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may, for ought we know, hold it longer began to exclaim against it as a remnant of than the youngest child now breathing may popery. And by degrees the precise hulive."-DoDD's Church History, vol. 1, p. mour grew so popular that at the summer 565.

assizes held at Exeter, 1627, the Lord Chief Baron Walter and Baron Denham made an

order for suppression of all wakes. And a THE FEOFFMENT. “Had the managers like order was made by Judge Richardson been honest, much good and glory might for the county of Somerset, an. 1631. But have been expected from it. But they are on Bishop Laud's complaint of this innorepresented to have been parties of the Pu- vating humour, the king commanded the ritan faction, and so to have restored no last order to be reversed; which Judge impropriations to the parish church, nor Richardson refusing to do, an account was settled them on the incumbent, but only to required from the Bishop of Bath and Wells, have set up stipendiary lecturers, and main- how the said feast days, church ales, wakes tained silenced ministers, &c. From a sense and revels, were for the most part celeof which abuses, and a jealousy of greater, brated and observed in his diocese. On this method was first reflected on by Mr. the receipt of these instructions the Bishop Peter Heylin, in an Act sermon at St. sent for and advised with seventy-two of Mary's in Oxon, July 11, 1630. After the most orthodox and able of his clergy, which, by the vigilance of Bishop Laud, who certified under their hands that on and the prosecution of Mr. Noy, this feoff- these feast days (which generally fell on ment was judicially suppressed in the Court Sundays) the service of God was more of Exchequer by a sentence given Feb. 13, solemnly performed, and the church much 1633. To take this power out of the hands better frequented both in the forenoon and of those particular men, might possibly be afternoon than on any other Sunday in the a good and necessary service; but to annul

year: that the people very much desired the design in general seems to have been a the continuance of them; that the ministers great miscarriage. For the abuse not lying did in most places do the like for these in the thing, but in the parties concerned, reasons, viz. for preserving the memorial they should not have subverted the whole of the dedication of their several churches; project, but have committed the trust to for civilizing the people, for composing more faithful stewards. And no doubt, had differences by the mediation and meeting there been a new legal corporation of ho- of friends; for increase of love and unity nest, able men, of good interest and standing by these feasts of charity; for relief and authority, to prosecute the purchase of im- comfort of the poor, &c. On the return of propriate tithes, as successive opportunities this certificate, Judge Richardson was again should offer, and reunite them to the en- cited to the council table, and peremptorily dowment of one fixed incumbent, it would commanded to reverse his former order. by insensible degrees have had a glorious After which it was thought fit to reinforce effect in recovering and settling the patri- the declaration of King James, when permony of the Church. And had the iniquity haps this was the only good reason assigned of those times allowed it, this was the real for that unnecessary and unhappy license design of that great and good Archbishop.” of sports, &c. However, by such a popular -Kennett's Parochial Antiquities, g'c. vol. prejudice against wakes, and by the inter2, p. 58.

mission of them in the late confusions, they are now discontinued in many counties,

especially in the east, and some western “ Tuis laudable custom of wakes pre- parts of England; but are commonly obvailed for many ages, till the nice Puritans served in the north, and in these midland

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NALSON - WARWICK - WHITELOCKE

SOUTH.

parts."-KENNETT's Par. Antiq. vol. 2, p. | by the zeal and activity of his friend, Na309.

ture had framed a better paist than usually

she doth when she is most exact in her “ WHEN Laud's house was attacked,

work about mankind; sincerity and integ1640, the rabble were raised by a seditious rity being eminent in them both.”—P. 94. paper which Lilburne posted on the Royal Exchange."-N ALSON, vol. 1, p. 343.

His patience in confinement. — Sir P. WARWICK, p. 167.

In a sermon preached February 6, 1625, at the opening of the parliament by Laud, H. Peters and Clotworthy annoy him at this memorable passage occurs, “ One thing his death.-Ibid.

p.

171. more I'll be bold to speak out of a like duty to the church of England and the house of David. They whoever they be, that would

WHITELOCKE refused to be one of the overturn sedes ecclesiæ, the seats of ecclesi- committee for managing the evidence against astical judgement, will not spare, if ever him.—Memorials, p. 75. they get power, to have a pluck at the throne of David. And there is not a man that is for parity, all fellows in the church,

Some very spirited remarks upon his trial but he is against monarchy in the state. and murder in Parker's Reproof to the And certainly either he is but half-headed Rehearsal Transposed, pp. 352-7. to his own principles, or he can be but half-hearted to the house of David.”—Ibid.

“ Tue papists abroad frequently tell the English, that if we could but once be united

amongst ourselves, we should be a formiHis book against Fisher the J.“

dable church indeed. And for this reason so well digested by his great master's royal there was none whom they so mortally heart and hand (for Bishops Andrews, Laud and Hooker were this prince's three great that late renowned Archbishop and Martyr,

hated (I speak upon certain information) as authors), that if that epitome which his ma

whose whole endeavour was to establish jesty made thereof, and I have seen under his own hand, might be communicated, it

a settled uniformity in all the British might be looked on as another ’Ecxùy Baoi churches : for his zeal and activity in which Leki."—Sir P. WARWICK, p. 82.

glorious attempt, the Presbyterians cut him off, according to the Papists' hearts' desire." -South, vol. 4, p. 189.

vol. 2, p. 5.

was

Grotius, through Pocock, intreated him to escape if he could, but he refused.—See Laud's anxiety for the Irish church, Pocock's Life, p. 83.

1633.-STRAFFORD's Letters, vol. 1, p. 82.

His want of power to effect the good he

wishes.—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 111. OF Laud and Juxon Sir P. WARWICK says, “ Had Nature mingled their tempers,

A PLEASANT passage of familiar kindness and allayed the one by the prudence and on his promotion to the primacy.-Ibid. vol. foresight of the other, or inspirited the other | 1, p. 111.

STRAFFORD - GARRARD.

135

Writing to Bedell, Laud says he never safe to come never so few. Let God have knew him but by a little tract of his against his whole service with reverence, and he Wadsworth, “and were it but for that alone, will quickly send in more to help to perI should be very sorry you should do any form it.-For the holding of two livings, thing in your place unlike it, for that is and but two with cure, since you approve very full of judgement and temper.”—Ibid. me in the substance, I will yield to you in vol. 1, p. 134.

the circumstance of time. Indeed, my lord, I knew it was bad, very bad, in Ireland,

but that it was so stark naught I did not " – If there be either in yourself, or any believe. Six benefits not able to find the of your brethren, a misdeeming fear for minister clothes; in six parishes scarce six matter of religion, take this from me, and to come to church! Good God! Stay the be assured that there is no man, nay, no time you must, till there be more means, bishop, in that kingdom or this, more truly, and some more conformable people.”—Ibid. conscientiously and constantly set forth for vol. 1, p. 254. the belief and maintenance of religion, as it is now established, than his majesty (God be blessed for it !) is.”—Ibid.

" In the care for the schools it was passing well thought on that they might be

taught English, not only to soften the malig“ I VERY well know that in places when nity and stubbornness of the nation, as you less action is necessary than in Ireland, a write, but also because they will with the man may be as well too old as too young more ease, and sooner, be acquainted with for a bishoprick. I would have no man a English fashions, which yet can do no harm bishop any where under forty. And if your in that country.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p.

254. lordship understood clergymen, as well as I do, I know you would in this be wholly of my judgement."-Ibid. vol. 1, p. 132. His refusal to recommend any person pe

remptorily for preferment.-Ibid. vol. 1,

p. 268. A very conscientious letter. “For the schools, if your lordship (Wentworth) will remedy anything, you must take the same way for restoring their tem- 1634. GARRARD says “Mr. Seldon is reporalities, without which reward no man mitted of those fetters that lay upon him : will take pains; and there are not many

I take it to be my Lord's Grace of Cantermen which deserve better or worse of a bury's favour to him that hath wrought state than schoolmasters.”—Ibid. vol. 1,

with the King.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 213.

373.

his peace

BEDELL. “I make no doubt but that

1635. “Some exception hath been taken you will find him very ready and constant by my Lord's Grace of Canterbury, which in the king's service; and then I know his he presented first to the King, and by his other worth will merit your love.”—Ibid. Majesty's command to the council table, to vol. 1, p. 214.

the great, I may say the over great recourse of his Majesty's subjects to the Queen's

chapel at Somerset House, and to ambas“ I am glad you will so soon take order sadors' houses in the town, which must that divine service may be read throughout needs be the cause of the growth of Popery in the churches, be the company that vouch- ) in this kingdom. They have taken into

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GARRARD - STRAFFORD – CLARENDON

- NICHOLS.

consideration, and I hope will give a speedy among men, but some, I find, that if all be remedy to this growing evil. It pleased his not done as they desire or fancy, how unfit, Grace to say, that the Papists were the how unequal soever it be for others, inmost dangerous subjects of the kingdom, stantly exchange their merited respects for and that betwixt them and the Puritans, deadly hatreds."—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 119. the good Protestants would be ground to powder.'”—GARRARD, Ibid. vol. 1, p. 426.

GARRARD acknowledging Laud's aid in

obtaining the mastership of the Charter STRAFFORD says, that“ without the dili- House for him, says, “ many doubted him, gence and instruction of Laud, I should

because a divine stood for it; I never did. neither have had the power nor yet the He took his own way, doing always more understanding how to have served the

for his friends than he makes show of."church to so good purpose, and in so right Ibid. vol. 2, p. 153. a way as I now trust is done.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 20.

To Strafford.—“ I can say nothing of In a dispute about Dublin College, be

the book of rates till it come out, and then tween the primate and visitors on one part,

I believe I shall be able to say as little; for and the provost and some senior fellows on

I think it will be referred to the great offithe other, which was referred to Laud, he

cers of the exchequer to consider of. But says,

one thing there is remaining which if any thing do come in public to the board, I think very necessary to be done in point I must needs be of opinion, that you there of common and indifferent justice, before I understand the trading of that kingdom, give my determination, which is, that a narration of the fact be agreed upon by all

and consequently the rates which it may

bear, better than Sir Abraham. And yet, parties, that none of them may say that let me tell you beforehand, that if you have that upon which I ground my sentence is sunk the rates which he set, overmuch, it mistaken.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 37.

will hardly please here. For though Dives dwell in this Abraham's bosom, yet I know

where Lazarus dwells too.”—Ibid. vol. 2, To Wentworth. “ As for some others

p.

263. which you speak of, certainly they do not only sing the psalms after the Geneva tune,

Books and MSS. sent to Oxford. but expound the text too in the Geneva sense, at least so far as they can possibly Lavd's Diary, p. 56. venture upon it; and your lordship knows I ever said so much, and have had too good cause to know it. But those things and CLARENDON on his death.State Papers, many other must be past over, or there will vol. 2, p. 328. be no peace.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 100. Probably he alludes to Usher.

CHARLES, before his death, recommended

the book against Fisher to his children, STRAFFORD says to him, “ Lord, in what with Bishop Andrews's Sermons and Hooker, several moulds are we cast.

as what would ground them against popery. can be pleased to welcome a denial when -J. Nichols, p. 375. it is fortified with reason.

If others were so, friendship would be longer preserved

Your grace

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upon them,"

the minister, to know the better how they Peter Heylyn's Second Journey, containing behave themselves in their several families. a Survey of the Estate af the two Islands,

349. Ministers every Sunday after dinGuernsey and Jersey. 1656.

ner shall catechise. The church locked imP. 282. The French meant to retaliate mediately after sermon and the public prayupon these islands for the provocation given ers, to avoid superstition, and the benches unto them at the isle of Rhe. Heylyn went shall be orderly disposed, that every one as chaplain with the Earl of Danby, who may hear the voice of the preacher. was appointed governor on that occasion. The churches being dedicated to God's 1628.

service, shall not be employed to profane 331. Lay elders in the Calvinistic churches. uses, and therefore entreaty shall be made to “ To them the charge is specially committed the magistrate that no civil courts be there of inquiring into the lives of those within holden. their division, by which device is not only a 350. Baptism. The minister shall not adkind of satisfaction given to the multitude, mit of such names as were used in the time but a great deal of envy is declined by the of paganism, the names of idols, the names ministry, which that curious and unneigh- attributed to God in scripture, or names of bourly inquisition would otherwise derive office, as angel, baptist, apostle.

The holy supper four times a year, to be 332. Their power extended unreasonably received sitting or standing, and by the men “ to the weightiest causes of the church, first. censure and ordination."

353. Persons not to marry a second time 333. Beza more anti-episcopal than Cal- without leave of their parents, in default vin.

whereof they shall incur the censures of the 334-5. Elizabeth unwarily allows the church. discipline to be introduced to these islands, 354. No marriage on Sundays, but on 1563-7, and this raised the hopes of the fac- week lecture-days. tion in England, and made them set to work Those two families before marriage, not for imposing it on the English church. They permitted to marry before they have made stirred not in England till this breach was confession of their fault before the whole made. 336, 417.

congregation: if the fault is not notori336. At a time when a Spanish invasion ously public, the consistory shall deterwas expected, the Puritans threatened to mine it. petition the Queen with one hundred thou- 354. Widows not permitted to contract sand hands.

themselves till six months after the hus343. Ministers to visit every household | band's death. As for men, they also shall once in the year at least.

be admonished to attend some certain time, What to be done when any one was of- but without constraint. fended with the preaching of the minister. 355. No burial in the church, and neither

344. Doctors next to pastors. His charge sermon, nor prayers, nor sound of bell, nor to expound the Scripture in his lectures, any other ceremony whatsoever. without applying it by way of exhortation. 356. Mode of excommunication. The first

345. Schoolmasters to be visited twice a Sunday the people shall be exhorted to pray year by the ministers, and the scholars to be for the offender, without naming the person brought to sermons and catechisms, there to or the crime. The second Sunday the person answer to the minister.

shall be named, but not the crime. The 346. Elders to certify all scandals to the third, the person shall be named, his offence consistory, to visit all the households before every communion : and once yearly, with

1 See 370.

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