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province of York is to that of Canterbury. | many provisions of state, regulating the Needs, forsooth, we must be a Church of disorders of human society, daily issuing ourselves, which is utterly lost unless the from your Solomon-like prescience; in Canons here differ, albeit not in substance, which and by which we, in this your garden yet in some form from yours in England; of Ireland, smell the gracious flowers of and this crotchet put the good man into your government, enjoy the felicity of your such an agony, as you cannot believe so plantations, and feed our hearts with the learned a man should be troubled withal. satiety of present and hope of future imBut I quieted him by approving his writing provement, so that no place, no degree, no to your lordship, and assuring him I should sex over all this pleasant paradise, but is repose myself in whatever was assented by | partaker of your comfortable influence. your grace; to whose wisdom indeed I Even those choked up in the midst of the wholly submit myself, being very ready to darkest prisons acknowledge the sunshine do therein as I shall receive directions of your provident care, and receiving new from you. The truth is, I conceive, there life and relief from your hands, cry out, are some Puritan correspondents of his, Long live our life, our relief, noble Wentthat infuse these necessities into his head, worth.”Collect. Hib. vol. 2, p. 413. besides a popular disposition which inclines him to a desire of pleasing all, the sure

“ WHATEVER affection he had for power, way I think never to please a man's self. | You will amongst the rest find a rare

he had very little of self-interest in him."canon against the sword salve, which I |

CARTE's Ormonde, vol. 1, p. 56. take to be a speculation far-fetched and dear bought." — STRAFFORD's Letters, vol.

“ If he could be said to lean on any side 1, p. 381. See p. 145.

it was in favour of the poor.”—Ibid. p. 86.



"They," says Nalson (vol. 2, p. 1), “who Grotius says of Strafford " that his leta / will pull down the throne of Solomon, always terl to the King, and his expressions when first endeavour to remove and destroy the about to suffer death, are strong presump

lions that support it." I tions of great virtue." -Nichols, Calv. p. ! “ When he was made lord lieutenant of

Ireland, he, by Laud's assistance, procured EVELYN says, “ I beheld on Tower Hill

from his Majesty the restoring of all the the fatal stroke which severed the wisest

impropriations which in that nation were head in England from the shoulders of the

then in the crown to the bishops and clergy; Earl of Strafford, whose crime coming under

thereby rescuing the churchmen from those the cognizance of no human law, a new one

disadvantages which contempt and poverty was made, not to be a precedent, but his

in these declining ages of religion had redestruction. To such exorbitancy were

duced them to; and by proposing rewards things arrived."

to merit, virtue, learning and piety, en164

couraged men of parts to dedicate themThe mayor of Kilkenny, in an address delivered to Wentworth, 1636, eulogized | 1 « Let judges also remember, that Solomon's him for “ so many wholesome laws and throne was supported by lions on both sides; let statutes voted in the last parliament; so them be lions, but yet lions under the throne;

being circumspect, that they do not check or op1 That letter was a forgery.-Carte's Ormonde, pose any points of sovereignty."-Bacon's Essays. vol. 1, p. 138.

of Judicature, J. W. W.



selves to those nobler studies, that, con- | they would not let the wisest head among tenting themselves with those competent them stand upon its own shoulders.”—Ibid. provisions, they might be enabled to resist p. 162. the temptations of applying themselves to the more gainful arts of secular professions." BRUTALITY at his execution.-Ibid. p. -Nalson, vol. 2, p. 4. Digby's speech upon the attainder.- |

Juxon's advice to Charles.—South, vol. Ibid. pp. 157, 864-5.

4, p. 26. CHARLES said to Dr. Sheldon (afterwards archbishop), “ that if ever he was in a con- ! In a letter to Sir John Jackson, 1624, dition to perform his vows, it was his inten- he says, “ being, I must confess, in my own tion to do public penance for the injustice nature a great lover and converser of herehe had suffered to be done to Strafford.”— ditary good wills, such as have been amongst Ibid. p. 194.

our nearest friends; and therefore I desire

that as they live still in us otherwise, so His death. — Ibid. pp. 198-9. Poems

they may too in their affections."-STRAFupon him, p. 204.

FORD's Letters, vol. 1, p. 25.

State of the army under him in Ireland. “ BELIEVE me, I keep a narrower watch -Ibid. vol. 2, p. 537.

over myself than any of them can do, and I trust God shall so assist me with his grace,

that where they think to surprize me, shame “ His memory was great, and he made it shall fall upon themselves. I much value greater by confiding in it."-SIR P. WAR- | not what men say, govern myself, am perWICK.

suaded as little by opinion as most men:

yet I could be content that dogs should “ He gave an early specimen of the rather fawn than snarl upon me ; and someroughness of his nature when in the eager times to hear from a faithful wise friend, pursuit of the House of Commons after the what judgement others have of me; for so Duke of Buckingham, he advised or gave a I may come to hear of my errors, which I counsel against another, which was after- | should be sure to amend with all possible wards taken up and pursued against him- / speed and care." To Lord Cottington.self. Thus pressing upon another man's STRAFFORD's Letters, vol. 1, p. 163. case, he awakened his own fate. For when that house was in consultation how to frame the particular charge against that great “I am happy to live in the noble memory duke, he advised to make a general one, of my lady ; it is her ladyship's great goodand to accuse him of treason, and to let ness to have it so, else this bent and illhim afterwards get off as he could, which favoured brow of mine was never prosperous befell himself at last.”—Ibid. p. 111. in the favour of ladies. Yet did they know

how perfectly I do honour, and how much

I value that excellent and gracious sex, I His good management of Ireland.-Ibid. am persuaded I should become a favourite p. 115.

amongst them. Tush, my lord, tush, there

are few of them know how gentle a Garçon " RICHELIEU, hearing of his death, said, I am.” To the Earl of Exeter.—Ibid. vol. the English nation were so foolish that 1, p. 179.

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1633. He writes from Ireland to the I STRAFFORD recommends to the King a King, that “the yearly payments in that constant rule that nothing imposed by way country alone (without the debt) are im- / of fine upon delinquents should come into possible by any other ordinary way to be in any other purse than his own exchequer.time supplied, but by the subject in Parlia- Ibid. vol. 1, p. 249. ment: and to pass to the extraordinary, before there be at least an attempt first to effect it with ease, were to love difficulties SPEAKING of the Bishop of Durham's too well,-rather voluntary to seek them, vexing the Catholicks for clandestine marthan unwillingly to meet them, and might riages, &c. after they had compounded for seem as well vanity in the first respect so their recusancy, STRAFFORD says (A. D. to affect them, as faintless to bow under 1634), “ But yet did I never know Puritans them when they are not to be avoided." —

capable of this Christian wisdom, as I take Ibid. vol. 1, p. 183.

it to be, to choose fit times and opportuni

ties: their zeal ever eating up all human The Earl of Exeter says to him, “ My

judgement and providence with a Deus pro

videbit, or some such misapplied text of lord, I could be angry with you, were you

holy writ. I beseech your lordship he may not so far off, for wronging of your bent

be learnt a little to believe his majesty and brow, as you term it in your letter : for you

his ministers, and how to carry himself in had been curst with a meek brow and an

these civil matters; for it is too much he arch of white hair upon it, never to have

should exercise sovereignty over us both in governed Ireland nor Yorkshire so well as

and forth of the pulpit. Neither hath his you do, where your lawful commands have

Majesty these under instruments in right gotten you an exact obedience. Content

tune, till he hath made them and taught yourself with that brave commanding part

them to dance his measure, rather than one of your faee which sheweth gravity without

invented after their own fancy."-Ibid. vol. dulness, severity without cruelty, clemency

1, p. 268. without easiness, and love without extravagancy; and if it should be any impeachment unto your favour with that sex which 1634. To Lord Cottington.-" By my you so much honour, you should be no truth, my lord, in good earnest, I grow exloser; for they that have known them so tremely old, and full of gray hairs, since I long as I have done, have found them no came into this kingdom, and should wax thing less than diabolos blancos.”—Ibid. vol. exceeding melancholy were it not for two 1, p. 241.

little girls that come now and then to play

by me. Remember, I tell you I am of no -“My opinion hath ever been, that long life, and then shall you lose the faithhonourable and just redemptions of the fullest of all your lordship's most humble subject from oppression and wrong, should and most affectionate servants."--Ibid. vol. be the immediate acts of sovereignty, in 1, p. 294. deed the proper charge and office of kings to provide for, without interposition of any parliament, or other body, betwixt their | 1634. “ I HEAR the Spanish resident is light and the eyes of their people: who very angry, I am sorry for it. Would to discerning whence those blessings are com- God our master could hit it with that crown! municated, may be justly moved to praise for undoubtedly, in my poor judgement, the and magnify them for their goodness and common and public interests of these kings protection.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 245.

and their people stand best together of any

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other two nations in Christendom.”—Ibid. scandal of the church, as I conceive; and vol. I, p. 299.

certainly could have been content I had been surprized. But he is so learned a

prelate, and so good a man, as I do beseech “Far be it from me, my lord,” he says your grace it may never be imputed unto to Laud, “ ever to take a difference in him. How beit I will always write your opinion offensively from the meanest of my lordship the truth, whomsoever it concerns." friends, much less sure from your grace, -Ibid. vol. I, p. 343. whom I protest upon my faith, I reverence more than I do any other subject in the whole world, and to whose judgement I -“ I am not ignorant that my stirring shall sooner lean and trust myself than my | herein will be strangely reported and cenown; so as if you be not free with me insured on that side ; and how I shall be able that kind, upon all occasions, you proceed to sustain myself against your Prynne's, not with me as with your son, and take Pim's and Ben's (? Rudyard ?) with the rest from me the glory of that obedience I have

of that generation of odd names and naset apart for you as my ghostly father."— tures, the Lord knows.”—Ibid. Ibid. vol. 1, p. 299.

“ You mention my garden at Wood

-“ WITHOUT offence to Mr. Jones, or house,” he says to Sir Ed. Stanhope, “ and pride in myself, be it spoken,

| pride in myself, be it spoken, I take myself I thank you for the visit. And as pros- to be a very pretty architect too.”—Ibid. perous as you conceive his Majesty's affairs / vol. 1, p. 348. go here (and indeed unprosperous, I praise God, they have not been hitherto) yet could I possess myself with more satisfaction and 1634. “ I FIND well enough I am upon repose under that roof, than with all the the disadvantage ground, where I am like preferment and power a crown can com- ) still to be troublesome to my friends, and municate with her grace and favour. My seldom in place and season to speak either mind works fast towards a quiet, and to be for myself or for them, which, in good faith, discharged of the care and importunity of I should the more freely do of the two. I affairs, which, God knows, force me against spend more here than I have of entertainmy will from many of those more excellent ment from his Majesty; I suffer extremely duties I owe his goodness and blessings. in my own private at home; I spend my Nor can I judge any men so entirely and body and spirits with extreme toil; I someinnocently happy as those that have no ne- | times undergo the misconstructions of those cessity of business upon them, but such as I conceived should not, would not have they may take or leave as they please, used me so, in such a measure (I know well without being accountable for any neglect what I write), as I vow to you, I would or success to others.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 303. | absolutely leave all, but that I have the

comfort and assurance of my master to be

with him accepted, however I be with WRITING to Laud, 1634, upon the affairs others. God reward that goodness towards of the Irish church, he says, “it is very this absent servant of his, and make me true that for all the primate's silence, it able to serve him answerable to those sovewas not possible but he knew how near reign duties I owe him."-Ibid. vol. 1, p. they were to have brought in those articles | 354, of Ireland, to the infinite disturbance and

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CONCERNING the admission of the English as long as I possibly can, that so, till the Articles in Ireland, he asks for a letter from place be again settled, I may be in a land the King, “ that so if a company of Puritans where all things are forgotten. There shall in England may chance in Parliament to I trust to enjoy my own quiet more to my have a month's mind a man's ears should contentment, and that (as your lordship be horns, I might be able to shew his Ma- | observes most judiciously) so great a place jesty at least approved of the proceedings. and high employment will never stoop to There is not any thing that hath passed him that neither looks after it, nor regards since my coming to the government I am it.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 411. liker to hear of than this; and therefore I would fence myself as strongly as I could against the mousetraps and other the smaller “BELIEVE me, I have no ambition, nay engines of Mr. Prynne and his associates." no inclination to that place ; for it is most -Ibid. vol. 1, p. 381.

certain I have an inward and obstinate aversion from it. I do not serve the king

out of the ordinary ends that the servants 1635. To his brother, Sir George W.

of great princes attend them with. Great

| wealth I covet not: greater powers than “ If my Lord Treasurer (Weston) be dead,

are already entrusted with me by my masand that you hear me by any nominated to

ter I do not desire: I wish, much rather, succeed him, I pray you make answer, that

abilities to discharge these I have, as beupon some former rumours of the like here

comes me, than any of those I have not. tofore, you have heard me in private seri

Again, I serve not for reward, having reously profess it was the place in the whole

ceived much more than I shall ever be world the most unfit for me; and that I desire it should be so understood by all

| able to deserve. Besides there should, and

I trust in God there shall be, a time for me that love me. For, you are sure, that I

in stillness and repose to consider myself, neither follow the service of the crown with

and those other more excellent and needful so indiscreet affections, or so far neglect

duties than these momentary trifles below, the moderate care of my own contentment

which the Treasurer's place admits not, at and subsistence, as (being a person in my

least to my satisfaction ; for this is most own opinion so uncapable) to accept an

certain, that a Treasurer must die so, or be employment so much to the disservice of

dishonoured, if not altogether ruined. And my master, or my own ruin. And there

to be tied to the importunity of affairs all fore intreat all my friends that speak of it,

my life, in good faith all the preferments, to silence it as much as may be, as a thing

and what else soever men most esteem in not to be entertained by me.”—Ibid. vol. 1,

this world, shall, I trust, never so far lay p. 391.

asleep or infatuate, the sense I ought to

have of that much better which remains 1635. To the Earl of Newcastle.—“ If I after this life.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 420. had any design upon it, I confess your lordship's counsel for my repair to court is very sound, and I humbly thank you for it; ! To Lord Cottington, 1635.—“'Tis true it being indeed very much which a man's I am in a thing they call a progress, but own presence moves in those cases. But yet in no great pleasure for all that. All judging the place unfit for me, and I for the comfort I have is a little Bonneyclabber; it, my purpose is to take a clean contrary upon my faith I am of opinion it would like way: for I will be so far from hastening you above measure; would you had your thither, as I will delay all writing to court belly full of it; I will warrant you you

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