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Insane and Idiotic—Continued.
Tennesee, 407 468
Kentucky, 528 907
Missouri, 262 257
Illinois, 238 363
Indiana, 563 928
Ohio, 1317 1361
Michigan, 133 189
Wisconsin, 54 94
Iowa, 42 94
California, 2 7
Minnesota, 1 1
New Mexico, 11 44
Oregon, 5 4
Utah, 5 1
Total, 15,768 15,706
Of the insane persons enumerated, 14,972 were white, and 638 colored j and of the idiotic, 14,257 were white, and 1,530 colored.
Amount of Coinage of the United States.
The entire coinage at the several mints, from the time they commenced operations, is as follows:
Mint at Philadelphia, established 1793. $322,228,868
Do New Orleans, do 1838 50,497,665
Do Charlotte, N. C, do 1838 :3,790,038
Do Dahlonega, Ga., do 1838 5,280,728
Total at all the Mints, $381,797,299
A recent publication in London, by Mr. Wesgarth, states that when the California mines were discovered the gold in the world was worth £500,000,000, one-fourth of which was coin. The silver was worth £1,200,000, one.fifth of which was coin. Since the discovery, Mr. W. estimates each year's supply in pounds sterling as follows:
TEARS CALIFORNIA AUSTRALIA ELSEWHERE TOTAL
1848 Unimportant £8,000,000 £8,000,000
1849 £2,000,000 8,000,000 10,000,000
1850 9,000,000 8,000,000 17,000,000
1851 13,000,000 £.1,000,000 8,000,000 22,000,000
1852 15,000,000 14,000,000 8,000,000 37,000,000
1853 20,000,000 20,000,000 8,000,000 48,000,000
Forty-eight millions pounds sterling is supposed to be the supply of gold for the past year, say in Federal currency value $232,320,000 Then, according! to Mr. Wesgarth's estimate, there ought to be in the world at this time £634,000,000 sterling, over one-fourth of which should be coin, say, $651,000,000, of which we have in the city of New Orleans the small amount of $7,000,000. If there is any pleasure in consolation, we can console ourselves with the thought that if we have not got any more of the vast amount, we ought to have it.
The manufacture of iron in the world is divided as follows by the London Chronicle :—In Great Britain, 2,380,000 tons; United States, 400,000; France, 348,000; Itussia, 189,000; Austria, 160,000; Sweden, 132,500; Prussia, 112,000; making a total of 3,723,300 tons of iron manufactured annually. In 1850 there were 450 iron furnaces in Great Britain, and of the 2,380,000 tons which these produced, about 809,000 were exported. In 1786 but 125,000 tons were manufactured in Great Britain, and the total exports were about 408 tons. During the ten mouths ending November 5, 1853, Great Britain exported $75,000,000 worth of iron, and by far the largest portion of this enormous mass of exports were taken by the United States. Of pig iron the United States received 57.000 tons, and Holland, which comes next upon the list, took 13,000. Of bar, bolt and rod iron, the United States took 263,530 tons, or nearly six times as much as Canada, which received the next largest amount.
VOTE FOR PRESIDENT OF IT. S. IN LOUISIANA, 1852.
District I. Pierce. Scott. Orleans, 4,682 4,663
Ascension, 360 296
Assumption, 552 511
Iberville, 426 318
Jefferson, 943 928
Lafourche, 13§ 676
Orleans, K. B., 161 67
Plaquemines, 372 151
St. Bernard, 120 130
St. Charles, 39 101
St. JohnB., 160 '. 202
St. James, 158 .■ 321
Terrebonne, 97 197
West Baton Rouge, 148 220
Avoyfelles,...: 387 300
Concordia,; 86 121
East Baton Rouge, 485 484
East Feliciana, 443 342
Lafayette, 277 117
Livingston, 337 159
Point Coupee, 364 242
St. Helena, 246 209
St. Landry, ..568 692
St. Martin, t 298 479
St. Mary, 243 390
St. Tammany, 208 254
Tensas, 107 120
Vermillion, 126 136
Washington, 258 125
West Feliciana, 302 190
Bienville, ... 313 172
Bossier, 248 180
Calcasieu, 221 34
Caddo, 342 344
Catahoula, 310 280
Caldwell, 158 54
Carroll, 261: 219
Claiborne, 506 330
De Soto, 288 241
Franklin, 192 110
Jackson, 241 174
Madison, 147 171
Morehouse, 1397 196
Natchitoches, „ 407 289
Ouachita, 240 190
Rapides, 623 401
Sabine,.9. 251 237
Union, 465 435
Winn, 138 57
Total, 18,647 17,255
Majority for Pierce, 1,392
Majority for Taylor, (1848,) 2,847.
§ea%, Resignations, ano 0mam JfiM.
B.'T. Merrick, of Clinton, Judge of the 7th Judicial District. T. T. Land, of Shreveport, Judge of the 18th Judicial District.
Fergus Fusilier, Notary Public, Parish of St. Martin, in place of A. Deblanc, resigned.
E. Miller, Notary Public, Last Island, Parish of Terrebonne.
Elisha Eastwood, Notary Public, Point Coupee, vice W. C. Bozeman, resigned.
John Halsey, Notary Public, Ascension, vice M. H. Nichols.
Michael Heahn, Notary Public, New Orleans, vice Herman Lucas.
John C. Potts, Notary Public, Terrebosne, vice E. D. Burgard.
REPRESENTATIVE TO GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
B. B. Sims, Point" Coupee.
L. C. Morris, Director, in place of Q-. W. Christine, deceased.
Robt. Bengurel, Register, in place of Fitzgerald, deceased.
DEATHS AND RESIGNATIONS.
W. W. Farmer, Lt. Governor, deceased.
A. W. Baker, Representative to Gen'l Ass'y, St. Mary, deceased.
P. P. Briant, do. do. St. Martin, do.
Thos. MoKeon, da. do: N. Orleans, do.
J. H. Boatner, do. do. E. B. Rouge, do.
J. A. Brand, Senator, N. Orleans, do.
When the revolution handed over to us the republic, won by the blood and the sword of our ancestors, it embraced a territory little greater than that of our possessions on the Pacific at the present moment. Exposed on its frontiers to the attacks of numerous tribes of remorseless savages—cut off in its western limits from the ocean by the possessions of a power hostile to us in feeling, and different from us in language—the republic has advanced in its course, dealing with the savage with justice and magnanimity, and obtaining only by fair concessions what was necessary to its development; and in passing the boundaries of the Mississippi, and sweeping across the great mountains to the Western ocean, it has violated no law of good neighborhood, but relied upon those of negotiation and purchase, or the results of a just war, undertaken in maintenance of the integrity of the national domain. From a territory of less than 900,000 square miles the republic has swelled into nearly three millions of miles, being nearly one-half of the whole of North America. This vast domain is nearly ten times as large as that of Great Britain md Ireland and France com-bined—three times as large as the whole of France, Great Britain and Ireland, Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Holland, and Denmark together—one and a half times as large as the Russian empire in Europe—one-sixth less only than the area covered by the fifty-nine or sixty empires, States, and republics of Europe—of equal extent with the Roman empire, or that of Alexander, neither of which is said to have exceeded three millions of square miles.
Already does our empire extend over domain wider than that of the Romans in their proudest days of conquest. From the island of Brazos, in the Gulf of Mexico, to the straits of Fuca, on the Northern Pacific; from the Arostook valley to the bay of San Diego, the Union extends its leviathan proportions. The inhabitants of these extreme points, more distant than the