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and earth, as to be ready to wade through gazing at it. Ingenuous people both mara sea of blood, and increase it with our own, tial and civil are much taken with it. It that the Gospel of truth may flourish, and hath wrought much good against the solthat the peace of the King, the Parliament, diers already: the officers do confess it, and and the Kingdom may grow high and the country are sensible of it. Money and happy."—Ibid. vol. 7, p. 766.

justice will work great reformation.”—Ibid. vol. 7, p. 809.

• THE Scotch in their Declaration, 13 Aug. 1647, quote, to complain of, a pam

" WEDNESDAY, 22 Dec. 1747, was, acphlet against the House of Lords, in which

cording to appointment, kept as a solemn the sectaries say, 'that the Lords are but

Fast by the General and Officers; the dupainted puppets and Dagons; that our su

ties of the day were performed by divers of perstition and ignorance, their own craft

the Officers, amongst whom there was a and impudence have erected no natural

sweet harmony. The Lieutenant-General issue of laws, but the mushrooms of prero- (Oliver Cromwell), Commissary - General gatives, the wens of just government, put

Ireton, Colonel Tichburne, Colonel Hewting the body of the people to pain, as well

son, Mr. Peters, and other officers, prayed as occasioning deformity. Sons of conquest very fervently and pathetically; this conthey are and usurpation, not of choice and

tinued from nine in the morning till seven election, intruded upon us by power, not

at night.”—Ibid. vol. 7, p. 943. constituted by consent; not made by the people, from whom all power, place, and

DENUNCIATIONS of Mr. Saltmarsh against office that is just in this kingdom ought the army, and his death, Dec. 1647.—Ibid. only to arise.' "-Ibid. vol. 7, 770.

vol. 7, p. 944.

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1647. Wakefield.

Feb. 9, 1647-8. “ We begin to do justice apace, keep An ordinance for the more effectual supCouncils of War often, punish offenders. pressing of Stage Plays, “ by committing At a Council of War yesterday, one Mac

and fining such as shall offend herein for Ro, an Irishman, a notorious drunkard

the first offence, and whipping them for the swearer, and one that slighted the Com- second, as being incorrigible.”—Ibid. vol. mander in Chief, was tried. He was clearly 7, p. 991. convicted, and it was so bad that all cried out against it. His sentence was to be

" THOSE bored through the tongue with a red-hot That snufle their unlearned zeal in prose, iron, to suffer fourteen days' imprisonment, As if the way to heaven was through the with bread and water, to be cashiered the nose." army, made incapable of ever serving the Litany,

1641. NalSON,

2, p. 809. army again, to deliver up his horse and

Another delinquent was also tried for being disorderly in his quarters, and “ WHEN the civil war raged in England, other crimes, and was adjudged to a week's and King Charles the First's Queen was imprisonment, to stand in the market-place driven by the necessity of affairs to make a during the time of the market, at the head- recess in Warwickshire, she kept her court quarters for the space of an hour, with his for three weeks in New Place."— Shakefaults, written in great letters on his breast. speare's House at Stratford. THEOBALD'S These are strange things here, and much | Preface, p. 25. BOSWELL'S Malone, vol. 1.






Catholic flattery to Cromwell, and hopes tiques dont il avoit jouï sous l'usurpateur. of his conversion, by Dr. Thomas Bailey, a Le Roi se moqua de lui, et les renvoia en convert to the church of Rome. In the Pre- lui disant qu'il ne s'embarrassoit pas comme fuce to Foulis's Romish Treasons.

Cromwel de projets vastes, et de vuës longues."

Bayle adds, in the margin, “J'ai apris DOLEMAN's book (Parson's) brought

ceci d'un gentilhomme tres docte de la forth in another form by the Parliament

Grande Bretagne." - Pensées sur la Coarians, changing it from dialogue into

mète, tom. 2, p. 204. speeches.-Foulis's Plots of our Pretended Saints, p. 15.

“SIR T. Smith, being one of the DeputyRavages in the churches. Ibid. 136-7-8. Lieutenants in Essex, searching the houses

of the disaffected after the restoration for

arms, recovered some of the old weapons of Mrs. BEAL, of Westminster, put up

which his own had been plundered. prayers for the return and conversion of STRYPE's Smith, p. 173. her son, “who is fallen away from grace, and serves the king in his wars.”—Ibid. p. 181.

Vote of Remonstrance. “If the loyal

part had staid it out (who appeared the Men are as credulous in political as in greater number in the beginning of the quesreligious matters. See what MONTAIGNE tions,) they had cast it out for a vile defasays, (L. 3, chap. 10.) tom. 8, p. 332. mation; but the one half of that part had



were gone to bed.”

Hacker's Life of Williams, pt. 2, p. 164. “I HAVE known some citizens,” says BriAN Walton, “ yea women in London, who having learned to read Hebrew, were so “How many wretched souls have we conceited in themselves, that they have des- heard to say in the late troubles, what matpised the ablest divines about the city, and ter is it who gets the victory? We can pay have almost doubted of the salvation of all but what they please to demand, and so persons that could not read Hebrew.”—The much we pay now." — Hobbes's Dialogue Considerator Considered, p. 31.

concerning the Common Law.

“CROMWEL qui devoit son elevation au fa- LORD CAPEL, in his last moments renatisme, et qui etait lui meme, à ce que flected bitterly upon what he called his cowbien des gens croient, sujet à des intervalles ardly compliance with a prevailing party, fanatiques, faisoit mettre dans l'almanack | in voting for Strafford's death. de Londres ses desseins assez souvent, et s'en trouvoit bien, dit-on. Et parce que cette confidence donnoit beaucoup de cre- “ The allowance which the Parliament dit a l'almanack, l'astrologue qui le faisoit, made to their ambassadors, was incomparacraignant de ne pouvoir pas soutenir sa re- bly beyond all former precedents, and betputation sous le regne de Charles II. s'il ne ter paid, being permitted to draw bills of se voioit gratifié d'une semblable lumière, exchange upon their masters, a thing never fut trouver un jour ce prince pour lui de- heard of heretofore."-SOMERS' Tracts, vol. mander la continuation des influences poli- | 7, p. 504.



SIR J. RERESBY says of Cromwell," that | ing to sea, to discover the errors of Hackhis figure did not come up to his character: luyt's voyages." — CLARENDON Papers, vol. he was indeed a likely person, but not hand- 2, p. 292. some, nor had he a very bold look with him. One wonders such schemes were not carHe was plain in his apparel, and rather neg- ried into effect upon a large scale. But ligent than not. Tears he had at will, and emigrants live always in hope. was doubtless the deepest dissembler on earth."

“In the town (ship) of Whickham, there “LESLEY would sometimes merrily say, he is a stratum of burnt earth, consisting chiefly had learned no High Dutch but one pro

of clay and stone. According to tradition, verb:- Ein bernhertziker soldat ist ein the king's army encamped in the church honsfoot," fore Godt.'-A merciful soldier is lands below the church, and in the fields a rogue in God's repute."— SIR P. WAR- adjoining; the Scots, under Lesley, lay at wick's Memoirs, p. 108.

Newburn; and on their crossing the Tyne to attack the king's army, the latter fired

their tents and fled: this fire communicated STRAFFORD, (Letters, vol. 1, p. 495,) with a small seam of coal, which burnt for thanks the king, (1635,) “ for his favour to several years, and at night flames issued Sir John Hotham: indeed the gentleman is from different parts of the village and of very good affections, and will, I am per- grounds adjoining. The fire has been long suaded, shew himself very forward in such extinguished, and the burnt earth and stones services as may be required at his hands."

are used for the highway."-SURTEES' Dur

ham, vol. 2, p. 239. COKE to Strafford, (vol. 2, p. 80,) “If more antiquities shall come to your hands, the sending of them to his Majesty will be a


curius Britannicus for the Parliament, bevery acceptable service."

ginning August 16-22, 1643. In 1647, he

commenced Mercurius Pragmaticus for the 1637. THE Earl of Rothes said to a

King, and 1649, Mercurius Politicus for Dutchman, “ Holland is a well governed Oliver; journalists having in that age about state; I hope to see this country so go- as much probity as in this : verned ere it be long, for we will have no -“ Whose scurrilous pamphletts, flying more kings but this : and if we were rid of every week in all parts of the nation, 'tis this king, we would never have any other; incredible what influence they had upon and if he will not give us way in what we numbers of unconsidering persons, who have expect, we will make our own way.”- a strange presumption, that all must needs STRAFFORD's Letters, vol. 2, p. 274.

be true that is in print. This was the Go

liah of the Philistines, the great champion “ Hyde to Lord Cottington, 1646.

of the late usurper, whose pen was, in com"Your pupil, Lord Hopton, wants some parison of others, like a weaver's beam.”good counsel from you, his head is so full British Bibliographer, vol. 1, p. 514. of islands and plantations, to settle him. Sometimes he thinks of going against the

“GAINSBOROUGH. 30th July, 1643. Turk, to hinder him from joining with the Independents in England; sometimes of go- this town after à desperate assault, made

“Lord Willoughby, of Parham, had taken · Now obsolete. See Wackter's Glossarium prisoners there the Earl of Kingston, Sir

Hon, contumelia, opprobrium. I. W. W. Gervais Scroop, several other gentlemen

in v.

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and officers, and about two hundred and they a little shrinking, our men perceiving fifty common soldiers, and released about it pressed in upon them, and immediately two hundred prisoners, many of them be- routed this whole body, some flying on one longing to Lord Fairfax. The Earl's house side, and others on the other, of the enemy's held out a day after the town was taken, reserve; and our men pursuing them, had and store of treasure was found in it. The chase and execution five or six miles.' Earl was sent in a pinnace to Hull, be- Cromwell, seeing that the reserve was still cause the King's troops were drawing from unbroken, kept back Whaley, who was his Newark and other places to recover the major, from the chase, and with his own town; but some of these troops espying the troops and the other of his regiment, three pinnace, drew up some musqueteers to the troops in all, got into a body. In this reTrent side, and firing at her unhappily kil- serve stood General Cavendish, who one led the Earl and his man Savile in their ca- while faced me, another while faced four of bin.” See Mrs. Hutchinson concerning this. the Lincoln troops, which was all of ours

“ Colonel Cromwell then drew toward that stood upon the place, the rest being Gainsborough to secure it. After taking engaged in the chase. At last General CaBurley House, he marched to Grantham, vendish charged the Lincolneers and routed where he met about three hundred horse them. Immediately I fell on his rear with and dragooners of Nottingham, and pro- my three troops, which did so astonish him, ceeding with them, formed a junction, as that he gave over the chase, and would fain had been concerted with the Lincolneers at have delivered himself from us. But I, North Searle. At two in the morning they pressing on, forced down a hill, having good advanced toward Gainsborough, which was execution of them, and below the hill drove ten miles distant, and some mile and half the general with some of his soldiers into a from the town fell in with a forlorn hope of quagmire, where my captain-lieutenant slew the enemy, some one hundred horse in num- him, with a thrust under his short ribs. The ber. “Our dragooners laboured to beat rest of the was wholly routed, not one them back, but not alighting of their horses, man staying upon the place.' the enemy charged them, and made them

“ Cromwell having relieved the town with retire unto their main body. Cromwell ad- such powder and provision as he brought, vanced, and came to the bottom of a steep thought to pursue his good fortune and fall hill.' We could not,' he says, 'well get up upon a party of the King's troops, about a but by some tracts, which our men essaying mile on the other side of the town, consistto do, the body of the enemy endeavoured | ing of six troops of horse and three hundred to hinder, wherein we prevailed, and got the foot. For this purpose he asked Lord Wiltop of the hill. This was done by the Lin- loughby for four hundred foot, in addition colneers, who had the vanguard. When to his own horse, and marched toward them; we all recovered the top of the hill, we saw but fell in with Newcastle's army.

Before a great body of the enemy's horse facing of he could call off his foot they were engaged, us, at about a musket-shot or less distance, and were of course forced to retreat in disand a good reserve of a full regiment of order and with some loss, to the town, horse behind it. The King's troops ad- 'where now they are. Our horse also came vanced to take them at disadvantage, but off with some trouble, being wearied with in such order as we were,' says Cromwell, the long fight and their horses tired, yet 'we charged their great body. I having the faced the enemy's fresh horse, and by severight wing, we came up horse to horse, where ral removes got off, without the loss of one we disputed it with our swords and pistols man. The honour of this retreat is due to a pretty time, all keeping close order, so God, as also all the rest. Major Whaley that one could not track the other; at last did in this carry himself with all gallantry



p. 278,

becoming a gentleman and a Christian. | cond them, put them into disorder ; and Thus have you this true relation as short as Manchester's troops, taking that advantage, I could : what you are to do upon it is next charging all in with them, put them to the to be considered. The Lord direct you what run; leaving their dragoons (which were now to do.'

on foot,) behind him. And so, being totally “This letter is addressed to the Committee routed, they had the pursuit, and did exefor the Association, sitting at Cambridge, cution upon them for five

miles together. The and Cromwell begins by saying, “Gentle- Earl of Manchester's foot hastened their men, it hath pleased the Lord to give your march to come up to the engagement; but servant, and soldiers, a notable victory now the horse had done the work before they at Gainsborow.” — RUSHWORTH, 3 vol. 2, came: the number killed being computed

to be about one thousand of the royal party, and on his side very few slain, and none of

note.' « Oct. 1642.

“ The Parliamentary horse said by Sir “ Two demi-cannons used by Newcastle William Widdrington to be very good and at the siege of Hull, thirty-six pounders, extraordinarily armed.” — RUSHWORTH, 3 were called Gog and Magog, and the Queen's vol. 2, p. 282. pocket pistols. At the fight near Horncastle, 12th October, after the siege was raised,

“ In the old house of Denton, then the both parties had drawn out all their horse and dragoons from the adjacent garrisons.

property of Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax, Prince Rupert lodged on his way

from The King's army had seventy-four colours

Lancashire to York, immediately before of horse, and twenty-one of dragoons.

the battle of Marston Moor. There was • Manchester had not above half so many

then in the house a very fine portrait of colours, but as many men, for his troops

John Fairfax, younger brother of the then were fuller. It was late before the foot

lord, who had been slain while defending could be drawn up. Manchester's horse and

Frankendale in the Palatinate, 1621. With dragoons went on in several bodies singing this painting the Prince was so much deof psalms. Quarter-master General Vermu

lighted that he forbade any spoil to be den, with five troops, had the forlorn hope,

committed upon the house; an act of geneand Colonel Cromwell the van, seconded by Sir T. Fairfax. The Royalist's word was,

rosity more likely to be prompted by a fine

work of art, than by respect for the owner Newcastle; that of the Parliamentary par

of Denton."—WHITAKER, Loidis and Elty, Truth and Peace. The dragoons gave

mete, p.

195. the first charge, and then the horse fel]

How is it that Whitaker has overlooked in. Colonel Cromwell charged with great the real motive? John Fairfax and his resolution immediately after the dragoons brother had fallen in the Elector Palatine's of the other side had given him their first volley; yet within half pistol shot they saluted him with a second charge. His horse was killed and fell down upon him, and as he

Marston Moor. rose he was knockt down again by the gen- “SUNDAY, June 30. The besieger hearing tleman that charged him, which was sup- towards evening of Prince Rupert's advance, posed to be Sir Ingram Hopton. But he and that his quarters would be at Knaresgot up, and recovered a new horse in a sol- borough, or at Borough Bridge that night, dier's hand, and so mounted again. The thought it best to raise the siege, and give van of the Royalists' horse, being driven him battle with their whole strength. Duback upon their own body, that was to se- ring the night therefore, and in the ensuing


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