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of the sword, and politico-religious harangues from under certain orders,—now each of these orders the clergy and leaders of the armies, were of daily have their newspapers, magazines, reviews, and occurrence. Then were the times when

pamphlets, prepared, and sugared, and spiced ex“The pulpit, drum-ecclesiastic,

actly to the palates of the readers. There is a cerWas beat by fist instead of a stick."

tain circle within which each of these periodicals Perhaps the earliest regular newspaper in Britain must of necessity move, and if they deviate but was Butler's News of the present week, printed the smallest point from the prescribed lines, they in 1622. During the Rebellion numerous pamphlets will be infallibly repudiated. Were the and gazettes appeared, and after the restoration or Quarterly to measure out the smallest modicum the Intelligencer, by Roger L'Estrange, was pub- of praise to Lord John Russell, or Grey, or Palmerlished by authority. From the period of the ston, they would be instantly burnt on the hearth Revolution (1688), down to the present time, the of the aristocratic subscriber, and the same result press of Great Britain has been free and untram would follow a similar breach of tactics on the inelled, and newspapers of all shades and party part of an opposition journal. The planets may be hues have gradually multiplied, till the daily print permitted some little eccentricity of their orbits, but of some kind or another has become almost an in none is allowed to the party print. Wandering dispensable necessary of life. They are served up comets sometimes appear in the heavens, crossing on the breakfast-table with the toast, or rolls, or the well-defined circles of all the planets, and comuffins; and as the taste leads some to prefer inciding with none—so we sometimes see a neutral brown bread to white, so the conservative, whig, periodical, but like its brother comet, it soon disor radical newspaper, is made choice of from the appears, and is disregarded by all. Interregnums dictates of a similar mental appetite.

of party sometimes occur, too, when portions of the The history of some one of our daily newspapers,

public press waver in opinion, and assume whirling the Times for instance, would fill a large volume, inotions, but old system is soon again restored, and or what would be equivalent, the whole columns they lapse into their places as before. of a double number of the Times itself. The re | Such is the tact of editorship, that very rarely porting—the penny-a-lining—the home and fo | indeed does it appear otherwise than as if the press reign contributing—the editing and sub-editing ruled and guided the multitude. On certain occaadvertising department-printing-financial, and sions, however, great questions arise, on which the distributing—éach of them would form long and pnblic voice makes itself to be heard. This has curious chapters, and last of all the revenue, happened in former times on some great questions which would be found to exceed that of the greatest of war or peace-to a certain extent it occurred in dukes and princes of former times, and even of the slave abolition agitation, where the voice of many of the present,—all this we must postpone justice and humanity silenced a venal press, and a for the present.

| band of hired orators, who were got up to support The influence of such mighty and complicated | the iniquitous system. To a certain extent it ocenginery, as we have just alluded to, must be great | curred in the treatment of Ireland, and in a late on the public mind. It is so, but the influence of | disruption of a part of the Scottish Church, nearly

he public on the press is reciprocal. The power a million of people (as is computed) had not a of the press is great, but it cannot be wielded with single newspaper or periodical of any kind but out the concurrence of the minds it addresses. It what was bitterly opposed to them, until they is quite a mistake to suppose that the press ab raised up periodicals for their own special advostractedly moulds and directs public opinion-it cacy. In this latter instance, the editorial tact is only one of the organs of the huge giant, or was at fault-a new party arose,-a new planet, as monster, or call it what we may. The press is the it were, assumed a definite and distinct orbit, and great organ for collecting and disclosing, and it the party prints were obliged to mould themselves may be for disguising and mystifying, and some- the best way they could to accommodate the views times poisoning, facts. It brings these scattered l of their former supporters. facts to the mind of the public; but then the pub Sometimes, on the other hand, the press makes lic in the main exercises its own judgment, and an inroad on the opinions of the multitude. The whether this same public be actuated by reason, or voice of the few reiterated, and “fresh and freshi passion, or folly, the press is the index, conductor, applied,” at last prevails. When the Edinburgh or expositor of all this. The press is a sort of Review first began its so-called democracy, it wás usher to the public-a teacher, it may be, to the hooted as a pestilence. It had barely arrived at its lower forms, but liable to be taught by the upper, second or third number, when one of its chief supand liable to the surveillance and rebuke of head porters tells us that a certain noble earl then resimaster Reason, or Unreason, just as the said dent in Edinburgh, and more famous for his party master may have chanced in a morning to waken prejudices than for his high intellectual powers, on the wrong side or the right. In a former arti opened his hall door, and kicked the unfortunate cle,* we endeavoured to arrange political parties blue and yellow into the street, as if it had been Torch, No.

some basilisk that had intruded itself into his

[graphic]

dwelling. Yet the then cause of offence was pro- | weighed answer of Sir Roger de Coverley, “Indeed, bably some moderate scheme of parliamentary re- indeed, sir, much may be said on both sides." form-or of slave emancipation-or of some small Yet, with all its faults and contradictions, the relief from the excessive restrictions of trade, all press, as expressive of the aggregate-mind of a which would in the present time, to even the same thinking people, comes on the whole pretty near lord's party, be looked upon as measures not going

the truth. It may often declaim from feeling or far enough.

passion, without pausing to consult the judgment. Then we have another instance of the persever It too often writes through party prejudice, ani ance, and, we may almost add, the triumph of the the more debasing principle of self-interest and public press, in the matter of the corn laws. Un- | gain. Yet as in an intellectual community til a few years ago, the subject of the duties on reason, and sound sense, and justice, and good corn, though frequently agitated, was to a consi feeling, will predominate and bear sway, these aro derable extent held in abeyance. The mass of the so many salutary checks on the errors and weakpeople, as to the abstract question, knew and cared

nesses of political writers. Would that all these little about the matter, yet a free trade in corn, as

would look upon their vocation as a sacred, as it is far as is practicable, is one of those truths founded

an important and influential one! in justice, and by dint of corn-law leagues, news Newspapers are very meagre affairs in most of the paper paragraphs, and pamphlets most assiduously kingdoms of continental Europe; indeed, a free press circulated, the monster mind became full of the

can only exist in a free and representative country. evil, and fumed and groaned over every hot roll

It is the voice of the people, and where restraint ani! and piece of buttered toast which its huge maw

curtailment of civil rights exist, this voice will of swallowed, till at last digestion is completely spoil

course be restrained, and the expression of political ed, and nothing will restore it but a repeal pill.

feeling repressed. Thus we shall find thatļwith the Here, it is true, as in many other cases, the press

improved government of France, the condition of is not so much the originator as the instrument,

their periodical literature has also been raised and, indeed, in all cases, unless a predisposition on

somewhat. the part of the public exists for any particular

The press has its various gradations. The daily measure, all the powers of the press would be vain.

paper collects the raw materials, hastily digests But seeing that the press and party opinion are

them, and throws out bold and general hints, the 80 varied, and often contradictory, how is the public

spur or suggestion of the moment. The rumour of mind to arrive at truth? Indeed, not very easily.

to-day is launched along as a sort of certainty,-Truth has always lain deep, and surrounded with

the report of yesterday is expunged or neutralizel obstructions. Were a perfectly disinterested per

by something else. The weekly paper, again, har son, on the occurrence of some great public event, to

ruminated on all these daily morsels, and brings

out its somewhat more matured thoughts. Still, go into a news-room, and read the various papers on the subject, he could not fail to be greatly puzzled.

much is vague and uncertain, and rumours are In one he would find the event a measure extolled

cautiously announced, because they have to lie to the skies, in the other deprecated in the strong

eight days uncontradicted. The monthly magaest terms, in a third cut up into shreds and patch

zine still more considerately takes up the raw maes, in a fourth volleys of execration, not so much at

terial, handles it with what skill it may, and then the measure in question, as at the parties support

the whole is transferred to the bulky and longing, and the parties opposing it. Did this stran

winded quarterly, whose dicta have the stability ger, in his perplexity, turn from the crowded

of a whole quarter, if no untoward event happen: columns of the newspapers, to the living groups

while the sheets are yet in the throes of the press. around him, and enter with them into a discussion

The annual registers store up the best parts of the of the subject, his ideas on the matter would be

whole year’s transactions, and pickle them up for still more clouded and perplexed. On the one

future historians. hand, he would find a group of eager declaimers

We subjoin the following historical notice of the on the inexpediency and unlawful nature of the

origin of newspapers: The first modern paper, bearing affair; on the other, a chuckling coterie, exulting

any resemblance to a newspaper, was circulated in MS. in the fulfilment of their dearest hopes, while

at Venice in 1563, and called Gazetta. The English

Mercurie is the first printed sheet, said to have been some long-visaged, pale-faced, slouch-hatted, rest

circulated while the Spanish Armada was in the English less-looking beings, perambulate the hall before

Channel in 1588. This and the Packet of News, were him, muttering dissatisfaction at every view of the

only issued occasionally. Butler's News of the present political horizon which can be presented to them.

Week appeared in 1622, about which time similar sheets In walking out he may perhaps meet with a single

began to be circulated on the Continent. From this round-faced, ruddy and cheerful old gentleman,

period till the restoration, sheets of news and gazettes who has been amusing himself with Punch, or the

were frequently published. In 1633, Roger L'Estrange Illuminated Times, instead of the more truculent | brought out, with privilege, his Intelligencer, and two political prints, and who, on the question being | years afterwards, the Government Gazette was issued. In put to him, gravely shakes his head with the well- Scotland the first newspaper published was A Diurnal

of some passages and affairs, originally printed in London, | London paper. The Tatlers of Steel, Spectator of Steel and reprinted at Leith in 1652. The first actually pro and Addison, the Englishman, Rambler, Mirror, &c., were duced in Edinburgh was the Mercurius Caledonius, 31st the arclietypes of the modern race of literary periodicals. December 1660. The Edinburgh Couront was estab The Spectator was looked upon as having a prodigious liehed some short time befcre the year 1710, for in that circulation when it reached 10,000 copies per week; and year liberty is granted by the town-council to the cele such in reality it was, considering the population then brated Daniel Defoe to publish it in room of the de and the illiterate condition of the mass of society. In ceased Adam Bog. The Mercury, its contemporary, 1782 the number of newspapers in England was 30, in was conducted by the celebrated grammarian, Thomas Scotland 8, and in Ireland 3. In 1790 the total numRuddiman. In Dublin the first paper was published

ber in Britain was 114, in 1821 216, in 1832 369, in about 1700, called Pue's Occurrence. The first provin 1840 554, in 1813 370. Newspapers are printed in all cial paper was the Norwich Postman, in 1706, price one the British colonies. Several are established and conpenny, “but a halfpenny not refused.” All these papers ducted in the West Indies by the coloured population; were of small size, and frequently from a dearth of news in India by lindoos. In the United States of America left half blank, or filled up with portions of Scripture, nearly 100,000,000 copies of papers are annually circuor printed on one leaf of letter paper, as Dawkins' News lated. They pay no tax, and are conveyed 100 niles Letter. The Daily Courant, 1790, was the first daily | by post for one half-penny.

LIFE AND GENIUS OF ARIOSTO.

By LEIGH Hunt. Italian Poets. 2 Vols. 1846.

DANTE was succeeded by two poets of a very different merous prose works. As a poet, he in some respects cast, Pulci and Boiardo, whose works are of a gay, i excelled Ariosto; in all, with the exception of style, chivalrous character, and which gave rise to the style

showed himself a genuine, though immature, master. which Ariosto afterwards perfected. Luigi Pulci was The congenial spirits of Pulci and Boiardo may be of a noble family, so ancient as to be supposed to have

said to have attained to their height in the person of come from France into Tuscany with his hero Charle Ariosto. Lodovico Giovanni Ariosto was born in 1474, magne. He was born in Florence in 1431, and was the in the fortress at Reggio, in Lombardy, and was the son youngest of three brothers, all possessed of a genius for

of the captain of that citadel, who was also master of the poetry. Little is known of his life farther than that he

household to two successive dukes, his patrons. Lodomarried a noble lady, travelled in Lombardy and else

vico was the eldest of ten children, and at a very early where, was one of the most intimate friends of Lorenzo

age began to manifest precocious talents. de Medici and his literary circle, and apparently led a At fifteen the young poet, like so many others of his life the most congenial to a poet, always meditating

class, was consigned to the study of the law, and took a

great dislike to it. The extreme mobility of his nature, some composition, and buried in his woods and garden.

and the wish to please his father, appear to have made Pulci, who was the first genuine romantic poet after

him enter on it willingly enough in the first instance; but Dante, at first sight seems, in the juxtaposition, like farce as soon as he betrayed symptoms of disgust, Niccolo, after tragedy, and indeed in many parts of his poem he whose affairs were in a bad way, drove him back to it is not only what he seems, but follows his saturnine

with a vehemence which must have made bad worse.

At the expiration of five years he was allowed to give it countryman with a peculiar propriety of contrast, much

up. of his liveliest banter being directed against the absur

There is reason to believe that Ariosto was "theatridities of Dante's theology. But hasty and most errone calising” during no little portion of this time; for, in his ous would be the conclusion that he was nothing but a nineteenth year, he is understood to have been taken by banterer. He was a true poet of the mixed order, grave

Duke Ercole to Pavia and to Milan, either as a writer

or performer of comedies, probably both, since the as well as gay, had a reflecting mind, a susceptible and

courtiers and ducal family themselves occasionally apmost affectionate heart, and perhaps was never more in

peared on the stage, and one of the poet's brothers menearnest than when he gave vent to his dislike of bigotry tions his having frequently seen him dressed in characin his most laughable sallies.

ter. " While Pulci was in Florence, elevating romance out

On being delivered from the study of the law, the

young poet appears to have led a cheerful and unreof the street-ballads, and laying the foundation of the

strained life for the next four or five years. He wrote, chivalrous epic, Boiardo, a congenial spirit, arose in or began to write, the comedy of the Cessaria; probably Lombardy. He was born of an ancient family, in the meditated some poem in the style of Boiardo, then in castle of Scandiano, at the foot of the Appenines, in the height of his fame; and he cultivated the Latin lan1434. He received a superior education, and rose to

guage, and intended to learn Greek, but delayed, and

unfortunately missed it in consequence of losing his turank and command in the service of the Dukes of Mo

tor. Some of his happiest days were passed at a villa, dena. Little is known of his life, but that little is very still possessed by the Maleguzzi family, called La Maurpleasant. It exhibits him in the rare light of a poet iziana, two miles from Reggio. Twenty-five years after. who was at once rich, romantic, an Arcadian and a

wards he called to mind, with sighs, the pleasant spots man of the world, a feudal lord and an indulgent philo

there which used to invite him to write verses; the gar

den, the little river, the mill, the trees by the water-side, sopher, a husband and father, a courtier equally beloved

and all the other shady places in which he enjoyed himby prince and people. His great poem is the Orlando

self during that sweet season of his life “betwixt April Innamorato, besides which he wrote a comedy, and nu and May. To complete his happiness, he had a friend and cousin, Pandolfo Ariosto, who loved every thing that cannot help being of opinion with a former one, whom he loved, and for whom he augured a brilliant reputation. he quotes, that he once took arms under a captain of the

Bat a dismal cloud was approaching. In his twenty- | name of Pio, probably a kinsman of his friend Albert first year he lost his father, and found a large family left Pio, to whom he addresses a Latin poem. It was on his hands in narrow circumstances. The charge was probably on occasion of some early disgust with the carat first so heavy, especially when aggravated by the death dinal; but I am at a loss to discover at what period of of Pandolfo, that he tells us he wished to die. He took time. Perhaps, indeed, he had the cardinal's permisto it manfully, however, in spite of these fits of gloom; sion, both to quit his service, and return to it. Possibly and he lived to see his admirable efforts rewarded; his he was not to quit it at all, except according to events; but brothers enabled to seek their fortunes, and his sisters merely had leave given him to join a party in arms, who properly taken care of. Two of them, it seems, had be were furthering Ippolito's own objects. Italy way full come nuns. A third married; and a fourth remained of captains in arms, and conflicting interests. The poet long in his house. It is not known what became of the might even, at some period of his life, have headed a fifth.

troop under another cardinal, his friend Giovanni de' In these family-matters the anxious son and brother Medici, afterwards Leo the Tenth. He had certainly was occupied for three or four years, not, however, with been with him in various parts of Italy; and might out recreating himself with his verses, Latin and Italian, have taken part in some of his bloodless, if not his most and recording his admiration of a number of goddesses military, equitations. of his youth. He mentions, in particular, one of the Be this as it may, it is understood that Ariosto was name of Lydia, who kept him often from "his dear mo present at the repulse given to the Venetians by Ippother and household," and who is probably represented lito, when they came up the river Po against Ferrara, by the princess of the same name in the Orlando, pun towards the close of the year 1509 ; though he was ished in the smoke of Tartarus, for being a jilt and co away from the scene of action at his subsequent capquette. His friend Bembo, afterwards the celebrated ture of their flotilla, the poet having been despatched cardinal, recommended him to be blind to such little between the two events to Pope Julius the Second, on immaterial points as ladies' infidelities. But he is shock the delicate business of at once appeasing his anger with ed at the advice. He was far more of Othello's opinion the duke for resisting his allies, and requesting his help than Congreve's in such matters; and declared, that he to a feudatory of the church. Julius was in one of his would not have shared his mistress's good-will with Jup towering passions at first, but gave way before the aditer himself.

dress of the envoy, and did what he desired. But Ariosto's Towards the year 1504, the poet entered the service success in this mission was nearly being the death of him of the unworthy prince, Cardinal Ippolito of Este, bro in another; for Alfonso having accompanied the French ther of the new Duke of Ferrara, Alfonso the First. the year following in their attack on Vicenza, where

The admirers of our author may wonder how he could they committed cruelties of the same horrible kind as become the servant of such a man, much more how he have shocked Europe within a few months past, the could praise him as he did in the great work which he poet's tongue, it was thought, might be equally efficaciwas soon to begin writing. But Ariosto was the son of ous a second time; but Julius, worn out of patience with a man who had passed his life in the service of the fam his too independent vassal, who maintained an alliance ily; he had probably been taught a loyal blindness to its with the French when the pope had ceased to desire it, defects; gratuitous panegyrics of princes had been the was to be appeased no longer. He excommunicated fashion of men of letters since the time of Augustus; and Alfonso, and threatened to pitch bis envoy into the Tiber; the poet wanted help for his relatives, and was of a na so that the poet was fain to run for it, as the duke himture to take the least show of favour for a virtue, till he self was afterwards, when he visited Rome to be absolhad learnt, as he unfortunately did, to be disappointed ved. Would Julius have thus treated Ariosto could he in the substance. It is not known what his appointment have foreseen his renown? Probably he would. The was under the Cardinal. Probably he was a kind of greater the opposition to the will, the greater the will gentleman of all work; an officer in his guards, a com itself. To chuck an accomplished envoy into the river, panion to amuse, and a confidential agent for the trans would have been much; but to chuck the immortal poet action of business. The employment in which he is there, laurels and all, in the teeth of the amazement of chiefly seen is that of an envoy, but he is said also to posterity, would have been a temptation irresistible. have been in the field of battle; and he intimates in his It was on this occasion that Ariosto, probably from Satires, that household attentions were expected of him, inability to choose his times or modes of returning home, which he was not quick to offer, such as pulling off his contracted a cough, which is understood to have shorteminence's boots, and putting on his spurs. It is cer ened his existence; so that Julius may have killed him tain that he was employed in very delicate negotiations, after all. But the pope had a worse enemy in his own sometimes to the risk of his life from the perils of roads bosom-his violence-which killed himself in a much and torrents. Ippolito, who was a man of no delicacy, shorter period. He died in little more than two years probably made use of him on every occasion that requir. afterwards; and the poet's prospects were all now of a ed address, the smallest as well as greatest,--an inter very different sort--at least he thought so, for in March view with a pope one day, and a despatch to a dog-fan 1513, his friend Giovanni de' Medici succeeded to the cier the next.

papacy, under the title of Leo the Tenth. His great poem, however, proceeded. It was proba Ariosto hastened to Rome, among a shoal of visitants, bly begun before he entered the cardinal's service; cer to congratulate the new pope, perhaps not without a tainly was in progress dur ng the early part of his en commission from Alfonso to see what he could do for gagement. This appears from a letter written to Ippo. his native country, on which the rival Medici family lito by his sister the Marchioness of Mantua, to whom never ceased to have designs. The poet was full of he had sent Ariosto at the beginning of the year 1509 to hope, for he had known Leo under various fortunes; had congratulate her on the birth of a child. She gives her been styled by him not only a friend, but a brother; and brother special thanks for sending his message to her by promised all sorts of participations of his prosperity. "Messer Ludovico Ariosto," who had made her, she Not one of them came. The visitor was cordially resays, pass two delightful days, with giving her an account ceived. Leo stooped from his throne, equeezed his hand, of the poem he was writing. Isabella was the name of and kissed him on both his cheeks; but “at night,” says this princess; and the grateful poet did not forget to em Ariosto, “ I went all the way to the Sheep to get my balm it in' his verse.

supper, wet through." All that Leo gave him was a Ariosto's latest biographer, Panizzi, thinks he never “bull," probably the one securing to him the profits of served under any other leader than the cardinal; but I his Orlando; and the poet's friend Bibbiena-wit, car

dinal, and kinsman of Berni-facilitated the bull, but | Ariosto); but a convent demanded it on the part of one the receiver discharged the fees. He did not get one of their brotherhood, who was a natural son of this genpenny by promise, pope, or friend. He complains a tleman; and a more formidable and ultimately successful little, but ail in good humour; and good-naturedly asks claim was advanced in a court of law by the Chamber of what he was to expect when so many hungry kinsmen the Duchy of Ferrara, the first judge in the cause being and partisans were to be served first. Well and wisely the duke's own steward, and a personal enemy of the asked too, and with a superiority to his fortunes, which poet's. Ariosto, therefore, while the suit was going on, Leo and Bibbiena might have envied.

was obliged to content himself with his fees from Milan Julius soon died, and was succeeded in the papal

and a monthly allowance which he received from the

duke, of “about thirty-eight shillings," together with chair by the cheerful and indulgent son of Lorenzo

provisions for three servants and two horses. He ende' Medici. Ariosto paid a visit to Florence on this tered the duke's service in the spring of 1518, and reoccasion, to witness the spectacles or showy saint-days of mained in it for the rest of his life. But it was not so the south. Here it was that he fell in love with his burdensome as that of the cardinal; and the consequence future wife. She was the widow of one of the Stroggi

of the poet's greater leisure was a second edition of the

Furioso, in the year 1521, with additions and corrections; family, whom he had known in Ferrara. The poet, who,

still, however, in forty cantos only. It appears, by a like Petrarch and Boccaccio, has recorded the day on deed of agreement, that the work was printed at the auwhich he fell in love, dwells with minute fondness on the thor's expense; that he was to sell the bookseller one particulars of the lady's appearance.

hundred copies for sixty livres (about L.5, 12s.) on con

dition of the book's not being sold at the rate of more Her dress was black silk, embroidered with two grape.

than sixteen sous (Is. 8d.); that the author was not to bearing vines intertwisted; and “between her serene

give, sell, or allow to be sold, any copy of the book at forehead and the path that went dividing in two her

Ferrara, except by the bookseller; that the bookseller, rich and golden tresses," was a sprig of laurel in bud.

after disposing of the hundred copies, was to have so Her observer, probably her welcome if not yet accepted

many more as he chose on the same terms; and that, on lover, beheld something very significant in this attire;

his failing to require a further supply, Ariosto was to be and a mysterious poem, in which he records a device of

at liberty to sell his volumes to whom he pleased. “With a black pen feathered with gold, which he wore embroid

such profits," observed Panizzi, “it was not likely that ered on a gown of his own, has been supposed to allude

the poet would soon become independent;” and it may to it. As every body is tempted to make his guess on

be added, that he certainly got nothing by the first edisuch occasions, I take the pen to have been the black

tion, whatever he may have done by the second. He haired poet himself, and the golden feather the tresses of

expressly tells us, in the Satire which he wrote on dethe lady. Beautiful as he describes her, with a face full

clining to go abroad with Ippolito, that all his poetry had of sweetness, and manners noble and engaging, he speaks

not procured him money enough to purchase a cloak. most of the charms of her golden locks. The black

Twenty years afterwards, when he was dead, the poem gown could hardly have implied her widowhood; the

was in such request, that, between 1542 and 1551, Panallusion would not have been delicate. The vine belongs

izzi calculates there must have been a sale of it in Eurto dramatic poets, among whom the lover was at that

ope to the amount of a hundred thousand copies. time to be classed, the Orlando not having appeared. Its duplification intimated another self; and the crown

Latterly, he suffered much from ill health, and died ing laurel was the success that awaited the heroic poet much attenuated, on 6th June 1533, aged 58. His and the conqueror of the lady's heart.

body, according to his directions, was taken to the The marriage was never acknowledged. The husband

church of the Benedictines, during the night, by four was in the receipt of profits arising from church-offices, which put him into the condition of the fellow of a col

men, and buried in the most private manner. lege with us, who cannot marry so long as he retains his Ariosto was tall and stout, with a dark complexion; fellowship; but it is proved to have taken place, though bright black eyes, black and curling hair, aquiline nose, the date is uncertain. Ariosto, in a satire written three and shoulders broad but a little stooping. His aspect or four years after his falling in love, says he never in was thoughtful, and his gestures deliberate. Titian, betends either to marry or to take orders; because if he sides painting his portrait, designed that which appeared takes orders, he cannot marry; and if he marries, he in the woodcut of the author's own third edition of his cannot take orders--that is to say, must give up his poem, which has been copied into Mr Panizzi's. It has semi-priestly emoluments.

all the look of truth of that great artist's vital hand; The year after his marriage he published his great but, though there is an expression of the genial characpoem, Orlando Furioso, in forty cantos, and dedicated it

ter of the mouth, notwithstanding the exuberance of

beard, it does not suggest the sweetness observable in to his patron, Cardinal Bibbiena. The coarse wit and

one of the medals of Ariosto. unrefined taste of his patron, however, was not very The poet's temperament inclined him to melancholy, congenial to the taste of the poet; he excused himself but his intercourse was always cheerful. One biographer from attending him on his travels into Hungary, and says he was strong and healthy-another, that he was preferred freedom and his books to the trammels of

neither. In all probability he was naturally strong, but

weakened by a life full of emotion. He talks of growing court attendance.

old at forty-four, and of having been bald for some time. The only sinecure which the poet is now supposed to He had a cough for many years before he died. His have retained, was a grant of twenty-five crowns every son says he cured it by drinking good old wine. Ariosto four months on the episcopal chancery of Milan: so, to says that “ vin fumoso" did not agree with him; but help out his petty income, he proceeded to enter into the that might only mean wine of a heady sort. The chanservice of Alfonso, which shows that both the brothers ces, under such circumstances, were probably against were not angry with him. He tells us, that he would wine of any kind; and Panizzi thinks the cough was gladly have had no new master, could he have helped never subdued. The physicians forbade him all sorts of it; but that, if he must needs serve, he would rather stimulants with his food. serve the master of every body else than a subordinate

His temper and habits were those of a man of gaiety, one. At this juncture he had a brief prospect of being as free as he wished; for an uncle died leaving a large | In his youth he was volatile, and at no time unsusceplanded property still known as the Ariosto lands (Le tible of the tender affections. Every woman attracted

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