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owne hart, for which I desire to bee hum- good pleasure. You were with us, in the blie thankefull.
forme of things—why not in the power? I “I doe not condemne your reasoninges, am perswaded your hart hankers after the I doubt them, it's easie to object to the hearts of your poore friendes—and will unglorious actinges of God - if we look too till you can find others to close with—which much upon instruments. I have heard | I trust (though wee in ourselves bee concomputations made of the members in temptible) God will not lett
doe. par. Int'-good kept out, the most bad re- "My service to the deare little lady, I mayning; it has beene soe this 9 yeears, wish you make her not a greater temptation yett what has God wrought, the greatest than she is take heede of all relations workes last, and still is at worke there- mercyes should not bee soe, yet wee too fore take heede of this scandall.—Bee not ofte make them soe. offended att the manner, perhaps noe other “ The Lord direct your thoughtes into way was left, what if God accepted the the obedience of his will, and give you rest zeale? as he did that of Phineas, whoose rea- and peace in the truth, pray for son might have called for a furye. (?) What Your most true and affectionate if the Lord have witnessed his approbation
Servant in the Lord, and acceptance to this alsoe? not only by
0. CROMWELL. signall outward acts, but to the hart alsoe.
Corke, 1st of Sept. 1649. What if I feare my friend should withdrawe his shoulder from the Lord's worke, (O it's “I received a letter from Rob. Hamgreivous to doe soe) through scandalls, mond whome trulye I love in the Lord through mistaken reasoninges, there's dif- with most entyre affection, it much grieved ficulty—there's trouble-in the other way, mee, not because I judged but feared the there's saftye-case-wisdom.
whole spirit of itt—was from—tentation, “ In the one noe cleerness, (this is an ob- indeed I thought I perceived a proceedinge jection indeed) in the other satisfaction. in it at which the Lord will (I trust) cause It is well if wee thought of that first and him to vnlearne. I would fayne have writsevered from the other considerations which ten to him, but am straightened in tyme, doe often byace if not bribe the minde, would hee would bee with us a little, perwhereby mists are often raised in the way haps it would doe noe hurt to him.” wee should walke in, and wee call it dark
For the Right IIonourable nesse or dissatisfaction. O our deceiptfull
the Lord Wharton. harts, O this fleting world! How great is it to bee the Lord's servant in any drudgerie? (I thought not to have written neere Note. For the Lord Wharton, that is, Philip Lord the other side love will not lett me Wharton, whom Clarendon describes as alone. I have been often provoked)—in all man” to the Parliamentarians. See notices in hazards his work is fare above the worlds
WHITELOCK and ThurloE and in Noble Memoirs. best. He makes us able in trouble to say
This first letter, as Mr. Tilbrook remarks,
was evidently intended to remove certain scrusoe, wee cannot of ourselves. How hard a
ples entertained by Lord Wharton as to the justhing it is to reason ourselves up to the tice of bringing King Charles to a criminal trial Lord's service—though it bee soe honoura- without the benefit of a jury.”. Robert Hamble, bow easie to putt ourselves out of itt, mond, mentioned in the postscript, was Cromwhere the Flesh has soe many advantages.
well's cousin, and had married a daughter of “ You was desired to goe alonge with us,
Hampden. He commanded as a general officer
at the battle of Naseby, and was governor of the I wish it still, yet wee are not tryumphinge Isle of Wight, and the humane gaoler of -We may (for ought flesh knowes) suffer | Charles I. during his confinement there.”—J. after all this, the Lord prepare us for his
“ For the Right Noble the Lord Wharton, “ For the Right Honble. the Lord Wharton. Theise.
My Lord, “ Dunbarr, Sept. 4th. 1650.
“ I know I write to my friend therefore “My deare Lord,
give leave to one bould word, in my very “ I PROVE I love you—love you the Lord hart, your Lordship Dick Norton, Tom -take heede of disputinge, I was vntoward Westrowe, Robt. Hammond (though not when I spake last with you in St. Jeames intentionally) have helped one an other to parke, I spake crosse in stateinge groundes, stumble att the dispensations of God, and I spake to my iudginges of you which was
to reason your selves out of his servicethat you shall I name others? H. Lau
which (?) now you have an oportunitye to rence- -Rob. Hammond, &c. had ensnared associate with his people in his worke—and your selves with disputes--I believe you
to manifest your willingnesse, and desire, desired to bee satisfied and weyed and to serve the Lord, against his and his peodoubted your sinceritye, 'twas well—but ple's enemies. Would you bee blessed out vprightnesse (if itt bee not puerlye of God) of Zion-and see the good of his peoplemay bee nay is comonlye deceaued, (?) the and reioyce with his inheritance~I advise Lord perswade you, and all my deare you all, in the bowells of love, let it apeare friendes—the results of your thoughts con- you offer your selves willingly to his workcerning late transactions, I knowe all your wherein to bee accepted is more honor mistakes by a better argument than successe, from the Lord—then the world—can give let not your ingaginge too far vpon your
or hath. own iudgments bee your tentation or snare “I am perswaded it needes you not save-much lesse successes—least you should as our Lord and Master needed the beastbee thought to returne vpon lesse noble to shew his humilitye, meeknesse, and conargument-it is in my hart to write the descention—but you neede it to declare same thinges to Norton, Mountagu, and your submission to and owninge yourself the others—I pray you reade or comunicate Lord's, and his people, --if you can breake theise foolish lines to others. I have knowne through ould disputes I shall reioyce, if my folly do good—when affection has over
you help others to doe soe—alsoe doe not come my reason—I pray you iudge mee
say you are now satisfied, because it is the sinceere least a preiudice or coil bee putt | ould quarrell as if it had not beene soe all vpon after advantages. How gracious has this while, I have noe leisure, but a great the Lord beene in this great businesse. deale of entyer affection to you and yours
" Lord hyde not thy mercyes from our and those names, which I thus plainly exeyes—my servise to the deare Ladye,
presse--thankes to you and the dear Lady “I rest your most humble Servant, for all love and for poor foolish in all. (?) I “ O. CROMWELL."
am in good earnest, and soe alsoe,
“ Yr Lordps faythfull Friend, Note. This letter was written the day after the
" and most humble Servant, battle of Dunbar,-on which day Cromwell ap
“ O. CROMWELL. pears to have written two other letters at least, one to Mr. Speaker Lenthall, and another to his rela
“ Stratford on Avor, tion, Richard Major, Esq. Harsley, Hants. See
Augt. 27th. 1651.” Hawk's Life of Oliver Cromwell, vol. 3, p. 238, and Appendix, p. 513.
Note. This letter was written during CromThe persons alluded to in it are Colonel Robert well's pursuit of King Charles II. and just a Hammond, abovementioned; H. Lawrence, after- week previous to the memorable battle of Worwards Lord H. Lawrence; Colonel Norton; and cester, which was fought on the anniversary of Montague, afterwards Earl of Sandwich. See that of Enbar. TILBROOKE'S MSS.-J. W. W.
Mr. Tilbrook says,
66 of the third person men
ham told Lincoln, that St. David's was the Laud.
man that undermined him with her son.
And verily such is his aspiring nature, that ARCHBISHOP ABBOT, in his Narrative he will underwork any man in the world, (RUSHWORTH, vol. 1,) speaks of him thus
so that he may gain by it. malignantly.
“ This man who believeth so well of him“ This man is the only inward counsellor self, framed an answer to my exceptions. with Buckingham, sitting with him some
But to give some countenance to it, he times privately whole hours, and feeding must call in three other bishops, that is to his humours with malice and spight. His
say, Durham, Rochester, and Oxford, tried life in Oxford was to pick quarrels in the
men for such a purpose ; and the whole lectures of the public readers, and to ad- style of the speech runneth We and We.” vertise them to the then Bishop of Durham, that he might fill the ears of King James with discontents against the honest men that took pains in their places, and settled 1626. LAUD wrote a kind letter in bethe truth (which he called Puritanism) in half of some Catholic Priests in the Clink their auditors. IIe made it his work to see prison whose rooms had been searched, and what books were in the press, and to look complaint made to the H. Commons of the over epistles dedicatory and prefaces to superstitious matters found there. “Good the reader, to see what faults might be Mr. Attorney (General),” he says, “I thank found. It was an observation what a sweet
you for acquainting me what was done yesman this was like to be, that the first ob- terday at the Clink. But I am of opinion servable act that he did was the marrying that if you had curiously enquired upon of the Earl of D. to the Lady R. when it the gentleman who gave the information, was notorious to the world that she had you should have found him to be a disciple another husband, and the same a nobleman of the Jesuits, for they do nothing but put who had divers children then living by her. tricks on these poor men, who do live more King James did for many years take this miserable lives than if they were in the Inso ill, that he would never hear of any quisition in many parts beyond the seas. great preferment of him ; insomuch that By taking the oath of allegiance, and writthe Bishop of Lincoln, Dr. Williams, who ing in defence of it, and opening some points taketh upon him to be the first promoter of high consequence, they have so disof him, hath many times said, that when he pleased the Pope, that if by any cunning made mention of Laud to the King his they could catch them, they are sure to be Majesty was so averse from it, that he was burnt or strangled for it. And once there constrained oftentimes to say, that he would was a plot to have taken Preston, as he never desire to serve that master which past the Thames, and to have shipt him could not remit one fault unto his servant. into a bigger vessel, and so to have transWell, in the end he did conquer it, to get ported him into Flanders, there to have him to the Bishopric of St. Davids, which made a martyr of him. In respect of these he had not long enjoyed but he began to things, King J. always gave his protection undermine his benefactor, as at this day to Preston and Warrington. Cannon is an it appeareth. The Countess of Bucking- old man, well affected to the cause, but
meddleth not with any factions or seditions, tioned in this letter, ' Tom Westrowe,'I can find
as far as I can learn. They complain their no mention whatever. Had it been · Desbrowe'
books were taken from them, and a crucifix no difficulty would have occurred.”—MSS. Notes. of gold, with some other things, which I J. W. W.
hope are not carried out of the house, but
may be restored again unto them ; for it is or the chief innovators of the Christian in vain to think that Priests will be without world, having nothing to say, accuse us of their beads or pictures and models of their innovation; they themselves and their comsaints; and it is not improbable that before plices, in the mean time, being the greatest a crucifix they do often say their prayers.” innovators that the Christian world hath -RusHwORTH, vol. 1, p. 243.
almost ever known. I deny not but others have spread more dangerous errors in the Church of Christ; but no men, in any
age of it, have been more guilty of innoAccount of his Letters to Vossius, vation than they, while themselves cry out Nichols's Calvinism, p. cxxxi.
Quis tulerit Gracchos'
1637. The information against Alex. Leighton, a Scotsman and D.D. charged LETTER to Lord Traquaire, 7th Aug. him with affirming in his plea against Pre- 1637, after the explosion at Edinburgh. lacy "that we do not read of greater per
“I think you know my opinion, how I secution and higher indignity done upon would have church business carried, were I God's people in any nation professing the as great a master of men, as (I thank God) Gospel, than in this our Island, especially I am of things. 'Tis true, the church there since the death of Queen Eliz.” Our pre
as well as elsewhere hath been overborne by lacy he termed Anti-Christian and Satani- violence, both in matter of maintenance and cal; the Bishops, men of blood, enemies to jurisdiction. But if the church will recover God and the State, ravens and magpies in either of these, she and her governors that prey upon the state; and he said that must proceed, not as she was proceeded the maintaining and establishing them in against, but by a constant temper she must this realm is a main and master sin estab- make the world see she had the wrong, but lished by law. Kneeling at the Sacrament offer none.
And since law hath followed the received spawn of the Beast." in that kingdom, perhaps to make good that The Queen he called the “ daughter of which was ill done ; yet since a law it is, Heth," and seemed most impiously to com- such a reformation or restitution would be mend him “that murdered Buckingham, sought for, as might stand with the law, and to encourage others to second him in and some expedient be found out how the such like attempts." —RushwoRTH, vol. 2, law be by some just exposition helped, till
the state shall see cause to abolish it."Ibid. vol. 2, p. 389.
“When the sentence was given against Prynn, Bastwick and Burton, Laud in his Some of Laud's libellers complained“ that speech said, “My care of this church, the the prayer for seasonable weather was reducing of it into order, the upholding of purged out of the last Fast-book, which the external worship of God in it, and the was,” said they, one cause of shipwrecks settling of it to the rules of its first Refor- and tempestuous weather.” mation, are the causes, (and the sole causes, After pleading the undoubted right to whatever are pretended) of all this mali- put in or leave out whatever should be cious storm which hath lowred so black thought fit on such occasions, he observes upon me and some of my brethren. And that “for the particular, when this last in the mean time, they which are the only, book was set out, the weather was very sea
sonable. And it is not the custom of the Also of “the great conformity and likechurch, nor fit in itself, to pray for season- ness, both continued and increased, of our able weather when we have it, but when Church to the Church of Rome, in veswe want it. When the former book was tures, postures, ceremonies, and administraset out, the weather was extreme ill, and tions; namely, as the bishop's rotchets and the harvest in danger; now, the harvest the lawn sleeves, the four-cornered cap, the was in, and the weather good.
cope and surplice, the tippet, the hood and “Thirdly, 'tis most inconsequent to say the canonical coat; the pulpits cloathed that the leaving that prayer out of the book (especially now of late) with the Jesuits' of devotions caused the shipwrecks and the badge (I. H. S.) upon them every way.” tempests which followed; and as bold they are with God Almighty in saying it was the cause. For sure I am, God never told
Sır HARBOTTLE Grimston. 1640. them that was the cause. And if God ne
“There is scarce any grievance or comver revealed it, they cannot come to know it.”—1637, Speech at the Censure of Prynne, plaint come before us in this place, wherein Bastwick and Barton, Rushworti, vol. 2, it were, twisted into it ; like a busy angry
we do not find him intermentioned, and as p. 2, App. 120.
wasp, his sting is in the tail of every thing. This man is the corrupt fountain that hath
corrupted all the streams, and till the foun20 Nov. 1640. “A RESOLUTION of the tain be purged, we can never expect nor House of Commons that none should sit in hope to have clear channels.”—Ibid. part that House after the communion-day, but 3, vol. 1, p. 122. those that had first received the sacrament. And a committee was appointed to go to the Lord Bishop Williams, Dean of West
“At the beginning of Charles's reign, minster, to desire that the elements might the monks and secular clergy disputed in be consecrated upon a communion table print concerning their respective rights to standing in the middle of the church, ac
the abbey lands! The latter relied upon cording to the Rubrick, and to have the the dispensation granted by Cardinal Pool table removed from the altar thither. The
in the second year of Queen Mary, and Dean replied, He would readily do it at therefore, they argued, this dispensation their request, and would do the like for
any having been given in public parliament, and parishioner in his diocese.” — Ibid. p. 3,
parliament having enacted that it should vol. 1, p. 53.
stand of form in law to be pleaded, &c. it may now be questioned whether, by the
ancient laws of this land, his holiness can The London Petition, 1640, complains now restore the lands of those deaneries and of the suppressing of that godly design set chapters challenged by the monks, to any on foot by certain saints, and sugared with religious order without express consent of many great gifts by sundry well-affected the king, and that this act of parliament be persons, for the buying of impropriations first repealed. and placing of able ministers in them, main- “ • And therefore,' says Mr. Button, a taining of lectures, and founding of free- missioner, writing in 1628, we may see schools, which the prelates could not en- what folly it was in these monks, that pubdure, lest it should darken their glories, lished their challenge in print, to make both and draw the ministers from their depend us and themselves laughing-stocks to such ence upon them.”—Ibid.
as hold the possession from us both; and