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of reading over Robert Barclay's Apology, l ter himself had more cause to be ashamed with them being willing to receive the for having used language so indiscreet and light, their eyes were opened. They saw unwarrantable. his nakedness and were ashamed."

[The Culimites. Who?] [Supineness of the Clergy previous to “The Culimites were so called from their Whitfield's Appearance.]

founder, one David Culey, who lived about MR. TOPLADY, in one of his sermons, the time of the Revolution, and was, as I speaks thus of the Establishment to which have been informed, a native of Guyherne he belonged. “I believe no denomination (a hamlet of Wisbech St. Peter's), most of of professing Christians (the Church of Rome the inhabitants of which place became his excepted) were so generally void of the followers, and many also of Whittlesea, light and life of godliness, so generally des-Wisbech St. Mary's Ontwell, and Upwell; titute of the doctrine and of the grace of till at length his flock, from very small bethe Gospel, as was the Church of Eng. ginnings, was increased to seven or eight land, considered as a body, about fifty hundred; but since his death, which hapyears ago. At that period a converted pened about the year 1718, it has been conminister in the Establishment was as great tinually on the decline, and is now so much a wonder as a comet; but now, blessed be reduced, that according to the account reGod, since that precious, that great apostle turned in by the churchwardens, there are of the English empire, the late dear Mr. not above fifteen families of this sect reWhitefield was raised up in the spirit and maining in the diocese of Ely, who all dwell power of Elias, the word of God has run at Wisbech St. Mary's and Guyherne. Daand been glorified; many have believed vid Culey resided generally at Guyherne, and been added to the Lord all over the where he had a meeting-house, and was in three kingdoms; and still, blessed be his such esteem among his followers as to be name, the great Shepherd and Bishop of styled the Bishop of Guyherne. As to his souls continues still to issue his word, and doctrine it differed very little, I believe, great is the company of preachers, greater from that of the Anabaptists, to which sect and greater every year."

I have been told he himself originally belonged. I once saw a book written by David Culey, wherein his notions were par

ticularly described ; the title-page of it was [Barter on Infants' Guilt and Corruption.]

as follows, * The Glory of the Two Crowned The “ignorant rout" at Kidderminster, Heads, Adam and Christ unveiled; or the as Calamy calls them, were once raging Mystery of the New Testament opened.'" mad against Baxter for preaching “ that | -Bentham's History of Ely. infants before regeneration had so much guilt and corruption as made them loathsome in the eyes of God. Whereupon they vented it abroad in the country that he

Sortes Biblica. preached that God hated and loathed in This was an early superstition. “It apfants. So that they railed at him as he pears," says BINGHAM, (b. 16, c. 5, § 3.) passed through the streets.” Dr. Calamy “that some of the inferior clergy, out of a adds, that when on the next “Lord's Day" base spirit and love of filthy lucre, encouhe cleared and confirmed this doctrine, the raged this practice, and made a trade of it people were ashamed and silent. But Bax- | in the French church: whence the Gallician



Councils are very frequent in the condem- | by ladies, and sent in my gown through St. nation of it."

Paul's churchyard, to ask for Rochester's
Divine Poems. But he is mistaken in a

| main circumstance of the story, for 'twas [On Reciting Sermons by Rote.] not a gown, but a cloak verily, with which “ The reciting or repeating part of me- | I was accoutred, as were then most of our mory," says South, " is so necessary, that | Academics, when I was sent on that wise Cicero himself observes of oratory (which errand, not long after I came from the indeed upon a sacred subject is preaching), Grammar school, while I was a member of that upon the want of memory alone 'om- | their private Academy, and before I learnt nia etiamsi præclartssima fuerint, in oratore among them to know the world better than peritura.' And we know that to a popular I wish I had ever known it. And where's auditory it is, upon the matter, all. There the miracle, that three arch lasses in conbeing, in the esteem of many, but little cert should be too hard for a raw scholar?” difference between sermons read and homi- -SAMUEL WESLEY's Reply to Palmer, p. lies, save only this, that homilies are much | 139. better." — Sermons, vol. 4, p. 18.

[Profane Swearing.] [Medal struck by the Methodists expelled |

“Mr. B. went to the mayor and said, “Sir, the University.]

I come to inform against a common swearer.

I believe he swore a hundred oaths last SAMUEL WESLEY, the elder, speaks of a

night; but I marked down only twenty.' medal “struck by those Reliquie Danaum

• Sir,' said the mayor, 'you do very right who were scattered round the world, after

in bringing him to justice. What is his they were forced from the University : on

name?' He replied, 'R— D-—' 'R— D! the one side of which was a tomb with this

answered the mayor; why that is my son!' inscription, Pice memoriæ Academia 0.xoni

Yes, sir,' said Mr. B., "so I understand.' ensis : on the reverse, Deo, Ecclesiæ, Prin

“Nay, sir,' said he, “I have nothing to say cipi, Victima."

in his defence. If he breaks the law, he

must take what follows.'”- WESLEY's Jour[Unhappy Transformation.]

nal, vol. 6, p. 155. “Ou that a man should think that to be transformed into a brute for an hour or more should be the way to become a pro [The Profane Swearer rebuked.] phet! I was offended, and God (I think) | " As I was walking up Pilgrim Street, is offended, that when his gracious and good hearing a man call after me, I stood still. Spirit descended down on Christ as a dove, He came up and used much abusive lanthese men should be for bringing him down guage, intermixed with many oaths and as a vulture to tear and shake them in curses. Several people came out to see pieces in the communication of it to them.” | what was the matter: on which he pushed

-A Warning concerning the French Prophets. Single sheet.

“Upon inquiry, I found this man had sig. nalized himself of a long season, by abusing

and throwing stones at any of our family [Wesley and Rochester's Divine Poems !] who went that way. Therefore I would

"IIE is very pleasant with me for know- not lose the opportunity, but on Monday, ing so little of the world as to be bantered | 4, sent him the following note :

nd W

me once



* Robert Young,
I expect to see you between this and

[Wesley's Daily Labour.] Friday, and to hear from you that you are “At the close of the year 1786,” Mr. sensible of your fault. Otherwise, in pity WESLEY says, “all the time I could save till to your soul, I shall be obliged to inform the end of the week, I spent in transcribing the magistrates of your assaulting me yes

| the Society, a dull, but necessary work, terday in the street. I am

which I have taken upon myself once a year •Your real friend, for near these fifty years." --Journal, vol.

“John Wesley.' 21. p. 25. “Within two or three hours, Robert Young came and promised a quite different

[Wesley on the Expediency of Field. behaviour. So did this gentle reproof, if not

Preaching.] save a soul from death, yet prevented a multitude of sins."

"A vast majority of the immense congregation in Moorfields were deeply serious. One such hour might convince any impar

tial man of the expediency of field preach[Profane Swearers silenced.] ing. What building, except St. Paul's “At Darlington, it being the fair-day,

church, would contain such a congregation ? we could scarce find a place to hide our

And if it would, what human voice could head. At length we got into a little inn,

have reached them there? By repeated obbut were obliged to be in a room where

servations I find I can command thrice the there was another set of company, some of

number in the open air that I can under a whom were cursing and swearing much.

roof."- WESLEY's Journal, vol. 11. p. 83. Before we went away, I stepped to them, and asked, “Do you think yourselves that this kind of talking is right?' One of them [Power of the Gospel in Hospitals.] warmly replied, “Sir, we have said nothing which we have need to be ashamed of.' I

MR. WESLEY himself perceived with what said, “Have you not need to be ashamed of effect religious labourers might be employed disobliging your best friend? And is not

in a hospital. Writing in 1741, he says, “I God the best friend you have ?' They

visited a young man in St. Thomas's hospistared first at me, and then at one another.

tal, who in strong pain was praising God But no man answered a word."

continually. At the desire of many of the patients, I spent a short time with them, in exhortation and prayer. O what a harvest

might there be, if any lover of souls who [Warburton's Suggestion for exposing idle has time upon his hands, would constantly Fanatics.]

attend these places of distress, and with ten" WARBURTON says, in one of his letters

derness and meekness of wisdom, instruct to Birch, 'I tell you what I think would be

and exhort those on whom God has laid his the best way of exposing these idle fanatics

hands, to know and improve the day of their the printing passages out of George Fox's

visitation.”Journal, vol. 5, p. 3. Journal, and Ignatius Loyola, and Whitefield's Journals, in parallel columns. Their conformity in folly is amazing.'”_NICHOLS's

[Wickedness of the Marshalsea Prison.] Illustrations, vol. 2, p. 109.

“ I visited one in the Marshalsea Prison, a nursery of all manner of wickedness. ()

[blocks in formation]

p. 41.

shame to man, that there should be such a [Microscopic AnimalsWonders of.] place, such a picture of hell upon earth! | “I met with a tract." say3 WESLEY. (JourAnd shame to those who bear the name of nal, vol. 10, p. 7,) “which utterly confounded Christ, that there should need any prison

all my philosophy. I had long believed that at all in Christendom !” – Journal, vol. 9,

microscopic animals were generated, like all other animals, by parents of the same species. But Mr. Needham makes it highly

probable that they constitute a peculiar class [Eating of Blood.]

of animals, differing from all others in this: “A YOUNG gentleman called upon me." that they neither are generated, or genesays WESLEY, (Journal, vol. 6, p. 103)“whose rate, nor subsist by food in the ordinary father is an eminent minister in Scotland, way." and was in union with Mr. Glas, till Mr. | Glas renounced him, because they did not

[Wesley's Doubts on Astronomy.] agree as to the eating of blood. Although I wonder any should disagree about this, who “Ar the request of the author, I took have read the fifteenth chapter of the Acts, some pains in correcting an ingenious book and considered that no Christian in the uni- | shortly to be published. But the more I verse did eat it, till the Pope repealed the consider them, the more I doubt of all sys

consider them, the law which had remained ever since Noah's

tems of astronomy. I doubt whether we can flood.”

certainly know the distance or magnitude of any star in the firmament. Else why do

astronomers so immensely differ, even with [Newtonian and Hutchinsonian Principles.]

regard to the distance of the sun from the “I READ Mr. Jones's ingenious Essay on

earth? Some aflirming it to be only twelve, the Principles of Natural Philosophy. Je

others ninety millions of miles !”Journal,

vol. 10, p. 92. seems to have totally overthrown the Newtonian principles. But whether he can es “I FINISHED Dr. Roger's Essay on the tablish the Hutchinsonian is another ques Learning of the Ancients. I think he has tion.”—Journal, vol. 14, p. 24.

clearly proved that they had microscopes and telescopes, and knew all that is valuable in the modern astronomy. But indeed

he has fully shown the whole frame of this [Wesley's Thanksgiving for his wonderful

to be quite uncertain, if not self-contraDeliverance.]

dictory.”—Ibid, p. 109. In his Journal for 1750, Mr. WESLEY thus refers to his providential deliverance. “Friday, February 9th, we had a comfortable watch-night at the chapel. About eleven 1 [Question, if those in Paradise know what is o'clock it came into my mind, that this was

passing on Earth.] the very day and hour in which, forty years “We had as usual most of the inhabitants ago, I was taken out of the flames. I stop- | (of Epworth) at the Cross in the afternoon. ped and gave a short account of that won- | I called afterwards on Mr. — and his derful providence. The voice of praise and | wife, a venerable pair, calmly hastening into thanksgiving went up on high, and great | eternity. If those in Paradise know what was our rejoicing before the Lord.” passes on earth, I doubt not but my father

is rejoicing and praising God, who has in his own manner and time accomplished what BOSWELL - BISHOP HALL - WORDSWORTH - WESLEY.


he had so often attempted in vain.”—Jour-| nal, vol. 9, p. 54.

[Whitgift's Care in drawing up his Notes

for Preaching.] “ ARCHBISHOP Whitgift never preached

but he first wrote his notes in Latin, and [Johnson never treated White field's Ministry

afterwards kept them during his life. For with Contempt.]

he would say, that whosoever took that “ WHITEFIELD," said Johnson, “never pains before his preaching, the older he drew as much attention as a mountebank waxed, the better he should discharge that does : he did not draw attention by doing duty; but if he trusted only to his memory, better than others, but by doing what was his preaching in time would become pratstrange. Were Astley to preach a sermon ling."-DR. WORDSWORTU's Eccl. Biog. standing upon his head on a horse's back, vol. 4, p. 377. he would collect a multitude to hear him; but no wise man would say he had made a better sermon for that. I never treated [On the breaking off of Habitsexemplified Whitefield's ministry with contempt: I be L in Wesley's leaving off Tea.] lieve he did good. He had devoted himself “AFTER talking largely with both the to the lower classes of mankind, and among men and woman leader, we agreed it would them he was of use. But when familiarity prevent great expense, as well of health as and noise claim the praise due to knowledge, of time, and of money, if the poorer people art, and elegance, we must beat down such of our society could be persuaded to leave pretensions.”—BosWELL, vol. 3, p. 328. off drinking of tea. We resolved ourselves

to begin and set the example. I expected some difficulty, in breaking off a custom of

six and twenty years' standing. And ac[Four Popes destitute of Common Sense.]

cordingly the three first days my head QUEEN Christina told Burnett “it was

aked, more or less, all day long, and I was certain that the church was governed by the

half asleep from morning to night. The immediate care and providence of God; for

third day, on Wednesday in the afternoon, none of the four Popes that she had known

my memory fail'd, almost intirely. In the since she came to Rome had common sense."

evening I sought my remedy in prayer. She added, “ they were the first and the last

| On Thursday morning my headache was of men."

gone. My memory was as strong as ever. And I have found no inconvenience, but a

sensible benefit in several respects, from [Bishop Hall's Care on the drawing up of

that very day to this."—WESLEY's Journal, his Discourses.]

vi. p. 135. Bishop Hall composed his discourses with great care; “Never,” he says, “durst

[On Blasphemous Thoughts.] I climb into the pulpit to preach any sermon, whereof I had not before in my poor

“ Many persons about fifty or a hundred and plain fashion, penned every word in

years ago,” says MICHAELIS, “ found themthe same order wherein I hoped to deliver selves grievously oppressed with spiritual it, although in the expression I listed not

trials as they were called, and were filled to be a slave to syllables."

with anguish on account of blasphemous thoughts which Satan was said to suggest. Books were written about this time, which still sometimes appear in auctions, under

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