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It is to be regretted that full reports of all the lectures were not obtainable, but where abstracts only are given, they have received the endorsement of the authors.

For the convenience of the reader we have placed the several discussions immediately following the papers referred to, instead of in the order of delivery, as given in the record of proceedings.

In addition to the regular lectures and discussions of the meeting, there is published in the Appendix to this volume a valuable essay entitled, “THE NEW EDUCATION.” From among several competitors this paper was awarded the prize from the income of the “Bicknell-Fund” of the Association.


Fifty-fifth Annual Meeting.

JULY 7, 8, 9 AND 10, 1884.


FIRST DAY. - MONDAY EVENING, JULY 7. At half-past seven o'clock, Monday evening, July 7, the first general meeting of the session was called to order by the President, Homer B. Sprague, in the large iron tabernacle on the Camp Ground, at Cottage City, Mass. About two thousand persons were present. In the enforced absence of Governor Robinson and State Senator Norris, President Sprague welcomed the members to the hospitality of Cottage City, and said :

FRIENDS OF EDUCATION : In the much-regretted absence of the Governor of Massachusetts, whom we had expected to be present on this occasion and extend to you who come from other sections, a greeting in the name of the Commonwealth, but who finds that he cannot be in two places at once ; and doubly disappointed as we are in the non-appearance of the Senator from Dukes County whom we had depended upon to address you at this time, but who is suddenly detained elsewhere; the duty unexpectedly devolves upon me, as a native and a citizen of the State and for a dozen years past one of the summer residents of this island, of pronouncing the word, Welcome. I do it gladly. To the Old Bay State, which loves all who love education ; to this romantic corner of the historic commonwealth, with its pure air, its glorious waves, its quiet streets, its thousand lovely cottages, its interesting history, its hallowed religious memories, and its new educational advantages, — you are honored guests. Cottage City today opens wide its homes and hearts to all who would promote that intelligence and virtue, which, even more than its natural attractions, have made this "kingdom by the sea " what it is. To one and all, a hearty welcome!

The President then introduced Mrs. Alice Osborne, who sang with much sweetness and expression, Charles Mackay's inspiring song beginning, “ If I were a voice, a persuasive voice."

This was followed by the President's Address. (See Lectures.)

The lecturer of the evening, Prof. C. T. Winchester, of Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., was unable to use his illustrations, as the electric lamps were not in place, but his lecture, of an historical trend, was exceedingly interesting. His subject was “An Old Castle;” viz., Ludlow Castle in England, near the Welsh Border. He gave a short enumeration of the exciting scenes which this old castle had witnessed before 1560, and graphically illustrated the new era which dawned then in literature, art, and science; giving a history of the families of the Sidneys, the Dudleys, the Earl of Essex, and other noted men of the day. (By request, no abstract is published of this lecture.)

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