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the two Churches and the speech of the

79. The Dutch said Charles durst not French Embassador, that “if the Hugonots break with them; and if he durst, they had framed their Church upon the model feared him not; and rather than suffer the of the English, there would not have been Spanish fleet to escape, they would attack a Papist at that time in France."

it, though it were placed upon his Majesty's 199. Number of missionaries in England. beard.

202. Desire of the King and of the Bi- 81. Charles saw that the fire in Scotland shop to do away all persecution.

threatened not only the monarchical go203. English clergy described by Lean- vernment there, but in England also. der.

134. Windebank's merriment after his es208. Terms of possible reconciliation. cape. Sure he could never be a good privy

221. The Founder of the Ben. Coll. and councillor, for he tells all that he ever knew Convent at Douay begins it at Leander's instigation.

Mr. Sec. Vane to the Lords' Justices, 317. The Spaniards, 'they think we 16th March, 1640, warning them that a reare so much in love with this trade, as it is bellion was intended in Ireland. a recompense for any thing we can do for 135. Mountnorris's letter to Strafford, them."-HOPTON. 1635.

after Strafford's condemnation.-A most af338. Windebank writes to the King, 1635, fecting letter. -“ I am given to understand, that the Pro- 144. Lord Paget's letter to the Parliament testants in France complain much of an al- when he joined the King. tar, which the Lord Scudamore hath caused 146. Lord Herbert. “I have got five to be set up in his chapel there, after the hundred pounds. If I could tell how, I manner of the Church of England: which would send it to Mrs. M. I cannot for my being held a great superstition by the Pro- life turn it into gold.” testant party in France, they are much scan- 151. Stamford's letter to the King, impudalized at it; and it is thought it may ha- ting all the evil to the Earl of Bristol, Archzard the interest your Majesty had in that bishop Williams, and the rest of their cabal. party there : and thereupon hath been for- 155. An excellent letter of Sir W. Walborne by your Majesty's former ambassa- ler's to Sir Ralph Hopton, showing what dor."

the feeling of good men was. 356. Charles's instruction to the Queen's 157. The variations in the Scotch liturgy agent at Rome. He will allow of no foreign were made out of a desire to comply with jurisdiction within the jurisdiction of the those exceptions which were most known Church of England: sees the danger : and against it.” complains of the Jesuits.

158. Motive for arresting Strafford. 368. Fanshaw.

When members were expelled, there were Vol. 2.

brought in in their

mean and ob44. Pope's instructions, that the Papists scure persons both in birth and fortune, be not too forward in serving the King who were notoriously known to be disafeither with men or money. And that the fected to the government of the church and Roman Catholic clergy desist from that state.” foolish, nay rather illiterate and childish 159. Cause of alarm given to the Irish custom of distinction in the Protestant and by the Parliament, before the Parliament. Puritan doctrine.

167. Lady Ranelagh. – “ For we have 69. 1639. Sir Arthur Hopton reports a learnt at last that it is an easier thing to be conspiracy between the fugitive Irish in weary of the government we have, than to Spain, and some Romish bishops in Ireland, mend ourselves by a change. Our own disfor creating a rebellion.

orders have brought us into this meddle,

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that we must either submit to one, or be God can bless any cause in such hands. tyrranized over by hundreds. And those Begin upon a new scale, and learn of my lord that did with the greatest violence pull Montrose to be as conscientious in protectthemselves from under the King's govern- ing your friends as terrible to your enement, when they looked upon it in compa- mies, and subtle in taking all measures for rison with Queen Elizabeth's, could with such.” as much greediness submit to it, now they 191. Digby's letter to the Scotch lords : are able to compare it experimentally with “ Is there any that would pretend themSir H. Vane's.”

selves bound in conscience to enforce the 169. 1644. Lord Inchiquin says he en- same church government here which is settered into no terms with the Parliament tled in Scotland ? Certainly, my lords, they “till I saw that there was no living in Ire- who justify their taking up arms against land for any but Papists: and that his Ma- their King, to withstand his imposing upon jesty was yet so deluded by these people, them a church government, against their that his confidence of their integrity induced consciences, can ill pretend to justify their him to leave us in their power, who we know continuing in arms against him, because he intend our extirpation, and resolve to be no will not let them impose upon him a church longer obedient to his Majesty than he shall government against his conscience.” permit them to do what may conduce to 201. Ormond. 287. that end.

202. Glamorgan's instructions : - They “Ormond, the man in the world the re- prove a lamentable willingness in Charles bels have shown most hatred to, and that to make scape goats of his faithful servants. justly, as being the person has given them And also a duplicity, which no doubt was most of prejudice."

forced upon him by the times. See also 182. Sir J. Hotham, when he departed 306. from London, gave assurance to some of 207. Culpeper :-“ As for foreign force, his nearest friends, “that he would not deny it is a vain dream." This was a real statesthe King entrance into Hull, and surely man. had not done it, but that he was informed 209. Charles represents to Montreuil, by some person near the King, in case he that if he could in conscience consent to espermitted his Majesty's entrance, he would tablish a Presbyterian Church in England, lose his head ; and it is conceived the same the Independents would not submit to it. person did most prompt the King to go to 220. 1646. Charles sends Montreuil a Hull."

protestation “ that all my servants, and all 186. Hotham was the first man who others who adhere to me, shall be saved moved in the House of Commons that Laud from ruin or any public dishonour. Which might be charged with high treason, and is a condition that my wife writ to me that yet the person that suffered immediately not only she, but likewise Cardinal Mazebefore him upon the same stage.

rin, were absolutely of opinion that I was 188. An excellent letter of Culpeper's sooner to die than not to have." to Digby :-“Remember that a kingdom is 226. March, 1645-6. Charles's overtures at stake, and the present and all future ages to Sir H. Vane. will call them wise and honest too, that 234. 1646. Hyde looks for advantages shall preserve it.” He advises “

which“ may be taken from the necessary and most strict reformation in the discipline distractions among themselves; there being and manners of the army. Our courage is not yet six men of one mind in their future enerved by a lazy licentiousness; and good designs upon the public, or in their private men are so scandalized at the horrid impiety charity to each other." of our armies, that they will not believe that 243. Charles's ground for refusing to

a severe

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yield in church matters, forcibly stated. 383. 1647. Nicholas writes as news which 254.

he has received from England:- _ “ The 252. An Irish row described to the Nun- House of Commons hath again voted the cio.

settlement of Presbytery, with liberty for 257. Protestation of the Irish Popish tender consciences, which is a back door to clergy, that they all propagate the Romish let in all sects and heresies. The Socinians faith.

now begin to appear in great numbers un278. Charles says of the Scotch, " The der the title of Rationalists; and there are Devil owes them a shame."

a sect of women lately come from foreign 296. His contrition for Strafford's death, parts, and lodged in Southwark, called and his declaration, that he was surprised Quakers, who swell, shiver, and shake, and into his assent to the perpetual Parliament, when they come to themselves, (for in all “ instantly after I made that base unworthy the time of their fits Mahomet's holy ghost concession."

converses with them.) they begin to preach 298. The Pope's terms communicated what hath been delivered to them by the through Sir K. Digby.

spirit.” 317. “I am not satisfied that too impe- 448-9. Charles's most admirable letter rious a dislike heretofore in our Church of to his son. England, when she was of reputation and 455. Scheme for attempting to release authority toward those churches, (the the King from Carisbrook. French,) especially the testy and imprudent 543. Ascham. “There was found about carriage of my lord Sligo, when he was am- the person of the man when he was dead, bassador, towards those of Charenton, was upon the left side next his skin, and nearest not the best argument that hath been yet his heart, a plate of silver, which is now in given, for those unworthy and uncharitable his majesty's keeping, (of Spain) and a opinions of the religion of the King and model whereof we herein send your MaCourt of England.”—Hyde.

jesty. We here take it to be some combi322. Hyde's opinion, that the Scots would nation entered into at that time. It may not betray the King.

be the hieroglyphic may be better under326. 1646-7. His opinion that the King stood nearer England, though it wants not should make no unworthy concessions. several comments here."

333. His foresight that there could be no 554. Whalley. peace till we were prepared to settle upon xxxvii. App. “ The King (1647) lately the old foundations.

asked Mr. Marshall what exceptions they 336. Scandal of entertaining Con.—and had against the Liturgy, or against what inexcusable intrigues with the Irish Catho- part of it they took dislike. He answered lics. Here is a feeling evinced of Charles's that the Parliament had made an ordinance want of openness to his best servants. that it should not be used and therefore he

337. The Scotch a bare-faced rebellion. could not approve of it. To which the King

342. Of Digby he says, “Yet truly I more replied that he could have had as good a fear that


man's fate, than I do any reason as that from the Earl of Pembroke.” man's to whom I wish so well.”

Martin, upon reading of letters from 366. “If ever I come abroad again into Holmby, desiring directions how to deal the world, and any part be mean enough with such as flocked up to be touched by for me to act, I shall have ambition enough the King, said he knew not but the Parliato make some means to be admitted to my ment's Great Seal might do it as well, if lord marquis (Ormond,) whom, in good there were an ordinance for it. faith, I take to be the most excellent subject

“ There is a new sect sprung up the King is lord of.”

among them, 1647, and these are the Ra


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tionalists ; and what their reason dictates , significations given by the various parties to them in church or state stands for good at Dort, occupy a far larger space in the until they be convinced with better; that acts than the canons themselves, and conis, according as it serves their own turns." tain curious apologies for every contradic

tory grade of Calvinism.

xxix. Since the middle of the last cen

tury Arminianism has been rapidly gaining Cromwell.

ground in Scotland. “ Tuough I am sure that he was an usur- xxxiii. Grotius's Adversaria published per, I am not sure that he was a hypocrite, at after his death, and the extracts there from least all along, though it was most probable other writers, have past for his own, where he was one at first.”—Cato's Letters, vol. opinions contrary to his have been ascribed 2, p. 293.

to him. The very reverse seems to me true.

xlv. Puritans of the Rebellion differ from their predecessors, for they commenced offensive operations (the English ones) not

as seceders from the church, but as CalvinMR. BROOKE says in a letter to Mr.

ists. The trumpeters and drummers and Gough, 1783, “My friend Dade tells me

bellows-blowers of rebellion were conformthat a family in the East Riding of York

able Episcopalians. shire are in possession of a collection of let

Laud's moderation. ters written from Cheshunt by a woman

xlvi. After the Restoration, “the rigid who lived as mistress with Richard Crom

Calvinists almost unanimously became Nonwell, which gives a particular account of his death, and of the most material transac

conformists, and the more moderate Pres

byterians with nearly all the Arminians, tions of the latter part of his life.”

took refuge under Episcopacy." Nichols's Illustrations, vol. 6, p. 413.

xlvii. Milton defends the regicide by quotations from Calvin and his followers.

xlviii. “-it was a general Calvinistic cru

sade against Arminianism and Episcopacy." James Nichols. Calvinism and Arminianism

Luther sobered as he advanced in years, compared.

and then his sentiments concerning lawful ü. Those benevolent men who plead for obedience were entirely changed. the perfectly innocuous nature of mental xlix. Mr. Scott calls the bellwethers error, would acknowledge the erroneous- of rebellion a few honest but undiscerning ness of this principle, were they to peruse Nichols shows that they were neithe strange and unscriptural assertions made ther. by many of the early Calvinists.

His acknowledgment of obligation to Calvin “sophistically changed some of the them when they had amended their ways, plain doctrines of the Gospel into the fate and confined themselves to the duties of of heathenism."

their profession. iv. Doctrines connected with general re

- "1. John Durye had been employed undemption suffered greatly from being re- der Laud for many years in trying to effect commended solely by the Lutherans, some a union among the Protestants. He beof whose tenets were exceedingly obnoxious came a Bellwether. to such moderate men as wished to be at lii. Opportunities of religious instruction the greatest possible distance from Popery. which the Long Parliament enjoyed! vi. No Lutherans at Dort.

Effect of their perversion of religion in vii. The explanatory and often opposite producing irreligion.


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liv. Complaints by the preachers of the c. Cudworth not asked to preach after a Parliament as being sermon-proof.

sermon upon the life of Christ. lvii. The judges, not the bishops, occa

Jackson. sioned the grievance and the rebellion. Cudworth's father was editor of Perkins's

Comparison between the loyal and the works. Parliament sermons.

cv. Cudworth's description of holiness. lvii. When did these abominations break cviii. Schism sown by the Papists. out ?-when the Covenant triumphed. A cxiv. Host of Calvinistic prophets. good passage.

cxv. Mede had defended the rites which lix. Episcopacy popular-made so by the Andrews, not Laud, revived. consequences of destroying it.

cxvi. Strafford and Laud, they were raIx. The Puritans were the fathers of En-ther baited to death by beasts than senglish liberty, just as the devil was the cause tenced with any colour of law or justice. of Job's final earthly prosperity.

cxxi. P. Heylyn. 310. lxi. Intolerance preached by them.

cxxxvi. Peter Du Moulin-he and his lxiii. Saying of John Hales that he would family firebrands. renounce the Church of England to-morrow cxli. William Orme's rascally book. 380. if it obliged him to believe that any other cxlvii. Winwood's character of Grotius. Christians should be damned, and that no- cl. Abbot. body would conclude another man to be clxi. Hooker attacked as not Calvinistic. damned who did not wish him so. xciv. Tolerance of opposite doctrines in his time. lxiv. Cudworth's description of zeal.

clxii. All the turbulent spirits, with very lxix. Cromwell's policy with the Inde- few exceptions, high Calvinists. pendents, setting them to prepare a Confes- cxliv. Evangelical reviewers he calls resion of faith,—which would, ipso facto, have gular traders in misrepresentation. Presbyterianized them.

4. Many converts to Arminianism during lxxi. English oath and English con- the Rebellion. sciences: happily likened by Jeremiah Bur- 5. Mr. Knowlittle is Hugh Peters—Dr.

Dubious is Baxter, roughes.

lxxiv. Owen acquits the zeal of those who 9. Debates by word of mouth useless, or put Servetus to death.

hurtful. This is beautifully said by Wo

mack, Sedgewick. Opposite revelations concerning the King's murder.

16. Franeker, the grand hotbed of the lxxvii. An hundred and fourscore new rankest Calvinism. 197. Its character. opinions. 707.

There are good names in this Exam. lxxix. Arminianism and Episcopacy both Mr. Fry babe, and Dr. Damman—which is as such formally excluded from the bene- the better for being a real name—and of a fits of toleration, even in the republican Calvinist divine, whom it suited to a letter.

31. Sudden conversions." army.

The ordinary lxxxv. Change in the Long Parliament. course is not for the kingdom of heaven to lxxxvi.

offer violence to us, and to take us by lxxxvii. Good effect that some good men force; but for us to do so by it.” remained.

71. Calvin's ill temper.—“That wild beast The second hot inquisition against Ar- of impatience,” he called it, “ that raged in minianism (1653) undertaken at the earnest him and was not yet tamed.” He would solicitation and under the immediate con- frequently reproach his brethren (especially duct of the Independents : that of 1643 was if they dissented from him in the matter of by the Presbytery. In this the Calvinists predestination, &c.) by the name of Knave, agreed heartily.

Dog and Satan. And he so vexed the spirit

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