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MEDJIREDDEN - GONZALO DE BERCEO – ADAMS

WESLEY.

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day, God be with you, or Leave be to you. [Gate of Penitence.]

They will salute none with a good wish “When an Israelite committed a sin, on unless they know his business: as if every the morrow it was found written either on man's business required so little haste as to his forehead or the door of his house. He tarry the leisure of their acquaintance. If then went to a place which is now included all men should pledge them in their own in the Great Mosque, and called the Gate cup, they might pass their whole life withof Penitence,—there he performed penance, out a God speed. They say, we cannot tell and when that penance was accepted, the whither he goes, or about what; it may

be miraculous writing disappeared.”—MEDJI- he's going to the tavern to be drunk. It's REDDEN, Fundgruben des Orients.

but a peradventure that he is going to be
drunk; but without all peradventure thou

art not sober that darest so rashly judge The mode of making a Recluse was very

thy brother.”—T. Adams's Exposition upon

the Second Epistle of S. Peter, 1633.
summary:
ENTENDIO el Confessor que era aspirada,
Fizo con su mano soror toca negrada
Fo end a pocos dias fecha emparedada ; [Whole Service read by the Parish Clerk.]
Ovo grand alegria quando fo encerrada.

WESLEY says that the whole service
GONZALO DE BERCEO, S. Dom. 325. of the church' was read in some churches

by the Parish Clerk, perhaps every Lord's

Day. He seems to say that this was parti[The Baptized and the Unbaptized.] cularly the case in the west of England. One of the Missionaries whom Virgilius, The pamphlet in which this assertion is

made is dated in the

year

1745.-WESLEY'S the Bishop of Salzburg (vir sapiens et bene doctus de Hiberniâ insulâ) sent among the

Works, vol. 12, p. 351. Slavonic people, made the converted serfs sit with him at table where wine was served to them in gilt beakers, while he ordered

[“ Loqui variis linguis nolite prohibere."] their unbaptized lords to sit on the ground,

The Romanists of a later age were at no out of doors, where the food and wine was thrown before them and they were left to

loss for an invention which should invalidate serve themselves.

the permission given to the Moravians. When the lords demanded why they were treated in this

The following curious passage occurs in the manner, he replied, “You, with your un

lives of St. Cyril and St. Methodius, pubbaptized bodies are not worthy to sit with lished by the Bollandists in their great col

lection, ex MS. Blanburano. those who have been regenerated in the sa

tolic Father and the other rulers of the cred font,—but rather to take your food out of doors like dogs.”De conversione Ba

Church reproved the blessed Cyril because ioariorum et Carinthanorum ad fidem Chris

he had dared to set forth the canonical tianam, -apud Scriptores Rerum Bohemi

hours in the Slavonic tongue, and thus to carum, p. 18.

alter the institutions of the Holy Fathers.
But he humbly answering, said, Brethren

and Lords, observe ye the words of the
[Rash Judgment reproved.]

Apostle, saying, loqui variis linguis nolite

prohibere, forbid not to speak with various "There is a generation of men that teach tongues. Following the apostolic precept, it is unlawful to salute men with, Good I did that which ye reprove. But they

• The apos

FOULES - HELYOT - HERBERT.

109

said, Although the Apostle may have advised to speak in various tongues, yet hath

[Reading of Sermons.] he not willed that the divine solemnities " THE Lesser Council of Lausanne, in should be chaunted in this tongue wherein Switzerland, has addressed a circular letter thou hast set them forth. But when the to all the pastors of the Canton, purportaltercation between them concerning this ing that they have learned that many of thing waxed more and more, the blessed them have adopted a too convenient method Cyril brought before them the words of of reading their sermons in the pulpit, conDavid, saying, it is written, Omnis Spiritus trary to the ecclesiastical ordinances, inlaudet Dominum, let every thing that hath

stead of delivering them from memory. breath praise the Lord. Now if every

The Council have therefore made known thing that hath breath should magnify the that no pastor must read his sermons withLord by praising him, wherefore do ye

for

out special permission." bid me to have the solemnities of mass and I copy this from a Magazine of 1806. of the hours modulated in the Slavonic tongue." Siquidem si quivessimus illi populo aliter aliquando cum ceteris nationibus subvenire in linguâ Græcâ vel Latinâ, omnino que [An Hourthe Sermon's length in former reprehenditis non sanxissem.-Acta Sancto

daysnot more.] rum. Martii, t. 2, p. 23.

GEORGE HERBERT says, “the Parson exceeds not an hour in preaching; because all ages have thought that a competency;

and he that profits not in that time, will [A Tub-thumper.]

less afterwards, the same affection which Foules says of the “ tub-thuinpers” in made him not profit before, making him his days, that they are “a sort of people then weary, and so he grows from not remore antic in their devotions than Don lishing, to loathing."-A Priest to the TemBusco's fencing-master; and can so wrinkle ple, p. 28. their faces with a religious (as they think it) wry look, that you may read there all the Persian or the Arabic alphabet, and

[St. Catherine of Sienna.] have a more lively view of the Egyptian

S. CATHERINE of Sienna had a curious hieroglyphics than either Kircherus or Pierius will afford you.”History of the Plots mode of proving that she was the cause of

all the sins that were committed. She of our pretended Saints, p. 80.

prayed, she said, for the conversion of sinners: and they were not converted; now

the cause of this failure could not be any [Popular Preacher.]

defect in the Creator, in whom there is no When F. Thomas Conecte, who was af

defect: therefore it must be in her want of terwards burnt at Rome, (the Carmelites faith and divine love sufficient to make her say, wrongfully) preached in the great prayers efficacious ;—so that all the sins towns of Flanders and Artois, the churches which were committed were in this manner were so filled that he used to be hoisted in attributable to her, and were indeed so the middle of the church by a cord, in or- many convincing proofs of her own unworder to be heard,-on fut obligé de la sus- thiness. Her crafty confessor admired this pendre au milieu de l'eglise avec une corde, new mode of humility, and though afin qu'il pût être entendu de tout le monde. objections to the logic occurred to him, he -HELYOT, vol. 1, p. 327.

was too humble to advance them. But I

some

110

JOHNSON - WESLEY

MACARIUS.

transcribe the words of the arch-rogue who sure. He is always obliged to go at a cerfor the audacity of his blasphemous impos- tain hour. This is very disagreeable to a tures well deserved the rank which he af- man who loves to fold his legs and have terwards attained,—that of General of the out his talk, as I do." Dominicans.

“— Aliquando ego, &c.

[Man's Unreadiness to Godwards.] [Whitefield's Oratory, lightly esteemed by

“I am often grieved to observe, that alDr. Johnson.]

though on His part the gifts and callings of DR. JOHNSON would not allow much me- God are without repentance ; although He rit to Whitefield's oratory. "His popularity, never repents of anything he has given us, Sir, said he, is chiefly owing to the peculi- but is willing to give it always, yet so very arity of his manner. He would be followed few retain the same ardour of affection by crowds were he to wear a night cap in which they received, either when they were the pulpit, or were he to preach from a justified, or when they were (more fully) tree.”—BOSWELL, vol. 2, p. 59.

sanctified."—WESLEY's Works, vol. 16, p. 261.

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[Johnson on the Expulsion of Methodists from Oxford.]

[Justification and Sanctification.] “I TALKED," says BOSWELL, “ of the re

“Although it usually pleases God to cent expulsion of six students from the interpose some time between Justification University of Oxford, who were Metho

and Sanctification, yet we must not fancy dists, and would not desist from publicly

this to be an invariable rule. All who praying and exhorting. Johnson. Sir, that

think this must think we are sanctified expulsion was extremely just and proper. by works, or (which comes to the same) by What have they to do at an university, who

sufferings. For otherwise, what is time neare not willing to be taught, but will pre

cessary for? It must be either to do, or sume to teach ? Where is religion to be

to suffer. Whereas if nothing be required learnt but at an university ? Sir, they were

but simple faith, a moment is as good as an examined, and found to be mighty ignorant age.”-Wesley's Works, vol. 16, p. 63. fellows. BOSWELL. But was it not hard, Sir, to expel them, for I am told they were good beings ? Johnson, I believe they might be good beings; but they were not

[Marvellous Present of a Relic.] fit to be in the University of Oxford. A

When Macarius, the Patriarch of Ancow is a very good animal in a field ; but tioch, was at Yassy, he made the Bey of we turn her out of a garden.—Lord Eli

Moldavia “a present of immense value: bank used to repeat this as an illustration

it was the lower jaw of St. Basil the Great, uncommonly happy.”

of a yellow colour, very hard and heavy, and shining like gold. Its smell was more delightful than amber, and the small and

large teeth were remaining in it unmoved, [Dr. Johnson's remark on Wesley's incon

It came into our hands at Constantinople, tinent Haste.]

says Paul the Archdeacon, (Historiographer “ John WESLEY's conversation is good," to the Patriarch on his travels) where it said Dr. Johnson “ but he is never at lei- had been treasured up by the relatives of BAXTER - WESLEY - DONNE.

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Kyr Gregorius, Metropolitan of the ancient | 'I have frequently been as fully assured Cæsarea, and was bought for its price in that my father's spirit was with me, as if I gold."— Travels of Macarius, p. 55. had seen him with my eyes.' But she did

not explain herself any further. I have

myself many times found on a sudden so [Why the Young are more Zealous than lively an apprehension of a deceased friend, the Middle-aged.]

that I have sometimes turned about to look; “I have been often musing upon this, at the same time I have felt an uncommon why the generality of Christians, even those affection for them. But I never had any that really are such, are less zealous and thing of this kind with regard to any but

those that died in faith. In dreams I have less active for God, when they are middleaged, than they were when they were young ?

had exceeding lively conversations with May we not draw an answer to this ques

them: and I doubt not but then they were tion, from that declaration of our Lord (no very near." less than eight times repeated by the Evangelists). To him that hath (uses what he hath) shall be given; but from him that hath

[Wesley and the Statute of Mortmain.] not, shall be taken away that he hath. A measure of zeal and activity is given to

“ To oblige a friendly gentlewoman," every one, when he finds peace with God. says WESLEY, (Journal, 10, p. 21) “ I was If he earnestly and diligently uses this ta

a witness to her will, wherein she belent, it will surely be increased. But if he queathed part of her estate to charitable ceases (yea, or intermits) to do good, he uses ; and part during his natural life, to insensibly loses both the will and the power.

her dog Toby. I suppose though she should So there is no possible way to retain those die within the year, her legacy to Toby may talents, but to use them to the uttermost.”

stand good. But that to the poor is null -WESLEY's Works, vol. 16, p. 253.

and void, by the statute of Mortmain.

[Baxter's extreme Notions on the Efficacy of Prayer.]

[Vade ad Apem.] BAXTER believed that the woman whom " Pliny names one Aristomachum Sohe afterwards married was healed by means lensem, that spent threescore years in the of prayer, when far gone in consumption, contemplation of bees : our whole time for and after medicine, change of air, and this exercise is but threescore minutes, and breast-milk had been tried without effect. therefore we say no more of this but Vade “My praying neighbours," he says, “ had ad Apem, practise the sedulity of the Bee, often prayed for me in dangerous illness, labour in thy calling."—Donne, Sermon 70, and I had speedy help. I had lately swal- p. 713. lowed a gold bullet for a medicine, which lodged in me too long, and no means would bring it away, till they met to fast and pray,

[St. Antholins.] and it came away that morning.”

We shall grow famous, have all sorts repair

As duly to us, as the barren wives [Nearness of our Departed Ones.]

Of aged citizens do to St. Antholins.” “I have heard my mother say, (says

CARTWRIGHT's Ordinary. MR. WESLEY, in a letter to Lady Maxwell,)

“I do hope

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[Wesley and the Cockfighter.]

[Perseverance in dry Duty.] “I met a gentleman in the streets (at “ The most desirable prayer is that where Newcastle) cursing and swearing in so we can quite pour out our soul, and freely dreadful a manner, that I could not but | talk with God. But it is not this alone stop him. He soon grew calmer, told me which is acceptable to him. 'I love one he must treat me with a glass of wine, and (said a holy man) that perseveres in dry that he would come and hear me, only he duty. Beware of thinking even this is lawas afraid I should say something against bour lost. God does much work in the fighting of cocks." --Journal, 5, p. 94. heart even at those seasons.

And when the soul, sighing to be approved,
Says could I love! and stops ; God writeth

loved."
[Wesley and Lincoln College.]

WESLEY's Works, vol. 16, p. 127. MR. WESLEY in defending himself against the charge of irregularity for gathering congregations everywhere, and exercising his ministerial office anywhere, contrary

[Wesley an Eracter of Discipline.] to the design of that parochial distribution He was careful to enforce the discipline of duty settled throughout this nation, makes of Methodism. In a letter to Mr. Benson this curious remark, “it is remarkable that he says “We must threaten no longer, but Lincoln College was founded · Ad propa- perform. In November last, I told the gandam Christianam fidem, et extirpandas London Society Our rule is, to meet a Hereses.'"

class once a week; not once in two or three. I now give you warning: I will give tickets

to none in February, but those that have Experience.

done this.' I have stood to my word. Go “You will encourage J. T. (says Mr. you and do likewise, wherever you visit the WESLEY,) to send me a circumstantial ac- classes.Promises to meet, are now out of count of God's dealings with her soul. Mr. date. Those that have not met seven times Norris observes, that no part of history is in the quarter, exclude. Read their names so profitable as that which relates to the in the Society; and inform them all, you great changes in states and kingdoms; and will the next quarter exclude all that have it is certain no part of Christian history is not met twelve times; that is, unless they so profitable as that which relates to great were hindered by distance, sickness, or by changes wrought in our souls: these there- some unavoidable business. And I pray, fore should be carefully noticed and trea

without fear or favour remove the leaders, sured up for the encouragement of our whether of classes or bands, who do not brethren."—WESLEY's Works, vol. 16, p. watch over the souls committed to their

care • as those that must give account.'

WESLEY's Works, vol. 16, p. 286. [Passide Prayer.] “At some times,” says WESLEY, “it is needful to say, 'I will pray with the Spirit,

[Wesley and Quakerism.] and with the understanding also.' At other “ FINDING no other

WESLEY, times the understanding has little to do, (Journal, vol. 6, p. 66,) “ to convince some while the soul is poured forth in passive who were hugely in love with that solemn

trifle, my brother and I were at the pains

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way,” says

prayer.

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