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You shall do well to cause him to pay his oppressing Lords to their gracious King, soldiers what he oweth them, and to defalk the “true foundation of wealth and peace, it out of his own entertainments. I under- and the only hope of introducing civility stand by his uncle Newburgh, he has a great and religion, wherein the prosperity of that mind to part with his company, and to be- kingdom doth consist.” He tells Wentstow himself in the Low Countries, which worth this in his masterpiece. I am glad of, that we may get shut of him 108. “ If old Ned Coke were alive there."

again, he would perchance advise him to 17. Summary of what he had done in Ire- take the company of his fellows along with land.

him, and tell him (as he never failed to do, 18. Equal justice. Wills and uses. as often as a patent of monopoly came in

23. “ I have with much difficulty ob- his way) animalia solivaga semper sunt tained direction for a privy seal for taking nociva, and for better authority quote him off the four shillings upon a ton of coals, Aristotle for it.”—WENTWORTH. new imposition; as also that other im- 109. He writes to the Duke of Medina, measurable charge set upon horses to be saying, he has sent “those merchants and transported hence into Ireland, as also one ship to begin and settle, I trust, a trade shilling and sixpence upon every head of of linen cloths, much if I deceive not mycattle, and stopped another imposition in- self, to the benefit of both kingdoms." tended to be set upon all live sheep brought 111. Irish abroad plotting rebellion, and thence."

inciting Spain and Rome to encourage and 42. He recommends that the King should support it. preferably employ men of fortune in his ser- 112. Strafford's letters to Con

upon

this vice, rather than those who have their for- subject. tunes to make.

119. To Laud. “ If others would keep 54. Charles intended the place of Ad- the same quarter with us your grace doth, miral for the Duke of York.

that is, first require our opinions on this 56. Sir Henry Anderson, of Yorkshire, side, before anything be resolved there, his obtains an audience, and makes a remon- Majesty would not be so early and often strant speech to the King, 1636.

engaged to the prejudice of these affairs ; 65. Duke of York to be provided for and drawing along with it a mighty disin Ireland. “God having blest you with advantage upon us, that by this means beso royal and plentiful a posterity, if pro- come the negative ministers of casting them visions be not early thought of for them by aside at after, and contracting unto ouryour servants, and by yourself, they will selves the hatred of the parties interested, at some time or other fall weightily and as the reward of our good and faithful with pressure upon the crown."

service." 72. Marquis Hamilton is not easily

My Lord of Holland tells every taken off, especially where there is a glim- one that he hath so satisfied my Lord of mering of good profit to come in.-GAR- Salisbury, that he thinks he did him a

favour to fine him but £20,000 ; but I be92. Plots of the exiles, and advice con- lieve that my Lord of Northumberland hath cerning the army in Ireland, to be kept up made his sister Carlisle speak to my Lord till total conformity in religion be brought of Holland, and the fine will be remitted, about.

but I do not think the other will remit the 96. Against sending the rents to the injury, for weak minds have strong retenEnglish Eschequer.

tions of injuries, and only noble hearts 103. Coke calls the changing of the ten- know how to forgive.”—LORD CONWAY. ures of the lower sort of Irish from their 131. Laud replies. “I am sorry if the

124. "

RARD.

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ministers on this side do not keep the 185. 1638. The Scots. “ There is a quarter they should with you. For there speech here that they have sent to know is no reason in the world that the sourness the number of Scotchmen in Ulster; and of every negative should be put upon you that privately there hath been a list taken on that side. Great reason there is that it of such as are able to bear arms, and that should be kept off from the King as much they are found to be above 40,000 in as may be, and as great that it should be Ulster only.”—LAUD. divided among the ministers with some in- 196. Northumberland writes (1638, differency, and not lodged upon one, or July) concerning the Scotch troublesfew. But this is not the way, for every “In the Exchequer (being examined upon man saves himself as well as he can, let the this occasion) there is found but £200 ; burden light where it will. And now I am nor by all the means that can yet be degrown almost as proud as you, for whereas vised, the treasurer and Cottington engayou write that his Majesty must not always ging both the king's and their own credits, look to be served upon such terms, I shall are able to raise but £110,000 towards the say so too; and perhaps when I am gone, maintaining of this war. The king's magamy saying shall be found true.”

zines are totally unfurnished of arms and 132. Laud. “I see your lordship hath a all sorts of ammunition, and commanders great opinion of him (Sir G. Radcliffe) or we have none, either for advice or execuelse you would not trust your son with tion. The people through all England are him. And I hope he will discharge that generally so discontented by reason of the trust, so as shall give you content, and lay multitude of projects daily imposed upon such a foundation in your son as shall them, as I think there is reason to fear that enable him to withstand any Prynning." great part of them will be readier to join

135. Tobacco contract. Strafford writes with the Scots, than to draw their swords to the king of his unfriends. His profits, p. in the king's service." 137.

187. Concerning the Earl of Antrim, 138. “Mr. Hambden is a great brother : Strafford says to the king "I neither hope and the very genius of that nation of people much of his parts, of his power, or of his leads them always to oppose as well civilly affections." as ecclesiastically all that ever authority 188. 1638. Strafford fears the withdrawal ordains for them; but in good faith were of any troops from Ireland, and says to the they right served, they should be whipt king, “Besides, Sir, you understand how home into their right wits; and much be- little practice or knowledge I have in these holden they should be to any that would military affairs ; so as I should humbly thoroughly take pains with them in that desire to have one experienced person left kind."-STRAFFORD, 1637.

near me, to advise with upon any sudden 151. Bedell. He had devoted all he storm." should recover in a certain process for his 190-1. Strafford's view of the Scotch see, to the edition of the Irish Bible. troubles, and the course to be pursued, a

158. “As well as I think of Mr. Hamb- most able letter. But when he expected den's abilities, I take his will and peevish- that the means might be raised by volunness to be full as great; and without dimi- tary contributions, it shows that he was far nution to him, judge the other (?) howbeit from being aware how widely and deeply not the father of the country (a title some disaffection had spread and struck root, and will not stick to give unto them both, to that he thought others were as disinterested put them, if it be possible, the faster and and as liberal and as loyal as himself. farther out of their wits) the very Sinciput, 195. 1638. “It is not to be kept secret, the vertical point of the whole faction." that there are 40,000 Scots in Ulster able

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to bear arms; we hear the crack of it, if 300. As many O's and Mac's as would not the threat, every day in the streets. startle a whole council board on this side to And might they have had Connaught too hear of. (and that they have it not, the whole king- Antrim, he proposed to transport over dom bear me the ill will of it), it would have with him 10,000 live cows to furnish them been so much the stronger laid for them.” with milk, which he affirmed had been his

198. Good order of the troops in Ireland grandfather Tyrone's play. — best manner of increasing them, 204. 302. He saw they would do well enough, 204. Earl of Antrim.

feed their horse with leaves of trees and 208. To Lord Clifford, directions for themselves with shamrocks. mustering and training.

307. “It is most true Leslie can neither 219. The Bishop of Down. “ All the Pu- write nor read, and to boot a bastard begot ritans in my diocese are confident that the betwixt two mean folks. A captain he is, arms raised against the king in Scotland, but no such great Kill-Cow as they would will procure them a liberty to set up their have him ; never general to the King of own discipline here among themselves, in- Swede; general of the forces (as they learn somuch that many whom I had brought to to command, howbeit in itself not so good some measure of conformity have revolted as that of colonel) of a Hanse town. Lulately, and when I call them in question for beck, as I take it, and no more.” it, they scorn my process."

308. Sir Marmaduke Langdale active in 221. The Queen's Letter concerning St. opposing ship-money, 1639. Patrick's purgatory, and Strafford's reply! Letters to Sir J. Hotham. this in 1638! Laud says of it to him :- 313. Advice to avoid fighting, but secure p. 230. “I am half way into purgatory to Berwick and Carlisle. 1639. think such a motion, in such a place, at 314. And not to strike the first blow. 324. such a time, amidst such people, should be 322. French ambassador wants to accomoffered to you! But in this you have played pany the army,—that he might communicate the courtier notably, and I hope to good with the Covenanters. purpose. You may see by that what good 325. Treachery in Scotland. offices I have done me here, for I have many 327. To Sir Henry Vane, he speaks of motions from thence which I can scarce tell

"the

secresy you nobly promise, and I aswhat to say to."

sure myself from your own virtue and 283. Strafford to the King. “We see the affections to me!" monstrous birth, the late contempt of in- 332. Charles giving way to the Earl of feriors, the negligence and remissness in St. Albans and others, 365. 81. some others to preserve magistracy, hath 335. Earl of Antrim, 336-57-8, 9. brought forth among us, and sure how could 343. Measures for ascertaining the numother fruit be with right reason expected ? ber of Scots in Ireland. For that once trod down it cannot choose 366. Earl of St. Alban and Clanrichard, but the next step will be upon monarchy 425. itself.”

“It hath been the constant endeavour of 288. Character of Sir J. Hotham whom this state to break the dependencies which Strafford recommends to the King. great lords draw to themselves of followers,

288. His anxiety that the King should tenants, and neighbours, and make the subhave the credit of kind actions.

ject to hold immediately of the crown, and 297. Earl of Antrim. Strafford's sense of not to be liable to the distresses of great danger from the arming a body of Irish. lords."

Impossibility of raising money in Ireland 383. Oath scrupled by the Scots. by loan.

388, 9. Strafford's opinion of the ship

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very fine.

money, the duty of obedience and the dan

121. The real presence. ger of imaginary liberties.

135. “This I could bear with more ease, 416. Charles's promise “on the word of had I not written more against Popish sua king.”

perstition than any Presbyter in Scotland hath done."

144. Burton, Prynne, &c. Laud gave

no sentence, as being in some degree conLaud's Life and Troubles.

cerned, 145. PREFACE.

151. The want of written law gives a Prynne's villany with the papers, 4. 39. latitude to the judges which comes a little Archbishop Williams. Hacket. too near that arbitrary governor so much Fate of the papers.

and so justly found fault with. Sancroft left perhaps more written with 159. His feelings concerning Popery. his own hand than any man either of this, 161. What should keep him from Rome? or the last age, ever did write. 9. Laud's desire of union.

162. Use that he has made of his reve14. Dream, 20. 39.

nues. 15. Death of James I. 20.

178. Character of Strafford. 16. 0. P.

187. Bill for taking away the bishop's 21. Bugs in the text explained by votes. His foresight. Churches in a marginal note.

206. Prynne. 208, 216-9, 412-3. 27. Fears for the Church.

208. Synod of Divines. 30. Scheme for separating the colonies 224. Uniformity. from Spain, religion to be the means em- 227. Chillingworth. ployed.

232. Sir Henry Vane. 34. His sense of the evil of factions. 297. Impropriations in Ireland.

41. Dr. Donne. The King forgave him 310. Featley's evidence. certain slips in a sermon preached April 1, 314. Painted windows. Sunday 1627."

319. Coronation oath. 59. Fall of his picture.

337. They print whatsoever is charged 73. Protestation of his motives.

against me as if it were fully proved, never 74. Brutality of Essex and Say. so much as mentioning what, or how I anComfortable psalms.

swered. 75. Scotch troubles how brought about. 340. Consecration of Churches. 76. His advice for peace.

343. Book of sports. 78. Lindsey excludes clergy from the 372. The feoffment. pacification.

387. Act against relieving a priest. Strafford advises calling a parliament. 473. His birth-in reply to Lord Say.

79. Canons. Continuance of the convo- 475. His slow promotion. cation, 80.

476. Aim in reforming a neglected wor83, 4. Scots invited.

ship. 85. Strafford had scent of this, and there- 478. Lord Say in the Court of Wards, a fore they struck first.

tyrant. 92. Sunday the fast day in Scotland. 483. Gifts and graces, 484. 96. His objection to galleries in Churches. 487. North and south, &c.

104. Charged with innovating ! his re- 491. Preaching ply.

498. Separation. 113. Difference between reformation and 499. Ceremonials. destruction.

• They will be convinced in every par

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govern them.

ticular out of the Word of God, to the very and his Majesty must, notwithstanding his taking up of a rush or straw, as their grave said oath, proceed against the offenders.” master J. C. taught them. As if God took 14. Don Fennyn's wild report to Buckcare of straws, or their taking of them up." ingham of a people in America who pro501. Lord Say, 512.

duced gold, without working for it in the 502, 3. Calvinists.

mines, had also precious stones, and were 510. King's power with regard to the besotted with a prediction that there should Church.

come unto them a nation with flaxen hair, 519. Great part of the powder treason white complexion, grey eyes, that shall was hatched at St. Winifred's Well. 527. Running lectures.

18. Buckingham's treaty with the King 530. The Cathedral at Salisbury much of Sweden for the conquest of that part of pestered with seats.

America, Jamaica, St. Domingo, &c. 531. A pun. Laud and Charles.

49. 1631. League offensive and defen610. To Sir Ken. Digby on his change sive with Spain against Holland. of religion, a beautiful letter, most charac- 67. Prohibited books introduced under teristic of, and most honourable to the the Spanish resident's address. writer.

72. Father Leander alias Jones. Vol. 2.

127. One D. Francesco de Melo, of the 189. Oxford relapsing into a drinking house of Braganza, a very wise and wellhumour.

tempered man, now ambassador at Geneva, 195. Jackson.

1634. Answer to Lord Say's speech.

130. F. Leander's account of the disputes 12. Roundheads.

among the Roman Catholics in England. The propositions that the King could only legislate with his parliament, and that in

certain cases the temporal commonwealth Clarendon's State Papers.

might depose the King, were deemed very 3. Spanish match. The Pope insisted | injurious to their cause. that the children should be brought up 134. “ The King,” F. Leander says, “ is Catholics under the mother till they were not a heretic, only a person not sufficiently twelve or fourteen. James having limited informed.” their education under the mother to seven 140. Wealth of the Jesuits in England, years. James was contented to yield thus some 2 or £300,000 in yearly rents of much farther, “ that howbeit in the public lands, houses and money at use. More articles (which in that point he desires not than 360 Jesuits in the country, and out of to be altered), he mentions but seven years, it more that 550 English students in their he will oblige himself privately by a letter colleges. to the King of Spain, that they shall be 141. Danger from them. brought up sub regimine matris for two 159. List of gifts which Charles permitted years longer, that is, until the age of nine.” | the Lord Treasurer Portland to receive,

10. “ James promised a perpetual tolera- amounting to £44,500, among them was a tion to exercise the Roman Catholic reli- sum of £500 from Sir Wm. Withpool, for gion within their private houses,—but with pardoning his burning in the hand. this protestation, that if they shall inso- 167. Employment of French Capuchins lently abuse this his Majesty's high grace in Scotland, a mischief planned by Richeand favour to the danger of embroiling his lieu and Father Joseph, of which Leander state and government, the safety of the warns Windebank. 1634. Commonwealth is in this case supreme

197. Leander's view of the nearness of

law,

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