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THE

CRITICAL REVIEW;

OR,

ANNALS OF LITERATURE.

VOL. XXXV.

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ART. I.-Introduction to the New Testament. By John David

Michaëlis, late Professor in the University of Göttingen, &c. Translated from the Fourth Edition of the German, and consie derably augmented with Notes, and a Dissertation on the Origin and Composition of the Three First Gospels. By Herbert Marsh, B.D. F.R.S. &c. Vol. III. (in Two Parts), and Vol. IV. 8vo. 1l. Is. Boards. Rivingtons. 1801.

THE reputation which professor Michaëlis so long maintained, as a learned and judicious commentator on the sacred scriptures, has in none of his writings appeared to more advantage than in the Introduction before us; and it happens not less fortunately for himself than the public, that the work on which he bestowed so much labour and care should have found a translator capable not only of doing justice to the original, but of enhancing its value by improvements and additions.

In our Review for December 1793 (New Arr. volume ix. - p. 421) we presented our readers with a general account of the

work, as comprised in Mr.Marsh's preface to the three former vos - lumes, and annexed such extracts as might show the nature of the additions subjoined. Adopting a similar plan, we shall proceed to the volumes before us; and, as these contain, with the latter half of Michaëlis's Introduction, no more of commentary upon the text than extends to the three first Gospels, Mr. Marsh thinks it requisite--so long an interval having elapsed between his two publications to offer the following explanation on the subject. : . The translation itself was finished before the close of 1795, when I began to draw up a commentary on our author's text, as I had done in the preceding volumes. But as I proceeded with the potes on the three first Gospels, I perceived the necessity of entering into a minute investigation of their origin and composition, which gave rise to the Dissertation printed in vol. iii. p. ii. , and this Dissertation was not finished before the beginning of 1798. It was at that time that my attention began to be directed to a totally different subject : the calumnies, which were then incessantly uttered against Greate

Crir. Rev. Vol. 35. May, 1802.

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