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INDEX OF CONTENTS.
Abyssinia.- Area, 1; population, 1; how ruled, 1; treaty effect of secession in Alabama, 14; decision of J-zdge
tral Soudan, 6; of Western Soudan, 6; equatorial terri- Anglican Churches.—Statistics of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, 19, 20; movement for a reunion of Southern dio-
insane hospital, 11 ; penitentiary, 11; university, 11;
Arkansa8.-Election, 26; votes, 26; who were voters, 26 ;
meeting of the Legislaturc, 26; its acts, 26; approval of
Constitution, 27; views of the amendment, 27; public
reports of committee on the subject, 28; election of Sen. ciety, 56; American and Foreign Bible Sgriety, 57; ator, 29 ; public schools, 29 ; debt, 29; resources, 29; 60- Free Mission Society, 57: Historical Society, 37; Frenea cial condition of the people, 29.
Missionary Society, 57; Southern Baptist Connection, Armenian Church 8.—See Eastern Churches,
57; Campbellites, 57 ; Free-Will Baptists, 57; Seventh. army of the United States.—Troops in service, 30; progress Day Baptists, 58; Tuo 58; other depomizations,
of disbanding, 30; measures of Congress regulating the 53; churches in Great Britain, 38; do. on the Contineat, military establishment, 30; letter of General Grant rela- 69; do. in Asia, 59. tive to the army bills before Congress, 30; action of Con- Bararia-Government, 59 ; area, 59 ; army, 50; Tar ir Ger. gress, 31; the military establishment of the country as
many, 59. reorganized, 32; commanding officers of the new regi- BEAUMONT, DE LA BOXNIERE. - Birth, 09; career, 50; death, ments of cavalry, infantry, and reserve corps, 32; desig. 59. nations of regiments, 32;- military departments of the BECK, CHARLES.-Birt5, 59; parsnits, 59; death, 6. country, 83; assignment of the military bands, 34; lieu- Belgium.-Government, 60; arca, 60; finances, 60; com. tenant-generalship, 34; movements of troops, 31; esti- merce, 00; action of Legislative Chambers, co; difficulty mates of expenditures, 31; appropriations, 35; bounty with Holland, 60. to volunteers, 35; grand aggregate of individuals on the BINGHAM, JOIN A.-Representative from Ohio, 124; ofen pension roll, 35; report of Commissioner of Pensions, 33 ; joint resolutions for an amendment of the Constitation, Bureau of Military Justice, 36; Quartermaster's Depart- 131; on representation and taxation, 147; reports from ment, 36; Subsistence Department, 36; Medical Depart- joint committee, 152; offers a resolution, etc., 18; en ment, 36; distribution of artificial limbs, 37; ceineteries, admission of Tennessee members, 223. 87; sanitary measures, 37; engineer corps, 37; ordnance BLUNT, EDMUND.-Birth, 60; pursuits, 60; death, Co. department, 37; supplies during the war, 87; breech- Bolivia.- Population, 61 ; army, 61; civil war, 61; protests loading muskets, 38; cannon, endurance of, 33; stock of against the alliance of Brazil, Cruguay, etc., 61; dispute war equipase, 39; West Point Academy, 39 ; a board to with Chili, 61. report on infantry tactics, 39; system of General Upton, Bone-Black.- Nature, 62; modes of reburning, 62; Leplay 89.
and Cuisinier's process with stean, 63; Beane's pruese, SIILEY, JAMES M.—Representative from Ohio, 124; offers a 69; disposition of refuse bone-black, 64.
bill, 149; offers a resolution on protecting freedmen, 182. BOURBON, MARIE AMÉLIE.—Birth, 64; career, 64; death, 63. Asia.- Progress of the Russians in Central Asia, 39 ; move. BOUTWELL, GEORGE G.-Representative from Massachaxitts
ments in China, 39; relations of Japan to forvigners, 4); 121; against admission of Tennessee members, 223 British India, 40; area and population of countries in BOYNTOX, C. B.-Elected chaplain of the Horse, 130. Asia, 40.
BRAINARD, TUOMAS.—Birth, 65; pursuits, 65; death, 6. Astronomical Phenomena and Progré88.–Progress in BRANDE, WILLIAM T.-Birth, 65; pursuits, 66; death, is
1966, 40; the temporary or variable star in Corona, 40; Brazil-Government, 66; ministry, C6; American winistar, eccentricity of the earth's orbit and its relations to gla- 66; army, €6; navy, 66; commerce, 6); area, 66; popacial epochs, 42; sun-spots, 42; spectra of some of the lation, 66; liberation of slaves, 66; decree openin: the fixed stars, the moon, and the planets, 43; comets, 43 ; Amazon River to foreign bottoms, 66; the Amazon iniluence of the tidal wave on the moon's motion, 44; country, 67; proceedings of Parliament, 67; imr:p zodiacal light, 41; nebulæ, 44; the force which prolongs
tion, 67. the heat and light of the sun and other fixed stars, 45; Bremen.-City, 6S; area, 68; population, 6s; concree, ( asteroids, 46; astro-photometer, 46; works and memoirs, Bridges.-IIudson River at Albany, 6s; Cincinnati scapat 46.
sion, 69; Connecticnt River, 69; Susquehanna tridge, Austria.-Government, 46; loss of territory, 46; population, 70; illustrations, 71, 72.
46; receipts, 46; ariny, 47; navy, 47; relations with British North America.-Government, 73; Catinet, 73; Prussia, 4ă; correspondence, 47; negotiations, 17; ex- reciprocity treaty with the United States, 13; conter citement in the Gerinan provinces, 47; relations with ence, 73; American propositions, 73 ; fisheries, it; métaiItaly, 48; new ministry, 43; its aim, 45; speech of the orandum of delegates, 7t; report to the British ministe foreign minister, 13; reorganization of the army needed, 74; Cavalinn trade with the West Indies and Brazil); 48; attempt to assassinate the emperor, 43; difficulties negotiations, 75; Fenian disturbances, 75; Canadian Pero with Hungary, 48; Poles of Galicia, 49.
liament, 76; address of the Governor-General 16: speech Azeglio, MASSIMO T.-Birth, 49; career, 49; death, 49.
of Lord Monck, 76; confederation, 77; annexation to the United States, 77; action of the United States Con Tess on relations with Canada, 77; Red River settlement, is; copper mines, 78; gold mines, 79; coal-Sicids, 50; c.
merce, 80; imports into Canada for the fiscal Baden.- Government, 50; area, 50; population, 50; finances, ing June, 1566, 81; esports do., 81; imports and exports 50.
of castern provinces, 52; product of the Leberies, &; BADGER, GEORGE E.-Birth, 50; career, 50; death, 50.
act for the union of, 657. BAKER, Joux.-Representative from Illinois, 121; offers a Brooks, JAMES.-Representative from New York, 194; cm resolution, 141.
admission of representatives of Southern States, 1:6; 60 BALL, DYER.–Birth, 51; pursuits, 51 ; death, 51.
representation and taxation, 116. BANCROFT, GEORGE.--Delivers an oration on the anniversary BROOMALL, Joux M. - Representatire from Pedasylroa's of Lincoln's death, 237.
124; offers a resolution to change the basis of reset Banks. The new system, 51; number of banks, 51; increase sentation in Congress, 130; offers a resolution on reci
of circulation, 51; liabilities, 52; assets, 53; national struction, 144. banks and State banks, 51; quarterly reports of associa Browx, B. Gratz.-Senator from Missouri, 124; offers resetions, 51; European bank movement, 13; bank of lution relative to equal suffrage, etc., 1-40. France, liabilities and assets of, 55.
BUCKALEW, CHARLES R.-Senator from Pennsylvania, 1:4; Baptists.-Regular Baptists, 56; numbers, 56; Missionary on the basis of representation, 152; offers an amendment
Union, 56; Publication Society, 56; Home Mission So- to committee's proposition, 159.
BURGESS, GEORGE.-Birth, 82; education, S2; pursuits, 82; with Belgium, 106; convention with British and French death, 82.
ministers, 106; steamship line from San Francisco, 106; Durmah.-Situation, 83; population, 83; composed of king- trade, 106; native traders, 106; piracy in Chinese waters,
doms, 83; government, 83; wild tribes, 83; assassina- 106; progress of missions in China, 107. tions, 83; proceedings of conspirators, 83; revolution Cholera, Asiatic.-Appearance in the United States, 107; re. suppressed, 83.
sults of the International Cholera Conference at ConstanBURTON, WARNER.–Birth, St; pursuits, 81; death, 84.
tinople, 107–108; results on the subject of quarantine, 109; the epidemic in Europe, 109; fatal results, 109; and
cases in New York, 109; arrival of vessels with cholera C
cases, 110; its course in New York, 111; ditto Brooklyn
and other cities, 111; knowledge of the treatment not California.-Area, 84; population, 81; Government, 84; greatly advanced, 111.
mining product, 84; exportation of copper ores, 84; Christian Connection.-Numbers, 111; Convention, 111; quicksilver mines, 81; product and export of, 85; agri- conferences represented, 111; report on the state of the cnlture, 35; culture of the vine, 85; wheat product, 85; country, 112; platform of the denomination, 112; Southsilk culture, 85; manufactures, 85; commerce of tho ern Christian Convention, 112. State, 86; Central Pacitic Railroad, 86; educational sys- Church of God.-A denomination, when organized, 112;
their belief, 112; the church, how divided, 112; meeting CAMPBELL, ALEXANDER. -Birth, 87; pursuits, S7; death, 87. of delegates, 112; letter from Texas, 112; Periodicals, Candia (or Crete).- Area, 87; population, 87; insurrection, 113.
87; its causes, 87; proceedings, 87; proclamation of the CLARK, DANIEL.--Senator from New Hampshire, 124; offers governor, 87; reply of the Cretan Assembly, 87; charac" amendments, 159; on the bill to relieve oflicers, 219; ter of the contest now assumed, 88; appeals to foreign on Stockton's right to his seat, 227; on the bill for the Governments for intercession, 88; declaration of inde- election of Senators, 231. pendence, 58; military morements of the Turkish Gov. CLAY, CLEMENT C.-Birth, 113; pursuits, 113; death, 113. ernment, 88; proclamations, 89 ; capture of the monas- CLEVELAND, ELISA LORD.-Birth, 113; pursuits, 113; death, tery of Arkadi, S9; details, 89; losses, 89; another procla- 113. mation of the Cretan Assembly, 90; action of Turkish COLFAX, SCHUYLER.-Representative from Indiana, 124; Government, 90; sympathy of Greece, 90; ditto Rus- chosen Speaker, 127; address, 127; onth, 127. sia, 90.
Colombia, United States of.-Government, 114; finances, Cass, LEWIS.—Birth, 90; public career, 91; death, 92.
114; claims of territory, 114; commerce, 114; resignation Cattle Plague.-Its appearance in Europe, 93; extent of its of the President, 114; difficulty with the United States
ravages in Great Britain, 93; discases in the Western Minister, 114; decree concerning tho Panama Railroad, States, 93.
114; Colombian Congress, 114. Central America.-How composed, 93. Guatemala: gove. Colorado.--Failure of the bill for admission to pass Con
ernment of, 93; arca, 93; divisions of the country, 93; gress, 114; objection, 114; veto, 115; election for delegate, debt, 93; commerce, 93. San Salvador: government, 93 ; 115; capital, 115; mining interests, 115; views of the area and population, 94; receipts and expenditures, 94; Governor, 115; population, 115; activity of its friends for commerce, 94. Honduras: government, 94; area aud admission as a State, 116; area of the State, 116; mining population, 94; commerce, 94. Nicaragua: government, procluct, 116; copper and silver, 116; iron, 117; speci91; area and population, 91; departments, 94. Costa mens of silver ore, 117; agriculture, 117; Memorial relaRica : aroa and population, 91; increase, 9t.
tive to the admission of, 281. CESARINI, Sforza.—Birth, 91; pursuits, 94; death, 94. Commerce of the United States.-Errors in statement of CHANLEE, JOHN W.-Representativo from New York, 124; imports, 117; bonds held in Europe, 117; imports of offers a resolution, 238.
1866, 118; exports from New York during each month CILASE, S. P.-Chief Justice United States, 514; on the trial of the year, 119; do, for six years, 119; exports of spe. of Jefferson Davis, 514.
cie, 118; balance of trade against us, 118; cause of largo Chemistry.-Progress of the year, 94; new elements, 94; a importations, 118; exports from New York, exclusiva
single primary element, 95; new class of compound me- of specie, 119; foreign imports, 119; do, at New York tallic radicals, 95; a new alcohol, 95; ozone, 96; isom- for a series of years, 119; receipts for customs at New erism, 96; source of muscular power, 96; the sulphides, York, 119; arrivals of vessels, 120; do. coastwise, 120; 97; some properties of the chloride of sulphur, 99; bi- tonnage of the New York canals, 120; value, 120; movechloride of carbon, 93; new variety of phosphorus, 98; ment of freight, 120; tonnago arriving at tide-water, natural and artificial production of the diamond, 93; 120; specie value of imports and exports in the last six ammonium amalgam, 99; new aniline colors, 99; de- months of 1966, 120; results, 121; specie value of extection of chloride, etc., by means of the spectroscope, 99; ports and imports for a series of years, 122; value of lime crucibles for great heats, 100; works and papers on produce received at New Orleans for a series of years, chemical subjects, 100.
122. Chili.-Government, 100; finances, 100; army, 100; debt, Congregationalists.-Number of churches, 122; location,
100; fleet, 100; population, 100; blockade of the Span- 122; pastors in British America, 123; total membership iards, 100; treaty with Peru, 101; bombardment of Val- of the churches, 123; benevolent contributions, 123; paraiso threatened, 101; negotiations, 101; manifesto of Southern missions, 123; Congregatiocalism in England, the Spanish admiral, 102; action of foreign residents, 102;
123. fuiluro of efforts for peaceful adjustment, 103; protest, Congress, U. S.-When convened, 124; in the Senate, cre103; the bombardment, 101; report of Com. Rodgers, dentials of John P. Stockton presented, 124; protest 104; losses, 104; manifesto of the consuls, 104; blockade made, 124; resolutions declaratory of the adoption of raised, 105; Spanish subjects ordered to leave, 105; elec- the Constitutional Amendment, 125; resolutions declar. tion of President, 105.
atory of the duty of Congress in respect to the guaran. China.-Aroa, 105; population, 105; army, 105; relations with ties of the national security and the national faith in the
foreign countries, 105; imports and exports, 100; treaty Southern States, 123; do. declaratory of the duty cm
Congress in respect to the loyal citizens in Southern States, 125.
In the House, motion to elect a Speaker, 126; first Bettle who are members of the House, 126; if Tennesseo is not in the Union and its people aliens, by what right does the President hold his seat? 126; reasons of the Clerk for omitting certain States, 126; Louisiana repreBentatives, 126; Schuyler Colfax chosen Speaker, 127; bis speech, 127; takes the oath, 127.
Motion for a joint committee of fifteen, 128; adopted, 129.
In the Senate, credentials of Mississippi Senators presented, 128; resolutions of the Vermont Legislature on reconstruction of Southern States, 123.
In the House, election of Chaplain, 128; C. B. Boyn. ton nominated, 128; his qualifications, 123; Thos. H. Stockton nominated, 128; his qualifications, 128; Chus. B. Parsons nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; L C. Matlock nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; Thos. H. Stockton's nomination seconded, 129; James Presley nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; James G. Butler nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; J. H. C. Bouté nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; B. H. Nadal nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; John W. Jackson nominated, 129; his qualifications, 129; John Chambers nominated, 130; his qualifications, 180; Gen. Grant suggested, 130; election of C. B. Boynton, 130.
Resolution relative to repudiation of the public debt, 130; adopted, 130.
Resolutions on amendments to the Constitution, 130 read and referred, 130; resolution to base representation on the number of electors instead of population, 130.
Resolutions relative to amendments of the Constitution, 131; do, on the origin of powers of government, taxation, color, and mercy to enemies, 131.
In the Senate, resolution calling upon the President for information respecting the Southern States, 131; his reply, 181; report of Gen. Grant, 132; call for Gen. Schurz's report, 133; discussion, 133.
In the House, resolution to admit Southern represent. atives to the floor pending the question of thcir admission, 133; do. calling for information relative to a decree of peonage in Mexico, 133.
In the Senate, a resolution for a joint committee of Afteen on reconstruction, 183; amendment to refer all papers to said committee, 133; the House resolution is a pledge to each House not to readmit Southern States until a report has been made, 134; present position of those States, 134; not to-day loyal States, 134; the purpose for both Houses, 131; construction of the resolution, 134; all these questions should be referred to the Committee on the Judiciury, 135; it is constituted to consider such questions, 135; the Senate does not stand on an equality with the House in the proposed committee, 135; the resolution reaches beyond the power of the present Congress, 135; suppose this provision bad been in the resolution to raise the Committee on the Conduct of the War, 135; the two Houses under the Constitution, 183; the resolution takes from the Senate all power to act until a report is maile, 136; it excludes eleven States of tho Union, 138; status of the States, 136; the disorganization did not destroy States, 186; important to have a committee, 136; the committce could accomplish all with reference of credentials or change in the order of business, 137; the almission of Senators is not involved in this question, 137; many things been done for which there was no authority, 187; what determines the rights of States to be represented here, 138; resolution adopted after the battle of Manassas, 138; shall a report of a joint committee of the two Houses override a fundamental
law of the land ? 138; this subject belongs eyelusively to the Senate, 138; what is the resolution ? 138; State organizations in certain States of the Union have beca usurped and overthrown, 183; amendment offered, 100; the committee can give us no information which we do not now possess, 139; duty of the President, 139; what has ho done? 139; amendment rejectod, 139 ; resolatioa adopted, 139; the resolution, 139; considered in the House, 189; does it not conflict with the seventh sectica of the first article of the Constitution, 140; committee appointed, 140; reference of all papers to committee, 140; authority to send for persons and papers granted, 1.10.
In the Senate, instructions to the reconstruction committee, 140.
In the House, resolutions relative to class rule si aristocracy as a privileged power, 141.
In the house, reference of President's message, 141; first duty of Congress to pass a law declaring the condition of these outside or defunct States, and prstidir; proper civil governments for them, 141; never sbould be reorganized as in the Union until the Constitution Las been so amended as to secure perpetual ascendency to the Union party, 141; representation from these states, 141; dnty on exports, 141; Congress is bonnd to provide for the emancipated slaves until they can take care of these selves, 142; two things of vital importance, 142; a white man's government, 142; this Congress should set the sal of reprobation upon such a doctrine, 142; this is not a white man's government, 142.
In the House, a resolution relatire to the debt of the late Confederacy, 143.
Do. for an equitable division of arins among the Northern States, 148.
Do, relative to the extension of the elective franchise in States, 143.
A bill to enable :gyal citizens in Southern States to form a constitution and State government, 143.
Amendment to the Constitution relatire to the Cote federate debt, reported from the Judiciary Committee, 113; action of the House, 143-144.
Resolution relative to retaining the military force of the Government in the Southern States, 14; passed, 14.
Do, on the legitimate consequences of the war, 144.
Do. on the President's Message, and the principles therein advocated, 144; referred to the Joint Committee, 145.
Do. on the support of the measures of the Presidzot by the House, 145.
Do. on the proper requirements to be secured from the Southern States on establishing Federal relations with them, 145.
Do. on the grants of powers under tho Constitution, etc., 145,
A joint resolution from the Reconstruction Com mittee relative to representation and taxation, 146; purposes to change the basis of representation to a representation upon all persons, provided where a State excludes a particular class, it shall not be the titled to representation for that class, 146; its adoptan would prevent qualified suffrage to colorsd people, 146; many reasons for its commendation, 146; these propositions introduced only for the purpose of agita. tion, 146; objections to the resolution, 116; and ment offered, 147; the question towers above all party consideration, 147; this action is proposed on the price ciple that the Southern States are subjugater?, 141; the principle cxamined, 147; resolution recommitteu, 147; reported back amended, 147; adopted, 145
Resolutions on the right of secossion, powers of Congress, and the separation of the black race from the whites, 148.
Resolution on secession, rights of blacks, and recognition of the Confederate debt, 143.
Resolutions on the object of the war, tho necessity of maintaining the suspension of the habeas corpus, anıl the military occupation of the Southern States, 149 ; adopted, 149.
In the Senate, amendment of the Constitution relative to the apportionment of representation considered, 149; nothing less than another compromise of human rights, 149; counter proposition offered, 149; in vain to expect the return of the Southern States to the Union until that security for the future found in the equal rights of all, whether in the court-room or ballot-box, was oba tained, 119; necessity and duty of exercising the juris. diction of Congress, 149; impartial suffrage asked, 150 ; the ballot equally necessary to the freedmen and to the Republic, 150; amendment proposed, 150; views of the committee in recommending the joint resolution, 150; various plans of reconstruction considered, 151; upon what principle does this proposition rest, 151; on a political policy, 151; the amendment presents an alternativo to each Stato, 152; negro and Asiatic suffrage must be adopted, or a State will be stripped of a portion of its power under the Constitution, 152; a question of incalculable importance, 152; opens the whole vast subject of reconstruction, 152; most important proposition ever brought before Congress, 153; eloquence of Chatham and Brougham, 153; argument for rejection examined, 153; what shall be done, 151; reply to objections, 154; amendments offered, 131; adopted, 154.
In the House, concurrent resolution from reconstruction committee to admit no Senator or Representative until Congress declares the right of the State to representation, 105; minority report, 155 ; resolution adopted, 1:35.
In the Senate, concurrent resolution received from the House, 155; explanation, 153; further explanation, 156; statements of the President relative to an irresponsible director, 156; further examination of the President's remarks, 157; legislative power granted to the commit. tee, 157; nobody but Congress the right to settle the preliminary question whether the States are entitled to have representatives here or not, 157; reason why com. mittee proposed this proposition, 153; resolution important, in order that Congress may assert distinctly its own rights and its own powers, 168; where are we? 159; are we confined merely to a question of papers ? 159; the President has spoken unguardedly, 159; what are the consequences of successful war? 159 ; Vattel, 139 ; the consequences of civil war precisely the same, 139 ; does our form of government cbange in any way the nature and inevitable legal consequences of a civil war? 160; the Constitution has not specifically provided for a civil war, 160; it never contemplated civil war, 160 ; a State may be uiterly extinguished and swept out of existence by civil war, 160; a State may forfeit its &atus, 160; the great abuse that these States wore not admitted to representation while the Government was going on to tax them, 161 ; not been together ninety days when we are called upon to admit Senators and Representatives, 161; by civil war they lost all rights, 161; as soon as it can be done safely, these States should be reöntablished in the Union, 162; meaning of the resolution, 102; it asserts that with Congress alone rests the duty of defining when a State once declared to be in inBurrection, shall be admitted to representation, 102; the Wade-Davis bill, 102; other propositious, 163; test the
proposition by the simplest principles of constitutional law, 163; the power must vest in Congress, 163; the bare assertion of this power does not tend to promote the object stated in the resolution, 164; the real diffi. culty in this whole matter has been the unfortunate failure of the executive and legislative branches of the Government to agree upon some plan of reconstruction, 164; a proper law passed at the end of the last session would have prevented all controversy, 164; Lincoln regretted he had not accepted the Wade-Davis bill, 105; having failed to do our constitutional duty, have we a right now to arraign Andrew Johnson for following out a plan which in his judgment he deemed best? 165; what is the condition of these States ? 165; what is the legal result of a State being in insurrection ? 165; the steps adopted by President Johnson in his plan of reconstruction, 166; with a single stroko he swept away the whole superstructure of the rebellion, 166; the first element of his plan, 166; agencies and organs which the plan was to go on, 166; full and ample protection to the freedmen enforced, 107; what are the objections to this policy ? 167; the principal, that he did not extend his invitation to all the loyal men of the Southern States, including the colored as well as the white, 167; the preju. dice of the army was against negro suffrago, 167; we complain that the President has not exercised the power to extend to freedmen the right of suffrage, when Congress never has done it, 168; we have never conferred the right to vote on negroes in Territories, 168; what are the two great systems of .policy with regard to reconstruction and reunion on which the minds of the people are now divided ? 163; one or the other must be adopted, 109 ; impossible that the public mind can be diverted by any other question, 169; what is the present condition of the Southern States ? 169; the character of the Government under which we live, 109; is the Gov. ernment created by the Constitution a national Gov. ernment? 170; not only is the power of the Govern. ment limited in its legislative department, but it is equaily limited in its judicial department, 171; tho Constitution never contemplated that the States should cease to exist, 171; it is asserted that their relations as States to the Government have terminated, 171; the resolution of 1862, 171; what provision is there in the Constitution which puts it in the authority of this body to deny to any State an equal representation with the other States, 172; a cardinal principle that each State should be entitled to equal suffrage in the Senate, 172; what are we doing? 172; it is said to be an error to suppose that tho insurrection was put down by using that clause of the Constitution, “ to suppress insurrection,” 172; decision in prize cases, 173; wbat was the question before the court ? 173; blot ont the States, and the Government is ended, 173; caso in point, 173; why are these courts in these States? 174; the right of war, 174; what, the Government conquer States, and by virtue of that conquest extingnish States ? 174; rights of conquest, 174; a great many thought the insurrection had a just fourdation, 175; meaning of this resolution, 175; two purposes intended by the resolution, 175; it undertakes to establish the idea that these States have to be brought back into the Union by act of Congress, 176; all abolitionists now, 176; who dare say he is not an abolitionist ? 176; we shall prevail, 176; in one month, every man here who claims he is not a Radical, will wish he had been, 177; let us for a minute contemplate this most extraordinary proposition, 177; a setting aside of the Constitution itself, 177; the wbole is monstrous, no matter in what light it may be viewed, 177; we have no right to do tbis, 178; the action of the two llorces sbould be kept