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utensils (in these wars) that an old helmet travelled in succession from house to house for the purpose of boiling broth and pottage.”—Ibid. p. 97.

Of the Queen mother ECHARD says, “that the English hated her, or suspected her, for her own sake, for her Church's, for her country's, and for her daughters.'"

1638. LORD ARUNDEL in a letter to his

WHEN the court of wards was taken very good lord and cousin, Lord Clifford at Skipton, says of our three poor northern away, 1646, I am sorry to find Sir B. shires, “it will be fitter to fit them with

Rudyard, who had been surveyor of that such light arms as they have been accus

court, indemnified with lands to the value

of 6000 from the Earl of Worcester's estomed to use and bear, than load them with

tate. heavier, which mingled with some other,

That the Lord Say, as being master,

should have £10,000 worth from the same may stand in good stead, and archery to be kept on foot."

estate was only in character, and could

not stain him.-Wood's Athene quoted, vol. Dr. WHITAKER asks if this is not the 2, p. 237. latest instance of the use or intended use of archery in an English army ?-Ibid. p. 299.

“ HENRY BARD, son of the vicar of Stains,

of Eton and King's, a great Oriental TraThe very nature of the King's army veller, was one of the first who appeared in rendered good discipline difficult or impos- arms at York. The Queen soon procured sible, composed as it was in great part of him a colonel's commission. He was aftermen of rank and fortune, the flower of the wards made governor of Cambden House in gentry and nobility of England, serving as

Gloucestershire, which he quitted and laid adventurers. The lax state of discipline in ashes when it was no longer tenable. He which thus arose is noticed in Pharonnida.

was also for some time governor of WorQuote that fine passage.

cester. Knighted 1643, soon after created

a baronet, and in 1645, made baron of “I am sorry to find Sir J. Eliot in the Bromley and viscount Bellamont in the first parliament (1625) warmly represent- kingdom of Ireland. Being afterwards ing to the house, that six Romish priests taken prisoner, he petitioned to be released, had lately been pardoned upon the Queen's with a promise that he would appear no intercession. These complaints were fol- more in arms, but quit the land. “Hitherto' lowed with an humble petition to his ma

said he, 'I have only pursued my fortune, jesty that the laws against Popish recusants and have fought neither for your religion, might be put in execution.”—DODD, vol. 3, nor for your laws, but to maintain the

rights of an injured prince, whom Provi

dence seems now disposed to abandon to HENRIETTA's priests were impudently some hard fate, while religion is entirely imprudent, 1629, they would have baptized | lost, and the laws become a mouse trap.' the Queen's child in the bedchamber, if the This merry and frank declaration purKing had not stept in and ordered one of chased him his freedom, with permission to his chaplains to perform that office.—Ec- retire into Flanders. After the King's

murder Charles II. sent him to Persia in 1 An Heroic Poem by William Camberlayne of his crown, the King of Persia being

hopes of obtaining money for the recovery of Shaftsbury, London, 1659. 8vo. In his Notes to Joan of Arc, Southey said he hoped to

under some obligations to England, upon rescue it from undeserved oblivion.

account of the assistance our merchant

P. 3.




ships gave him at Ormuz. But Bellamont | buried there, “in regard his Majesty would, when crossing the desert was lost in a hur- upon occasional discourse express some disricane of sand.

like of King Henry's proceeding in misem“ He had been a Catholic for some years. ploying those vast revenues the suppressed Prince Rupert had a son called Dudley Ru- abbeys, monasteries, and other religious pert, by his daughter Frances; this son houses were endowed with.'”Parochial served as a volunteer at the siege of Buda, Antiq. vol. 2, p. 51. Wood quoted. and was killed there.

“ After the Restoration Lord Bellamont's widow was obliged to seek for relief at

BAXTER held that notion “that the PaKing's College, Cambridge, where her hus-pists were busy in furthering the work of band had formerly been fellow.”—DODD, schism and confusion. The Papists, he vol. 3, p. 48. Wood referred to.

said, had begotten the Quakers, first pre

tending to strange revelations, visions and DodD (vol. 3, p. 58,) affirms that “ at

trances, such as commonly mentioned in

the lives of their saints in the legends, and Drogheda all were put to the sword, together with the inhabitants , women and chil- ing to be the chief speaker among them;

so you have here and there a Papist lurkdren, only about thirty persons escaping, and those have fashioned many others to who with several hundreds of the Irish

their turns, who yet know not their own nation were shipped off to serve as slaves fathers." in the island of Barbadoes, as I have frequently heard the account from Captain Edmund Molyneux, one of that number

“We know in the latter times of our who died at St. Germains, whither he fol

confusion a project was carried on of delowed the unfortunate king James II.

stroying the ancient right of tithes, and " As for Sir Arthur Ashton he had his converting that pious maintenance of the brains dashed out with his wooden leg."

clergy into settled portions of money.”— This agrees well with Ludlow. Had he

KENNET's Par. Antiq. vol. 2, p. 295. gilt his wooden leg? Very likely I think.

This is the same Ashton who commanded at Reading

The Hampden family are said to have been settled upon the same estate before

the conquest.-Hist. of Chilton. The person who was shot for surrendering Blechingdon House to Cromwell, was Col. Francis Windebank, the secretary's “CHARLES was first brought before the

“Some suppose that the sup- High Court on a Saturday, the next day a posed demerits of the father had no small fast was kept at Whitehall

, where preached influence over his persecutor.”—Ibid. vol. Joshua Sprigg, whose text was, “ He that 3, p. 59.

sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood

be shed:' then Mr. Foxley, whose text was, “I CANNOT,” says Bishop KENNET,“ but Judge not, lest you be judged;' lastly, Hugh commend the piety of those gentlemen em- Peters, whose text was, “I will bind their ployed to inter the body of King Charles I. kings in chains, and their nobles in fetters who taking a view of St. George's Chapel of iron ;' and thus by their wicked applicain Windsor, to find the most fit and ho- tion of the Word of God, they endeavoured nourable place of burial, they declined at to justify their most execrable murder of first the tomb house built by Cardinal Wol- their lawful King."—Arbitrary Government sey, as supposing King Henry VIII. was displayed to the life, p. 37.

second son.

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The five ministers ordered to adminis- | them rich by trading with our money, whilst ter spiritual help to him after his sentence, we sate contented with three per cent. for were Marshal, Nye, Caryl, Salway and to be secure, so that our trade fell, and in Dell.-Ibid. p. 39.

some time after a scarcity of money appeared.”—Ibid.



“I CANNOT here forbear to mention Haselrig's bloody proposition, that six gentle

The amount of the weekly meal was men of the best quality, royalists, might be paid for half a year, according to this book, put to death in revenge of Dorislaus, to 6 Likewise in sixteen hundred, forty five, deter men from the like attempt hereafter." | 'Twas ordered also every man to give, -Ibid.


А penny a week of every family,

For one whole year together,—'tis no lye: "The notorious and blasphemous wretch, And this was sent poor Ireland to relieve, pander and buffoon, Hugh Peters, chaplain If those that ordered did not us deceive." in ordinary to two great potentates, Luci

Ibid. p. 212. fer and Oliver Cromwell.” He is here said to have been expelled

“An eminent dissenter (Dr. Caudry, a from Jesus College, Cambridge, for his Presbyterian minister, in his book called lascivious life, and to have then turned Independency a Schism) hath made this player in Shakespere's company, usually observation on the vast toleration that was acting the jester or fool.-Ibid. p. 98.

given in the time of the Commonwealth government, that the seven years' toleration

then given had done more hurt to religion, The money drained away from the Royalists, and the vast sums raised on the than all that could be called persecution people by taxes, assessments and excise, for seventy years before that."--G. KEITH. coming into the soldiers' pockets, they set it going into motion ; which with the vast

“ The holy Thorn at Glastonbury was sums raised on the sale of the King's, Queen's, Princes’, Bishops'and Delinquents' cut down in the civil wars by those madlands, made a flood of

men who looked upon every object of cufor the money

prewhich was the effect rather of the tyrants and so set themselves in open hostility to sent, and nothing of want then appeared, riosity, especially if considered with a re

ligious eye, as a monument of superstition, rapacity than good management. For when

almost this glut began to fall again into the private

every monument of religion among sinks of rich men, who lived by the use of

us."—WHITAKER's Life of St. Neot, p. 53.

It was the hawthorn of Judea, brought money; and others who had any great sums fallen to their shares, fearing the iniquities by some travelling brother, from the Holy of the times, and knowing no man could Land, where it flowers about Christmas

day. promise himself to be long master of his own, especially money, where the will of the tyrant was law, and whom to disoblige

THE taking of Dundee by Monk is was fatal; they remitted vast sums for their reckoned one of the greatest misfortunes security into the bank in Holland, making that ever happened to any town in Scot

land. There were at that time above sixty 1 See Clarendon. History of the Rebellion.

vessels in the harbour, and so great was Book xii. vol. 6, pp. 297. 421. He was an agent the spoil

, that it is said every private solof the Parliament, killed at the Hague. J.w.w. dier had £60 sterling for his share.



p. 185.

" In the street called the Murray Gate THORESBY had two servants, the mother several bombs unburst, were lately found, of one of whom, and the grandmother of deep sunk in the earth, 1782."-DOUGLAS's the other were knights' daughters. He East Coast of Scotland, p. 43.

mentions it as an instance of the mutability of fortune; but doubtless it was one of

many such instances produced by the civil “ The high altar at Aberdeen, a piece of

wars and the extent of ruin which was thus the finest workmanship of any thing of the brought on. kind in Europe, was hewn to pieces in 1649, by order of the parish minister. The carpenter employed for this infamous pur- “ In the ingenious Dr. Sampson's MSS." pose struck with the noble workmanship says THORESBY,“ is an account of Oliver refused to lay a tool on it, till the more

Cromwell's being set upon when at Camthan gothic priest took the hatchet from bridge by two mastiffs, whereupon he set his hand and struck the first blow."-Ibid. his back against a tree, and taking his head

with both his hands, as if he would have

flung it at them, frighted them away." “I had it,” says George Keith, “from the mouth of an honest faithful man, that he heard John Livingston say in prayer, ‘Lord,

“MR. John Jackson, a good old Puritan, since Dunbar, thou hast spit in our face,

and one of the assembly of divines at Westand since that never looked over thy shoul- minster, was yet so zealously affected for der to us again.' This is he whom the King Charles I. when he heard of his being author of the postscript calls that great man

brought before a pretended high court of of God, and this prayer he had in a certain justice, that he prayed earnestly that God family in Aberdeen.”The Way Cast up, would please to prevent that horrid act,

which would be a perpetual shame to the

nation, and a reproach to the Protestant A COLLECTION of verses on Oliver's


or at least would be pleased to

peace with the Dutch, 1654, was printed at Ox

remove him that he might not see that ford, with this title Musarum Oxoniensium

woeful day. His prayer was heard and

answered as to himself—for he was buried 'Ελαιοφορία. “Mr. Hollis," says the worthy biographer of that thoroughly bigotted

the week before.”—THORESBY, Appendix, cosmopolitan, “calls this a curiosity, and so indeed it is, as it contains so many oily compliments to Oliver, from an university “ WILLIAM LISTER, Esq. was slain at which has not been remarkable in this last Tadcaster in the civil wars.

His son tracentury for their veneration of his memory.” velling through that town many years after And he goes on in a strain of common

was inquisitive after the place of his father's place insult not worth transcribing. He is sepulchre. The sexton who was then makquite stupid enough to have written in ig- ing a grave in the quire, told him it was norance or forgetfulness of the fact that thereabouts. He stays for further satisfacOliver had purged Oxford, and filled it tion. Upon taking up the skull they found with his creatures when this volume was in it the bullet that had given the fatal produced.

wound. This mortifying and so unexpected It is the height of impudence to accuse object made such an impression upon the Oxford of having acted with time-serving gentleman, that he died upon it shortly policy in those days.

after."—Ibid. p. 158.

p. 59.

p. 157.

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March 26, 1644,

the true design of the painter.”—Ibid. p. ANOTHER ordinance for the contribution 714. of the value of one meal a week.

" This having been voluntarily practised May, 1644. by many well affected persons, and found to The Earl of Forth writes to Essex 'in be

very useful (for raising auxiliaries) they the behalf of a very worthy lady, Mrs. Elihave thought fit to add convenient power zabeth Crofts, one of the maids of honour to that way of contribution, that so the to the Queen, who for recovering of her burden may not rest alone upon the willing health, is very desirous to repair to London: party. All therefore within the bills of and for that purpose I entreat your lordmortality shall pay upon each Tuesday the ship may be pleased to grant her a pass for value of one ordinary meal for themselves herself, three women, and two men, a coach and families, to be assessed by the alderman, and six horses, and one saddle horse, with deputy, common council men and others their necessaries, which I shall take as a appointed; in case of nonpayment distress great favour done unto, my lord, your lordto be made for double the value, and if no ship’s humble servant, Forth.' distress can be found, the person to be com- “Essex communicated this to the Two mitted. This ordinance for three months, Houses, and they agreed not to grant any and not to extend to such as receive alms.” such safe-conduct for any from Oxford.”-RUSHWORTH, vol. 5, p. 748.

Ibid. vol. 5, p. 669.

April 6, 1644.

Aug. 6, 1647. " An ordinance that none shall sell any DECLARATION of General Massey, and wares or fruits, nor work, nor travel, nor Colonel-General Pointz, showing the true use, nor be present at any exercises, games, grounds and reasons that induced them to or pastimes, on the Lord's day. And that depart from the City, and for awhile from all May-poles (a heathenish vanity, gene- the kingdom. rally abused to superstition and wicked- “_Services begun by command of the ness), be taken down."--Ibid. p. 749. state, grew first into suspicion, and after

wards into offence. It was a crime to do

anything but what must be cried up by June, 1644.

those who would have all things to dance “A DUNKIRK ship having been taken according to the motions of their own near Arundel, wherein there were found sphere. several Popish pictures, and particularly 66_We hold it safer wisdom to withdraw one curious large piece, (designed to be set to our own friends, whom we have always up in St. Ann's church at Seville,) repre- found fast and entire to their first prinsenting the story of Ursula (that went ciples, than continue with those who like to Rome, as the legend hath it, with 11,000 waves are beaten with every wind, and do virgins), and her husband Conanus, and take or receive counsel as their fears do their addresses to the Pope, &c. which pic- prompt them. But not without this conture of Conanus being fancied to be very fession, that we acknowledge the General much like the King, the piece was taken to himself to be an excellent personage, and represent the Queen, directing the King to free from those violent distempers and heats surrender his sceptre to the Pope, and about of passion in which other men do delight this time publicly exposed at Westminster, and perish. and some pamphlets gave that interpreta- "We shall always labour to keep tion of it. But others honestly explained selves in that posture, both with heaven


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