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morning, they broke up from before the quartered themselves that night at Long town, removed all their artillery without Marston, and the places near, but great loss, and took up a position four or five part of their horse stayed all night upon miles from York, upon a great moor S. W. the moor. Early the next day they marched of the river Ouse, called from the neigh- toward Tadcaster, meaning to prevent Rubouring villages sometimes Hessam Moor, pert from furnishing York with provisions but more commonly Marston. Then they out of the East Riding, and also to obstruct drew up in battalia, expecting there to meet his march southward. The Earl of Denthe Prince on his way to York. But Ru- bigh, and the Lancashire forces were adpert ordered a party of his horse to face vancing from the West, whence he came. them, near a bridge, where their retreat Before they could reach the town, they was secure, quartered his foot and ordnance heard that the Prince was pressing close that night in the forest of Gortrey, within upon their rear, on the moor near Marston, five miles of the city, and entered the city appearing resolved to fight them. Herehimself with about 200 horse.
upon their foot and carriages were ordered “ There he had a conference with New-back with all speed, some of them being castle.
The marquis entreated him not advanced four or five miles. The Prince give the enemy battle, when he had every had possessed himself of so much of the thing to gain by delay, and they every moor that not being able to form there, thing to lose. The Scots and English were they drew up their men on a large field of upon such terms in the Parliamentary army, rye. This Rupert endeavoured to prevent, that if their mutual ill-humour were allowed because it was an advantageous position, to work, he had good reason to believe they being on a rising ground, but the party would separate. But in two days he ex- which he sent was beat back. Their piopected a powerful reinforcement, 3000 men neers now made way to get ground, whereunder Colonel Clavering, from the North, on to extend the wings of their army, and and 2000 more from different garrisons. at last their army fronted to the moor from This advice must have prevailed if Prince Marston to Topwith, being a mile and Rupert at that period of his life had ever half in length. “The Prince having part listened to reason.
He declared that he of his foot beyond Owse was as late as they had positive orders to fight, which, as in before he had fully drawn up; but between duty bound he must obey. Some of New- two and three o'clock both armies were castle's friends advised him not to engage, pretty well formed.' seeing the command was thus taken from “Rupert had in the field, including the him; but that gallant nobleman replied, forces drawn out of the city, about 14,000 that happen what would, he would not shun foot, and 9,000 horse, and about 25 pieces the action, his only ambition being to live
of cannon. He led the right wing of the and die a loyal subject to his Majesty. And horse, (which had in it twelve divisions, when the army was drawn up he asked consisting of 100 troops, and might be 5,000 Prince Rupert what service he would be men). Sir Charles Lucas and Colonel Hurpleased to command him. The Prince said ry commanded the left wing of the horse. he should begin no action till the morning, Whether Goring, Porter, Tyherd, or all of and desired him to repose till then. New- them commanded the main body, Rushcastle accordingly went to rest in his own worth could not learn. coach, which was close by, in the field ; but “On the other side, the three conjoined he had not long been there before the firing armies (by reason of the parties they had began.
sent forth (as into Lancashire, under Sir “The Parliamentarians (it is Rushworth's John Meldrum, &c.] which were not yet word) finding that the city was relieved, returned, and the men they had lost in this
tedious siege), were so much reduced, that Cromwell's division of 300 horse. Cromthey did not exceed the Prince's in number; well was very hard put to it, being charged but in that respect both armies seemed by Prince Rupert's bravest men, both in pretty equal.' Sir Thomas Fairfax com- front and flank,' and they stood at sword's manded the right wing of horse, consisting point a pretty while, hacking one another.' of 80 troops, being his own and part of the At last Cromwell broke through, and at the Scotch horse. Next in the main battalia same time the rest of his horse of that wing, was the Lord Fairfax, commanding the foot and Lesley's regiments (who behaved very towards the right wing, consisting of all his well) had wholly broken all that right wing own infantry, and two brigades of Scots for of the Prince, and were in chase of them a reserve. And towards the left General beyond their left wing, and Manchester's Leven, with the rest of the Scotish foot, and foot on the right hand of these went on by two brigades of the Earl of Manchester's, their side, almost as fast as they, dispersing with six regiments of Scots, and one of and cutting down his foot. Newcastle's Manchester's brigades for a reserve. The regiment of White Coats were almost left wing of the horse was commanded by wholly cut off; for they scorned to fly, and Manchester, and his Lieutenant General, were slain in rank and file, and the rest of Cromwell, consisting of the Earl's whole that part of their army which escaped killcavalry, and three regiments of the Scottish ing, or being taken prisoners, fled in conhorse under Lesley, in all about 70 troops. fusion towards York. The Prince's army extended in the front “ But Hurry with the Prince's left wing somewhat farther than theirs, and therefore defeated the Parliament's right; " for on their left, to secure the flank, the Scottish though Sir T. Fairfax, with Colonel Lamdragoons were placed, under Colonel Frizel.bert, and 5 or 6 troops, charged through
“ The Field-word given by the Prince was them, and went to their own left wing, the God and the King; by the other party, rest of his troops were defeated. Lord God with Us.
Fairfax's brigade was furiously assaulted, “ About three the great ordnance on both and at the same time disordered by some sides began to play, with little effect. About of Sir T. Fairfax's new-raised regiments, five there was a general silence on each side, who wheeled about, and being hotly purexpecting who should begin the charge, sued, fled back upon them and the reserve • for that there was a small ditch and a of Scottish foot, broke them wholly, and bank between the two armies, (though they trod many of them under foot. So that had drawn up their wings within musquet their right wing, and part of their main shot) which either side must pass if they body were routed, and fled several miles would charge the other, which would be a toward Tadcaster and Cawood, giving out disadvantage, and apt to disorder them that that all was lost.' should first attempt it. In this posture they • The Royalists were pursuing, and just continued a considerable time, so that on ready to seize all the carriages, when Cromeach side it was believed there would be well with his horse and Manchester's foot no action that night. But about seven in came back from the chase; both sides were the evening the Parliament's Generals re- now not a little surprised to see they must solved to fall on, and then the signal being fight it over again, for that victory which given, the Earl of Manchester's foot, and each thought they had already gained. the Scots of the main body advanced in a However the Royalists marched with great running march, soon made their way over resolution down the corn fields, the face the ditch, and gave a smart charge.' of the battle being now exactly counter
" " The front divisions orse mutually changed; for the King's for stood on charged. Prince Rupert in person charging the same ground, and with the same front
RUSHWORTH - WARWICK - ESSEX.
that the Parliament's right wing before “ The countrymen who were commanded stood to receive their charge; and the Par- to bury the dead, gave out that they inliament's forces in the same ground, and terred 4150 bodies. It was generally rewith the same front as the King's did when ported that at least 3000 of the Prince's the fight began.
men were killed. The Parliament's party “ The battle thus renewed grew very would not acknowledge in all their three desperate'. but after the utmost efforts of armies above 300 slain. strength and courage on either side, the “ Cromwell, who was acknowledged by parliamentary forces before ten had cleared all to be a great agent in this victory, was the field, recovered their own ordinance wounded in the neck, but not dangerously. and carriages which were in so much dan- Fairfax being unhorsed and flung on the ger, took all the Prince's train of artillery, ground, and wounded in the head and face, and followed the chase with great slaughter was relieved and carried off by a party of within a mile of York.
his own horse. On the King's side abun“Sir Charles Lucas, Lieutenant General dance of gentlemen expressed wonderful of Newcastle's horse, Major General Por- courage, and charged with as much resoter, Major General Tilyard, and the Lord lution as could be expected from men: Goring's son were taken, and near 100 insomuch that it was then confidently reother officers, 1500 common soldiers, 25 ported Prince Rupert should say, 'I am pieces of ordnance, 130 barrels of powder, sure my men fought well, and know no several thousand arms, and as was com- reason of our rout but this, that because puted about 100 colours, for which though the devil did help his servants.'”—Rushthere was a proclamation made to bring WORTH, 3, vol. 2, p. 631. them in to the generals, yet the soldiers had already torn to pieces most of them,
“Though the Marquis of Newcastle's delighting to wear the shreds in their hats.
foot stood like a wall, yet he (Oliver CromSome of them sent up to the Parliament well) mowed them down like a meadow.”
-SIR P. WARWICK. “Prince Rupert's standard, with the arms of the palatine, near five yards long and broad, with a red cross in the middle. "Ar Cropedy Bridge, Waller lost five
“A black coronet, with a black and drakes, a minion, and several leather guns yellow fringe, and a sword brandished from of Weems's invention and making. Waller the clouds, with this motto, Terribilis ut was a Scotch general of the artillery, and acies ordinata.
was taken also.”—RUSHWORTH, vol. 5, p. “A willow green, with the portraiture 676. of a man, holding in one hand a knot, in the other a sword, and this word, This
Essex writes of his defeat in Cornwall, shall untie it. Another coloured with a “ It is the greatest blow that ever befell face, and this motto, Aut mors, aut vita our party.” He complains that “never so decora.
many gallant and faithful men were so long “A yellow coronet, in its middle a lion exposed without succour," and says “this is couchant, and behind him a mastiff seem- a business that shall not sleep, if it be in ing to snatch at him, and in a lable from the power of your—Essex.” his mouth, written KimBOLTON: at his feet little beagles, and before their mouths written Pym, Pym, Pym, and out of the
Paseby. lion's mouth these words proceeding, Quo- “Fairfax marched to Gilsborough, four usque tandem abutêre patientiâ nostră. miles west of Northampton, and within
WARWICK — RUSHWORTH.
five miles of Burrough-hill, where his Ma- narrow passage with musquets and other jesty's army still continued, to whom a
weapons. Desborough with the general's commanded party of horse gave an alarm. regiment, went round about the ledge of By some prisoners taken, he understood the hill, and made a hard shift to climb that his Majesty was diverting himself with up, and enter on their rear, which they no hunting, the soldiers in no good order, and sooner discerned, but • after a short dismany of their horses at grass, having no pute they ran; many slid and tumbled thoughts of the so near advance of the down that steep hill with great hazard.' Parliamentarians. Yet the alarm was so There were taken about twelve colours; quickly taken through all their quarters, the motto of one of them was thus, ' If you that Fairfax's foot being somewhat behind, offer to plunder our cattle, be assured we will and night approaching, he did not then bid you battle.'”–RUSHWORTH, part 4, vol. think fit to venture any further attempt : | 1, p. 62. but being rather apprehensive they might visit his quarters, mounted about twelve Colonel Poper—at Pembroke. that night, and rode about the horse and foot guards till four in the morning, where
“The man is certainly in two disposian odd adventure happened. Having his tions every day, in the morning sober and thoughts otherwise busied, he himself forgot penitent, but in the afternoon drunk and the word, and was stopt at the first guard; full of plots. When he heareth news that whereupon declaring who he was, and re- pleaseth him, he puts forth bloody colours, quiring the soldier that stood sentinel to and then he is for the King and Book of give it to him, the fellow refused, saying, Common Prayer; but if that wind turn, then he was to demand the word from all that he is for the oath and covenant, and then past him, but to give it to none; and if he puts forth blue and white. He takes it advanced without it he would shoot him. very ill the King is in the Isle of Wight, And so made the general stay in the wet,
and calls the general, King Thomas Fairfax, till he sent for the captain of the guard to
with other opprobrious language. He got receive his commission to give the word.
a gentleman the other day, and prest him And in the end the soldier was rewarded
to tell him whether he was an Independent, for his duty and carefulness."
or a Presbiter. The gentleman answered, neither, for he was a Protestant. Why so
am I, quoth Poyer, therefore let us be “ Ireton made a soldierly and notable merry:
So in they went, and drunk so defence."-SIR. P. WARWICK.
hard that neither was able to stir in four
and twenty hours after. “In Sir Marmaduke Langdale's wing
“Fairfax says 'I am now preparing an which Cromwell soon routed, there were
arrow to send in a message unto his men, some trivial but pernicious disputes betwixt who I hope shortly will bring him out him and the commander of the Newark bound, and as many more as have run unto horse.”—Ibid.
him, since the first summons.'”—Ibid. vol.
7, p. 1033-4. Club-men. “ WHEN Cromwell defeated about 4000
wales. of them (1645) at Hambleton-hill, near May 1648. “Most of the enemies have Shrawton, (which had been an old Roman in their hats a blue and white riband, with work, deeply trenched), they shot briskly this motto, 'we long to see our king. The from the bank of the old work, and kept the Countries are universally bent against the
RUSHWORTH - THORESBY.
Parliament; wherever forces come, they quence made him Chief Bailiff in York-
who being turned out of the city had booths
went to pray with and for them, and to
make him the more acceptable, he usually “ The other night they roasted a whole carried a sack of provisions with him. But horse at one of their courts of guard; the
because none should run any hazard therefoot were very merry at it, but the troopers servant to attend him, but went from his
by but himself, he would not suffer any are discontented for the loss of their horses, not knowing how to get others ; nor well study through this door to the stables, liking the service of mowing with their new
where he was his own groom."— Appendix, devised long sithes, which weapons are put into the hands of such as were troopers.”- DR. RICHARD MARCH, Vicar of HaliIbid. vol. 7, p. 1204.
fax, “The soldiers coming in to the house
in search of him, and supposing he might In a house called the Red' Hall, at
be hid in bed, stabbed their swords into it, Leeds, because the first that was built of where his wife was laid, and so frighted and brick, (1628) by Thomas Medcalf, alder
wounded her, that it threw her into labour man of the city, is an apartment called the
and she expired almost as soon as delivered. King's Chamber, where Charles is said to The doctor fled, and a maid servant made have lodged : "probably,” says a note in
her escape with the child in the night, with Whitaker's edition of Thoresby, (p. 25) nothing but her shift on, carrying it in “ while in the hands of the Scots and on his
that condition fourteen miles in the dark, way from Newark to Newcastle, a maid
to a relation of the doctor's.”—History of servant entreated him to put on her clothes Halifax, p. 489. and escape, offering to conduct him in the dark out of the garden door into a back
Usher. alley called Land's Lane, and thence to a friend's house, from whence he might make
STRAFFORD to Laud, 1634. “I am clear his way to France. The King declined of your lordship's opinion, it were fit the this, but gave her a token (the garter says
Canons of England were received here as the story) by which his son might reward well as the Articles; but the primate is her good will, if it should never be in his hugely against it. The business is merely own power. She married a man who was point of honour, (or as Sir Thomas Cogan Under Bailiff, and Charles II. in conse- nesby would have expressed it, matter of
punctilio,) lest Ireland might become subSee suprà ; 1st series, p. 532. J. W. W. ject to the Church of England, as the