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be under the government of the church, — [Religious falling off.]

must not all domestic and politic and spiIt cannot be denied, but in this last age ritual relations soon be dissolved ? must in most of our memories, our nation has not all order be speedily overthrown, where manifestly degenerated from the practice all the true ways to make and keep men of former times, in many moral virtues and orderly are confounded ? And what in spiritual graces, which should teach us to time would be the issue of such a confusion ? render to God the things that are God's, what, but either gross ignorance, or false and to Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's. knowledge, which is as bad, or worse? what, Where is that integrity of manners, that but a contempt of virtue and prudence, truth of conversation, that dutiful observ- under the disgraceful titles of pedantry and ance of order, that modesty of private life, formality ? what, but a looseness of tongues that charity towards men, that humble de- and lives, and at last men taking pride in, votion towards God, in which we can only and valuing themselves on such looseness ? say we have heard our nation once excelled? what but a disobedience to the laws of 'Twould be a melancholy employment to man,-in truth a neglect of all the laws search into the causes of this unhappy both of God and man ?-Query? change ; but whatever other occasions may have contributed to the continuance and increase of it, certainly the chief cause of the beginning of it was spiritual pride,

[Papal Darkness.] the want, nay the contempt of an humble “I THEN thought I would go to confesand docile spirit. The different effects of sion and get my sins pardoned, and thereby this disposition, and of that which is con- be enabled to serve God acceptably. And trary to it, have been abundantly tried in lest my confession should be imperfect, I all histories, in all states, civil and eccle- wrote down every sin I could remember or siastical. Those countries and societies of think of, which I had committed for five men have ever most flourished where men years and gave it to the priest, which he have been kept longest under a reason- read and I acknowledged. I returned home able discipline, those where the number of with a guilty conscience. I was ordered teachers have been few in comparison to to fast every Friday for a year, and to read the number of learners. There was never three pages in the manual every day during yet any wise nation, or happy church, at that time. But this penance was labour in least never any that continue long so, vain : I found that instead of finding ease where all have thought themselves equally to my mind, the remembrance of my sins fit, and have been promiscuously admitted became more grievous, and the load more to be teachers or lawgivers. What can be intolerable than ever. I attended the sa

consequence of such a headstrong, stiff-crifice of the mass on Sunday, and somenecked, overweening unmanageable spirit ? | times two masses, and continued fasting in Can anything be more destructive to church the interim. Then I got on the scapular and state than such a perverse humour, as of the blessed Virgin. The duties of this is unteachable, ungovernable itself, and yet order are, to say seven Paters, seven Aves, overhasty to govern and teach others ? seven Gloria Paters, and a Creed, every Where children get too soon out of the go- day, and go to the sacrament five times in vernment of their parents and masters, – the

I attended the stations that are where men think it a duty of religion to performed in the chapels on Sunday evenstrive to get out of the government of their ings: but I found all there to be physicians magistrates and princes,—where Christians of no value! I then resolved to go to shall think themselves not at all bound to Lough - Derg, and get my sins washed





away, and then, I thought, I will devote the fered of your grace's Bishops in their
remainder of my days to God. I went to dioceses unpunished.”—LATIMER'S Second
the Lough, and performed the station ac- Sermon before King Edward VI.
cording to order, but found no ease to my
troubled mind thereby; on the contrary,
my sins became more and more intolerable!
Oh, thought I, all this will not do! I must

[Bishop Sanderson, and his House at apply to something else; and immediately

Buckden.) I went under the order of St. Francis. “ BISHOP SANDERSON'S chief house at The duties of this order are to repeat daily Buckden, in the county of Huntington, the six Paters, six Aves, and six Gloria Paters, usual residence of his predecessors (for it and a Creed, and attend the sacrament stands about the midst of his diocese) twice a-year. But this device was as un- having been, at his consecration, a great profitable as the former.

part of it demolished, and what was left “To these orders I added that of St. Jo- standing under a visible decay, was by him seph, which required the same obligation undertaken to be repaired; and it was peras the former; and those duties I strove to formed with great speed, care, and charge. perform with all my heart, and they were And to this may be added that the king not toilsome to me, because I hoped to pro- having by an injunction commended to the fit by them. About this time all my wilful care of the Bishops, Deans, and Prebends sins were set as in battle array before me, of all Cathedral Churches, “the repair of and the sight of them caused me to fear them, their houses, and an augmentation of and tremble. The spirit of a man may sus

the revenue of small vicarages," he, when tain his infirmity, but a wounded spirit who he was repairing Buckden, did also augcan bear?

ment the last, as fast as fines were paid for “All this time I had never heard that we renewing leases: so fast, that a friend have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus taking notice of his bounty, was so bold as Christ the righteous! I had been told there to advise him to remember, he was under are three persons in one God, the Glory his first fruits, and that he was old, and equal and the Majesty Co-eternal; but of the had a wife and children that were yet but offices of the second and third Persons in meanly provided for, especially if his digthe Godhead I was quite ignorant. I knew of nity were considered. To whom he made no advocate but the Virgin Mary and the

a mild and thankful answer, saying, “It rest of the saints.”—Account of Mary Ma- would not become a christian bishop to guire.

suffer those houses built by his predecessors
to be ruined for want of repair; and less
justifiable to suffer

of those


vicars [Homely Homilies.]

that were called Xo so high a calling as to “ HOMILIES,—some call them homelies, sacrifice at God's altar, to eat the bread of and indeed so they may be well called, for sorrow constantly, when he had a power by they are homely handled. For though the a small augmentation to turn it into the priest read them never so well, yet if the bread of chgerfulness: and wished, that as parish like them not, there is such talking this was, so it were also in his power to make and babbling in the church that nothing can all mankind happy, for he desired nothing be heard. And if the parish be good and And for his wife and children, he the priest naught, he will so hack and chop hoped to leave them a competency; and in it, that it were as good for them to be with the hands of a God, that would provide for out it

, for any word that shall be under all that kept innocent, and trusted in his stood. And yet the more pity, that is suf- providence and protection, which he had



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always found enough to make and keep him should be denied the benefit of their clergy, happy.'”—IZAAK Walton's Life.

two provisos were added to make the bill pass through the House of Lords, the one for excepting all such as were within the

holy orders of bishop, priest, or deacon, [Unpreaching Prelates.]

and the other that the act should only be “But now for the fault of unpreaching in force till the next parliament. PurPrelates, methinks I could guess what suant to this act many murderers and felons might be said for excusing them. They were denied their clergy, and the law are so troubled with lordly living, they be passed on them to the great satisfaction of so placed in palaces, couched in courts, the nation,—but this gave great offence to rufiling in their rents, dauncing in their the clergy, and the Abbot of Winchelcont dominions, burdened with embassages, pam- said in a sermon at Paul's Cross, that the pering of their paunches like a monk that act was contrary to the law of God, and to maketh his jubilee, mounching in their the liberties of the holy church, and that mangers, and moyling in their


all who assented to it had by so doing inand mansions, and so troubled with loyter- curred the censures of the church."-BURing in their lordships, that they cannot net's Reformation, vol. 1, pp. 12-14. attend it. They are otherwise occupied, some in king's matters, some are embassadors, some of the privy council, some to furnish the court, some are lords of the

[Moravian Pattern of Cheerfulness.] parliament, some are presidents, comptrol- “ 'Tis a pity, I say, in the least to sully lers of mints. Well—well—is this their or interrupt that easy and lovely cheerfulduty ? is this their office? is this their ness of youth, (which may you long precalling ? Should e have ministers of the serve) with any afflatus from darker and church to be comptrollers of the mints ? sourer minds. For this reason, I thought, Is this a meet office for a priest that hath when I wrote to you, I would however care of souls? Is this his charge? I would odly, turn a patron for cheerfulness, I here ask one question, I would fain know would summon all the lightsome images I who comptrolleth the devil at home in his was master of, and recall, if possible, some parish, while he comptrolleth the mint ? of those agreeable sensations, which youth, If the apostles might not leave the office of soon blasted with grief and thought had preaching to the deacons, shall one leave it produced in myself; the paradisiacal bloom for minting? I cannot tell you, but the that did then, to the fresh and innocent saying is, that since priests have been imagination, dwell on the whole face of ministers, money hath been worse than it things; the soft and solemn delight that was before; and they say likewise that the even a balmy air, a sunny landskip, the evilness of money hath made all things beauties of the vegetable world, hills and dearer."-LATIMER's Sermon of the Plough. vales, a brook or a pebble did then excite.

And sure there is something mysteriously great and noble in the first years of our

life: (which being my notion, you will not [Benefit of Clergy.]

be offended that I speak to you, a young “A Law of Henry VII. for burning in man, more as young, than as man, for the the hand clerks convicted of felony did not former implies something very happy, and prove a sufficient restraint. And when in the latter something very miserable.) If the fourth year of the following reign it the celestial spheres, by a regularity of was enacted that all murderers and robbers their circulations, are said to make music;

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much better may we affirm it of the motions, defy and repine upon the common lot. of animal nature within us, in those years Disgust at this vain and sullen world, and of health and vivacity, when the tide of life the overflowings of a strong serene mind, keeps at its full height, nor alters its course lead them to this union. But how will it for petty obstructions. The soul is not like answer ? To say nothing of our friends, an intelligence listening to his sphere; her will not the sinking of our own hearts harmony springs within her own being; below the generous tenor of friendship, and is but the comprising of all the inferior blast the fruits of it to us? Did we use so powers to give her pleasure, while she, by little affectation, in making a friend, that a soft enchantment, is tied down to her we need none to keep him ? Must not we throne of sense, where she receives their be always upon the stretch in some minute homages. 'Tis true, indeed, to a brave cautions and industries, in order to content mind, the grosser gratifications arising from that tender affection we would have in our the body, are not much. But youth has friend? Can we make our love to him something, which even such minds must visible, amidst the reserve and abstraction needs enjoy and cultivate, and can scarce of a pensive mind ? In our sanguine hours support their heroism without, and that is, do we not assume too much, and in our a fine state of our whole machine, suitable melancholy, think ourselves despised ? Nafor all the delicacy and dignity both of turally, the end and pleasure of friendship thought and moral deportment.

is, to have an admirer : will our friendship “ These blooming graces, these tender then lose nothing, when humility comes to shoots of pure nature I was going to de- search it? Knowledge is so great a good scribe, but alas! the saturnine bias of my in the eyes of man, that it can rival friendsoul carries one another way. I must tell ship, and most other enjoyments at once. you, (what I am better acquainted with) Some have sequestered themselves from all how a chilling frost, called time and truth, society in order to pursue it. But whosoexperience and the circle of human life, ever you be that are to be made happy by will shortly kill or wither all these beauties, knowledge, reflect first on your changes of and with them our very brightest expecta- opinion. It was some casual encounter in tions in this world. For, will the loftiness life, or some turn of complexion, that bid of your speculations, the generosity of your you delight in such or such opinions. And spirit, the strength and lustre of your per- they will both change together; you need sonal and social character be the same, but run the circle of all your several temwhen your blood ceases to flow as it now pers, to see every notion, every view of does, when the imagination is cold, and the things that now warms and transports you, wheels of nature move with harshness and cooled and reduced. This revolution in his pain? Will again the subordinate perfec- sentiments, a man comes at last even to tions to these, the gaiety and sweetness of expect; is a fool to himself, and depends temper, the significancy of aspect, the en- upon none of them. Reflect next upon the forcement of wit, the inexplicable rays of shortness of your discoveries. Some points soul that recommends all you do, abide of great importance to us, we despair of with you, when the body begins to deceive deciding. How little is the mind satisfied you? But what am I doing ? Have I in the common road; yet how it trembles begun to carry the charge of vanity even in leaving it; there seems to be a certain against those higher goods of life, know- critical period or boundary set to every ledge, and friendship; which are the refuge man's understanding, to which when it of the best and the veneration of all men ? comes, it is struck back and recoils upon Friendship is a sacred enclosure in life, itself. As a bird, that has fled to the utwhere the bravest souls meet together, to most of its strength, must drop down upon



whatever ground is under it; so the mind then to what purpose should there be a henceforth will not be able to strike out company


men brought up to it and mainany new thoughts but must subsist on the tained in it at the charge of a public allowstock of former conclusions, and stand to ance ? Especially when at the same time, them however defective. Reflect, lastly, on the truly godly so greedily gaped and the impertinence of your thinking. Life grasped at it for their self-denying selves. is something else than thought, why then So that preaching, we see, was their prime do we turn life into it? He that does so, engine. But now what was it, which enshall feel the pain of breaking in upon couraged these men to set up for a work, nature; the mind will devour and consume which (if duly managed) was so difficult in itself for want of outward employment. itself, and which they were never bred to ? It will also enlarge its capacity of prevari- | Why, no doubt it was, that low, cheap, illication and applying false colours to things. terate way, then commonly used, and cried Little does the warm theorist think, that up for the only gospel soul-searching way, he is not to be perfected by any of his fine (as the word then went), and which the schemes, but by a coolness to them all. craftier sort of them saw well enough, that The utmost end he can attain by theory, is with a little exercise, and much confidence, to revere and be resigned to God; and they might in a short time come to equal, that a poor mechanic does as well, perhaps if not exceed; as it cannot be denied, but better than he.”—GAMBOLD, p. 226. that some few of them (with the help of a

few friends in masquerade) accordingly did. But on the contrary, had preaching

been made, and reckoned a matter of solid [Drum Ecclesiastics.]

and true learning, of theological knowledge “ It may not be amiss” says South, “to and long and severe study, (as the nature take occasion to utter a great truth, as both of it required it to be) assuredly, no worthy to be now considered, and never to preaching cobler amongst them all, would be forgot. Namely, that if we reflect upon ever have ventured so far beyond his last, the late times of confusion, which passed as to undertake it. And consequently this upon the ministry, we shall find, that the their most powerful engine for supplanting grand design of the fanatic crew was to the church and clergy, had never been persuade the world, that a standing settled attempted, not perhaps so much as thought ministry, was wholly useless. This, I say, on: and therefore, of most singular benefit, was the main point which they then drove no question, would it be to the public, if at. And the great engine to effect this was those, who have authority to second their by engaging men of several callings (and advice, would counsel the ignorant and the those the meaner still the better) to hold forward, to consider what divinity is, and forth, and harangue the multitude, some- what they themselves are, and so to put up times in the streets, sometimes in churches, their preaching tools, their Medulla’s notesometimes in barns, and sometimes from books, their melleficiums, concordances, and pulpits, and sometimes from tubs : and in all, and betake themselves to some useful a word, wheresoever, and howsoever, they trade, which nature had most particularly could clock the senseless and unthinking fitted them for."-South's Sermons, vol. 4, babble about them. And with this prac- | p. 54. tice well followed, they (and their friends the Jesuits) concluded, that in some time, it would be no hard matter to persuade the

[An Orthodox Man without Religion.] people, that if men of other professions “A man may be orthodox in every point; were able to teach and preach the word, he may not only espouse right opinions, but

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