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CHARLES PERRONET - PHILIP HENRY.
in taking leave of earth and hasting to an- even to me, I was overwhelmed with it other place. I am as one that is no more. body and soul, penetrated through with I stand and look back on what God has the rays of Deity. done ; his calls, helps, mercies, deliver- " But was it light ? It was not brightances; and adore and devote myself with ness more than darkness.
Our common new ardour.
acceptation of glory above, is that of some“In speaking of these things, it is hard thing glittering and something that is our to find utterance, and human weakness, own. But here are two mistakes : 1. We intermixing much of imagination, causes do not consider the difference between this the truth to be rejected. If it be asked, In and the other world. To us, that is excelwhat manner I beheld the triune God? I lent which is bright and shining : but what answer, It is above all description: it differs is excellent to them, is of a kind which so much from what is human. Who can hitherto we have no conception of. 2. We describe light, so as to make him understand imagine glory to be something that is our that has never seen it? And he that hath
own ; whereas it is all things centering in thus seen God, can no more describe what God. Separate from him, there is nothing he has seen, than he that hath not. In two glorious : spotless souls would loath themof these Divine Interviews, the Father selves, and their grace and glory, could it spoke while I was in agony of prayer for be possessed out of God. But there he is perfect conformity to himself; twice more, the first and the last, the mighty All. All when I was in the depth of sorrow; and things are by him and all things are to each time in scripture words.
him ; flowing back to their first rise, and “ The manifestations to the Patriarchs resting in him as their eternal Centre. were outward; and therefore admitted of There the clamour of self-seeking and selfbeing described. But what I relate was complacency ceases, or it would not be not outward : it was not an external vision : heaven. We only know, That God is; and it was not what we commonly call faith; he, being what he is, is our All. it was not an impression upon my mind, “ In consequence of this, I could never but different from all. While the soul is rest in grace absent from God. After I under the power of faith, the person of had beheld him, nothing but his presence Christ is often presented to the imagination. could suffice.” But what I speak was not this; rather, I suppose, it was a similitude of what is seen in eternity. But still only a similitude: for while we are in the body, all the operations
[Alliteration.] of God's Spirit are wrought upon one body
PHILIP HENRY would often contrive the and spirit, inseparably conjoined. We are heads of his sermons to begin with the same now composed of a material and immaterial letter, or rather two and two of a letter; part; and nothing can possibly act upon but he did not at all seem to affect or force one without affecting both. But by and it; only if it fell in naturally and easily, he by, we shall be, for a season, pure spirit: thought it a good help to memory, and of afterwards joined to a spiritual body so use, especially to the younger sort. And totally different from this corruptible body, he would say, the chief reason why he did that what we then perceive will be different it was because it is frequently observed in from all we perceive now.
the Scripture, particularly the book of “ It may be asked, ' was the appearance Psalms. And though it be not a fashionglorious ?' It was all divine: it was glory able ornament of discourse, if it be a ScripI had no conception of: it was God. The ture ornament, that is sufficient to recomfirst time the glory of him I saw reached mend it, at least to justify it against the
imputations of childishness ; (Mr. Porter at that word, plucking out the glove, shewed of Whitchurch very much used it, so did it openly, and then instructed them how unMr. Malden.)
beseeming those barbarous conditions were Some of his subjects, when he had finished for any man that professed himself a Christhem, he made some short memorandums tian; and so laboured to persuade them to of in verse, a distich or two of each Sab- a reconciliation, and to the practice of bath's work, and gave them out in writing, mutual love and charity amongst themamong the young ones of his congregation, selves.”—Life of Gilpin. many of whom wrote them, and learned them, and profited by them.
['Ayarn-Charity-Love.] [Gilpin and the Challenge Glove.]
“ Though I speak with the tongues of
men and of angels and have not charity, I am • Upon a certain Lord’s-day, Mr. Gilpin become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymcoming to a church in those parts, before
bal, 8c. the people were assembled, and walking up “ St. Paul's word is 'Ayann, exactly anand down therein, espied a glove hanged swering to the plain English word Love. And on high in the church. Whereupon he accordingly it is so rendered in all the old demanded of the sexton what should be translations of the Bible. So it stood in the meaning thereof, and wherefore it William Tindal's Bible, which, I suppose, hanged in that place? The sexton maketh was the first English translation of the whole answer that it was a glove of one of the Bible. So it was also in the Bible pubparish, who had hanged it up there as a lished by the authority of King Henry VIII. challenge to his enemy, signifying thereby So it was, likewise, in all the editions of that he was ready to enter into combat with the Bible that were successively published his enemy hand to hand, or any one else in England during the reign of King Edwho should dare to take down that chal- ward VI., Queen Elizabeth, and King lenge. Mr. Gilpin requested the sexton by James I. Nay, so it is found in the Bibles some means or other to take it down. Not of King Charles I.'s reign : I believe, to I, sir,' replied the sexton, • I dare doe no the period of it. The first Bibles I have
. But,' said Mr. Gilpin, if seen wherein the word was changed, were thou wilt bring me hither a long staffe, I those printed by Roger Daniel and John will take it dovne myself: and so when a Field, printers to the Parliament: in the year long staff was
brought, Mr. Gilpin tooke 1649. Hence it seems probable that the downe the glove and put it up in his bo- alteration was made during the sitting of some. By and by came the people to the Long Parliament; probably it was then church in abundance, and Mr. Gilpin, when that the Latin word Charity was put in he saw his time, went up into the pulpit. place of the English word Love. It was an In his sermon he took occasion to reprove unhappy hour this alteration was made ; these inhuman challenges, and rebuked them the ill effects of it remain to this day: and sharply for that custome which they had of these may be observed, not only among the making challinges, by the hanging up of a poor and illiterate: not only thousands of
I heare,' saith he, that there is common men and women no more underamongst you who even in this sacred stand the word Charity, than they do the place hath hanged up a glove to this pur
original Greek; but the same miserable pose, and threateneth to enter into combat mistake has diffused itself among men of
whosoever shall take it downe. Behold, I have taken it downe myself;' and
education and learning. Thousands of these are misled thereby, and imagine that the
charity treated of in this chapter refers withdraw himself, and use all his mighty chiefly, if not wholly, to outward actions, | influence to induce others to do the same. and to mean little more than almsgiving! I | If his brethren are weak enough to regard have heard many sermons preached upon his threats, and offer a little incense to his this chapter: particularly before the Uni- abominable pride, he will condescend to versity of Oxford, and I never heard more abide with them a little longer, till, having than one wherein the meaning of it was not increased in vanity and insolence, he, totally misrepresented. But had the old through the weakness of his brethren, beand proper word Love been retained, there comes the tyrant of the society: and this would have been no room for misrepre- oppression being more than his brethren are sentation.”—Quære? WESLEY, vol. 10, p. disposed to bear, they at length oppose him 156.
and then he retires disgusted, disappointed and enraged. Such a man is a curse to
any society of christians; and the sooner George Shadford. In the Jerseys.
they are delivered from him the better : “One day a friend took me to see an but his guilt is of the deepest die! It is hermit in the woods. After some difficulty impossible to tell how many souls such a we found his hermitage, which was a little man may ruin. He may expect to be place like a hog-sty, built of several pieces treated at the last, as one of the best friends of wood, covered with bark of trees; and of the old murderer.”—Quære? WESLEY. his bed consisted of dry leaves. There was a narrow beaten path about twenty or thirty yards in length by the side of it, A gentleman who is described as a peculiar where he frequently walked to meditate.
genius of the present age, makes the folIf one offered him food, he would take it;
lowing remarks upon the practice of sleepbut if money was offered him, he would be
ing at Church, without appearing to conangry. If any thing was spoken to him which he did not like, he broke out into a
sider that part of the fault may sometimes
be imputed to the preacher. violent passion. He had lived in this cell seven cold winters; and after all his prayers,
“ The horrid habit of sleeping in some counting his beads, and separating from the is a source of infinite pain to others, and rest of mankind, still corrupt nature was all damps more than any thing else, the vivaalive within him. Alas! alas! what will it city of a preacher. Constant sleepers are avail us whether we are in England or Ire- public nuisances, and deserve to be whipped land, Scotland or America ; whether we
out of a religious assembly, to which they live amongst mankind, or retire into a her- are a constant disgrace. There are some mitage, if we still carry with us our own
who have regularly attended a place of hell, our corrupt evil tempers !”
worship for seven years twice a day, and yet have not heard one whole sermon in all the time.
" Ministers have tried a number of me[Love of Pre-eminence.]
thods to rid our assemblies of this odious ** In many of our societies there is a practice. Some have reasoned, some have Diotrephes, who loves to have the pre- spoke louder, some have whispered, some eminence; and if he does not receive all have threatened to name the sleeper, and the respect, or find all the deference paid have actually named him, some have cried to his judgment which he thinks himself fire, some have left off preaching, Dr. Young worthy of, his pride is hurt; and he will sat down and wept, Bishop Abbot took out complain of ill treatment, and threaten to his testament and read Greek. Each of
these awaked the auditors for the time; but | spent the rest of the allotted time which the destruction of the habit belongs to the remained in disgracing that barbarous and sleeper himself, and if neither reason nor bloody custome of theirs, and if it were posreligion can excite him, why, he must sleep sible in the utter banishing of it for ever. on I think till death and judgment awake So often as Mr. Gilpin came into those parts him!"
afterwards, if any man amongst them stood
in feare of a deadly foe he resorted usually [Mr. Gilpin and the Deadly-feod.]
where Mr. Gilpin was, supposing himself
more safe in his company, than if he went “ UPON a time when Mr. Gilpin was in with a guard.”—Life of Gilpin. these parts at a town called Rothbury, there was a pestilent faction amongst some of them that were wont to resort to that church. The men being bloodily-minded,
[Mysteries revealed to the Meek.] practised a bloody manner of revenge,
"Let this therefore be fixed upon, that termed by them Deadly-feod. If this fac- there is no obedience comparable to that of tion on the one side did perhaps come to the understanding ; no temperance, which the church, the other side kept away, be- so much commends the soul to God, as that cause they were not accustomed to meet which shows itself in the restraint of our together without bloodshed. Now so it curiosity. Besides which two important was that when Mr. Gilpin was in the pulpit considerations, let us consider also, that an in that church, both parties came to church over anxious scrutiny ipto such mysteries, in the presense of Mr. Gilpin ; and both of is utterly useless, as to all purposes of a them stood, the one of them in the upper rational enquiry. It wearies the mind, but part of the church, or chancel, the other in not informs the judgment. It makes us the body thereof armed with swords, and conceited, and fantastical in our notions, javelins in their hands. Mr. Gilpin some- instead of being sober and wise to salvawhat moved with this unaccustomed spec- tion. It may provoke God also, by our prestacle, goeth on nevertheless in his sermon, sing too much into the secrets of Heaven, and now a second time their weapons make and the concealed glories of his nature, to a clashing sound, and the one side drew desert and give us over to strange delusions. nearer to the other, so that they were in For they are only things revealed, (as Moses danger to fall to blows in the midst of the told the Israelites, in Deut. xxix. 29) which church. Hereupon Mr. Gilpin commeth belong to the Sons of Men to understand and downe from the pulpit, and stepping to the look into, as the sole and proper privilege ringleaders of either faction, first of all he allowed them by God, to exercise their noappeased the tumult. Next, he laboureth blest thoughts upon. But as for such high to establishe peace betwixt them, but he mysteries as the Trinity, as the subsistance could not prevail in that: onely they pro- of one Nature in three Persons, and of three mised to keepe the peace unbroken so long Persons in one and the same individual as Mr. Gilpin should remaine in the church. Nature, these are to be reckoned in the Mr. Gilpin seeing he could not utterly ex- number of such sacred and secret things, as tinguish the hatred which was now in- belong to God alone perfectly to know, but veterate betwixt them, desired them that to such poor mortals as we are, humbly to yet they would forbear hostility so long as fall down before and adore.”—South's Serhe should remaine in those quarters : and mons, vol. 4, p. 321. this they consented unto. Mr. Gilpin thereupon goeth up into the pulpit againe (for he had not made an end of his sermon) and
“On Friday and Saturday the ground [The Warning of the Whiston Cliffs.]
continued to shake, and the rocks to roll “ What shall we say to the affair of over one another. The earth also clave Whiston Cliffs ? Of which, were it not for asunder in very many places, and continued the unparalleled stupidity of the English, so to do till Sunday morning. all England would have rung long ago from Being at Osmotherly, seven miles from one sea to another. And yet, seven miles the cliffs, on Monday, June 1, and finding from the place, they knew little more of it Edward Abbot there, I desired him next in May last, than if it had happened in morning to show me the way thither. I China or Japan.
walked, crept, and climbed round and over “ The fact (of the truth of which any great part of the ruins. I could not perwho will be at the pains of inquiring, may ceive by any sign, that there was ever any soon be satisfied) is this. On Tuesday, cavity in the rock at all; but one part of March 25th last, being the week before the solid stone is cleft from the rest in a Easter, many persons heard a great noise perpendicular line, and as smooth as if cut near a ridge of mountains called Black with instruments. Nor is it barely thrown Hamilton in Yorkshire. It was observed down, but split into many
hundred pieces, chiefly on the south-west side of the moun- some of which lie four or five hundred tain, about a mile from the course where yards from the main rock. the Hamilton races are run, near a ledge of “ The ground nearest the cliff, is not rocks, commonly called Whiston Cliffs, two raised, but sunk considerably beneath the miles from Sutton, and about five from level. But at some distance it is raised in Thirsk.
a ridge of eight or ten yards high, twelve “ The same noise was heard on Wednes- or fifteen broad, and near a hundred long. day by all who went that way. On Thurs- Adjoining to this lies an oval piece of day, about seven in the morning, Edward ground, thirty or forty yards in diameter, Abbot, Weaver, and Adam Bosomworth, which has been removed whole as it is, Bleacher, both of Sutton, riding under from beneath the cliff, without the least Whiston Cliffs, heard a roaring, (so they fissure, with all its load of rocks, some of termed it) like many cannons, or loud and which were as large as the hull of a small rolling thunder. It seemed to come from ship. At a little distance is a second piece the cliffs : looking up to which they saw a of ground, forty or fifty yards across, which large body of stone, four or five yards has been also transplanted entire, with broad, split and fly off from the very top of rocks of various sizes upon it, and a tree the rock. They thought it strange, but growing out of one of them. By the rerode on.
Between ten and eleven, a large moval of one of these, I suppose, the hollow piece of the rock, about fifteen yards thick, near the cliff was made. thirty high, and between sixty and seventy “ All round them lay stones and rocks, broad, was torn off, and thrown into the great and small; some on the surface of the valley.
earth, some half sunk into it, some almost About seven in the evening, one who covered, in variety of positions. Between was riding by observed the ground to shake these the ground was cleft asunder in a exceedingly, and soon after, several large thousand places. Some of the apertures stones or rocks, of some tons weight each, were nearly closed again, some gaping as rose out of the ground. Others were thrown at first. Between thirty and forty acres of on one side, others turned upside down, land, as is commonly supposed, though and many rolled over and over. Being a some reckon above sixty, are in this condilittle surprised, and not very curious, he tion. hasted on his way.
“ On the skirts of these, I observed in