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7TH S. No. 132.


Caution.-Beware of Imitations. Sole Address11, LITTLE STANHOPE-STREET, MAYFAIR, W.


sense here too. Unfortunately, too, neither bank

nor shoal possesses in Shakespeare the meaning


which this interpretation gives them. Bank means

NOTES:-Shakspeariana, 1-Honorary Degrees, 3-Curlliana a "river-bank” or “sea-shore," never a “ bank

-Railway Tickets, 4-Steele and the Charterhouse-Abbott encircled by water." Except the present passage

Family-Three Sovereigns in one Year-Order against Games,

Dr. Murray quotes no example earlier than 1696

6-Miss Foote-Louvima-Verification of Quotations, 6.

of bank used in the latter sense. Shoal, used only

QUERIES :--Chaffer-Challis-Chaise-longue-Chad Pennies

once by Shakespeare—“the depths and shoals of

-Egotism-Macready, 7-Letting the Lightning out-E. J.

Coproy – Bishops Jackson and Lloyd – The Sorbonne -

honour” (Henry VIII.,' III. ii. 437)—has its

Henry IV. and Mary de Bohun-Confucius-Hugo Lloyd usual meaning of “shallow water," not“ land left

Title of Book of Hymns-Certifago, 8-Rockall-Servants bare by the receding of shallow water.” In the

to Kings - Death of Charles I.-Westmorland Dialect latter sense Shakespeare uses shelf, which, in fact,

Authors Wanted, 9.

with some plausibility, Warburton suggested here.

REPLIES :-Mark Lemon, 9-Tête-à-Tête Portraits - Row-|

for “ schoole." I simply propose to read “this
landson-Moon-lore, 10—'Sprig of Shillelah'-Booted Mis-
sion-Up-Helly-A, 11 - Church Bells -- Catsup-Reference

bank and shore of time." Compare · Richard III.,'
Wanted, 12 - Caradoc-Book by General Outram-Royal

IV. iv. 525 :-
Offering-Cathedrals - Berthold's 'Political Handkerchiet'

Send out a boat
-Lapp Folk-Tales, 13-Snead-St. Malan-Scarron-Ver-

Unto the shore, to ask those on the banks,
non-Norfolk Song, 14-Title of Novel-John Hamilton-

I have noted seven other instances in Shakespeare
Barum Missal-Shakspeare-Hide-Motion of the Sun, 15-
Rebecca-Hussar Pelisse, 16-Portraits - Sons of Edward

in which the two words occur synonymously in
III.-Roman Wall, 17-Standing up at the Lord's Prayer-

| close connexion. Life is then regarded as the shore

Mr. Justice Rokeby-Lindsey House-Wills of Suicides from which the blind leap is made into eternity's

Authors Wanted, 18.

ocean. The oft-repeated phrase of Latin poets, in

NOTES ON BOOKS:- Dictionary of National Biography,' luminis oras, occurs at once as a parallel, to which
Vol. XV.-Lang's 'Perrault's Popular Tales'-Clonston's

we may add Shakespeare's own "shores of mor-

* The Book of Noodles '- The Encyclopædic Dictionary,'

Vol. VII. Part I.

tality" ( Pericles,' V. i. 195).

Notices to Correspondents, &c.

My last note on this subject shall be strictly

conservative. In V. ii. 14,-


He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause

Within the belt of rule,


the word cause has been quite undeservedly, I

TAE TEXT OF 'MACBETH.' (Concluded from 7th think, suspected, and by Sidney Walker, Collier,

S. v. 323.)—Since communicating my former notes Dyce, and Singer rejected in favour of course. The

on this subject to 'N. & Q.' it has occurred to me question of Rosencrantz, in 'Hamlet,' III. ii, 350,

to examine the text of a passage which I had pre- "Good my lord, what is your cause of dis-

viously supposed to have been emended in so satis-temper ?” as well as ‘John,' III. iv. 12, “Such

factory a manner as not to admit of further ques- temperate order in so fierce a cause," should surely

tion. In Macbeth's soliloquy in I. vii. Theobald's give the rash emendator pauge. In what sense,

correction of “bank and shoal of time" for “Banke then, are we to take cause ? Surely not, as the

and Schoole of time" finds place in almost every Clarendon Press editors do, as the disorganized

edition. The defence of the Folio reading by those party of Macbeth; the context is fatal to such a

who interpret it as a sort of ev did Ovoîv, meaning | view. Caithness says, “Some people call his con-

“on this school-bench of life," cannot be regarded duct madness, others valiant fury"; at a loss which

seriously. On the other hand, there is much to be hypothesis to adopt, he chooses the word distemper,

said in favour of Theobald's reading, taking it, as which in Shakespeare is applied to both conditions.

Clarendon Press editors do, as comparing There is no question at all of Macbeth's followers,

human life to “a narrow strip of land in an but only of the nature of his violence. In clas-
ocean." Yet examination will, I think, show con- sically-derived words used by Shakespeare it is
clusively that the reading and interpretation are always the safe plan to refer to the Latin dic-
equally untenable. Presumably the Clarendon tionary. Turning to Lewis and Short's 'Dic-
Press editors take bank as ="sand-bank," and tionary'I find under “Causa," “In medic. lang. a
shoal as its practical synonym, z. e., land covered cause for disease......Hence in late Latin for dis
at times by shallow water. But if so, what a ease,for which various authorities are cited. Causa
strange notion is this of a man who jumps from a is, in fact, what in modern medical, as well as legal,
sand-bank into the shoaly waters of the sea! Is language is called a “case," i. e., the matter at
not this an extraordinary way of picturing the leap issue. “Distemper'd cause," then, I take to mean
into eternity's gulf? Jump no doubt means his “malady of distemper," and in the same sense
tropically “to risk," as the Clarendon Press the passage above quoted from ' Hamlet,' where it
editors demonstrate, but it clearly has its literal is to be noted that the expression is “your cause

of distemper," not “the cause of your distem per.” indubitably wrong in supposing that Leonatus, in With this last passage compare another passage in comparing the sighs of his wife and friend to "the *Macbeth,' on which the emendator has fallen mort o' the deer," meant to describe their sigbs as with heavy hand, viz., V. viii. 44:

“artificial” and “forced.” To him they seemed Your cause of sorrow

neither artificial nor forced, but much too natural Must not be measured by his worth, for then and real. The only expression in the soliloquy It hath no end.

which seems to imply artificiality is that which de Here “ cause of sorrow" is no more than " case of picts the twain as “making practised smiles as in sorrow" or simply “sorrow" itself. The following a looking glass "; but this, in the connexion in two passages will, I trust, put beyond a doubt the which it stands, can mean only that they were as correctness of my interpretation. 'All's Well,' great adepts at smiling on each other as if they II. i. 114:

had practised it at a glass. In comparing their Hearing your high majesty is touch'd

sighs to “the mort o' the deer" he meant that With tbat malignant cause wherein the honour their sighs were “ long-drawn as its potes." I think Of my dear father's gift stands chief in power MR. HALL, on reconsideration, will see that this is I come to tender it, &c.

the meaning. That he did not see so at once is the Coriolanus,' III. i. 235:

cause of the only defect in his otherwise excellent First Sen, Leave us to cure this cause.

and useful note.

R. M. SPENCE, M.A. Men.

For 'tis a sore upon us | Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B. You cannot tent yourself.


In order to fully realize the difference between Jesus College, Cambridge.

the words mort and mot it is desirable to know

something about the hunting music of mediæval 'HENRY VIII., III. i. 122(700 S. v.263).-The cor- | times. Much valuable information is to be found rection of “Make me a cure like this," in place of the in a very rare work by Sir H. Dryden, privately peculiarly ungracious and incongruous “make me a printed in 1843, 'The Art of Hunting,' by William curse like this," should have been further illustrated Twici, Huntsman to King Edward II. by phrases from the same play which are worth col.

ALBERT HARTSHORNE. lation. We have here examples of what would be worth further distinct elucidation—the aptness of of a passage which at first thought may seem para

'PERICLES,' I. i.-I send you an interpretation the poet to harp, so to say, in a particular play dos

pray doxical. But I think myself able to make it upon a certain metaphor: Therefore in him

good :-
It lies, to cure me: and the cure is to

My lord, if I
Remove these thoughts from you.

Can get him once within my pistol's length. Hen. VIII.,' II. iv, 100. There is a certain awkwardness in this which has Several other lines in this play are corrupt as to be accounted for. Pistol's range, not length, printed in the most pretentious editions, but since would have been correct. But I hold that the the requisite corrections are, and have been for pistol here spoken of is a dagger. The word is so decades, on record it were idle to cite them. I do construed in the notes to the enumeration of not trace the following as having been indicated:- weapons in the third book of Rabelais, Prologue:Wolsey. Please your highness, note

" Petits Poingars appelez ainsi de la ville de Pistoie This dangerous conception in this point.

en Italie, d'ou ils vinsent. Dans la suite le même nom Not friended by his wish, to your high person

| a aussi été donné à cette petite arquebuse q'on appelle His will is most malignant; and it stretches

encore aujourd'hui pistolet de poche : et il n'est pas Beyond you to your friends.

jusqu' aux petits écus d'Espagne et de l'Italie que les Globe, * Hen. VIII.,' I. ii. 138.

Espagnols et les Italiens n'aient aussi appelez Pistolets. Read rather :

Voiez Henri Etienne dans la préface de son traité de Please your highness note

la conformité du langage François avec le Grec."-Ed. His dangerous conception in this point:

Amsterdam, 1725.
Not ended by his wish to your high person,

In England the words have been interchanged
His will is most malignant and it stretches in the opposite way:-
Beyond you, to your friends.

“He Somerville] told them that he was going to That is to say, “His will, not limited by his wish London to shoot the Queen with his dagg, an he as affecting your highness, extends beyond you, so hoped to see her head set on a pole, for she was a malignant is it, to your friends."

serpent and a viper.”—Froude, Hist. of England,' W. WATKISS LLOYD.

vol. ii. p. 396.

I incline to think, because of the archaism, that « THE MORT O'THE DEER," "WINTER'S TALE,' the line in question must have belonged to the old I. ii. 118 (76 S. v. 144).-MR. HALL is undoubtedly play of Pericles, and was left untouched by right in his interpretation of “the mort o' the Shakspeare when he revised and rewrote. deer," as meaning not the death itself but the

HUGH CARLETON. horn-blast which announced it. He is, I think, as 25, Palace Square, Upper Norwood,


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