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declared, a decree of forfeiture shall be entered and the charter of said corporation shall thereby be annulled and vacated and its corporate franchises and powers shall cease and be void; and the court shall thereupon appoint a receiver or receivers of the assets and estate of said corporation, who shall proceed to wind up the affairs of said corporation, for the benefit of its creditors and stockholders, under the direction of the court.

Sec. 790. If any corporation upon which a petition and rule to show cause shall have been served as aforesaid, shall neglect to file an answer thereto at the time appointed by the court, the court shall proceed to hear the application ex parte within five days thereafter, and if it shall be of opinion that good cause of forfeiture is shown it shall proceed to decree as provided in the preceding section.

Sec. 791. JUDGMENT. If the court, either upon a hearing ex parte or after answer, shall be of opinion that no cause of forfeiture is shown or that the public interests do not demand that such forfeiture be decreed, though legal cause therefor has been shown, it shall dismiss the petition. And if the court shall determine that legal cause of forfeiture has been shown, it may, in its discretion, before passing a final decree of forfeiture, pass orders requiring the said corporation, within time to be therein fixed, to remedy the grievance complained of, and may suspend the passage of the final decree of forfeiture until the time so fixed, and may afterwards refuse to pass such decree if the grievance shall have been remedied by the time so fixed.

[Sec. 792. APPEAL.–From any judgment or determination of the court on petitions filed for forfeiture, as aforesaid, either party may appeal to the court of appeals, subject to such regulations as may be prescribed by said court.]

Sec. 793. INJUNCTION. —The district attorney may file a bill in the name of the United States in said supreme court for the purpose of restraining by injunction any corporation organized under the laws of the District from assuming or exercising any franchise, liberty, or privilege or transacting any business not allowed by its charter or certificate of incorporation or not by law allowed to be assumed or exercised by said corporation, and said district attorney may file a bill to enjoin any foreign corporation from transacting in the District of

Columbia any business not allowed by its charter or certificate of incorporation, or from transacting any business in said District when it has not complied with any provision of this code relating to foreign corporations, and in the same manner may file a bill to restrain any individuals from exercising any corporate rights, privileges, or franchises not granted to them by law; and on the filing of any such bill the said supreme court shall have power to issue an injunction as prayed and to exercise all the powers of a court of equity over the subjectmatter of such bill.

Sec. 794. INVOLUNTARY DISSOLUTION AT THE SUIT OF CREDITORS. When any corporation in the District has remained insolvent for a year, or has neglected or refused for that period to pay and discharge its notes or other evidences of debt, or has, for that period, suspended its ordinary and lawful business, a bill may be filed by the district attorney, as aforesaid, for the dissolution of said corporation, or, if he shall decline to do so, on the application of any judgment creditor of said corporation, the said judgment creditor, if an execution upon his judgment shall be returned unsatisfied, in whole or in part, may file such bill.

Sec. 795. Upon prima facie proof of the facts necessary to sustain such suit the court may issue an injunction restraining the corporation, its trustees, directors, and officers from collecting or receiving any debt or demand and from paying out or transferring or delivering to any person any of its property or effects and from exercising any of its corporate rights and franchises during the pendency of the suit, unless by permission of the court. And at any stage of the proceeding the court may appoint a receiver to collect and preserve the property of the corporation and dispose of and manage the same, under the direction of the court, until final decree in the cause.

Sec. 796. PARTIES.- Where the action is brought by a creditor, the stockholders, directors, trustees, or other officers, or any of them who may be made liable by law for the payment of the complainant's debt, may be made parties defendant by the original or a supplemental bill, and their liability may be declared and enforced by the decree; but nothing herein shall prevent any creditor from enforcing such liability in a separate suit against such parties.

Sec. 797. ACCOUNT AND DISTRIBUTION.-In such suit, if the court shall be of opinion that the complainant is entitled to the relief prayed, and that such corporation ought to be dissolved, the court shall cause an account to be taken of the assets and debts of the corporation and shall decree an equal distribution of the assets among the creditors, subject to existing liens; but if said corporation has no property to satisfy its creditors, or to the extent to which its property is insufficient therefor, the court may require the stockholders, who are parties defendant to the suit, to pay into court the amounts due and unpaid on the shares of stock held by them, and shall ascertain the amounts properly chargeable, in favor of creditors, to said stockholders and the trustees, directors, or other officers who are parties to the suit, and in the final decree for the dissolution shall adjudge and decree that said amounts shall be paid into court by the parties respectively liable therefor, to be applied to the payment of the debts of the corporation.

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CHAPTER XIX.

CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS.

Subchapter 1.-OFFENSES AGAINST THE PERSON.

Sec. 798. MURDER IN FIRST DEGREE. Whoever, being of sound memory and discretion, purposely, and either of deliberate and premeditated malice or by means of poison, or in perpetrating or in attempting to perpetrate any offense punishable by imprisonment in the penitentiary, kills another, is guilty of murder in the first degree.

Sec. 799. Whoever maliciously places an obstruction upon a railroad or street railroad, or displaces or injures anything appertaining thereto, or does any other act with intent to endanger the passage of any locomotive or car, and thereby occasions the death of another, is guilty of murder in the first degree.

Sec. 800. MURDER IN SECOND DEGREE. -Whoever with malice aforethought, except as provided in the last two sections, kills another is guilty of murder in the second degree.

Sec. 801. PUNISHMENT.—The punishment of murder in the first degree shall be death by hanging. The punishment of murder in the second degree shall be imprisonment for life, or for not less than twenty years.

Sec. 802. MANSLAUGHTER.—Whoever commits manslaughter shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding fifteen years, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Sec. 803. ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO KILL, AND SO FORTH. -Every person convicted of any assault with intent to kill or to commit

гаре, or to commit robbery, or mingling poison with food, drink, or medicine with intent to kill, or willfully poisoning any well, spring, or cistern of water, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than fifteen years.

Sec. 804. MAYHEM.—Every person convicted of an assault with intent to commit mayhem, or of an assault with a dangerous weapon, sball be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than ten years.

Sec. 805. ASSAULT.—Whoever assaults another with intent to commit any other offense which may be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary shall be imprisoned not more than five

years. Sec. 806. Whoever unlawfully assaults, or threatens another in a menacing manner, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not more than twelve months, or both.

Sec. 807. Every person convicted of mayhem or of maliciously disfiguring another shall be imprisoned for not more than ten years.

Sec. 808. RAPE.-Whoever has carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will, or carnally knows and abuses a female child under sixteen years of age, shall be imprisoned for not less than five nor more than thirty years: Provided, That in any case of rape the jury may add to their verdict, if it be guilty, the words “ with the death penalty," in which case the punishment shall be death by hanging: Provided further, That if the jury fail to agree as to the punishment, the verdict of guilty shall be received and the punishment shall be imprisonment as provided in this section.

Sec. 809. PROCURING MISCARRIAGE.—Whoever, with intent to procure the miscarriage of any woman, prescribes or administers to her any medicine, drug, or substance whatever, or with like intent uses any instrument or means, unless when necessary to preserve her life or health and under the direction of a competent licensed practitioner of medicine, shall be imprisoned for not more than five years; or if the woman or her child dies in consequence of such act, by imprisonment for not less than three nor more than twenty years.

Sec. 810. ROBBERY.-Whoever by force or violence, whether against resistance or by sudden or stealthy seizure or snatching, or by putting in fear, shall take from the person or immediate actual possession of another anything of value, is guilty of robbery, and any person convicted thereof shall suffer imprisonment for not less than six months nor more than fifteen years.

Sec. 811. Whoever attempts to commit robbery, as defined in the preceding section, by an overt act, shall be imprisoned for not more than three years or be fined not more than five hundred dollars, or both.

Sec. 812. ABDUCTION.--Whoever unlawfully and forcibly or fraudulently carries off or decoys out of the District any person, or arrests or imprisons any person with the intention of having such person carried out of the District, shall be imprisoned for not less than one nor more than seven years, or fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, or both: Provided, That whoever leads, carries, or entices away a child under the age of sixteen years, with the intent unlawfully to detain or conceal such child so lead, taken, or enticed away, shall be imprisoned for not more than twenty years or fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, or both.

Sec. 813. Any person who, for purposes of prostitution, persuades, entices, or forcibly abducts from her home or usual abode, or from the custody and control of her parents or guardian, any female under sixteen years of age shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than two nor more than twenty years; and whoever knowingly secrets or harbors any such female so persuaded, enticed, or abducted as aforesaid shall suffer imprisoninent for not more than eight years.

Sec. 814. CRUELTY TO CHILDREN.-Any person who shall torture, cruelly beat, abuse, or otherwise willfully maltreat any child under the age of eighteen years; or any person, having the custody and possession of a child under the age of fourteen years, who shall expose, or aid and abet in exposing, such child in any highway, street, field, house, outhouse, or other place, with intent to abandon it; or any person, having in his custody or control a child under the age of fourteen years, who shall in any way dispose of it with a view to its being

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employed as an acrobat, or a gymnast, or a contortionist, or a circus rider, or a ropewalker, or in any exhibition of like dangerous character, or as a beggar, or mendicant, or pauper, or street singer, or street musician; or any person who shall take, receive, hire, employ, use, exhibit, or have in custody any child of the age last named for any of the purposes last enumerated, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, when convicted thereof, shall be subject to punishment by a fine of not more than two hundred and fifty dollars, or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.

Sec. 815. LIBEL.—Whoever publishes a libel shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or both.

Sec. 816. WHAT IS PUBLICATION.-To knowingly send or deliver any libelous communication to the party libeled is a sufficient publication to subject the person sending or delivering the same to punishment as aforesaid.

Sec. 817. JUSTIFICATION.--Any publication of a libel shall be justified if it appear that the matter charged as libelous was true and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends.

Sec. 818. FALSE CHARGES OF UNCHASTITY. -Whoever wrongfully accuses any woman of unchastity shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both, and shall also be liable to a civil action for damages by the party injured.

Sec. 819. BLACKMAIL.—Whoever verbally or in writing accuses or threatens to accuse any other person of a crime or of any conduct which, if true, would tend to disgrace such other person, or in any way subject him to the ridicule or contempt of society, or threatens to expose or publish any of his infirmities or failings, with intent to extort from such other person anything of value or any pecuniary advantage whatever, or to compel the person accused or threatened to do or to refrain from doing any act, and whoever with such intent publishes any such accusation against any other person shall be imprisoned for not more than five years or be fined not more than one thousand dollars, or both.

Subchapter 11.-OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY.

Sec. 820. ARSON. --Whoever shall maliciously burn or attempt to burn any dwelling, or house, barn, or stable adjoining thereto, or any store, barn, or outhouse, or any shop, office, stable, store, warehouse, or any other building, or any steamboat, vessel, canal boat, or other water craft, or any railroad car, the property, in whole or in part, of another person, or any church, meetinghouse, schoolhouse, or any of the public buildings in the District, belonging to the United States or to the District of Columbia, sball suffer imprisonment for not less than one year nor more than ten years.

Sec. 821. Whoever maliciously burns or sets fire to any dwelling, shop, barn, stable, store, or warehouse or other building, or any steamboat, vessel, canal boat, or other water craft, or any goods, wares, or merchandise, the same being his own property, in whole or in part,

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