cleaned and painted, nety my neckcloth, and call your mother." “ Bob” imme carpeting and hanging the whole in a plain but respectdiately loosened his father's neckcloth, and ran to sum able manner, himself walking backward and forward to mon the family; but ere any of them could join him, the superintend the operations, and make whatever purchases poor laird was gone.
were necessary; and these things done the family was Robert Rose in this way came to his estate, as | recalled. People were astonished at once at the prudence it is termed, he found he had hardly any estate. Even and respectability of these proceedings, but more so his mother's jointure had been encroached upon to facili- at some other changes of more importance still. The tate the last borrowing. A year is humanely given to stables and barns began to be attended to as the house heirs in Scotland to consider and decide whether they had been; all the dilapidated dykes were again made shall represent their ancestors, and several months of this * fencible;" the farm-horses that, though once good, had year had been passed in merely ascertaining the debts. been so neglected as to seem in ruins with the rest, being At last one afternoon, while he was sleeping in his chair now duly fed and cared for, resumed their natural ap-the very chair in which his father had died, and where pearance, and, in short, it began to be prophesied that he seemed likely to die also, without having done any- “Birchenbowers” would prosper. thing worthy of having lived, his mother entered, holding An indolent tenant having quitted possession of a farm an open letter, which informed him that the relation of adjoining to the manor farm, that was announced to be whom his father had spoken in his last moments was about to be occupied by “the master,”-another sign of dead, but leaving him nothing but what was of little value, activity. Draining had not then come to be understood, his title.
but necessity suggested considerable operations of this deThe new baronet fairly aroused himself at this an-¡ scription, and that also was speedily seen to be useful, nouncement, but looked at his mother without speaking heavy crops being produced where formerly there had a word; and she very soon left the room, thinking only been nothing but unproductive marshes. There was how they might procure such additions to their mourn only one species of operation that seemed at first ques. ings as this fresh death rendered necessary. Of course, tionable. Elf hillocks and burial cairns, spots that had she never dreamt that her son would take up the title; remained untouched from time immemorial, and which nor did he in appearance. His only reflection was that it was considered “unlucky' to meddle with, were now he had not a shilling! The letter was from his cousin removed, or ploughed over without mercy," the master Helen, nearly as poor as himself; but it assumed that he himself” being sometimes under the necessity of comwould take up the title as a matter of course, and con- mencing the work. But this was soon promulgated as gratulated him and the family upon the occasion. He one of his principles. He declared that one-fifth might read the letter three or four times, and then dropt it be added to the arable soil of his property by using it as insensibly upon the floor; after a brown study of about it ought to be used ; and he determined that it should be half an hour, he rose up, and passed into his apartment. so used, as far as he could effect it.
From thence he issued very grave, in evening dress, For this purpose, as soon as he had brought his own and with his hair freshly powdered as was then the fashion. farm into a tolerably cultivable state, he offered his He joined his mother and sisters for a few moments, but plough, drawn by twelve stout oxen, to every tenant in was very abstracted and, as it seemed, deeply vexed. He succession, so soon as, by removing earth-fast stones, walked out, and it was to the farm of a person who had whins, broom-roots, and other impediments, they were once acted as steward to his father, and still came occa- prepared to use it; and to such as were too indolent, or sionally to the place, and with whom his conference was otherwise incapable of carrying his wishes into effect, he of some duration. Next day he mounted his horse, but offered servants, horses, and oxen, with, of course, all with unusual gravily, and dressed with unusual care, necessary implements, at his own expense, but upon their ! mentioning only that he was going to the county town. agreeing to pay a fair value for the land improved. Had On returning he had another long consultation with they refused both, he and they were to part. In short Thomas Kennedy, whom it now appeared he had rein- from the necessity of his situation, if he would not disstated as his steward, though he still kept possession of grace his title, and on the suggestion of his intelligent his own farm in the immediate neighbourhood; and and faithful steward, he had become a determined imfinally, he stated to his mother and sisters that he thought prover. Even where the cultivation of the tenants bad he would take up the title.
previously been considered good, he sent his ploughs The mansion in which the family resided had been without charge, to show them how their crops might be originally a tower, built in a morass, as was usual in old augmented more thoroughly by opening up the ground; times—the Bog of Birchenhollow. The bog had been and his actual success soon became more convincing than drained as far as circumstances admitted, and on its site a thousand lectures. The old-fashioned farmers stood a garden formed of considerable extent; and beyond that aghast at this invasion of their territories and thorough a wood, skirted in the interior by an orchard, sheltered extirpation of their prejudices; “the laird” (for laird he the house and garden on the east and north.
was still occasionally called,) was considered extravagant This tower was incapable of much improvement in any from lending his ploughs, horses, carts, and every item respect. It was small, but with four circular projections of his establishment so freely; but he was really in this on the angles that considerably enlarged the apartments, one of the greatest economists; and would the prowhere, from the absence of stairs, such appendages could prietors of waste lands, or lands imperfectly cultivated, be added. The original entrance was in the south adopt the system of either at once improving their lands, western angle, and the stair there being mounted led or keeping ambulatory apparatus of the necessary into a small ball of entrance, close by which was the strength at the command of their small but improving dining-room. A similar stair in the angle at the farther tenants, there is yet scope enough for agricultural imend of this hall led to the middle floor, or drawing provement in these kingdoms to render their whole room; and above these were the bed-rooms, small and people wealthy and happy for many generations. few in number, but still affording accommodation, though Nearly one hundred and fifty years have passed since on a limited scale, to an ordinary sized family. The the circumstances now narrated took place; yet there are only alteration the new inheritor proposed was to make men still living who remember this respectable man and an entrance on the west in the centre of the building, useful proprietor in his old age, and have seen his plough ascended to by two converging stairs, and with pillars going in the lands of his tenants. It may be conceived and a pediment to protect the entrance. And, as a that industry was not the sole virtue of the baronet. kitchen and hall had been built in the north end (a low Without the slightest purpose or pretension, his whole one-storied building), he contemplated that, should he | life was an example, and all, as it is believed, from the have the means of raising that into two storeys, in some accident of his title, for, from the moment that it devolved thing like the style of the tower, and adding a similar upon him, and he determined to assume it, he felt as if wing on the south, he should have a sufficient residence. I he were no longer a common man; that he had a rank
to maintain which could only be maintained by suitable , afford it. When they died, their state dresses were conduct and a suitable fortune, and he determined to aim numerous, hers of the finest damask silk, and fit (to use at both. He therefore at once adopted a reserve and an expression common in such circumstances) " to stand dignity widely different from his previous conduct; and, alone;" and his of the finest French cloth, pierced, or, as knowing that he had no fortune until he should acquire it is termed, “ fine-drawn," in every seam! such was an it, he set himself to that also. He had certain rents, “ancient baronet." many of them payable in kind and in services; and, in Farther,—his father, “the laird,” had died indebted to stead of wasting the first in a purposeless hospitality, and | every neighbour, and to every tenant, by bond and bill, the last by tolerating an imperfect tillage in others while --ticket and account. He left bonds over almost every he could cultivate better for himself, he determined on estate in his neighbourhood; and his descendants, from converting both into money as far as practicable. His following his example, and, it may be added, marrying granaries, therefore, became the depôts for the neigh as their fortune and title justified, are now ripe for the bourhood of every species of produce usually paid as peerage, and, indeed, hold by marriage the estates of a rent ; his pastures were constantly overflowing with peer, whose title will lapse unless revived for them. sheep and cattle, at once using and enriching them. It is perfectly true that all this might have been done
He soon married the cousin who had announced his by a commoner, as well as by a person who considered accession, and she proved a prudent and excellent wife, himself of a higher rank; and that the manners of this and as much impressed with the dignity of the baronet "ancient baronet” are now as common among the unage as himself, perhaps greatly more; for it is well remem titled as among the titled; but they were not so in those bered of her, that if any one in ignorance asked for “the days. They would have been considered affected and laird," her uniform answer was, “We have no lairds ridiculous, and almost excluded the party practising them here;" or for the knight, “ We have no knights.” No from the intercourse of his equals. Such gradations, thing but the Baronet or Sir Robert would pass. Their therefore, have at least been useful, and such gradations habits were most probably the habits of the day, but may be useful still. In the meantime, as our sketch is a remarked in them as remarkable persons. It is recorded, faithful representation of an old and respectable family, that every morning about eleven o'clock, Lady Helen it may have some interest simply as a picture of the times (as she was called) descended to the kitchen in her gone by, and even impress some who have no ostensible morning wrapper to settle the dinner bill and dessert. rank to sustain with the use as well as gracefulness of a That hour was also known to be the hour at which she respectable reserve, a prudent and dignitied economy. received tenants bringing poultry or eggs in payment of their rents in kind; and she settled these matters, and gave her acknowledgments with great decision and dig
A NAVAL ENGAGEMENT. nity. From that period till dinner, she walked in the The following dexterous naval maneuvre is contained garden, or received company, or rode out in the carriage, in Admiral Durham's Life. When commanding the though the roads did not much encourage this; while the Venerable, the Admiral came in sight of two French baronet, if he did not accompany her, walked or rode vessels, over the farm, or stood by while grain or meal were re "And, from the superiority of the Venerable's sailing, ceived by his steward. At dinner, full-dress was constant, came up within hail of them at sunset, and called out to whether there might be company or not; the baronet, for the sternmost vessel to bring to, upon which she hoisted the most part, wearing the ribbon and medal of his order, French colours, and, for answer, poured in her whole and always doing so when strangers were present. After broadside and musketry, which was instantly returned, dinner, on state occasions, there would be music, the everybody being at quarters. The Frenchman fired a lady performing on the spinnet ; when, so great was the second broadside, and in the smoke bore up under all treat considered, that all the servants who could attend, sail, and ran right on board the Venerable with the and many of their friends, would be listening at the door. intention of boarding her. Observing his higher sails They always retired early and decorously, and so closed becalmed above the smoke, the admiral suspected what the day. All the riotous living of the old times was his intention was, and called out to the man at the helm completely abandoned. There was nothing but order to ease her off, so as to let him strike obliquely. Howand sobriety, and anything approaching to jollity would ever, he came into them, going about nine knots an have been considered as indecorous in the house of this hour, and struck the Venerable such a blow that the “ ancient baronet" as in the house of a dignitary of the admiral and most of the marines on the poop were church. He would frequently say to his tenants or knocked down. The boarders were then called up: and servants, when he conceived them misconducting them they lashed the Frenchman forward, while he was secured selves, “I cannot scold;" that is, he considered it unsuit abaft. The order was then given to board, and they able to his dignity; but this was considered a severe made good use of their cutlasses, killing and wounding a reproof. Once, in the orchard, as he approached old great number before she struck her colours, and, as it age, his hat and wig were removed by the branches, and was then dark, the other frigate escaped for the time. a servant who witnessed the circumstance, being observed When the French captain came on board to deliver up by the lady to laugh, he was dismissed. The tailor came his sword, it was found he was wounded in several places; to “ the place" to make the liveries for servants, a shoe but he was so enraged at the captain of the other frigate maker to make the shoes ; and the baronet kept the key having run away, that he could think of nothing else. of the store. On Sundays, in winter, when it snowed or The other captain was the senior of the two, and had rained heavily, he read prayers and a sermon in the promised to run on board the Venerable at the same dining-room; and his opinion, stated through his steward, time. The admiral sent him into his cabin, telling him settled all disputes; for the tenants feared or respected the surgeon would attend him. It being a rainy night, him so much that they could not venture to state any the admiral put on his great-coat over his uniform, and cause of quarrel to himself; they would rather have having occasion to go to his cabin, he found the surgeon abandoned the subject.
dressing the French captain's wounds, and a marine Nor was all this personal dignity marred by external holding the lanthorn, which he took from him, and held circumstances. He never quitted the old tower ; but himself, and said to the Frenchman, “Your comrade having executed his original design of throwing out a hailed you just as we came up.' He answered, “Yes ; wing at each end in the style of the centre tower, he he said if we part company I shall change my course acquired very excellent apartments, and left, at little every two hours, two points west, and my rendezvous expense, a picturesque and beautiful residence. The will be in the north-west.' Admiral Durham immecarpets of the principal apartments were at last from diately gave back the lanthorn to the marine, called for Turkey; the hangings of the windows velvet deeply the log, and wrote on it eight o'clock, wind E.N.E. The fringed with gold. This last was, indeed, considered be ship was so much disabled that it was nearly two days yond the state authorised by a simple baronetcy; it was before she and the prize could be got ready to proceed. equal to what was accounted proper to a baron or earl; The admiral then called the master, and told him the but Lady Helen was ambitious, and they could amply particulars, which were a plain problem to work. He
calculated the frigate would be in the W.N.W., distant
FATHER MATIEW AT HOME. about 200 miles. Admiral Durham desired the captain to steer to the N.W. under all possible sail ; the latter We extract, from the Scottish Temperance Review, the seemed much astonished, and said, "Then you are not going following account of an interview with Father Mathew, to the West Indies ?' - That does not follow.' Next
contained in a letter addressed to a gentleman in America, day at noon they had run about 153 miles; and the admiral called out to the look-out man to know if he saw
by F. Douglas :any strange sail. The captain seeing him so anxious, “On the morning after the Cork soiree, Father Mathew remarked, 'Admiral, you seem to have got something invited us to breakfast with him at his own house-an in your head, I have,' was the reply ; I expect to see honour quite unexpected, and one for which I felt unthe other frigate.' "Well, that is a most extraordinary prepared. I however accepted his kind invitation, and idea ; I don't think there is the smallest chance of it.' went. I found him living in a very humble dwelling, The admiral replied, "If I had taken your advice, I and in an obscure street. As I approached he came out should never have seen either of them. Shortly after of his honse, and took me about thirty yards from his this conversation, the man at the mast head called out, door, and with uplifted hands, in a manner altogether
A sail on the weather bow. The captain went up to peculiar to himself, and with a face beaming benevolent look at her, and said, She is a small vessel, and looks expression, he exclaimed- Welcome! welcome! my like one of our traders running to the southward. Ad- | dear sir, to my humble abode;' at the same time taking miral Durham called for his long glass, saying he would me cordially by the hand, conducted me through a rough, go up and look at her himself. As he was going up the uncarpeted passage, to a green door leading to an un. forerigging he overheard the men saying, 'What a rum carpeted stairway; on ascending one flight of which I admiral we have got; he is going aloft.' The ship's found myself abruptly ushered into what appeared to be company were all strangers to him, never having sailed both drawing and dining-room. There was no carpet on with him before. As soon as he got a look at the strange the floor, and very little furniture of any kind in the sail, he felt convinced it was the frigate, and called out room; an old-fashioned sideboard, a few chairs, three or to the captain to disguise the ship as much as possible, four pictures hung carelessly around the walls, comprised and to steer straight for her. On hearing this, the ship's nearly the whole furniture of the room. The breakfastcompany were all in a stir, the captain still persisting it table was set when I went in. A large urn stood in the was not the frigate. She came down to the Venerable middle, surrounded by cups, saucers, plates, knives and under all sail, supposing it was her consort, and came a forks, spoons, &c., all of a very plain order--rather too little too near before she was undeceived. On perceiving plain, I thought, for so great a man. His greatness, her mistake, she hauled round to make her escape. however, was not dependent on outward show, nor was
Look there,' said the admiral, did you ever see that it obscured from me by his plainness. It showed that he stern before ?' As night was closing, and dirty weather could be great without the ordinary attractions with coming on, Admiral Durham picked out three midship- which men of his rank and means are generally anxious men, who were qualified for lieutenants,-in short, a to surround themselves. Upon entering the room, Father whole staff for a ship's company,--and told them to keep Mathew introduced me to Mr W. O'Conner, an invited a sharp look out for the Frenchman during the night, guest, a gentleman of property and standing, and, though and not to lose sight of her, as their promotion depended not a teetotaler, yet an ardent admirer of Father Mathew, upon her being taken. He went on the poop himself, As an evidence of his devoted attachment, honour, and and remained there till the frigate struck. In the morn- esteem, Mr O'Conner has erected a splendid tower on his ing she was about two miles distant. On coming up with own land, about four miles from Cork, in a very conthe frigate she gave a sheer to port, to give the Vener- spicuous place, having a commanding view of the barbour able her larboard broadside; the captain called out to of Cork, and a view of the beautiful hills for miles the helmsman to do the same, to enable her to bring her around. The presence of this gentleman at the breakbroadside to bear on the frigate. Admiral Durham im- fast, afforded me an excellent opportunity of witnessing mediately gave orders to do quite the contrary, so as to Father Mathew's faithfulness to his friends. I found him allow the Frenchman's broadside to pass obliquely, which entirely uncompromising. This gentleman complained was done. She then sheered to starboard to give the a little of his severity towards the distillers of Cork, who Venerable the other broadside-upon which the latter had large amounts invested in distilleries, and who could again did the contrary. By these judicious manæuvres not be expected to give their business up to their rain. the Venerable received no other damage than a few shots To which Father Mathew replied, in the natural way, through the sails; and by the time the frigate came to that such men had no right to prosper by the ruin of her original course, the Venerable's bowsprit was in her others. He said he was once met by a very rich distiller, mizzen rigging, and she hauled down her colours without who asked him rather imploringly, how he could so deAdmiral Durham firing a shot at her ; upon which the liberately plot the ruin of so many good and unoffending captain said, "I wish you joy of your prize, but you people, who had their all invested in distilleries? In risked the lives of a number of our people.' Admiral reply, Father Mathew then told, with good spirit, the Durham made answer, “If we had given her a broadside, following excellent anecdote - A very fat old duck and killed thirty or forty of her crew, and disabled the went out early one morning in pursuit of worms, and ship, which I mean to take to the West Indies with me, after being out all day, she succeeded in filling her crop, what satisfaction would it have been? We have now á and on her return home at night, with her crop full of ship which has not lost a rope. If you choose to have worms, she had the misfortune to be met by a fox, who the command of her she is at your service. The names at once proposed to take her life to satisfy his hunger. of the two frigates taken on this occasion were-the first, The old duck appealed, argued, implored, and remonAlcmene, forty-four guns, and three hundred and fifty strated. She said to the fox, You cannot be so wicked men, commanded by Captain Ducrest de Villeneuve, and hard-hearted as to take the life of a harmless duck, who had so gallantly defended her. The second was the merely to satisfy your hunger.' She exhorted him against Iphigenie, of forty-four guns, and three hundred and fifty the commission of so great a sin, and begged him not to men, with one hundred and fifty British seamen on board, stain his soul with innocent blood. When the fox could as prisoners, taken out of ships belonging to Lord Col- stand her cant no longer, he said, “Out upon you, madam, ville's convoy. Admiral Durham then steered for the with all your fine feathers, you are a pretty thing, indeed, West Indies, taking bis prizes with him. The Venerable's to lecture me about taking life to satisfy my hunger-is loss, on this occasion, was two seamen killed and four not your own crop now full of worms? You destroy wounded. That of the enemy, two petty officers and more lives in one day, to satisfy your hunger, than I do thirty seamen killed, and fifty wounded. The damage in a whole month! Father Mathew has a fund of done to the Venerable, by the Alcmene running into her, anecdotes, which he tells in the happiest manner, always consisted of three lower deck ports knocked off, the fore- to the point, and with most excellent effect. His whole sail yard carried away, and the rigging, stays, and bob- sonl appeared to be wrapped up in the temperance cause. stays, much cut by the shot.”
The aim of bis life appears to be to spread the blessings of temperance over the whole world. To accomplish | parents. In humbler life, abusive language often ends this he spares no pains. His time, strength, and money with blows; and what must be the effect of such scenes are all freely given to the cause; and his success is truly on the tender mind of infancy? The presence of children wonderful. "When he is at home, his house is literally on such occasions, when proved before the magistracy, surrounded with persons, many of whom have come ought to be considered an aggravation of the offence miles to take the pledge. He seldom takes a meal with against the law. Fathers and mothers, by upbraiding out being interrupted by some one to take the pledge. each other in presence of their children, often beget imHe was called away twice while I was there, to dismiss a pressions which all their future representations are unable number who had come to take the pledge. This he did to eradicate; and of what avail to the comfort of parents with great delight.
the brilliant accomplishments and attractive manners of "Cork contains one hundred thousand inhabitants. their children, if a son have been taught to disparage his One half of this number have taken the pledge of Father father, or a daughter to think ill of her mother? Often Mathew. The change already wrought in the condition do children so young as to appear deficient in observaof the whole people of Ireland is almost, through his tion, receive vague but indelible impressions, afterwards labours, miraculons; and the cause is still advancing. recalled by a retrospective view, when the past appears Fire millions, four hundred and eighty-seven thousand, three clear and free from the vapours which veiled it from our hundred and ninety-five souls have received the pledge earlier comprehension. Among the lower orders, if a from him, and still they come.' So entirely charmed poor man bé laborious, his son is usually the same. But by the goodness of this truly good man was I, that I be the son of a father who ill-uses the mother, is pretty sure sought him to administer the pledge to me. He come to turn out an idler and a dunce in childhood, and, in plied with promptness, and gave me a beautiful silver riper years, a ruffian.--Albany Poyntz. pledge. I now reckon myself with delight the fifth of A ĠREAT PRINTING OFFICE.—The office of the Rotary the last five of Father Mathew's 5,487,495 temperance Press covers an area of 14,283 square feet, embracing children."
fifteen rooms. It is lighted by day by 1664 squares of glass set in 100 different windows; and by night hy gas shooting up from 100 different burners. In those pre
mises we have one steam-engine of ten horse power, three Miscellaneous.
Adam's power presses, two Napier presses, three rotary presses, two Ruggle's job-presses, eleven hand-presses,
two copperplate presses, two embossing presses, one hyTHE VALUE OF SMOKE.—A striking instance of eco-draulic press, four standing presses, one small power nomic talent came to our knowledge in the district of press, two paper cutters, three card cutters, one ink-mill, Alston Moor. From the smelting earths of one “house," and four machines for shaving stereotype plates, two of an arched tunnel conducts the smoke to an outlet at a which are moved by steam-power. We have more than distance from the works, in a waste spot, where no one 400 different styles of types, borders, flowers, and cuts of can complain of it. The gathering matter or “fume” | various sorts, in weight 30,000lbs. These are all held in resulting from the passage of the smoke is annually sub their places by means of 866 type cases, of brass galleys, mitted to a process, by which at that time it yielded 200 feet standing galleys, 330 chases, and 3 bushels of enough to pay for the construction of a chimney. A quoins. We have two large cisterns, which contain about similar tunnel chimney three miles in length was erecting 1000 gallons, or upwards of 18 hogsheads of water, at Allendale. Its fume will yield thousands of pounds This is distributed through every part of the office by sterling per annum. Truly, here it may be said that means of 500 feet of lead pipe. We use six hogsheads smoke does not end in smoke.-British Quarterly Review. | of water per day, which, supposing it was brought in
EDUCATION OF CHILDREN.-Neither the illustrious buckets, would take one man 131 hours each day to furpreceptor of Alexander, nor the amiable preceptor of the nish, allowing him to bring four gallons every ten minutes. Duke of Burgundy, nor all the professors of the univer Our various presses throw off in the course of the year sities of England and France, ever effected so much in 6,069,480 sheets of paper, or 12,645 reams. Supposing the way of education as that unrecognised president of each sheet to be but 24 feet long, and that they were all universities and public schools—Example. From the placed in one continuous line, they would stretch out to hour of their birth children begin to imitate. Their first 15,173,700 feet, or nearly 2875 miles, about the distance words are mimicrics of what they hear pronounced before from here to Europe. It is computed that we have them: hence the origin of different idioms and enuncia printed the past year 130,240,000 pages of books, 64,000 tions. Montaigne made Latin the mother tongue of his circulars, 25,000 commercial and lawyer's blanks, 20,000 son, by surrounding him with persons who spoke no other cheques, 25,000 billets, 500,000 bill-heads, 300,000 shop language, and even a nurse who spoke Latin. The in- bills and hand bills, and 2,000,000 of labels. We have tellect of children expands long before they have the cut up, printed, embossed, and sold 1,201,520 cards, or power of expressing their ideas. Physicians have affirmed 24,030 packs. Our average consumption of coal is over that children have been known to die of jealousy before two tons a week, or more than 100 tons a year. Besides they were old enough to express their sensations. Ex our 100 gas burners, we use about 150 gallons of oil for cessive notice of another child, or seeming neglect of extra lights and machinery. For our various printing it themselves has been found to induce a state of languor, takes 1200 pounds of ink per annum, besides gold leaf, and hasten their end. Young children suffer doubly in bronze, and size. In our type and stereotype foundry illness, from the incapability of expressing their pain. we have used the past year 50,000 lbs. of metal, and Their language being formed upon our own, and their turned out 7000 stereotype plates of various sizes and conduct framed upon our own, the duty of placing desir- shapes. In our whole establishment we employ usually able examples before them is sufficiently evident; yet we about 100 hands, and it is safe to conclude that our office frequently punish them for faults of which the first lesson affords direct sustenance to at least 500 persons.—Boston was given by ourselves. In many conditions of life, Paper. however, parents are forced to delegate to other hands | A MEPHISTOPHELES VIEW OF LEARNING.--Student, the care of their progeny. The labouring poor, for in- I would wish to be profoundly learned, and should like stance, cannot constantly watch over them. While the to comprehend what is upon earth or in heaven, science rich wantonly confide their infants to the care of menial and nature.—Mephistopheles, You are here upon the right hands, the poor trust them to any which God is pleased scent, but you must not suffer your attention to be disto send to their aid. It is even more essential to avoid tracted.-Student, I am heart and soul in the cause. A giving bad examples to children than to offer them good. little relaxation and pastime, to be sure, would not come Yet how often are family dissensions and recriminations amiss on bright summer holidays.— Mephist., Make the exposed to their observation! A man and wife living ill most of time, it glides away so fast. But method teaches together, who so far forget themselves as to quarrel be- you to gain time. For this reason, my good friend, I fore their children, create a preference and partizanship | advise you to begin with a course of logic. In this study which must diminish the respect equally due to both the mind is well broken in-laced up in Spanish boots