Imágenes de páginas



published, and himself be excommuni- His appeal to the council for his constant cated.

respect and reference to the law.- Calv. 360. The elders shall not make report un- 8 Arm. p. 651. to the consistory of any secret faults, but His views, as stated to Gauden.— Ibid. shall observe the order commanded by our 658. Saviour, reproving in secret such faults as Hatred of the Dutch Calvinists to him, are secret.

long before the rebellion.-Ibid. 664. 363. Those articles which concern the dis- Letter to Vossius, 1629, upon the evils cipline, are so established, that forasmuch which he foresaw.-Ibid. 659-75. as they are founded upon the word of God, Lord Brooke seems to agree with him they are adjudged immutable.

in thinking celibacy desirable to the higher 366. Parity in the church, “ that which all clergy.—Remains, p. 61. their projects did so mainly drive at, and by those of this party so earnestly affected in the church, the better to introduce it also GIFFORD, B. J., vol. 7, p. 19, censures into the state."

him too hastily concerning Mountjoy's mar369. “ Dangerous and saucy” diligence riage with lady Rich. of the elders, inquiry into private affairs, not only by the voice of fame, but by tampering with their neighbours, and examin- “ Ludlow is of opinion that Laud's sening their servants.

tence was passed to encourage and please 371. A Puritan refused to baptize a child the Scots, who were then beginning to be “ Richard."

very troublesome to the party who had Walking recipients of the Sacrament in called in their assistance.” — Monthly Rethe Netherlands.

view, No. 358. 374. Under “the head of scandal, all offences were brought under cognizance of

Clarendon. the consistory. 376. Lecturers preparing the way

for the “The place from whence he took his title, platform.

derives its name from Constantius Chlorus, 379. James's hope of uniting the Pro- thus :—when he came to Britain, he built a testant churches, for which cause he had fortification, near New Sarum, upon the side the Liturgy translated into Latin and most of the Downs, the ramparts whereof still apadjacent languages.

pear very apparently, and the place is called 414. Insolence shewn in Guernsey to the Chloren, after the name that the Britons soldiers and the chaplain.

gave him by reason of his long train carried Christmas uncelebrated there.


after him. It standeth in Wiltshire, up415. Charles, in pursuance of his father's on the north corner of Chlorendon Park, plan, must begin with uniformity at home. now called Clarindon, which taketh his name

419. The inquisitorial discipline unpo- thereof,- park of that largeness and bigpular.

ness that it exceedeth any park in the kingSnape and Cartwright were the means of dom. If we give credit to a late poet, the obtruding the discipline on these islands. park had twenty groves in it, each of them

of a mile compass. It had a house of the

king's within, but long since dilapidated. It Laud.

doth now belong to the right hon. William

Earl of Pembroke, lord chamberlain to his Juxon and Laud are buried in the same majesty, whose heart is as large and liberal grave, at St. John's.

as the park is wide.”Hist. of Allchester.



Hyde tells the king, 1642, “Your great- 308. Apprehension that a monarchy will est strength is in the hearts and affections be established in Cromwell's family. of those persons who have been the severest Monarchy and Episcopacy. assertors of the public liberties, and so be- 310. Cheerfulness and resignation. sides their duty and loyalty to your person,

318. Religious feeling concerning the are in love with your inclinations to peace want of religion in states. and justice, and value their own interests 322. Hobbes one of his old acquaintance. upon the preservation of your rights.” – 331-6. Advice to Digby. 1636. CLARENDON Papers, vol. 2, p. 139.

HALLAM says his letters are full of strange

and absurd expectations, and demonstrate “ JUNE, 1646. To Nicholas.

that he was no practical statesman, nor had “I would not yet buy a peace at a dearer

any just conception at the time of the price than was offered at Uxbridge, and I course of affairs. And he sneers at his inam persuaded in my soul, if ever it shall be flexibility upon the affairs of the Church. purchased at a more dishonourable or im

This is quite worthy of Hallam. — Vol. 2, p. pious price, it will be more unpleasant and 62. fatal to those who shall have their hands in making the bargain, than the war hath been. He would have had Charles remain in It is ill logic to infer that because you can- Oxford, and after the defending it to the not have it cheaper, therefore you must give last biscuit, been taken prisoner with his whatsoever is asked. It may be, God hath honest retinue about him, and then relied resolved we shall perish ; and then it be- upon his own virtue in imprisonment, rather comes us all to perish with those decent and than to have thrown himself into the arms honest circumstances, that our good fame of the Scots, who held them not fully open. may procure a better peace to those who —CLARENDON Papers, vol. 2, p. 339. succeed us than we were able to procure for See the rest of this

passage which is

very them, and ourselves shall be happier than any fine, — and the comfort which he expresses other condition could render us. God pre- in his good conscience. serve England from being invaded by the 340. His English feeling respecting the Turk! for in my conscience, in this conjunc- sufferings of England, and the danger of a ture it is prepared for quietness' sake to take restoration by means of foreign aid. any religion.” — Ibid, vol. 2, p. 237.

349. An admirable picture of what England under the rebels would be to a loyal

and religious family. Ibid, vol. 2, p. 241. His feelings in re- 350. He asks Dr. Earles for a discourse tirement at Jersey. July 1646.

in the end of his contemplations upon the Proverbs, in memory of my Lord Falkland,

" of whom in its place I intend to speak Ibid, vol. 2, p. 284. On the compositions largely, conceiving it to be so far from an which were then frequent.

indecorum, that the preservation of the 286. His view of parties, and the little fame and merit of persons, and deriving the sincerity among them, except in the anti- same to posterity is no less the business of monarchical leaders. 291.

history, than the truth of things.” 291. Dislike of French assistance. 307. 356. Letter to his wife, expecting it would

306. His refusal to act upon secret in- not be delivered till after his death. structions, in opposition to formal ones. 358. His will, written at that time 1647.

307. His hopes. Opinion of the Inde- 359. Wise views concerning Church Gopendents.


[blocks in formation]

66 the

360. Advice to his children.

this is very true and very characteristic of 361. Desire that they may be bred up in Hyde—“In a word, dear Jack, we are not friendship with Lord Falkland's.

sure God Almighty hath not determined Solemn protestation concerning the in- the ruin of king and kingdom ; but we are tegrity of his own conduct, and 363, of sure he hath determined neither of them the king's intentions.

shall be preserved by impious or dishonest 364. -"I am not of the Dean's mind : if means." I could not get enough to keep me out of 386. Concerning his account of Falkland, England, I would rather take a gaol, than -to Dr. Earles. skulk up and down with the perpetual 402. Want of Bishops a matter of neagony and apprehension of being taken. cessity at first in the foreign Protestant A gaol is a quiet place, besides the benefit churches. of having a man's friends know where to 411. His counsel to yield nothing unfind him ; which as the world goes, is no reasonable, but to stand fast upon the old small conveniency. I wonder that our rock of established law. 1648. friends who are so intoxicated with the love 417. A declaration of his principles to of the English air do not get them lodgings the Queen. there ; it is worth an hundred of com- 459. To Digby. pounding."

478. His feeling toward the Queen after 365. 1647.—“I am very glad the Clergy Charles' murder. in Scotland carry themselves so impetu- 520. Writing from Spain he says ously. It is a spirit impossible to be severed people are generally more incurious than is from the Presbytery, and will sooner con- easy to be believed, and much less respecvert the nobility and gentry of Scotland, tive of learning, and consequently less supthan all the reason that can be spoken to plied with learned men than I imagined. them; and they will find all the power they Yet they are careful in writing their own have wrested from the king will do them histories, which I am studying diligently, no good, if the jus divinum of that tribe be and out of them inform myself more of the suffered to conclude that Jesus Christ hath state of England than I could do by my own trusted them only with the advancement of chronicles; and if I had money, I could his kingdom. There is no question the supply myself with more materials conclergy will always have an extraordinary cerning our own country, than out of our influence upon the people; and therefore own records : I mean of the ancientest (except there be an army kept on foot to times." govern both, as you will find there is in all 522. On the failure of the Scotch attempt places where the clergy have no power) - to Sir J. Berkeley, “ I know I shall be there must be a way to govern the clergy thought too scrupulous, if not superstitious absolutely, and keep it subject to the rules but I cannot forbear to desire

you, , and orders of state ; which never was, nor an honest man, to remember that though never can be, without bishops: so that in God hath suffered us to be undone by the truth civil prudence would make unan- perjury and dissimulation of ill men, he swerable arguments for that order, if piety will never suffer us to reverse those his did not."

judgements by our perjury and following 367-8. His opinion upon the difference the same courses." between the Protestant churches, — and 525. Prejudices against him. Presbyterian ordination.-p. 402-3.

529. Instability of the loyalists. 368. Of outward dignity for a Church. -“I have long thought our nation will be

379. Exhortation against conceding any- either utterly extinguished under this great thing which ought not to be conceded- judgement, or be restored and preserved in

who are



such an extraordinary way as we shall not did affright the boys and all the neighbourbe able to assume any part of it to our hood. I intend no commentary on these, own wits and dexterity; for methinks God but only to relate the matter of fact.”— Almighty exceedingly discountenances all BAXTER's Life, p. 303. the designs which our natural reason is apt to flatter us with."

1639. " ONE remarkable accident did not

little awaken those just resentments which mens.

his majesty had conceived against the cove

nanters. For upon the 19th of November “ I was told at Dumfermline," says DR. being the anniversary of the king's birthday, WHITAKER (Craven, 163,) " that when part of the walls of the castle of Edinburgh Charles I. was in his cradle there, an Image fell down, and the king having given orders (by which was meant an Angel) descended for the necessary repair, the covenanters from Heaven, and covered him with a bloody would not suffer any materials to be carried mantle."

in for that purpose.”—NALSON, vol. 1, p. 278.

Dodd says,

The Church of England dated its misfortunes from the Long Parliament, Nov. CHARLES's funeral. “ It was observed 3rd, 1640. “ The very day was thought that at such time as the king's body was ominous; so that before the appointed time brought out from St. George's hall, the some persuaded the Archbishop (Laud) to sky was serene and clear, but presently it move the king to have the sitting respited began to snow, and the snow fell so fast, for a day or two longer; because the Par- that by that time the corpse came to the liament in Henry VIII.'s reign, which ended west end of the royal chapel, the black with the diminution of the clergy's power, velvet pall was all white, (the colour of inand the dissolution of religious houses, be- nocency) being thick covered over with gan the same day. But the Archbishop snow. Thus went the White King to his took little notice of the advertisement."

grave.” — MR. HERBERT's Account of the Dodd, vol. 1, p. 117, quoting Collier, vol. Funeral, in Wood's Athene, vol. 2, p. 703. 2, p. 161. “ Providence seems to have

“ The lesson for the 30th January was had a design to retaliate upon the Church of England, that it should fall by the same

the chapter of the Passion.”—South, vol. weapons which it had made use of against

3, p. 434. others.” Several circumstances occurred to occasion such reflections.

Mired Ertracts.

CHARLES “ had been always averse to “ Ox April 23, was his Majesty's (Charles had viewed the practice of it in Spain.” —

Popery, and detested it utterly after he II.) coronation day; the day being very CARTE's Ormonde, vol. 1, p. 54. serene and fair, till suddenly in the afternoon, as they were returning from Westminster Hall, there was very terrible thun- Both Ireland and Scotland were in a ders, when none expected it. Which made state which required the rough remedy of me remember his father's coronation, on civilization by conquest, - a Roman civiliwhich, being a boy at school, and having zation. These kingdoms therefore were in leave to play for the solemnity, an earth- a better state under Cromwell's iron sway, quake (about two o'clock in the afternoon) | than while they enjoyed their own barbarous 142 STRADA – RUDYARD – ROGER NORTH — TACITUS – TAYLOR.

usages. But England had long been accus- " TIBERIOQUE etiam in rebus quas non tomed to order, and all the blessings which occuleret, seu naturâ, sive adsuetudine, susaccompany it.

pensa semper et obscura verba : tunc vero, nitenti ut sensus suos penitus abderet, in

incertum et ambiguum magis implicabanThat rebellion which real grievances tur.”—Tacitus, Annal. 1. 1, c. 11. would not have provoked, was kindled by

How well does this apply to Cromwell. imaginary ones. The people submitted to tyranny, and suffered their rights to be violated and in fact destroyed; but they

“ Nothing can make recompense for a would not kneel at the communion, tolerate certain change, but a certain truth, with the surplice, use the finest liturgy that apparent usefulness in order to charity, ever was composed, or bow at the name of piety, or institution.”—J. Taylor, vol. 12. Jesus.

p. 74.

The Prince of Parma was the first Ge- “ AMONGST us there are, or have been, a neral who introduced religious discipline great many Old Testament Divines, whose into an army. — See STRADA, Dec. 2, 1. 8, doctrine and manner of talk, and arguments

and practices have too much squinted toGustavus probably imitated him, — and ward Moses.”—J. Taylor, vol. 12, p. 286. Cromwell, Gustavus.

p. 457.

“ ARGUMENTUM pessimi turba est. QuæTwo evils had their origin in the Low ramus quid optimum factu sit, non quid Country Wars, for there the foundation was usitatissimum; et quid nos in possessione laid for English republicanism, and French felicitatis æternæ constituat, non quid vulgo, preponderance.

veritatis pessimo interpreti, probatum sit.”

-SENECA de Vita beata, c. 2. I SUSPECT that the decree for coining half the plate (June 1641) was past with a view of depriving the king of that resource.

“ The government of the Church by Bishops,” says JEREMY TAYLOR,“ is con

signed to us by a tradition greater than some “ The present state of Christendom is books of scripture, and as great as that of apparent, that the House of Austria began the Lord's day; and that so notorious, that to diminish, as in Spain, so consequently in thunder is not more heard than this is seen Germany, and that the French do swell and

in all the monuments of antiquity." — Vol. enlarge themselves; and if they grow and hold, they will be to us but Spain nearer hand.” — Sir B. RUDYARD. 1641. Rush- “ TYRAnts usually make good laws, and WORTH, 3, tom. 1, p. 381.

after they are dead are so hated that even their good laws are sometimes the less re

garded.”—Ibid. vol. 13, p. 408. “ But in England it is a common way of reforming, even in state matters, instead of amending or paring away what is amiss, to " So violent was the zeal of that reformkick down whole constitutions all at once, ing period against all monuments of idolatry, however in themselves excellent." – ROGER that perhaps the Sun and Moon, very anNorth.

cient objects of false worship, owed their

13, p. 118.

« AnteriorContinuar »