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33. 1625. Course which he means to pur- 92. Mischief of Irish grants. sue happily expressed.
93. Project for victualling the Spanish 35. His favour with James.
West India fleet, winning that trade from 38. Chief Justice Hyde.
the Hamburghers. Toleration intended in Ireland, but re- 93. Flax proposed. A mint. Disuse of jected there. 1627.
the woollen manufactures, to keep them de42. Isle of Rhé. This only every man pendent on England, and an intent to make knows, that since England was England, it re- the King sole salt merchant. 193. ceived not so dishonourable a blow. HOLLES. 94. Irish levies for Spain likely to be
46. The Speaker sends him copies of trained for rebellion. A just suspicion of speeches which he writes for 1628. Proba- Spain on this point. bly ministers' speeches which may have 96. Salt. 193. been written, as being necessarily prepared. State in which he found the army and all
48. The president's place, “the highest things else, “so as it doth almost affright me pitch of northern honour.”
at first sight; yet you shall see I will not 49. “ You tell me God hath blessed you meanly desert the duties I owe my master much in these late proceedings," says and myself." Wandesford to him.
99. He tells the council, " rather than Nescia mens hominum!
fail in so necessary a duty to my master, I Dread of the Papists on his appointment. would undertake, upon the peril of my
head, to make the King's army able to sub51. Cottington speaks of Hocus ? Hocus's sist and to provide for itself amongst them, dog-silver with five legs,—and puppets ?
without their help.” 60. “In my own nature I am the man 99. Ormond. 352. 378. Vol. 2, p. 18. least suspicious alive.” His temper, 80, 87. 102. Falkland complains that he had had,
His religious feelings at this time after during his government, no aid from the the death of his wife. 79.
Archbishop of Canterbury, Abbott, who it 65. His propositions concerning the go- seems neglected Ireland as he did Engvernment of Ireland,
land. 71. The one shilling per week upon recu
104. A direct trade from Ireland to the sants, to be raised for supplying the want
Terceras and Canaries proposed. of revenue! 73-4-6.
106. Biscayan privateers. Wentworth's 75. Conformity of religion with England, strong feeling at seeing the mischief, and every good Englishman ought to desire as wanting means to punish it. well in reason of state as conscience.
124. His principle of conduct well stated, 85. Desire of serving the King.
and the opposition he is likely to find. He is against all non-residents, as well 136. His disinterestedness in office. 8. lay as ecclesiastical.
130. Goring, 119, 166.
132. Presentation. 87. The passage to Ireland infested by 135. Humanity to the Spanish privateer pirates. 90.
prisoners. 90. As Lord President he took one shil- 138. His severity apprehended before he
139. His objection to see commissions pass Called by Clarendon “ that unfortunate des- from father to son. cent upon the Isle of Rhé, which was quickly afterwards attended with many unprosperous at
145-6. His opinion of what the Foulis's tempts, and then with a miserable retreat, in
sentence in his star chamber case ought to which, the flower of the army was lost.”-Hist.
be. of the Rebellion, book i. vol. 1, p. 47.
151. Care against ill bishops.
ling in the pound.
The church "impiously preyed upon by jesty's goodness and justice, watching and persons of all sorts, that I dare say you caring for their protection and ease, both would be amazed and astonished at it, as in private and public respect," Charles anmuch as I am, if you were but here amongst swers, “We approve the reformation of us; by means whereof the clergy here are these pressures and extortions by examples reduced to such a contempt, as is a most and by commissions, by our own authority, lamentable and scandalous thing to see in but by no means to be done by Parliament.” any Christian commonwealth."
186. He thought a House of Commons, 161. Charles instructs Strafford to dis- (Irish) equally balanced between Papists regard letters of favour which importunity and Protestants, would be easier to govern may force from him.-I much question whe- than if either party were absolute. ther this be not the worst proof of his in- 189. He says, after Bedell's explanation, sincerity. He sought ease for himself, and “ In which good mind if he continue, I shall threw all odium of refusal upon Strafford ;- be sure to discontinue my ill mind towards who however always advised that this should him.” be done.
He and Laud gird at each other as CamWindebank
says to Strafford, “When we bridge and Oxford men, both Johnnians. had the happiness and honour to have your 190. Irish expenditure and revenues : assistance here at the council board, you -he determines to pay his way, and make made many ill faces with your pen,—(par- every half year discharge itself. don I beseech your Lordship, the over free 190. A quarter's pay of the captains alcensure of your Vandyking.")
ways to be kept back, as a security upon “Another remarkable error of your Lord- their death for the arms for which they are ship, which makes much noise here, is that answerable by bond or otherwise. you refuse all presents."
192. He advises a malt tax upon the 163. Spanish prisoners. 182.
brewers, to repress the infinite excess of 169. Advice to his nephew. His own drunkenness in this kingdom. Besides, it course in youth. “My breeding abroad may be a step towards an excise, which, alhad shewn me more of the world than yours though it be heathen Greek in England, hath done.” 170. He advises him not to yet certainly would be more beneficial to put himself at court before he is at least the crown, and less felt by the subject, than thirty. It is an excellent letter.
where the impositions are laid upon the fo171. Necessity of preventing the bishops reign vent of commodities inward and outfrom making injurious leases. 173.
ward, as we see a plain demonstration of 172. His views of bringing Ireland to it in the Low Countries.” conformity in religion, vol. 2, p. 39.
194. “If I be found at any time declining 173. It seems he thought the King had the upright and constant paths of his Mano real opposition to apprehend, and might jesty's honour and profit, and the public carry through any just and honourable ac- good of his kingdoms, abandon me as the tion against all that should be attempted. most abject wretch that lives.” 1633.
196. 1633. Not one corn of powder in 186. When Strafford represents from the store of Dublin Castle, which WentIreland, 1633, that the meaner sort of sub- worth properly calls a passing shame. jects there live under the pressures of the 198. His own money advanced, (fourteen great, and that officers exact much larger hundred pounds,) to pay off some sailors, fees than they ought to do, and recommends who would otherwise have cost the crown two or three examples to remedy the former, ten pounds per day, till they were disand a commission to regulate the latter, charged. " that so the subjects might find your
Ma- 200. Respect which he is ordered to re
quire from the nobility. His thoughts upon by the French; for, considering the ambithis.
tions of that nation begin to show themselves, 201. He desires that he may not be inhi- extended far beyond the Rhine ;-how they bited from hearing and ending causes, as have, par bien seance, as it were, set upon Lord Falkland had been, “which certainly and taken the whole dutchy of Lorrein, and did lessen his power extremely. I know very how little respect they manifest towards us well the common lawyers will be passion- in their late declaration of their Court of ately against it, who are wont to put such a Parliament;—I fear me they may be apt prejudice upon all other professions, as if enough to make way for themselves where none were to be trusted, or capable to ad- they find the fence the lowest.” minister justice but themselves. Yet how 233. Charles says to him, 1634, concernwell this suits with monarchy, when they ing a Parliament, “ as for that hydra, take monopolize all to be governed by their year good heed; for you know that here I have books, you in England have a costly expe- found it as well cunning as malicious.” rience. And I am sure his Majesty's power 238. His management of the Irish Paris not weaker in this kingdom, where hi- liament. therto the deputy and council board have They them
ves could not deny, had had a stroke with them."
the payments been set on the wealthy 205. Lord Falkland, the father, seems to (whereas most inconscionably the landlords have died in consequence of a fall from his and money-men, to ease themselves, had horse, "the King being the nearest man to laid it upon the poor and bare tenants) him when he fell, and the first that came in they could have pinched no man. to help him.”
246. Of the nobility who were absent in 220. “I wonder not that the lawyers thus England, he says, “ I had rather have their went about to limit and restrain all courses proxies than their company." of prerogative. I wish they do it not too 247. Half musket shot,—if they be good often and too much; and that they would you must have them out of Holland . monopolize less to themselves all judica- your officers of the ordnance, I fear, rather ture, as if no honour or justice could be take counsel how to save a proportion upon rightly administered but under one of their every musket or corselet to their own purses, bencher's gowns. Otherwise I am sure they than how to perform the service sufficiently little understand the unsettled state of this for the good of the business. kingdom, that could advise the King to les- 249. He intercedes for the mitigation of sen the power of his deputy, indeed his own, Sir John Bourchier's fine, in a way very until it were brought into that stayed tem- | honourable to himself. per of obedience, and conformity with that 267. The Popish party and their clergy of England; or at least till the benches infinitely solicitous that no Protestants be here were better provided with judges than, chosen (to Parliament) where they can posGod knows, as yet they are.”
sibly hinder it. 228. Wentworth recommends to the King, 269. “ In these matters of form, it is the " the consideration of Flanders, which, best not to be wiser than those that went should it chance through the present disor- before us, but stare super vias antiquas." der and ill success of the affairs of Spain, 270. “ The Priests and Jesuits here are to bow under the yoke of France, or of my very busy in the election of knights and lords the States, might prove a far more burgesses for this Parliament; call the peotroublesome neighbour to the crown of ple to their masses, and there charge them England than now it is."
on pain of excommunication to give their “ Again, to secure the Palatinate by all with no Protestant.
purpose hereprincely providence from being possessed after to question some of them, being in
deed a very insufferable thing for them | modity, out of which they pretend are to thus to interpose in causes which are purely be raised their own rents, and all the great civil, and of passing ill consequences to payments to his Majesty. Direction had warm and inflame the subjects one against been sent from England to stop its exporanother, and in the last resort, to bring it tation which Strafford would not follow, to a direct party of Protestant and Papist, saying it would infinitely discontent them which surely is to be avoided as much all, nothing so much, and destroy their as may be, unless our number were the trade above all that can be foreseen. greater."
297. “ I spend a round sum, more than 271. Letter from Bishop Bridgeman (of all my entertainments come to.” Chester), thanking him for certain judicious 300. He intreats of Laud to aid him in church promotions.
keeping the revenue of Ireland from the 273. His promise to raise and clear the English minister. revenue," and if in all this I make one 300. Cottington. Who was this with the penny of benefit to myself, in the course of beads ? 330. these payments, let my master take my 303. A greyhound for the prince. 1634. head upon my return."
308. Restraint of tallow,-it was designed Speech at the opening of the Irish Par- to give the Soap Corporation the sole right liament.—“I spake it not betwixt my teeth, of vending it. His arguments against it. but so loud and heartily, that I protest unto 350. His conduct when Sir Piers Crosby you I was faint withal at the present, and threw out the bill for repressing of murders, the worse for it two or three days after. by a strict punishment of the accessories. It makes no matter, for this way I was 353. Motives for continuing the parliaassured they should have sound at least, ment. with how little weight soever it should be All the Protestants are for plantations, attended. And the success was answerable: all the others against them. for had it been low and mildly delivered, I 364. Intrigues of France with the Pamight perchance have gotten from them, it pists. France having taken up the amwas pretty well: whereas this way, filling bitious views of Spain, and employing the one of their senses with noise, and amusing same course of policy. This is a good letter the rest with earnestness and vehemence, of Coke's. they sware (yet forgive them, they know 365. Charles chose to have the Irish Parnot what they say) it was the best spoken liament dissolved, “My reasons,” he says, they ever heard in their lives."
are grounded upon my experience of 274.“ Surely this kingdom is in an ex- them here; they are of the nature of cats. cellent way, and England to hope for a con- They ever grow curst with age; so that if siderable supply from hence, which hitherto ye will have good of them, put them off hath been of infinite expense unto us." handsomely when they come to any age, for
284. “Surely the more I am trusted, the young ones are ever most tractable. And greater shall be my care. I shall be watch- in earnest you will find that nothing can ful upon all occasions, and by fitting de- more conduce to the beginning of a new, grees still to abate from the power of the than the well ending of the former ParPopish clergy, which indeed was grown to liament." excess, and a shame it was ever suffered to 367. He delays admitting the Earl of rise to such a height."
Nothisdale to be of the council, because he 295. Obliged, by want of support from is a Papist. “I judge it without all quesEngland, to give up his scheme of making tion far the greatest service that can be done iron ordnance in Ireland.
unto your crowns, on this side, to draw 296. Tallow— their great staple com- Ireland into a conformity of religion with
England, which indeed would undoubtedly 401. Levying the subsidies." Yet that set your Majesty in greater strength and I might be the more sure that all things safety within your own dominions, than any shall be carried indifferently, and that the thing now left by the great and happy wis- burthen may lie upon the wealthier sort dom of yourself and blessed father unac- (which, God knows, hath not been the complished, to make us an happy and secure fashion of Ireland), I have told them, that people within ourselves. And yet this be- I will join four commissioners with theirs ing a work rather to be effected by judge- in every county, with these only instrucment and degrees, than by a giddy zeal and tions (the sum being thus set by themhaste, whenever it shall seem good in your selves) to see that all things be carried wisdom to attempt it (for I am confident it suitable to his Majesty's justice and princely is left as a means whereby to glorify your regard of his people.” Majesty's piety to posterity) there will in 411. Weston's ill will to him, and jealousy the way towards it many things fall con- of his familiarity with Laud. tinually in debate and consideration at the 431. -“ by your experience in both board with which it will be very unfit any houses you have discovered the root of all of the contrary religion be acquainted.” disorder in that kingdom to be the universal 371. “I must tell you I am in a libel dependence of the Popish faction upon
Jethreatened with a Felton or a Ravillac suits and friars; which former deputies already." 1634.
have also observed, and thereupon moved 378. Laws of wills and uses. His aim for their banishment and suppression; but to gain wardships for the crown, that the it seemeth the performance was reserved best houses might be bred up in religion as for your active resolution.”
444. Galway.—“A country which lies out 392. “ The Biscayners are fishing our at a corner by itself, and all the inhabitants western ports, and have been up the river wholly natives and papists, hardly an Engof Limerick forty or fifty miles within land, lishman amongst them, whom they kept out and there taken two or three Dutchmen of with all the industry in the world.” very good value; and would in a short time, 473. Flax.-He sends to buy seed.—Vol. if suffered, destroy the whole trade of this 2, p. 19. kingdom."
492. Ill effect of grants upon the Irish 393. “ Your advice by act of state to re-exchequer. strain the sending over children to be bred 498-9. Lord Mountnorris. 502-5. 8. 9. in foreign parts, is not only approved, but 14. 9. required by his Majesty to be effectually 504. Howell says of him, “I never knew executed."
any man's misery so little resented, who 394. “ Some loose and dissolved men of having contested with so many lord depuwar of S. Sebastian's, the Passage, and Dun- ties is now met withal.” kirk, have demeaned themselves worse to- 511. Cottington.-" You said right, that wards us than ever."
Mountnorris his business would make a 392. The great business of the Londoners' great noise; for so it hath amongst ignoplantation.“ Methinks, sir (if I may be so rant, but especially ill-affected people; but bold), would your Majesty be pleased to it hath stuck little among the wiser sort, and reserve it entire to yourself, after it be once begins to be blown away amongst the rest.” settled well, it might prove a fit part of an Garrard writes more faithfully.—508-9. appanage for our young master the Duke Vol. 2, p. 15. Strafford." The truth is, of York. Believe me, I am of opinion it Sir L. Carey is a vain young man, and canmay be made a seigniory not altogether not be sufficiently taught to learn his duty, unworthy his Highness."
as well to his betters as to his own soldiers.