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THEVENOT - QUINTANA

MORALES.

283

to which she retired after the battle of Era justo, era honroso en aquel tiempo Xeres. I do not remember to have seen Que yo a los pies del Arabe irritado, either the name or the legend.

Fuese á ablandar su corazon de acero.
Y voy, y mis plegarias el camino
Hallan de la piedad, y alza contento

Este pueblo su frente, y sacudida
[The Zinganes.]

De el la muerte espantosa huye rugiendo. “ These Zinganes have a pretty odd way Todos, Señor, entonces me aclamaban; of taking prizes; they keep with their barks | Todos; y en tanto que al enorme peso upon the bar of the Sindy, and when they De sus cadenas agoviada España see any merchant bark coming, they get to Mira asolados sin piedad sus templos. the windward of him, and being come up Hollados con furor sus moradores, pretty near before they lay him on board, Violadas sus mugeres, en el seno they throw into the bark a great many pots De la paz mas feliz Gixon descensa." full of lime reduced into a small powder;

QUINTANA. the wind driving this dust against the men that are on board, blinds them, and renders them unable to make defence. In the mean

Pelayo. time they board and leap into the bark,

“Ya en el cielo ante Dios dichoso aristas putting every soul to sword (for they have no other arms but swords and arrows :) and

Gozando el premio a tu valor debido, if any have a mind to save their lives, there

Ya proscripto en le tierra, y triste aun is no other way for it, but to jump into the

gimas; sea, and so avoid their fury until they be

Oye la voz de tu angustiada hermana,

Perdonala. Tu esfuerzo y osadia wholely masters of the vessel ; for till then they give no quarter: but when they find

A defender la patria no bastaron; themselves sure of their prize they shed no

Sufre que yo la alivie en su desdicha,

la madre y protectora, sea more blood, and make prisoners of all that remain alive; to hinder whose escaping,

Da los vencidos que en su amor confian."

QUINTANA. they cut the tendon that is above the heel in each leg, which renders them for ever unable to run away; and indeed, it is not possible for a man who has these nerves cut,

[Wholesale Destruction.] to go. Then they carry them to their habi

ALONSO EL Catolico, as he could not tations, and set them to keep their flocks, keep the cities he won, depopulated and without any hopes whilst they live of being

destroyed them, putting all the Moors to delivered from that bondage, which is worse

the sword, and removing the Christians. than death itself.”—THEVENOT.

-MORALES, 13. 14. 1.

Que yo

[The Just Cause.]
“¿Por que, si soy escandalo a los mios,
Si tan injustos me condenan ellos ;
Por qué a la seduccion, a los halagos
Del Moro vencedor no me escondieron ?
Quando el furor y la venganza ardian,
Quando ya el hambre y el violento fuego
Prestos a devoraruos amagaban ;

The Marquis d'Astorga says to his Mistress “ Ante ti el seso mio

Siente tantos alboroços

de turbado,
Como quando va el Judio
por el monte de toroços
Al mereado."

Cancionero, ff. 83.

284

SEPULVEDA - STAVORINUS.

66

56. 2. } Inf. of Carrion.

The Comendador Roman, in some verses 32. 2. Banishment of the Cid. addressed to his mistress, because she told 35. Victory at Alcocer. him que fuesse para feo,—to be gone for an 36. Inf. of Carrion. ugly fellow,-calls himself

43. 2. Martin Pelaez.

46. Present to Alfonso, after the capture un rustico feo

of Valencia.
un grossero puro loro,

47. 2. K. Bucar.
un Turco, Judio, Guineo,
desdonado sin arreo,

48. Cowardice of the Carrions.
una figura de Moro.

49. Quarrel with them before the King.

50. Apparition of St. Peter.
“ nacido de Luzbel

51. 2. Release of K. Sancho.
Moro siểmpre por
refran

53. Death of Sancho.
con mi cara de buriel,

54. 2. Almofalas at Rueda.
salido por mongibel
o si quiere de vulcan.”
Cancionero, ff. 82.

58. Quarrel with Sancho at Zamora.
61. Tribute won from Seville.

62. 2. Offers Babrecã to Alfonso, after A PORTUGUEZE Hymn, to the tune of the judgement against the Infantes. God save the King, was performed in Lon

63. The five Kings. don on the first birth-day of the Prince af- 64. 2. Appeal of Ximena. ter the emigration.

66. Lazarus. " Deos guarde o nosso Rey,

67. 2. Salvadores taken and rescued. Sua vontade he ley

69. His rescue. Ah! viva El Rey,” &c.

70. The Ivory Chair.

72. Oath administered to Alfonso. “ No Luzo coraçam

73. 2. Defeat of the Moors at Atrenga. Perfeita submissam

Not in Escobar.
Ao nosso Rey."

74. Why called the Cid.
This was its political feeling.

75. K. of Aragon's Ambush.
75. 2. Combat with the Inf. of Carrion.

79. His return afterwards.
[Escobar's Collection.]

79. 2. His last illness.

80. 2. His last orders. The fifth ballad in Escobar's collection

82. His death. is apparently by the same hand as the four preceding ones, and is also not to be found

83. Victory after death.

85. 2. Interment.
in Sepulveda's. It is in the same hectoring
and vulgar spirit.

87. The Cid and the Jew.
88.2. Battle for Calahorra. Notin Escobar.
110. Battle between Sancho and Alfonso.

113. Banner of Cardeña.
[Sepulveda's Collection.]

122. 2. Death of Sancho. SEPULVEDA's Collection seems to have 167. 2. Death of Garcia in prison. been arranged by some Flemish editor quite 169. Capture of Coimbra. ignorant of Spanish history, the chronology is so completely confused. Ballads about all the Sanchos, jumbled together in

[Opinion of Admiral Stavorinus.] sequence, as if they appertained to one and the same.

“I PLACE the first germination of those seeds of destruction in the period, when the OWEN – B. TELLEZ — FERNAM LOPEZ — WOOLL.

285

conquest of countries and the increase of ter- of them had prayed silently, their hosts ritory were more the object of the Company's would not have been satisfied—but it is not attention, than the prosecution, increase, the characteristics of saints to hide their or improvement of their commerce and na- candles under a bushel.-B. TELLEZ, Chron. vigation ; and this period is, in my opinion, de Comp. 1. 1, c. 6, § 4. to be defined, as having chiefly existed from the year 1660 to 1670, during which time it was that the Company made themselves

[Distinction between the Manchua and the masters of the Portuguese establishments

Almadia.] on the Malabar coast, and of the Island of

PIETRO DELLA VALLE describes the Celebes, both which acquisitions cost them a great expense of blood and incalculable Manchua as having twenty or twenty-four treasures, and have never been of any other oars, differing from the Almadia, inasmuch

as it is larger, and has a spacious poop than an imaginary advantage to their interests."-STAVORINUS,

covered with an awning. vol. 3, p. 424.

Deos que o

Don Antonio, Rex Portugalliæ.

[Transubstantiation.] “Inter te regnumque tuum divortia nuper, simpres e ignorantes, que esto nom enten

Et Verbum Caro factum est, e alguns At sine consensu facta fuere tuo. Dicere de regno potes ipse tuo, quod et olim diam, perguntavam que queria dizer aquillo ? Christus de regno dixerat' ipse suo.”

E outros por sabor respondiam, que queria OWEN.

dizer, muito caro feito he este ; verdade he, diziam elles, mas prazera

tornara hoje de bom mercado."-FERNAM Las 400 respuestas.

LOPEs, p. 105.
“No falta su Señoria

de un truhan una jota
quando en la de Aljubarota

[Mean Conduct of the Court of Portugal.] loando su rey dezia ;

HARRIS in a letter to Dr. Warton relates mato moytos Castejaos

the following anecdote, 1763. moyto boos de chibaos,

“ The conduct of the court of Portugal to y aiuda de Judeos,

our countrymen who saved them has been y non por graça de Deos

scandalously mean. An English officer, who mas boa força de maos."

maintained a post with a small force against the whole Spanish army, and thereby pre

served one of the richest provinces in Por[Ostentatious Prayers.]

tugal, had sent him for a present from the The host of Simam Rodrigues at Fer- government five-and-twenty moidores, with rara made the same experiment to discover

a lame excuse that the necessities of the his real character, which Bernardo de Quin- government would not permit them to send

The officer, with a becoming taval had tried upon St. Francesco. He any more. watched him by night

. Simam got up, magnanimity, returned the money, adding struck fire, lighted a candle, and past the

that he was sorry for the necessities of the greater part of the night in prayer.

If the state, and that, if they pleased, there was Jesuit had prayed in the dark, or if either

the like sum of money of his at their ser

vice in the hands of his agent."— WOOLL'S 1 Regnum meum non est de hoc mundo. Memoirs of Joseph Warton.

286

LORD CAERNARVON – CENTINELA.

fully collected the scattered hair, and still [Unfeigned Devotion.]

religiously preserve it.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. “Many pilgrims resorted annually to the 37. Cathedral before the revolution of 1820; but their numbers decreased in consequence of the provincial disturbances which fol

[Dreadful Retribution.] lowed that event : yet I saw many persons

“ In one instance the Gallician peasants kneeling around the shrine, absorbed in enticed a large party into their cottages, prayer, and fully impressed with the belief set before them their best provisions and that the mortal remains of the saint rested their best wines, and when they saw them beneath their feet, and that his guardian so far intoxicated as to be stupified, they spirit was hovering around them. I observed secured the doors, barred up the windows, one man particularly who was bending for- set fire to their own dwellings, and getting ward in the attitude of prayer ; his eyes upon a neighbouring eminence beheld with were fixed upon the shrine, his hands stern delight the progress of the flames. The clasped, and he had such an expression of destruction of their houses, and all their intense devotion on his pallid features that goods was seen without a murmur by the I believe scarcely any external sound or women and the very children. Not a word sight could have distracted his attention." was spoken till the last roof had fallen in, -LORD CAERNARVON, Portugal and Gal- when knowing that not one of their enelicia, vol. 1, p. 129.

mies could possibly have escaped, they gave vent to their suppressed passion in a fierce shout of exultation."

“ There was more eloquence,” says the [Reply of Don Carlos.]

author from whose singularly-interesting “When Ferdinand consented to resign book I derive this anecdote, —“ there was the crown of his ancestors, and abandon the more deep disinterestedness, there was more people who were nobly struggling to defend genuine patriotism in that wild burst of nathat crown, D. Carlos refused to give up tural feeling, than in all the studied declahis birthright, or to forfeit his eventual title mations of the Cortes.”—Ibid. vol. 1, p. by any voluntary act, saying that he was 138. born a prince of Spain, and would maintain his just rights to the last hour of his life.” - Portugal and Gallicia, vol. 2, p. 265.

[Ferocity of the French Character.]

Tampoco hay que esperar, segun lo acredita la experiencia en todos tiempos, que el

Frances se canse de las fatigas y peligros [Don Pedro stern in Death.]

de las campañas ; si le sacan llorando de la “ LORD CAERNARNON who was at Alco- casa paterna, vuelve a ella cantando, u echando haçi in 1827, says that when the bodies were bravatas. Ni hay que esperar que afloxe por dragged from the vault, D. Pedro, stern la justicia de nuestra causa : la guerra parece even in death, is said to have retained the que es su elemento, y prescinde del fin por severe expression which never forsook his que pelea; ya muere por coronar reyes, ya countenance after the perpetration of that por destronarlos ; hoy por la libertad, madreadful deed which rendered him home- nana por el despotismo. Va a la guerra less! Iñes, he adds, was still lovely ; her como el caballo; el clarin le alienta, y corre hair retained its auburn colour. After the

con el ginete Christiano contra el Moro; cae departure of the French, the much calum- el ginete de una lanzada, montalo el Moro, y

civilized monks care- parte con el nuevo dueño contra el Christiano.

niated but far more

GONZALO DE BERCEO – CASTILLEJO.

287

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En los Xefes ya es otra la causa ; ayer comian con cuchara de palo, y hoy hacen ascos

[El noble Rey Don Fernando.] a la bagilla de plata con que los sirve su

" CAMINANDO patron; ayer de baxos no se veian entre el El noble Rey Don Fernando polvo, y mañana se ven subidos en hombros Con esa Reyna Germana. de la fortuna hasta la alteza de los honores, y

De Toledo, no sé quando del fausto oriental de las riquezas, fruto de

Por Cordoba la llana, las rapinas y concussiones que piden al cielo

De pasada venganzas.”—CENTINELA contra Franceses,

Vi la Corte aposentada
Toda, y sus caballerizas,

En una aldea cuitada As little is it to be expected, as expe- De siete casas pajizas; rience as shown in all times, that the French

Y llovia, man will be tired of the fatigues and dangers Que el cielo se deshacia of campaigning ;-if they take him weeping

Sobre la Reyna y las Damas, from his father's house he returns to it

Y por otra parte ardia singing or uttering bravados. Nor is it to

Todo el campo en vivas llamas. be hoped that the justice of our cause will Unos daben move him ; war seems to be his element,

Voces, porque se quemaban and he cares not for what he fights: now Como si fueran hereges; he dies for the sake of crowning kings, now Y por otra parte andaban for the sake of dethroning them; to-day for Nadando los almofrexes; liberty, to-morrow for despotism. He goes

Y veian to war like the horse,—the trumpet inspires

No pocos, que no tenian him, and he runs with the Christian lancier

Mejor posada que el buey, against the Moor; the lancier falls, the

Y por fuerza se metian Moor mounts and off he sets with the

En la camara del Rey new master against the Christian. In the En manada, leaders the cause is different. Yesterday

toda mojada they ate with a wooden spoon, and to-day Dentra y fuera del lugar, they turn up their noses at the silver in

Que aun al fin de la jornada which their host serves them. Yesterday Tuvimos bien que enxugar they were so low that they could not be Y escurrir." seen in the dust; and to-morrow they are

CASTILLEJO, tom. 2, p. 142. mounted up upon the shoulders of fortune to the height of honours and oriental pomp of riches,-fruits of the rapines and convulsions which call to Heaven for ven

[Los amantes des Teruel.] geance.

" TOMAMOs el camino sin camino
Por unos arenales donde el Noto

Mas rezio que en el mar sobervia sopla, REMEDIES, or rather applications for the

Y causa mayor daño.gout in his days.

va junto al suelo, y la mas parte

De la tierra levante, y hechos dexa “ Oration nin jejunio no li valie nada, Hoyos y fosas que descubre grandes, Nin escantos, nin menges, nin cirio, ni ob- Y de la arena que de aquellas saca lada."

Forma unas sierras, y unos montes forma. GONZALO DE BERCEO, S. Dom. 403.

Tan rezio y tan sobervio esteva entonces

La ropa

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