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membered: when he met with a well penned “ To the sacred Majesty of the Queen.” oration or tract upon any subject or question, he framed a speech upon the same

SELBY, the 25th Feb. 1642-3.

MADAM, argument, inventing and disposing what seemed fit to be said upon that subject, in this county doth infinitely rejoice the

“ Your Majesty's safe and happy arrival before he read the book; then reading the book compare his own with the author, and

hearts of all men, who though divided in note his own defects, and the author's art opinions and fallen into most bloody dissenand fulness, whereby he drew all that ran

tions, yet every one hopes by your Majesty in the author more strictly, and might better

to obtain his desires. My hopes and the judge of his own wants to supply them.”

expectation of all men with me are, that by Ibid. p. 435.

the powerful influence of your Majesty's presence, your gracious mediation and great wisdom, this kingdom which hath tasted

nothing but war and misery since your STRAFFORD offered his life if he would Majesty left it, shall now be restored to urge the king to abolish Episcopacy. – the happy condition of peace, and all misLaud's Troubles, p. 177.

understanding taken away, which in human reason is the only means to make your majesty and your royal posterity to be loved

and rich at home, potent and feared abroad. Fairfar.

“ Madam,—The Parliament (the sceptre) He had a collection of ancient coins, by which all the glorious and happy princes which were purchased by Thoresby's father.

of this land have governed, hath commanded

me to serve the King and your Majesty in “Of the heterogeneous character of Sir securing the peace of these northern parts. T. Fairfax," says WHITAKER, " it would be My highest ambition and humblest suit is, unpardonable in an antiquary to speak that your Majesty refusing all attendance without gratitude, in an Englishman, with

and service of those who by that highest out a mixture of censure and pity.

He Court have been found and declared enewas bred a presbyterian, though without mies of the peace and state, you will be any violent hostility against the Church of pleased to admit me and the forces with me England, and he served the Parliament to guard your sacred person, wherein I and without any personal animosity against the this army shall all of us more willingly saking. Till roused by action, the native crifice our lives than suffer any danger to powers of his mind seemed to doze; his invade the trust reposed in, madam, your deportment was awkward, his temper


most loyal, most humble servant, T. Fairlen, his conceptions clouded, his utterance fax.”Loidis and Elmete, p. 194. embarrassed. In the field of battle he was all on fire, prompt, intelligible and spirited. He was a man of no intuition into character, “ The most extraordinary part of Fairand suffered himself to be duped by the fax's character was a passionate fondness Parliament into the fashionable opinion of for antiquarian pursuits, which might seem their absolute supremacy, even over the alike incompatible with the drowsy huking himself, as the great council of the mour of the Presbyterian' and the active nation. This is strongly, though politely engagements of the soldier. To him we expressed in the following letter, addressed are indebted not only for the basis of Thoto the Queen on her landing at Burlington, resby's museum, but what is of infinitely which has never before been published. more importance, for the voluminous col.






lections of Dodsworth, which perpetuated and of a worse elocution, and so a most fit so many thousands of charters relating to tool for Mr. Cromwell to work with.” the genealogical and monastic antiquities of the northern counties, just transcribed under his patronage, before the blowing up

Bastwick. of St. Mary's Tower at York consigned the originals to destruction. These he bequeath

Nalson (vol. 1, p. 499,) quotes this from ed to the University of Oxford.” — Ibid. P. Hierarchy, purposely from that topic to tra

his libel p. 19, speaking of the Romish 195.

duce the English Church.“ In the number Fairfax refused to open the king's let

of which," saith he, are cardinals, patriters taken at Naseby, but Cromwell and archs, primates, metropolitans, archbishops, Ireton pressed him to it.

bishops, deans, and innumerable such verRUSHWORTH,

min, a member of which monstrous body vol. 6, preface iii.

our hierarchy is; this is not known in

Sacred Writ, nor never came from God, AFTER the surrender of Colchester, Fair

but rather from the pope and the devil. fax writes thus to Manchester, Speaker (pro

Diabolus caccavit illos." tempore) of the House of Peers, “ for some

OF Laud he says, “I am so hardened in satisfaction to military Justice, and in part goodness, as I fear neither post nor pillory ; of avenge for the innocent blood they have conceiving always that I hold my ears by caused to be spilt, and the trouble, damage better tenure than he holds his nose, and mischief they have brought upon the being a loyaller subject to my prince than town, this country and the kingdom; I he hath grace to be, and better able to do have, with the advice of a council of war of him service than he hath ability to judge the chief officers, both of the country forces of. But if he should by his might and and the army, caused two of them who

power, and the iniquity of the times, adwere rendered at mercy, to be shot to death

vance me to that desk (the pillory), I doubt before any of them had quarter assured

not by the grace of God I shall make there them. The persons pitched upon for this the funeral sermons of all the prelates in example were Sir Charles Lucas, and Sir England. I hope I shall have the honour George Lisle ; in whose military execution of the good work, and withal bring such I hope your lordships will not find cause to

things to light, as all Europe and the whole think your honour or justice prejudiced. Church of God shall be the better for it to As for the Lord Goring, Lord Capel, and the world's end. And if they shall sacrifice the rest of the persons rendered to mercy,

me upon the altar of the pillory, I shall so and now assured of quarter, of whose names

bleat out their episcopal knaveries, as the I have sent your lordship a particular list, odour and sweet smelling savour of the I do hereby render unto the Parliaments

oblation shall make such a propitiation for judgment, for further public justice and the good of this land and kingdom, as the mercy to be used, as you shall see cause."

King himself and all loyal subjects shall RUSHWORTH, vol.

fare the better for it.

“ And he closes his admonition to the

reader with this sentence, from whence it Sir P. WARWICK says of Fairfax, he was

took the name of his Litany, ‘from plague, a man of a military genius, undaunted courage and presence of mind in the field pestilence and famine, from bishops, priests both in action and danger, but of a very

and deacons, good Lord deliver us.'”—p. 10. common understanding in all other affairs, Bastwick's whole letter to the Keeper

P. 1243.





of the Gate House (Nalson, vol. 1, p. 500,) 1637. “In the palace yard two pillories should be given in a note.

were erected, and there the sentence of Star Chamber against Burton, Bastwick

and Prynne was executed. They stood two In another letter he entreats the keeper hours in the pillory; Burton by himself, to give him liberty upon the word of a

being degraded in the High Commission Christian, and one reason is that he might Court three days before. The place was go abroad to practise upon such as had the full of people, who cried and howled terplague, which was then in London, “ of ribly, especially when Burton was cropt. which he tells him he is not afraid; and

Dr. Bastwick was very merry; his wife, indeed who ever reads the whole libel

Dr. Poe's daughter, got a stool, kissed him; would have reason to credit him ; for it is his ears being cut off

, she called for them, so pestilent that no plague could be more

and put them in a clean handkerchief, and mortal."— Ibid. p. 502.

carried them away with her. Bastwick told the people the lords had collar days at court, but this was his collar-day, re

joicing much in it.”—GARRARD, vol. 2, MORE specimens of his crazy humour, Ibid. p. 503; and of his beastly abuse.

P. 85.

p. 502.

Prynne. WHEN Bastwick quarrelled with Lil

Naison says (vol. 1, p. 798) “ I have burne he fell as foul upon the Independents heard a gentleman his familiar avow that he as he had done upon the bishops, and de

was so infinitely sensible both of the folly duced them also from the devil's poste- and mischief of those youthful and passionriors.-Ibid.


ately injudicious essays, which were rather
the results of prejudice and revenge than

law or reason, that he has heard Mr. Prynne “ His libel was written when he was a say, that if the King had cut off his head prisoner for a book which he had written when he only cropt his ears, he had done against one Chouncy when under pretence no more than justice, and done God and of battering down the pope's supremacy, the nation good service.” he aspersed the English Church. A wealthy and grave citizen visited him then as a martyr, and urged him to write his Li- 1634. “No mercy shewed to Prynne: he tany; rewarded him with ten pieces of gold stood in the pillory, and lost his first ear in for it, and circulated it in MS. Lilburne a pillory in the palace at Westminster in then newly out of his apprenticeship got it full term, his other in Cheapside; where printed in Holland, and the disperser made while he stood his volumes were burnt £60 by the first edition, but on the second under his nose, which had almost suffocated the disperser saved himself by informing him.”—GARRARD. STRAFFORD's Letters, vol. against Lilburne, who was thus brought 1, p. 261. within reach of the law.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. 513-4.

1634, June 20. “MR. PRYNNE, prisoner

in the Tower, who hath got his ears sewed GARRARD says that B. writes an excel- on, that they grow again as before to his lent Latin style. — STRAFFORD's Letters, head, is relapsed into new error.”—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 57.

p. 266.

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1637. “ A LITTLE more quickness in the it. In the meantime a liberty thus assumed, government would cure this itch of libel

thus abused, is very

unsufferable; but how ling. Laud writes to Wentworth, agreeing to help it I know not, till I see the good with him in this mind. But what say you as resolute in their good, as we daily obto it that Prynne and his fellows should be serve the bad to be in their evil ways: suffered to talk what they pleased while which God of his grace infuse into us; for they stood in the pillory and win acclama- such are the feeble and faint motions of tions from the people, and have notes taken human frailty, as I do not expect it thence." of what they spake, and those notes spread -Ibid. STRAFFORD to Laud, vol. 2, p. 119. in written copies about the city; and that when they went out of town to their several imprisonments, there were thousands

STRAFFORD to Laud. “It is strange insuffered to be upon their way to take their

deed to see the frenzy which possesseth the leave and God knows what else!”—Ibid.

vulgar now-a-days, and that the just disvol. 2, p. 99.

pleasure and chastisement of a state should

produce greater estimation, nay reverence " ONCE again you return to Prynne and

to persons of no consideration either for his fellows, and observe most justly that

life or learning, than the greatest and these men do but begin with the church,

highest trusts and employments shall be that they might after have the freer access

able to procure for others of unspotted

conversation, of most eminent virtue and to the state: and I would to God other men were of your lordship's opinion, or if deepest knowledge: a grievous and overthey be so already I would they had some spreading leprosy; but where you mention

a remedy, sure it is not fitted for the hand of your zeal too for timely prevention : but for that, we are all too secure, and will not

of every physician ; the cure, under God, believe there is any foul weather towards

must be wrought by our Æsculapius alone, us, till the storm break upon us."—LAUD.

and in that my weak judgment to be efIbid. vol. 2, p. 101.

fected rather by corrosives than lenitives; less than Thorow will not overcome it. There is a cancerous malignity in it, which

must be cut forth, which long since rejected “ MR. PRYNNE's case is not the first wherein I have resented the humour of the

all other means, and therefore to God and

him I leave it."—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 136. time to cry up and magnify such as the honour and justice of the King and state have marked out and adjudged mutinous to the government, and offensive to that

“ I thank you," says Hyde to Nicholas belief and reverence the people ought to (1647) “ for your friend Lilburne, and dehave in the wisdom and integrity of the sire you to send me as many of his books as magistrate. Nor am I now to say it anew,

I learn much by them; and in (even there, where the right understand- earnest I find a great benefit by reading ing, and right use made of this mischief ill books, for though they want judgment would be the only way to take off the ill and logic to prove what they promise, yet it threatens to us all) that a prince that they bring good materials to prove someloseth the force and example of his punish- what else they do not think of. And so I ments, loseth withal the greatest part of gain very much law by reading Mr. Prynne, his dominion. Yet still methinks we are though nothing of it be applicable to those not got thorough the defence, nay I fear do purposes to which he produces it.”—CLAnot sufficiently apprehend the malignity of RENDON Papers, vol. 2, p. 363.

you can.



My Lord of Buckingham having been 15. 1621. “Neither do I conceive it to long since Master of the Horse at court, is be within the power or ability of Spain to now made master also of all the wooden diffuse itself, and maintain war against so horses in the kingdom, which indeed are many prevalent enemies in places so far disour best horses; for he is to be high-ad- tant; and then it will follow, if he must miral of England. So he is become domi- needs lay down arms somewhere, in no place nus equorum et aquarum."—HOELL's Epis- with more honour to himself, with more adtolæ Ho-Eliane, p. 1880.

vantage to his affairs, than in the Palatinate.”

16. The enjoyments in the country.

1623-24. In Cato's letters, though it is falsely said of 19. 1623. “My opinion of these masters Strafford, that “he was no sooner got into the (Parliament,) your Lordship (Clifford,) court, but he began openly to counteract knows sufficiently, and the services done the whole course of his past life, he devised there coldly requited on all sides, and which new ways of terror and oppression, and is worse, many times misconstrued. I judge heightened all those grievances of which he further, the path we are like to walk in is had complained,” the writer, fierce whig as he now more narrow and slippery than foris, justly adds, “but though the two great merly; yet not so difficult but may be passed parts of his life were thus prodigiously in- with circumspection, patience, and princiconsistent, I do not remember that he ever pally silence.” condemned the worst, though he suffered

22. Treaty of marriage. “Commissioners for it; or recanted the best. It is probable are appointed to treat with my Lord of his judgment in both cases approved his Carlisle, the prime whereof is the Cardinal conduct.”—Vol. 2, p. 289.

of Richelieu, which occasioned a difference about placing of them, Cardinals taking pre

cedence of all but kings in person, which Strafford's Letters and Dispatches. Dublin,

was wiped away with this accord, that they 1740.

should meet in the Cardinal's house, and Ded. In Ireland.—“He did not exact of that the Cardinal must keep his bed. This the recusant the twelve-pence a Sunday, as rock passed over by this sick accommodaby law he might have done. But let none tion," &c. hence conclude that his Lordship was a fa- 23. “I was best pleased to hear of that vourer of the Papists, and an encourager of commodity, being for all the rest, John Intheir religion. No, he very well knew a

different." better way to secure the Protestant interest, 27. Sir Richard Beaumont to Wenta more noble and effectual means than pe- worth “If it be tolerated that shall nal laws, viz. repairing of churches and come six, seven, nay ten apprentices out of building mansion-houses for ministers ; in- a house, this is more like a rebellion than troducing a learned clergy, and enjoining an election. The gentry are wronged, the them strict residence; affording them coun

freeholders are wronged.” tenance and protection against the encroach

29. When he was nominated sheriff, ments of the powerful, restoring to them (1625,) it was told me by two counsellors, means of hospitality, and looking carefully that the King said you were an honest gento the education and marriages of the King's

tleman; but not a tittle to any of the rest. wards. This was his method of supporting 30. A private and husbandly course, when the Protestant cause; and thereby he gave

sheriff, advised. 32. His intentions on this a deadly blow to the Church of Rome." matter. P. 9. Lord Clifford promises absolutely a

31. Question concerning the sheriff's ofseat in Parliament for Appleby.

fice disqualifying him for sitting.



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