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The Two Pictures... .........
mined in array of battle along the brow of the hill,
zost at the same instant the van of the English appeared issuing from among the trees and enclosures of Seaton, with the purpose of occupying the level between the high ground and the sea. The space which divided the armies being only about half a mile in breadth, Waverley could plainly see the squadrons of Lragoons issue, one after another, from the defiles, with heir videttes in front, and form upon the plain, with heir front opposed to that of the prince's army. They ere followed by a train of field-pieces, which, when ey reached the flank of the dragoons, were also ought into line, and pointed against the heights. The march was continued by three or four regiments
infantry marching in open column, their fixed yonets showing like successive hedges of steel, and ir arms glancing like lightning, as, at a signal given,
at once wheeled into line, and were placed in direct position to the Highlanders. A second train of artil
with another regiment of horse, closed the long h, and formed on the left flank of the infantry, the le line facing southwards. While the English army went through these evolu
the Highlanders showed equal promptitude and I for battle. As fast as the clans came upon the re which fronted their enemy, they were formed into
so that both armies got into complete order of dle at the same moment. When this was accomshed, the Highl set up a tremendous yell, which was re
heights behind them. The gulars, wh
spirits, returned a loud out of de
ne or two of their cannon upon an a
Iighlanders. The latter displayed
► proceed instantly to the attack,
Fergus, by way of argument,
is tottering like an egg upon stat
d'the vantage of the onset, ess her!) could charge down
disabled by an English cruiser, but the brig escaped, and the CHEVALIER, as he was styled, landed on the wilds of Moidart, in Inverness-shire, with only seven followers. After some hesitation his Highland friends mustered their clans in Glenfinnan, whence Charles began his march with 1600 men, on August 20th, 1745. The Government were wholly unprepared. Sir John Cope occupied Stirling with less than 3000 men. On September 17th the Chevalier entered Edinburgh, took possession of Holyrood House, and compelled the heralds. to proclaim King James VIII. Meantime, Cope had brought his army back by sea and landed at Dunbar. Charles marched out from Edinburgh to meet him. The immediate results of this chivalrous movement are thus told by Sir Walter Scott, in the first of that glorious series of historical novels which for so long a period held all under the influence of his wizard spell :-“ Although the Highlanders marched on very fast, the sun was declining when they arrived upon the brow of those high grounds which command an open and extensive plain stretching northwards to the sea, on which are situated, but at a considerable distance from each other, the small villages of Seaton and Cockenzie, and the larger one of Preston. The low coast-road to Edinburgh passed through this plain, issuing upon it from the enclosures of Seaton House, and at the town or village of Preston again entering the defiles of an enclosed country. By this way the English general had chosen to approach the metropolis, both as most commodious for his cavalry, and being probably of opinion that, by doing so, he would meet in front with the Highlanders advancing from Edinburgh in the opposite direction. In this he was mistaken; for the sound judgment of the Chevalier, or of those to whose advice he listened, left the direct passage free, but occupied the strong ground by which it was overlooked and commanded.
“ When the Highlanders reached the Heights commanding the plain described, they were immediately formed in array of battle along the brow of the hill, Almost at the same instant the van of the English appeared issuing from among the trees and enclosures of Seaton, with the purpose of occupying the level between the high ground and the sea. The space which divided the armies being only about half a mile in breadth, Waverley could plainly see the squadrons of dragoons issue, one after another, from the defiles, with their videttes in front, and form upon the plain, with their front opposed to that of the prince's army. They were followed by a train of field-pieces, which, when they reached the flank of the dragoons, were also brought into line, and pointed against the heights. The march was continued by three or four regiments of infantry marching in open column, their fixed bayonets showing like successive hedges of steel, and their arms glancing like lightning, as, at a signal given, they at once wheeled into line, and were placed in direct opposition to the Highlanders. A second train of artillery, with another regiment of horse, closed the long march, and formed on the left flank of the infantry, the whole line facing southwards.
“ While the English army went through these evolutions, the Highlanders showed equal promptitude and zeal for battle. As fast as the clans came upon the ridge which fronted their enemy, they were formed into line; so that both armies got into complete order of battle at the same moment. When this was accomplished, the Highlanders set up a tremendous yell, which was re-echoed by the heights behind them. The regulars, who were in high spirits, returned a loud shout of defiance, and fired one or two of their cannon upon an advanced post of the Highlanders. The latter displayed great earnestness to proceed instantly to the attack, Evan Dhu urging to Fergus, by way of argument, that 'the sidier roy was tottering like an egg upon a staff, and that they had a' the vantage of the onset, for even a haggis (God bless her!) could charge down hill.'
“But the ground through which the mountaineers must have descended, although not of great extent, was impracticable in its character, being not only marshy, but intersected with walls of dry stone, and traversed in its whole length by a very broad and deep ditch, circumstances which must have given the musketry of the regulars dreadful advantages. The authority of the commanders was therefore interposed to curb the impetuosity of the Highlanders, and only a few marksmen were sent down the descent to skirmish with the enemy's advanced posts, and to reconnoitre the ground.
“Here then was a military spectacle of no ordinary interest, or usual occurrence. The two armies, so different in aspect and discipline, yet each admirably trained to its own peculiar mode of war, upon whose conflict the temporary fate at least of Scotland appeared to depend, now faced each other like two gladiators in the arena, each meditating upon the mode of attacking their enemy. The leading officers and the general's staff of each army could be distinguished in front of their lines, busied with the spy-glasses to watch each other's motions, and occupied in despatching the orders and receiving the intelligence conveyed by the aidesde-camp and orderly men, who gave life to the scene by galloping along in different directions, as if the fate of the day depended upon the speed of their horses. The space between the armies was at times occupied by the partial and irregular contest of individual sharpshooters, and a hat or bonnet was occasionally seen to fall, or a wounded man was borne off by his comrades. These, however, were but trifling skirmishes, for it suited the view of neither party to advance in that direction. From the neighbouring hamlets, the peasantry cautiously showed themselves, as if watching the issue of the expected engagement; and at no great distance in the bay were two square-rigged vessels, bearing the English flag, whose tops and yards were crowded with less timid spectators.