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DEDICATION

O the memory of that bold mariner, who, four hundred years ago,

discovered the Western Continent; and the brave colonists who

sacrificed the pleasures and comforts of the old world to undergo the privations, and face the dangers of an unknown wilderness;

To the memory of the Pilgrim Fathers who planted the seeds of freedom on American Soil; and the Revolutionary heroes who secured liberty for the most patriotic people, and laid the foundations of the greatest nation in all the annals of time;

To those brave defenders and noble citizens who have preserved and fostered the growth of our model institutions, made possible our wonderful progress and fortified the bulwarks of our strength in this

“Land of the Free and Home of the Brave,”

entitling our Great Country to sit upon the Throne among Nations as the Queen of Republics,

This Volume is Patriotically

DEDICATED

BY THE AUTHOR

PREFACE.

T

HERE is nothing more worthy of a Ile has endeavored to write from broad

man's study than the history of his national standpoint, and to cultivate in the country. In our own land, how- | minds of his readers that feeling of national

ever, the means of pursuing such a patriotism which must ever be the safeguard study are limited. Our great cities contain

of our country large and valuable public libraries, and the It is a fitting time to consider the story of collections of our historical societies are rich the past, to lcarn the lessons which it teaches, and very complete; but these are accessible and to ponder the warnings which it conveys only to the communities in which they are for the future. Four hundred years ago located, and are practically useless to the America was an unknown wilderness. Less majority of the American people. The great than three centuries ago it passed into the works of Bancroft and Hildreth cover but a hands of England, and was thus secured for portion of our history, and are removed from the language and the free influences of the the reach of the masses by reason of their all-conquering Anglo-Saxon race.

It was a costliness. Besides these, the larger number precious heritage which was thus secured for of the works treating of American history are liberty; a land stretching from the frozen compendiums, or outlines intended for the regions of the north to the sunny skies of the use of schools, and are therefore unsatisfac-tropics, from the stormy Atlantic to the calm tory to the adult reader.

Pacific; a land embracing every variety of The demand for a popular History of the climate, and a soil capable of producing United States which shall fill a place between almost every product of the carth, from these greater and smaller works has led the the stunted herbage of the frozen regions author to the preparation of this volume. He to the luxuriant fruits of the tropics. The has endeavored to popularize the story of the carth is rich in mineral deposits, from the nation, and at the same time to neglect noth- | homely, but invaluable, veins of coal, to bed: ing that could in the least contribute to a of the most brilliant and precious minerals clear and comprehensive understanding of It pours out in streams, oil for burning, ga the subject. He has sought to trace the his- that may be used fresh from the natura tory of the Republic from the discovery of springs, salt that requires but the heat of the the American continent to the present day, sun for its perfection, and beds of pure soda and has endeavored especially to fix the that cover the earth like the dust in the highattention of the reader upon the various influ- ways. In short, all that is necded for the

presences which have aided in moulding our ervation and comfort of animal and human national character, and have produced our life exists in this favored land in the greatest distinctive political and moral national traits profusion.

ness.

cess.

Such is the land designed by God for the noblest, most thrilling, and glorious story home of liberty. The people to whom He ever penned on earth. Yet the fact remains has intrusted it have not abused His good that the great mass of the American people

In the short space of two centuries, are but imperfectly acquainted with it. There the American people have grown from a is a real need that we should know better small handful of hardy adventurers to a than we do what we have done. It is only “mighty continental nation," increasing with by a thoughtful study of our past that we can a rapidity that is almost marvellous. They safely provide for the perils of the future. have built up their country on a scale of We have triumphed over adversity, and we magnificence of which they are justly proud. are now called upon to bear the test of sucThey have covered it with powerful and free He can be no good citizen who is States, and splendid cities, connected by a ignorant of his country's history. network of railways, telegraphs, navigable In the preparation of this volume, no rivers, and canals, which bind all the scat- authority of importance has been overlooked; tered parts into one solid whole. They have the author has carefully searched every made a commerce and a system of manufac- source of information open to him; and has tures before which the fabled wealth of Tyre availed himself of every fact that could throw sinks into insignificance. They have created new light upon, or impart additional interest a literature which commands the respect of to, the subject under consideration. the world; they have illustrated their history In the narration of military events, he has with deeds of arms not less splendid than preferred to give each campaign as a whole their more peaceful achievements, and have rather than to mingle several by presenting given to the world names in every walk of the events in chronological order. At the life that will never die. They have shown same time he has sought to preserve the that liberty and power can go hand in hand; inter-relation of events in one field of operathey have made themselves a nation in which tions to those in the others. God is feared, and of which Christianity is the The book is offered to the public in the basis, in which ignorance and vice are des- sincere hope that it may induce its readers to pised, and in which the great lesson that lib- take to heart the lessons which our history erty is possible only to an educated and teaches, and to set a higher value upon the virtuous people is being practically demon- precious heritage of constitutional liberty strated.

which our fathers won for us with their blood, This is a grand history-a record of and handed down to us in trust for our chil. the highest achievement of humanity—the dren's children.

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32

ENGLISH AND FRENCH DISCOVERIES.
Discovery of the North American Continent by John

Cabot-Voyages of Sebastian Cabot- The English
Fail to Follow Up these Discoveries --Efforts of the

CHAPTER V.

THE FIRST ENGLISH COLONY.

The English Claim to America-Voyages of Fro.

bisher-Exploits of Sir Francis Drake-Sir Humph-
rey Gilbert--Intends to found a Colony in America
- Is lost at Sea-Sir Walter Raleigh obtains a Pat-
ent of Colonization-Discoveries of Amidas and

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