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current German books which come the general aversion to the English readers are not likely to use of the manuscript, does not see or need.
thereby occasion considerable
mischief. He supports a bad cause, Life of the Rev. William Ander- and the more effectually he does son, LL.D. By the Rev. George so, the worso is the consequence. Gilfillan. Crown 8vo, pp. 414. For, after all that can be said in London: Hodder and Stoughton, its defence, reading sermons is not 1873.-A deeply interesting memoir “preaching" the Gospel. of a truly noble man. Dr. Ander- Dr. Anderson believed in son would appear to have been Christian public opinion ; he had a educated into the Christian min. high estimate of its power and istry; at least, we find no mention value, and intensely loved to arouse of his conversion to God as an and to direct it. Some of his essential pre-requisite. This, of preaching was, it must be confessed, course, may be altogether the bio. rather too political ; but in the grapher's fault; but, on the other City Hall at Glasgow he was always hand, there is the Doctor's own at home, and rendered various good ominous confession of later years, 'services to the cause of truth and that when he began to preach, liberty. There, he did not find it Christ was to him more an idea necessary to read what he had to than a Person. But his earnestness say. From the year 1844 till the of spirit, and devotion to all that time when Divine Providence was good, may surely be welcomed settled the question of American as indicating that a gracious change slavery by the sword, this lover of had taken place, though at what freedom and of humanity assisted period of his life we are not in- at every anti-slavery meeting which formed.
was held in that large building. The prominent features of Dr. There were various respects in Anderson's ministry and public which Dr. Anderson set a noble life may not be unfamiliar to our example. He established two readers. He lent- all his influence Bible, or Instruction-Classes, and to promote the use of instrumental for twenty-five years—busy and music in the public worship of his popular as he was—never allowed native land, and fought a somewhat other engagements to interfere with severe but successful battle with the them. His very various public time-honoured view which had labours made him limit his pastoral long excluded it almost entirely visitation to cases of affliction, but from Scottish places of worship. to these he secms to have been He persisted, too, in the use of his tenderly attentive. His was a truly manuscript in the pulpit, in spite of genial nature, gifted with a buoythe very strong-and most just ancy which enabled him to carry dislike of that practice entertained the burdens of life more easily than by his countrymen. True, his many of his contemporaries, and reading was of the fervid school which, no doubt, greatly contributed of Chalmers, rather than of the to prolong his days. On his exaverage hum-drum trafficker in treme, if not extravagant, Millen“ paper" sermons; but it may be arian views, and on his sympathy questioned whether a minister of with the disastrous agitation against great talents, who manages to over- Methodism in 1849, and the years immediately following, we will not the Jews, in order to make the now dwell. Both are conspicuous canonical books correspond with blemishes upon the record of his the number of the Hebrew letters. life. He passed away in peace at But if this is a disproof of their the age of seventy-three, his last independent authorship, as alleged, words being, that he was " near the it would be the same in the case of Kingdom."
the twelve Minor Prophets, as is That Dr. Anderson made some not alleged. In the Vulgate, Ezra serious mistakes, cannot be denied; and Nehemiah appear as 1 and 2 but that he was an earnest, labo. Esdras. There are also two rious, devoted servant of his gene- apocryphal books of Esdras, ranked ration, according to his own view3 as such even by the Roman Church. of truth and duty, must be thank- A favourite method of rationalism fully admitted and recorded ; and is to imagine some objeot which some passages of a sermon quoted a Scripture writer must have had in this volume, on the necessity in view, and then judge his work of a prompt and thorough submis- by this arbitrary standard. It is sion to the Saviour, show the assumed that Ezra must or onght preacher in a very favourable light as to have purposed to give a complete a heart-searching minister of Christ. history of the restoration of the Altogether, this Biography possessos Jows to their own land. Assume a degree of freshness and interest this, and it is easy to show how the which will secure for it a warm book is defective. But one would welcome in a wide circle of read. think the natural and truly rational ers; but from some of the views course would be, in the absence of expressed and advocated by Dr. direct information, to inferan Anderson's biographer we entirely author's object from his actual work. dissent.
Ezra shows very clearly the fulfil.
ment of the prophecies of the restoraCommentary on Ezra, Nehemiah, tion from the seventy years' captiand Esther. By Professor Keil. vity. Everything necessary to this Edinburgh:T.and T.Clark.—This is related, and no more. Here is a is a new volume of a series of com. definite plan fully worked out. Is mentaries upon the Old Testament it not reasonable to conclude this books, which when complete will be to have been the object? In the of the greatest service to preachers first part, chapters i. to vi., we and students. In style concise, in have what was done before Ezra matter full, they remind us of legal comes on the scene,-the decree of text-books. All use and application Cyras, the rebuilding of the temple, are left to the reader. The intro. the interruption of the work, its ductions to the several books in the resumption and completion. This present volume, though brief, well done, in chapters vii. to s. Ezra fulfil their purpose, supplying all appears and restores social order needful preliminary information, and Divine worship among the refuting-almost too searchingly people. Along with other objections for English readers—the disinte- the use of the Chaldee language in grating criticism of recent German certain parts is alleged as an rationalism, and analyzing the con- argument for more recent authortents of each. The Books of Ezra and ship. Dr. Keil explains this in a Nehemiah were reckoned as one by way at least as probable as any.
thing on the other side, and with of Interpretation. By Mrs. Macfar less violence. One vice running lachlan. London and Edinburgh : through all rationalist criticism is W. Blackwood and Sons. 1873.the taking for granted that the pre. Those who desire to see to what a sumption is always against the truth degree of absurdity persons may be of Scripture narratives. Usually the led by devotion to a false system of presumption is in favour of what thinking and interpretation, may has been long established.
be gratified by reading this preNehemiah appears to be the tentious little book. Were not the author of the Book bearing his subjects treated of serious and vital name, from the use of the first moment, the whole thing would be person in writing. In rebuilding amusing as an illustration of the the walls and gates Nehemiah did strange aberrations of which the for the city what Ezra had done human mind is capable. We are for the temple, thus his work and here told that these parables apply history are continuations of Ezra's. to the Jews only; that the Gospel The temple was finished before the of "the Kingdom of God," and city. This is a reflection not in the " the Gospel of the grace of God," way of our commentator. It shows are widely different; that St. Paul the trifling nature of much ration- elaborated an entirely new doctrine ; alist criticism, as well as its that the apostles preached one desperate state, that one objection doctrine and their Lord another ; raised against Nehemiah is, that with much more of a similar import, Ezra instead of Nehemiah stands We have rarely or never met, in forth in the reading of the law as the same compass, an equal amount the prominent figure. But reading of gratuitous assumption, unintelthe law belonged to Ezra the scribe, ligible assertion, and arbitrary use pot to Nehemiah the governor. of the words of Holy Scripture.
The writer of Esther is unknown. Even Jewish writers give us only Mark's Memoirs of Jesus Christ. conjectures. The name of God not A Commentary on the Gospel occurring in the Book has raised according to Mark.
By James prejudice against it. Luther spoke Morison, D.D. London: Hamilas strongly about it as about the ton, Adams, and Co. 1873.-We Epistle of James. But this is sub. have no fear that the multiplicajective, not historical criticism. No tion of commentaries on the four book has better external attestation Gospels will render the work of as forming part of the canon, The the expositor obsolete. These beau. agreement with Persian customs tifully simple historio records offer a is accurate. The Feast of Purim, sphere in which the accumulating called Mordecai's Day in the Books resources of the Biblical critic of Maccabees, demands an historical may be continuously applied. For origin as much as the Passover, reasons which we need not here and this book alone supplies it. A specify, we took up this volume special Providence watching over with the intention of looking very the Jews, whether mentioned or carefully into its contents. Wo not, is clearly implied.
have done so with advantage. Dr.
Morison possesses in large measuro Notes on the Parables according the qualities of an able expounder to Literal and Futurist Principles of the sacred oracles. His elaborate work abounds with evidences of Scottish authorship, not long since more than competent scholarship, published. Dr. Morison says, of wide acquaintance with the “The Saviour is contemplating a apparatus of criticism, of dis
criticism, of dis particular case, in which riddance criminating judgment, and of by transportation or death must remarkable facility in bringing out not be thought of. He allows the the literal meaning of the original reality, which He is parabolically test. While he has availed himself representing, to mould and modify of the labours of his predecessors, the form of His parable. He was his volume is thoroughly original. thinking of Satan, who had his The learned student will delight home in this world before man in its acute textual criticism; appeared, and who, besides, was and the ordinary Christian will constituted immortal, because he find himself enabled to realize the was constituted moral.” The beauty and force of St. Mark's relation of Satan to this world prior graphic and artless mode of to man's creation is a question writing. Independence of thought, which, provided our inquiries are conscious ability, and an excellent conducted in strict subordination to spirit characterize the whole. Scripture, may very well command
Where there is so much to gratify more attention than it has hitherto in the skilful manner in which the done. We must not omit to observe meaning of the text is developed, that Dr. Morison prefixes to his it is difficult to make illustrative work a lengthy and valuable " Inselections. We have marked troduction," in which the relation of numerous instances as we have St. Mark to the other Synoptists, and proceeded, but must deny our his independent authorship, are selves the pleasure of quoting well stated. His vindication of the them. We were struck with a authenticity of chapter xvi. 9-20 remark in the comment on the bind. is worthy of the attention of ing of the “strong man,” (chapter scholars. The student of Scripture iii. 27,) reminding us of the teach. will find this volume to be a real ing of a notable book, obviously of acquisition.
OUR ARMY AND NAVY WORK. CHATHAM GARRISON.—May 3rd of the Head Quarters both of the 1873.-The changes in this Garrison Royal Engineers, and of a Division of surpass anything I have hitherto the Royal Marines; with three regiwitnessed : I have doubted whether I ments of infantry, and a detachment ever have just the same congregation of the Army Service Corps. In from one Sunday to another. The addition to this, two of the new basins Depot Battalion, containing the depôts of the Chatham Extension works being of nearly twenty different regiments, now completed, the ships and men of has been for months in the process the Royal Naval Reserve are removed of breaking up, and is now finally from Sheerness to Chatham, and the abolished, the various depôts being blue-jackets mingle with our red-coats removed to the new Brigade Depots in our parade and other services. established by the military authorities. Three ships built at Chatham have Henceforth this Garrison will consist recently been commissioned here. The " Challenger," for three or four the "Family Library” edition, have years of scientific exploration and proved a great boon and blessing. discovery; the “Rifleman," to put At the parade-services the attention down piracy in the Persian Gulf; and and interest of the men have been the "Ready,” for special service on encouraging. In several cases, those the east coast of South America. In just converted, and giving promise of all these vessels there are men who, holiness and usefulness, have been &S Marines, have atterded my suddenly removed,-in some instances ministry, or sailors, whom I have for & voyage of years. A corporal visited in Melville hospital. I was glad on board the “Challenger" writes, “I to furnish the crews of these vessels have to acknowledge the receipt of the with parcels of books and a supply of parcels of books, tracts, etc., kindly tracts ; very welcome to men who are sent by you, for which I am truly expecting at least from two to four thankful; and I pray God they may be years absence at sea. The gratitude productive of much good fruit. I shall expressed assured me they would be
to distribute them on read, and such reading may be blessed Sunday next..... In keeping the first to the salvation of some. A corporal watch last night, I was thinking how of the Royal Marines, lately returned lonely it was, when the words, 'I am from abroad, told me of the death of a not alone, for my Father is with me,' comrade whilst on a station in China. struck me forcibly. This was about The Rev. C. Kelly gave him a little nine P.m. I thought, this is our classbook when he left Chatham. It led to meeting night, and prayers are now his conversion. He maintained the offered to Jesus for me;'and I felt that Christian character, and died some the Holy Spirit of God was working twelve thousand miles from home, within me in answer to your prayers. I happy in the love of God.
trust that, with the helpof the Lord and Through the kindness of the Deputy much prayer, we shall shortly be enaInspector General, Dr. Domville, C. bled to do great good. I have found two B., I have had a service every Friday abstainers beside myself on board." evening, for some months past, in the Another of our most valuable chapel of the Melville hospital. This workers and consistent Christians hospital bears a like relation to the wrote a few days since to a godly Navy and the Marines that Netley comrade here :-"Let us all unite, and hospital does to the army. Men come band ourselves together, determined from all parts to it. I do not think I not to let go our hold of Christ, and ever felt hospital.visitation and the Him crucified,' for all the things of religious service to be so much ap- the world, for all the scoffings of our preciated. The visitation has been comrades, for all that the world can a blessing to my own soul, and much do; and give all our strength to God's spiritual good has resulted from it.' cause and His service, determined to There are now several in the hospital win souls for Christ and Heaven." In living in the habitual consciousness another letter a corporal, of the R. E., of God's favour. In other cases there writes to me, " There is a great deal is the tear of penitent contrition, and of difference between this place and the mourning of the backsliderin heart. Chatham. I am away from all means I have been thankful to make a of grace, but not from Him who is very free distribution of publications, always more ready to hear than weare to specially adapted to the wants of the pray. I have often sweet communion men, and to supply a number of with Him. I take my Bible, and go on volumes of directly spiritual reading to the sea-beach, and have fellowship with my own men in hospital; and the lives my Heavenly Father. Still it gives of our Methodist worthies, as given in me comfort to meet with God's people