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"elections which shall be prescribed by the Legislature; Provided, that the Mayor and Recorders shall be ineligible to a seat in the Geueral Assembly; and the Mayor, Recorders and Aldermen shall be commissioned by the Governor as Justices of the Peace, and the Legislature may vest in them such criminal jurisdiction as may be necessary for the punishment of minor crimes and offences, and as the police and good order of said city may require.
Art. 129. The Legislature may provide by law in what cases officers shall continue to perform the duties of their offices until their successors shall have been inducted into office.
Art. 130. Any citizen of this State who shall, after the adoption of this Constitution, fight a duel with deadly weapons with a citizen of this State, or send or accept a challenge to fight a duel with deadly weapons, either within this State or out of it, with a citizen of this State, or who shall act as second, or knowingly aid and assist in any manner those thus offending, shall be deprived of holding any office of profit, and of enjoying the right of suffrage under this Constitution.
Art. 131. The Legislature shall have power to extend this Constitution and the jurisdiction of this State over any territory acquired by compact with any State, or with the United States, the same being done by the consent of the United States.
Art. 132. The Constitution and Laws of this State shall be promulgated in the English and French languages.
TITLE VII.—PUBLIC EDUCATION.
Art. 133. There shall be appointed a Superintendent of Public Education, who shall hold his office for two years. His duties shall be prescribed by law. He shall receive such compensation as the Legislature may direct.
Art. 134. The Legislature shall establish free Public Schools throughout the State, and shall provide means for their support by taxation on property or otherwise. •
Art. 135. The proceeds of all lands heretofore granted by the United States to tbis State for the use or support of schools, and of all lands which may hereafter be granted or bequeathed to the State, and not expressly granted or bequeathed for any other purpose, which hereafter may be disposed of by the State, and the proceeds of the estates of deceased persons, to whieh the State may become entitled by law, shall be held by the State as a loan, and shall be and remain a perpetual fund, on which the State shall pay an annual interest of six per cent.; which interest, together with all the rents of the unsold lands, shall be appropriated to the support of such schools, and this appropriation shall remain inviolable.
Art. 136. All moneys arising from the sales which have been or may hereafter be made of any lands heretofore granted by the United States to this State, for the use of a seminary of learning, and from any kind of donation that may hereafter be made for that purpose, shall be and remain a perpetual fund, the interest of which, at six per cent, per annum, shall be appropriated to the support of a seminary of learning for the promotion of literature and the arts and sciences, and no law shall ever be made diverting said fund to any other use than to the establishment ancLimprovement of said seminary of learning.
Art. 137. An University shall be established in the city of New Orleans. It shall De composed of four faculties, to wit: one of law, one of medicine, one of the natural sciences, and one of letters.
Art. 138. It shall be called the "University of Louisiana," and the Medical College of Louisiana, as at present organized, shall constitute the faculy of medicine.
Art. 139. The Legislature shall provide by law for its further organization and government, but shall bo under no obligation to contribute to the establishment or support of said University by appropriations.
TITLE VIII.—MODE OF REVISING THE CONSTITUTION.
Art. 110. Any amendment or amendments to this Constitution may be proposed in the Senate or House of Representatives, and if the same shall be agreed to by three-fifths of the members elected to each house, and approved by the Governor, such proposed amendments shall be entered on their journals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and the Secretary of State shall cause the same to be published, three months before the next general election, in at least one newspaper in French and English, in every parish in the State in which a newspaper shall be published; and if in the Legislature next afterwards chosen, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be agreed to by a majority of the members elected to each house, the Secretary of State shall cause the same again to be published in the manner aforesaid, at least three months previous to the next general election for Representatives to the State Legislature, and such proposed amendment or amendments shall be submitted to the people at said election; and if a majority of the qualified electors shall approve and ratify such amendment or amendments, the same sh£tll become a part of the Constitution. If more than one amendment be submitted at a time, they shall be submitted in such manner and form that the people may vote for or against each amendment separately.
TITLE IX.—SCHEDULE. #
Art. 141. The Constitution adopted in eighteen hundred and twelve is declared to bo superceded by this Constitution, and in order to carry the same into effect, it is hereby declared and ordained as follows:
Art. 142. All rights, actions, prosecutions, claims and contracts, as well of individuals as of bodies corporate, and all laws in force at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, and not inconsistent therewith, shall continue as if the same had not been adopted.
Art. 143.. Until the first enumeration shall be made as directed in Article Eighth of this Constitution, the parish of Orleans shall have twenty representatives, to be elected as follows: Eight by the First Municipality, seven by, the Second Municipality, and four by the Third Municipality, to be distributed among the nine representative districts as follows, by allotting to the
First District Two
And to that part of the parish on the right bank of the
Sixth District Two
Parish of Plaquemines shall
"St. Bernard One
"St. Charles One
"St. John the Baptist. One
"St. James Two
''•• St. Mary Two
"St. Martin Three
"St. Landry Five
And the State shall be divided into the following Senatorial Districts:
All that portion of the parish of Orleans lying on the east side of the Mississippi river, shall compose one Senatorial district, and shall elect four Senators.
The parishes of Plaquemines, St. Bernard, and that part of the parish of Orleans on the right bank of the river, shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parish of Jefferson shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of St. Charles and St. John the Baptist shall compose one district, with one Senator.
Parish of W. Baton Bouge..One
"East Baton Rouge....Three
"West Feliciana Two
"East Feliciana Three
"St. Helena One
"St. Tammany One
"Pointe Coupee One
"De Soto One
The parish of St. James shall compose.one district with one Sneator.
The parish of Ascension shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Assumption, Lafourche Interior, and Terrebonne shall compose one district, with two Senators.
The parishes of Iberville and West Baton Kouge shall compose on* district, with one Senator.
The parish of East Baton Rouge shall compose one district with one Senator.
The parish of Pointe Coupee shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parish of Avoyelles shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parish of St. Mary shall compose one district, with one Senator. ,
The parish of St. Martin shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Lafayette and Vermillion shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of St. Landry and Calcasieu shall compose one district, with two Senators.
The parish of West Feliciana shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parish of East Feliciana shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of St. Helena and Livingston shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Washington and St. Tammany shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Concordia and Tensas shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Carroll and Madison shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Jackson, Union, Morehouse and Ouachita shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Caldwell, Franklin, and Catahoula shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parish of Rapides shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Bossier and Claiborne shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parish of Natchitoches shall compose one district, with one Senator.
The parishes of Sabine, De Soto and Caddo shall compose one district, with one Senator.
Art. 144. In order that no inconvenience may result to the public Bervice from the taking effect of this Constitution, no office shall be superseded thereby: but the laws of the State relative to the duties of the several officers, Executive, Judicial and Military, shall remain in full force, though the same be contrary to this Constitution, and the several duties shall be performed by the respective officers of the State, according to the existing laws, until the organization of the Government under this Constitution, and the entering into office of the new officers to be appointed under said Government, and no longer.
Art. 145. Appointments to office by the Executive under this Constitution, shall be made by the Governor, to be elected under its authority.
Akt. 146. The provisions of Article 28, concerning the inability of members of the Legislature to hold certain officer therein mentioned, shall not. be held to apply to the members of the first Legislature elected under this Constitution.
Art. 147. The time of service of all officers chosen by the people, at the first election under this Constitution, shall terminate as though the election had been holden on the first Monday in November, 1845., and they had entered on the discharge of their duties at the time designated therein.
Art. 148. The Legislature shall provide for the removal of all causes now pending in the Supreme or other Courts of the State under the Constitution of 1812, to Courts created by this Constitution.
Art. 149. Appeals to the Supreme Court from the parishes of Jackson, Union, Morehouse, Catahoula, Caldwell, Ouachita, Franklin, Carroll, Madison, Tensas, and Concordia shall, until otherwise ■ provided for, be returnable to New Orleans.
Art. 150. Immediately after the adjournment of the Convention, the Governor shall issue his proclamation, directing the several officers of this State authorized by law to hold elections for members of the General Assembly, to open and hold a poll in every parish of the State, at the places designated by law, upon the first Monday of November next, for the purpose of taking the sense of the good people of this State in regard to the adoption or rejection of t]|is Constitution; and it shall be the duty of said officers to receive the votes of all persons entitled to vote under the old Constitution and this Constitution. Each voter shall express his opinion by depositing in the ballot box a ticket, whereon shall be written "the Constitution accepted," or "the Constitution rejected," or some such word as will distinctly convey tb* intention of the voter. At the conclusion of said election, which shall be conducted in every respect as the general State election is now conducted, the parish Judges and Commissioners designated to preside over the same, shall carefully examine and shall forthwith make due returns thereof to the Secretary of State, in conformity to the provisions of the existing law upon the subject of elections.
Art. 151. Upon the receipt of the said returns, or on the first Monday of December, if the returns be not sooner received, it shall be the duty of the Governor, the Secretary of State, the Attorney