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served with process, final judgment shall not be rendered against the garnishee until the action against the defendant is determined. If in such action judgment is rendered for the defendant, the garnishee shall be discharged and shall recover his costs, and the property attached or its proceeds shall be restored to the garnishee or to the defendant, as the case may require.
Sec. 464. If in such action judgment is rendered in favor of the plaintiff against the defendant, and it shall appear that the plaintiff is entitled to a judgment of condemnation of the property attached, the court shall proceed to enter such judgment in the attachment as in the following sections directed.
Sec. 465. If the action be to replevy specific personal property and the same has not been replevied, other property may be attached in said action to recover damages and costs, and if the same be adjudged, the proceedings shall be the same as herein provided in other cases of money claims.
Sec. 466. If, in any form of action, specific property has been attached and remains under the control of court, judgment of condemnation of the same shall be entered, and so much thereof as may be necessary to satisfy the demand of the plaintiff shall be sold under fieri facias; or if the said property shall have been sold under interlocutory order of the court, the proceeds, or so much thereof as may be necessary, shall be applied to the plaintiff's claim by order of the court.
[If the property attached be an undivided interest in a partnership business, judgment of condemnation thereof shall be entered and the same shall be sold in the same manner as last aforesaid.]
Sec. 467. If a garnishee shall have admitted credits in his hands, in answer to interrogatories served upon him, or the same shall have been found upon an issue made as aforesaid, judgment shall be entered against him for the amount of credits admitted or found as aforesaid, not exceeding the plaintiff's claim, less a reasonable attorney's fee to be fixed by the court, and costs, and execution had thereon; but if said credits shall not be immediately due and payable, execution shall be stayed until the same shall become due; and if the garnishee shall have failed to answer the interrogatories served on him, or to appear and show cause why a judgment of condemnation should not be entered, judgment shall be entered against him for the whole amount of the plaintiff's claim, and costs, and execution had thereon.
Sec. 468. If the property attached has been delivered to or retained by a garnishee, upon his executing an undertaking as provided in section four hundred and fifty-four, judgment of condemnation of said property shall be rendered, as provided in section four hundred and sixty-six, and judgment shall also be entered that the plaintiff recover from the garnishee and his surety or sureties the value of said property, not exceeding the plaintiff's claim, said judgment to be entered satisfied if said property be forthcoming and delivered to the marshal, undiminished in value, within ten days after said judgment; otherwise, execution thereof to be had against said garnishee and his surety or sureties; and if said property shall be so delivered to the marshal the same shall be sold by him under fieri facias to satisfy said judgment of condemnation.
Sec. 469. JUDGMENT TO PROTECT GARNISHEE. Any judgment of condemnation against a garnishee, and execution thereon, or payment by such garnishee in cbedience to the judgment or any order of the court, shall be a sufficient plea in bar in any action brought against him by the defendant in the suit in which the attachment is issued, for or concerning the property or credits so condemned.
Sec. 470. FRAUDULENT ASSIGNMENTS. - If the ground upon which an attachment is applied for be that the defendant has assigned, conveyed, or disposed of his property with intent to hinder, delay, or defraud his creditors, the attachment may be levied upon the property alleged to be so assigned or conveyed in the hands of the alleged fraudulent assignee or transferee, as a garnishee.
Sec. 471. The said garnishee may have the same benefit of section four hundred and fifty-one aforesaid as the defendant in the action; and if the court shall be of opinion, upon the hearing of the affidavits filed, that the attachment ought not to have issued or to have been levied on the property claimed by said garnishee, the said attachment may be quashed as to the said garnishee and the said levy set aside.
Sec. 472. If the said levy shall not be so set aside, the said garnishee may plead that he was a bona fide purchaser from the defendant for value without notice of any fraud on the part of said defendant, and such plea shall be held to make an issue, without any further pleading in reply thereto; and said issue may be tried as directed in section four hundred and sixty aforesaid.
Sec. 473. If said issue is found in favor of the said garnishee, judgment shall be rendered in his favor for his costs and a reasonable counsel fee. If said issue be found against such garnishee, but judgment in the action is rendered in favor of the defendant, the said attachment shall be dissolved, and said garnishee shall recover his costs.
Sec. 474. If the said issue is found against said garnishee and judgment in the action is rendered in favor of the plaintiff against the defendant, or the defendant, not being found, has failed to appear in obedience to the order of publication against him, if it shall appear upon the verdict of a jury that the claim of the plaintiff against said defendant is well founded, a judgment of condemnation of the property attached shall be rendered, as directed in section four hundred and sixty-four aforesaid.
Sec. 475. TRIAL OF ISSUES. All issues raised by pleas to the attachment, in any case, may be tried at the same time as the issues raised by the pleadings in the action, or separately, as the convenience of the court may require.
Sec. 476. This ACT NOT TO PREVENT BILL IN EQUITY.—Nothing herein contained shall be construed as depriving a judgment creditor of the right to file a bill in equity to enforce his judgment against an equitable interest in real or personal estate of the judgment defendant, or to have a conveyance of the real or personal estate by said defendant, made with intent to hinder, delay, and defraud his creditors, set aside.
Sec. 477. ATTACHMENT DOCKETS. — The clerk of said court shall keep an attachment docket, in which, as well as in the regular docket, shall be entered all attachments levied upon real estate, with a description, in brief, of the real estate so levied upon; and said attachments shall be indexed in the names of the defendant and of any person in whose possession said property may have been levied upon.
BONDS AND UNDERTAKINGS.
Sec. 478. BONDS - A bond, when required or referred to, in the provisions of this code, shall be understood to signify an obligation in a certain sum or penalty, subject to a condition, on breach of which it is to become absolute and to be enforceable by action.
Sec. 479. UNDERTAKINGS.--An undertaking shall be understood to signify an agreement entered into by a party to a suit or proceeding, with or without sureties, upon which a judgment or decree may be rendered in the same suit or proceeding against said party and his sureties, if any, the said party and sureties submitting themselves to the jurisdiction of the court for that purpose.
Sec. 480. ACTIONS ON BONDS.- A bond in a penal sum, containing a condition that it shall be void on the payment of a certain sum of money, or the performance of an act, or of certain duties, shall have the same effect for the purpose of maintaining an action upon it as if it contained a covenant to pay the money or perform the act or the duties specified in the condition. But the damages to be recovered for a breach, or successive breaches, of the condition, as against the sureties therein, shall not exceed the penalty of the bond.
Sec. 481. BOND TO UNITED STATES BY OFFICERS. - Whenever a bond is executed to the United States by any tiduciary or public officer, conditioned for the performance of certain duties, in the performance of which private persons are interested, any such [persons] person, aggrieved by a breach of such condition, shall be entitled to maintain an action thereon in his own name against the obligor and his sureties to recover damages for the injury suffered by him in consequence of such brench; and it shall be the duty of the custodian of such bond to furnish a certified copy thereof to said party for the purpose aforesaid on payment of the legal fees therefor.
Sec. 482. BONDS OF TRUSTEES. If any person appointed by order or decree of the court to the office of trustee or to any other fiduciary office shall give bond, with surety or sureties, for the due performance of his duties, he shall not be allowed to discharge said bond by receipts, releases, or acquittances from himself, as attorney for parties interested, to himself as such trustee or other fiduciary; but the funds or estate for the due application whereof he is responsible shall be considered as remaining in his hands, and said bond shall continue in force as against both principal and sureties until said funds or estate shall be fully accounted for and paid over or delivered to the parties interested therein, or their attorney, other than said trustee or other fiduciary duly authorized to receive the same.
CONDEMNATION OF LAND FOR PUBLIC USE.
Sec. 483. LAND FOR UNITED STATES AND DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.Whenever land in the District is needed for the use of the United States, or by the Commissioners of the District for sites of schoolhouses, fire or police stations, or for a right of way for sewers, or for any other municipal use authorized by Congress, and the same can not be acquired by purchase from the owners thereof at a price satisfactory to the officers of the Government authorized to negotiate for the same, application may be made to the supreme court of the District by petition in the name of the United States or of said Commissioners, as the case may be, for the condemnation of said land or said right of way and the ascertainment of its value.
Sec. 484. PETITION, WHAT TO SHOW.-Such petition shall contain a particular description of the property selected, with the names of the owners thereof and their residences, so far as the same may be ascertained, together with a plan of the land to be taken. Sec. 485. CITATION TO OWNERS.—
The said court, holding a district court of the United States, shall thereupon cite all the owners and other persons interested to appear in said court, at a time to be fixed by the court, to answer said petition; and if it shall appear to the court that there are any owners or other persons interested who are under disability, the court shall give public notice of the time at which it will proceed with the matter of condemnation; and at such time, if it shall appear that there are any persons under disability who have appeared or who have not appeared, the court shall appoint a guardian ad litem for each such person, and shall thereupon proceed to appoint three capable and disinterested commissioners to appraise the value of the respective interests of all persons concerned in such lands, under such regulations as to notice and hearing as shall seem meet.
Sec. 486. CONDEMNATION AND PAYMENT.--Such commissioners shall thereupon, after being duly sworn for the proper performance of their duties, examine the premises and hear the persons in interest, who may appear before them, and return their appraisement of the value of the interests of all persons, respectively, in such land; and when such report, or the verdict of the jury hereinafter provided for, shall be confirmed by the court, the President of the United States, in cases of condemnation for the use of the United States, shall, if he thinks the public interest requires it, cause payment to be made out of the money appropriated by Congress therefor to the respective persons entitled, according to the judgment of the court; and in case any of such persons are under disability or can not be found, or neglect to receive the payment, the money to be paid to any of them shall be deposited in the Treasury to their credit, unless there be some person lawfully authorized to receive the same under the direction of the court; and when such payments are so made, or the amounts belonging to persons to whom payment shall not be made are so deposited, the said lands shall be deemed to be condemned and taken by the United States for the public use.
Sec. 487. Jury.- If any of the parties interested, or the guardian ad litem appointed for any such person who may be under a disability, shall be dissatisfied with the appraisement of the commissioners, the marshal shall be directed to summon a jury of seven disinterested men, not related to anyone interested, to meet and view the premises, giving the parties interested at least six days' notice of the time and place of meeting
Sec. 488. BENEFITS.- The marshal shall summon the jury and administer an oath to them that they will, without favor or partiality to anyone, to the best of their judgment, decide what damage each owner will sustain by reason of the taking of his land for any of the objects aforesaid. In making their decision, the jury shall take into consideration, whenever a part only is taken, the benefit to the remainder of the tract, and shall give their verdict accordingly.
Sec. 489. The jury having been upon the premises and, after hearing the parties, having assessed the damages, shall make out a written verdict, to be signed by them, or a majority of them, and attested by the marshal, who shall return the same to the court, where it shall be recorded. The verdict of the jury may be excepted to by any party interested, and may be set aside by the court for good reasons, and a new jury directed to be summoned.
Sec. 490. If the finding of the commissioners to appraise should not he objected to by the parties interested, and, in cases of condemnation for the use of the District, the Commissioners of the District are satistied therewith, or if the verdict of the jury is confirmed by the court and is satisfactory to the Commissioners of the District, the said Commissioners shall pay the amount awarded by the jury out of the appropriation made therefor, or deposit the same in the same manner as directed in section four hundred and eighty-six, aforesaid, and thereupon the land condemned shall become and be the property of the District.
Sec. 491. It shall be optional with the Commissioners to abide by the verdict of the jury and occupy the land appraised by them, or, within a reasonable time to be fixed by the court in its order confirming the verdict to, abandon the same, without being liable to damage therefor.