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superintendent. No association so enjoined shall have authority to continue business until such report shall be made, or overt act or violation complained of shall have been corrected, nor until the costs of such action be paid by it, (provided, the court shall find that such association was in default, as charged,) whereupon the superintendent of insurance shall reinstate such association, and not until then shall such association be allowed again to do business in said District. Any officer, agent, or person acting for any association or subordinate body thereof, within said District, while such association shall be so enjoined or prohibited from doing business pursuant to this subchapter, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than two hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in said jail not less than thirty days nor more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

Sec. 763. ACTING WITHOUT AUTHORITY.--Any person who shall act within said District as an officer, agent, or otherwise, for any association which shall have failed, neglected, or refused to comply with, or shall have violated any of the provisions of this subchapter, or shall have failed or neglected to procure from the said superintendent a proper certificate of authority to transact business as provided for in this subchapter, shall be subject to the penalty provided in the last preceding section for the misdemeanor therein specified. To “ transact business or “doing business” under this subchapter means the writing of applications and the soliciting of new members so far as the penalty of this subchapter applies thereto. It shall not be unlawful for any organization under section seven hundred and forty-nine to continue the operation of its lodges or branches except in securing new members.

Sec. 764. THIS LAW NOT TO APPLY TO ASSOCIATIONS FOR PROFIT. Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to apply to any corporation, society, order, or association carrying on the business of life, health, casualty, or accident insurance for profit or gain, and it shall only apply to fraternal beneficial associations as defined by section seven hundred and forty-nine, and nothing in this subchapter contained shall be construed to affect any grand or subordinate lodge or branch of any such fraternal beneficial societies, orders, or associations which limits its certificate holders to a particular religious denomination or to the employees of a particular town or city, designated firm, business house, or corporation, or department or branch of the United States Government, nor the grand or subordinate lodges of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, nor any grand or subordinate lodge, or other body of Free and Accepted Masons, nor the grand or any subordinate lodge of the Knights of Pythias, or similar orders, associations, or societies that do not have as their principal object the issuance of benefit certificates of membership in case of death or the payment of sick, funeral, or death benefits exceeding in amount one hundred dollars.

Sec. 765. NOR TO ASSOCIATIONS OR INDIVIDUALS USING NAME OF PREVIOUSLY EXISTING CORPORATION.—The provisions of this subchapter shall not extend to nor apply to any association or individual who shall, in the certificate filed with the recorder of deeds, use or specify a name or style the same as that of any previously existing incorporated fraternal beneficial association in the District of Columbia.


Sec. 766. REORGANIZATION.--Any corporation heretofore existing or doing business in the District of Columbia may come under and avail itself of the provisions of this chapter by giving to its stockholders, members, or associates notice as prescribed in section six hundred and thirty-five of subchapter four thereof and pursuing the same procedure and complying with the same requirements as are prescribed in said subchapter in respect to increase or diminution of capital stock; and upon filing its certificate of reorganization in such case, such company shall be entitled to the privileges and provisions and be subject to the liabilities of the class of corporations to which it belongs, as provided in and by this chapter.

Sec. 767. NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOR CHARTER, AND SO FORTH.Whoever, not being a Senator or Representative in Congress, intends to present to Congress a bill for an act of incorporation, or for an alteration or extension of the charter of a corporation in the District of Columbia, or of any special privileges in said District, shall give notice of such intention by publishing a copy of the bill at least once a week for four successive weeks, in a newspaper published in the District of Columbia, the last of said publications to be made at least fourteen days prior to the presentation of such bill. Such newspaper shall be designated by the person proposing the bill and approved by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia.


Sec. 768. VOLUNTARY, WHEN.-When a majority of the trustees, directors, or other officers having the management of the concerns of any corporation in the District, or stockholders representing not less than one-third of the capital stock of any such corporation, discover that the property and effects of the corporation have been so far reduced, by losses or otherwise, that it will not be able to pay all just demands against it or offer a reasonable security to those who deal with it, or they shall deem it beneficial to the interests of the stockholders that the corporation be dissolved, or when such directors, trustees, or other officers are authorized by a majority of the stockholders to apply for a decree, as hereinafter provided, or when the objects of the corporation have wholly failed or are entirely abandoned or are impracticable, they may apply to the supreme court of the District by petition for the dissolution of said corporation.

Sec. 769. APPLICATION TO SUPREME COURT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.-Such application shall contain a statement of the reasons upon which it is founded, and there shall be annexed thereto--

First. A full, just, and true inventory of all the estate, real and personal, of the corporation, and of all the books, vouchers, and securities relating thereto.

Second. A full, just, and true account of the capital stock of the corporation, specifying the names of the stockholders, their residences, when known, the number of shares belonging to each, the amounts paid in upon said shares, respectively, and the amounts still due thereon.

Third. A statement of all the incumbrances on the property of the corporation and of all the engagements entered into by it which have not been fully satisfied or canceled, specifying the place of residence of each creditor and of every person to whom such engagements were made, if known, the sum owing to each creditor and the nature and consideration of the indebtedness, and such application shall be verified by affidavit.

Sec. 770. PUBLICATION.-On the filing of such application, accounts, inventories, and affidavit, an order shall be passed requiring all persons interested in said corporation to appear in said court and show cause by a day named, if any they have, why it should not be dissolved, and a notice of said order shall be published in some newspaper of general circulation weekly for three successive weeks, the first insertion to be not less than one month before the day fixed for showing cause as aforesaid.

Sec. 1771. REFERENCE TO TAKE TESTIMONY. -Whether answer be made or not, the cause shall be referred to the auditor, who shall take testimony in relation to the allegations of the petition, and report to the court, with all convenient speed, with a statement of the property and effects, debts, credits, and engagements of the corporation and all other matters relative to the issues in said cause.

Sec. 772. DECREE OF DISSOLUTION.-If it appear to the court that the corporation is insolvent, or that a dissolution thereof will be beneficial to the stockholders and not injurious to the public interests, or that the objects of the corporation have wholly failed or been abandoned or are impracticable, a decree shall be entered dissolving the corporation and appointing one or more receivers of its estate and effects; and the corporation shall thereupon be dissolved and cease to exist.

Sec. 773. RECEIVER. A director, trustee, or other officer of the corporation, or any of its stockholders, may be appointed a receiver, and · any receiver so appointed shall give bond in such penalty, and with such surety or sureties, as may be approved by the court, conditioned for the due discharge of his duties as receiver.

Sec. 774. Upon his giving surety as aforesaid the receiver shall be vested with all the estate, real or personal, of the corporation, for the benefit of its creditors and stockholders.

Sec. 775. The said receiver shall proceed to collect and take into his possession all the assets and effects of the corporation, including any sums due and unpaid upon the subscriptions to the capital stock of the corporation, and shall have authority to institute all needful actions for that object. He shall give public notice of his appointment and require all creditors of the corporation to present their claims to him.

Sec. 776. VOID ASSIGNMENTS.-All sales, assignments, transfers, mortgages, and conveyances of any part of the estate, real or personal, of said corporation, including choses in action of every description, made after the filing of the petition for dissolution, in payment of or as security for any existing or prior debt, or for any other consideration, and all judgments confessed by said corporation after that time, shall be void as against the receiver appointed on said petition and as against the creditors of the corporation. Sec. 777. CONTROVERSIES

CREDITORS. — The receiver may settle controversies that arise between him and the debt





ors or creditors of the corporation by arbitration. If there be any open and subsisting engagements or contracts of the corporation in the nature of insurance, or contingent engagements of any kind, the receiver may, with the consent of the party holding such engagements, cancel and discharge the same by refunding to such party the premium or consideration paid thereon to the corporation, or so much thereof as shall be in the same proportion to the time which remains of any risk assumed by such engagements as the whole premium bears to the whole term of such risk; and upon such amount being paid by the receiver to the person holding such engagement it shall be deemed canceled and discharged as against the receiver.

Sec. 778. DISTRIBUTION.-The receiver may retain out of the money in his hands the amounts necessary for the purpose of canceling and discharging any open and subsisting engagements and of satisfying any demands for which a suit may be pending against the corporation and the costs of the proceeding, and distribute the residue among the creditors of the corporation, giving preference to debts which are liens on the property of the corporation, and shall make dividends from time to time among the creditors until their debts are paid in full.

Sec. 779. DIVIDENDS TO STOCKHOLDERS.- No dividends shall be paid to stockholders until after the final dividend to the creditors, and if, after such final dividend is made, there remain any surplus in the receiver's hands, he shall distribute the same among the stockholders in proportion to the respective amounts paid in by them severally on their shares of stock.

Sec. 780. RECEIVER UNDER COURT'S DIRECTION.—The receiver shall be subject to the direction of the court as to making dividends and rendering his accounts and shall receive such commission as the court shall allow, not exceeding the rate allowed to executors and administrators, and reasonable counsel fees for services rendered to him.

Sec. 781. DISSOLUTION BY STOCKHOLDERS.—When a majority of the directors, trustees, or other officers of a corporation become satisfied that the objects of the corporation can not be accomplished, and no installment of the capital stock has been paid, and no investments have been made and no debts incurred which are unpaid, they may call a meeting of the stockholders, by a notice published in some newspaper of general circulation, and if a majority, in amount, of the stockholders present at such meeting, in person or by proxy, shall decide that the objects of the corporation can not be accomplished, the corporation shall thereupon be dissolved and cease.

Sec. 782. WHO TO BE TRUSTEES FOR CREDITORS AND STOCKHOLDERS.—Upon the dissolution of a corporation by the expiration of its charter, or otherwise, unless other persons be appointed by the stockholders, directors, or trustees of the corporation, or by a decree of the supreme court of the District, the directors or trustees acting last before the dissolution, and their survivors, shall be the trustees for the creditors and stockholders of the dissolved corporation, and shall have full power to settle the affairs of the same, to collect its assets and pay its outstanding debts, and divide among its stockholders the money or other property remaining, in proportion to the stock of each stockholder paid up; and in case of the refusal of said trustees or directors, or a majority of them, to act, the said court may, upon the application of any person interested, appoint trustees in their place. Sec. 783. ACTIONS NOT TO ABATE. -No action pending in favor of or against any corporation shall be discontinued or abate by the dissolution of the corporation, whether such dissolution occur by the expiration of its charter or otherwise, but all such actions may be prosecuted to final judgment in its corporate name; and on all judgments so obtained, whether before or after its dissolution, execution may be had and satisfaction enforced in such corporate name.

Sec. 784. A corporation may, after its dissolution, prosecute any action in and by its corporate name, for the use of the person or persons entitled to receive the proceeds of such action, upon any cause of action accrued, or which, but for such dissolution, would have accrued in favor of the corporation, in the same manner and with the like effect as if it had not been dissolved.

Sec. 785. SUITS AFTER DISSOLUTION.-Any such dissolved corporation

may be sued by its corporate name for or upon any cause of action accrued or which, but for such dissolution, would have accrued against it in the same manner and with the like effect as if it were not dissolved; and process in such action may be served upon any one of the assignees, trustees, or receivers having the management of the assets of the corporation.

Sec. 786. INVOLUNTARY DISSOLUTION AT THE SUIT OF THE UNITED STATES.— Whenever the district attorney of the United States for the District of Columbia shall become satisfied that any corporation organ• ized under the laws of said District has been guilty of such misuse, abuse, or nonuser of its corporate powers and franchises, or such violation of law as would authorize and make proper the forfeiture of its charter, corporate powers, and franchises, the said district attorney shall file in the supreme court of the District a petition in the name of the United States, setting forth, fully and in detail, the alleged abuse, misuse, or nonuser by reason whereof such forfeiture is sought, which petition shall be supported by affidavits of credible persons; and upon the filing of such petition the said court shall lay a rule requiring such defendant corporation to show cause, within such time as the court may deem proper, why a decree should not issue as prayed in said petition, a copy of which rule and petition shall be served on said corporation by a day therein limited.

Sec. 787. ANSWER OF CORPORATION.-The said corporation, by the day named in said order, unless further time be granted by the court, shall file an answer to said petition, fully setting forth all the defenses upon which it intends to rely in resisting the application, which shall be verified by affidavit of some officer of the corporation.

Sec. 788. PLEADING.–The petitioners may thereupon plead to or traverse all or any of the material averments set forth in the answer, and the defendant shall join issue with or demur to said plea or traverse within five days thereafter.

Sec. 789. TRIAL.-If issue or issues be joined on such proceedings, the same shall stand for trial at such time as the court shall direct and shall be tried by a jury if either party desire it; otherwise, they shall be heard and determined by the court. If, from the findings of the jury or upon consideration and determination of the case by the court, the court shall be of opinion that legal cause of forfeiture has been shown and the public interests require that said forfeiture shall be

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