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abundance of places, the green turf, for it church: and I never knew such a fast kept was pasture land, as it were pared off, two by them, but their hearers had cause to or three inches thick, and wrapt round like begin a thanksgiving as soon as they had sheets of lead. A little further it was not done. And, the truth is, when I consider cleft or broken at all, but raised in ridges, the matter of their prayers; so full of five or six feet long, exactly resembling the ramble and inconsequence, and in every graves in a churchyard. Of these there is respect so very like the language of a dream; a vast number.

and compare it with their carriage of them“ That part of the cliff from which the selves in prayer, with their eyes, for the rest is torn, lies so high, and is now of so most part shut, and their arms stretched bright a colour that it is plainly visible to out, in yawning posture; a man that should all the country round, even at the distance hear any of them pray, might, by a very of several miles. We saw it distinctly, not pardonable error, be induced to think that only from the street in Thirsk, but for five he was all the time hearing one talking in or six miles after, as we rode towards York. his sleep : besides the strange virtue, which So likewise in the great North road, be- their prayers had to procure sleep in others tween Sandhutton and Northallerton."- too. So that he who should be present at WESLEY's Thoughts on the Earthquake at all their long cant, would show a greater Lisbon.

ability in watching, than ever they could

pretend to in praying, if he could forbear [Lengthy Prayers.]

sleeping, having so strong a provocation to

it, and so fair an excuse for it. In a word, “Let us now," says South, “consider such were their prayers, both for matter the way of praying, so much used and ap- and expression, that could any one truly plauded by such as have renounced the and exactly write them out, it would be the communion and liturgy of our church; and shrewdest and most effectual way of writing it is but reason that they should bring us against them that could possibly be thought something better in the room of what they of."-South's Sermons, vol. 2, p. 215. have so disdainfully cast off. But, on the contrary, are not all their

prayers exactly after the heathenish and pharisaical copy? always notable for those two things, length

[Geasa-Drasidecht, or, Sorceries of and tautology? Two whole hours for one

the Druids.] prayer, at a fast, used to be reckoned but “I HAVE often inquired of your tenants, a moderate dose, and that, for the most part, what they themselves thought of their pilfraught with such irreverent, blasphemous grimage to the wells of Kill-Aracht, Tobexpressions, that, to repeat them, would bar-Brighte, Tobbar-Muire, near Elphin profane the place I am speaking in; and Moor, near Castlereagh, where multitudes indeed, they seldom carried on the work of annually assembled to celebrate what they, such a day (as their phrase was), but they in broken English, termed Patterns, (Paleft the church in need of a new consecra- tron's days) and when I pressed a very old tion. Add to this, the incoherence and man, Owen Hester, to state what possible confusion, the endless repetitions, and the advantages he expected to derive from the unsufferable nonsense, that never failed to singular custom of frequenting in particu

out, even with their utmost prolixity; lar such wells as were contiguous to an old so that in all their long fasts, from first to blasted oak, or an

upright unhewn stone, and last, from seven in the morning to seven in what the meaning

of the yet more the evening which was their measure), the singular custom of sticking rags on the (

, was always the emptiest thing in the branches of such trees, and spitting on




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them; his answer, and the answer of the as to all manner of temporals both in church oldest men, was, that their ancestors always and state.”l, COLUMBANUS ad Hibernos, did it; that it was a preservative against p. 36, No. 2. Geasa - Drasidecht, i. e. the sorceries of Druids; that their cattle were preserved by it from infectious disorders; that the

[Head of the Church.] daoini maithe, i. e. the fairies, were kept in “ Yet it must, in common justice, be good humour by it; and so thoroughly per- acknowledged that the title of Head of the suaded were they of the sanctity of these Church, though odious to a Catholic, means Pagan practices, that they would travel

no more in the acceptation of an Englishbareheaded and barefooted from ten to

man, than Temporal Head of the Church, twenty miles for the purpose of crawling on or Defender of the Faith. No Englishman their knees round these wells and upright ever yet for a moment supposed that the stones, and oak trees westward, as the sun king could administer sacraments, ordain travels, some three times, some six, some priests, give a mission for preaching or nine, and so on, in uneven numbers, until teaching, or be the source of spiritual as of their voluntary penances were completely temporal power. They give him no authofulfilled. The waters of Logh-Con were rity in church discipline, but such as is deemed so sacred from ancient usage, that necessary for maintaining order in the state, they would throw into the lake whole rolls supporting by the civil sword the laws of of butter, as a preservative for the milk of morality, defending the rights of the intheir cows against Geasa-Drasidecht! ferior as well as of the superior clergy, and

“ The same customs existed amongst the excluding all foreign interference from the Irish colonies of the Highlands and Western management of those temporal concerns Islands; and even in some parts of the Low- which are necessarily connected with every lands of Scotland. “I have often observed,' species of human authority. This is the

Mr.Brand, ‘shreds, or bits of rags, upon explanation which the English divines give the bushes that overhang a wall in the road of their own principles; and no one has a to Benton, near Newcastle, which is called right to attribute to them principles which the Rag-well! Mr. Pennant says, they they utterly disavow. If they approached visit the well of Spye in Scotland, for many us as nearly in other points as in this, I distempers, and the well of Drachaldy, for should not despair of a gradual approxias many offering small pieces of money and mation, which would end in mutual charity; bits of rags.”—COLUMBANUS ad Hibernos, p. for it cannot be denied that the


has 82, No. 3.

no temporal power, and ought to have none, directly or indirectly, in any state but in his

own.”—COLUMBANUS ad Hibernos, p. 91, [Pope's Supremacy.]

No. 1. “ It is very well known that even when Henry VIII. renounced the pope's supre

[Jesuitesses.] macy, our chiefs, believing that he meant

FULLER, writing about the year 1650, only to renounce the pope's temporal supre

began at Liege about macy, joined him in that renunciation ! In says the Jesuitesses “ their fourth general submission, which was made in the 33rd of Henry VIII. they una

1 Council Book of Ireland, 32, 33, and 34 of nimously acknowledged by indenture that Henry VIII. “ This was not only done by the he was their sovereign lord and king; con

mere Irish,” says Sir J. Davis, “but the chiefs

of the degenerate English families did perform fessing his supremacy in all causes, and the same; as Desmond, Barry, and Roche, in utterly renouncing the pope's jurisdiction | Mounster, and the Bourkes in Connaght.”


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thirty years since, Mistris Mary Ward and decessor's, certain women, or maidens, in Mrs. Twitty being the first beginners of some parts of Italy and in other provinces, them. They are not confined, as other took upon themselves the appellation of nuns to a cloister, but have liberty to go Jesuitesses, and assembled in community abroad where they please, to convert people under pretext of leading a religious life, to the Catholick faith. They wear a though they had not the permission of the huke (?)? like other women, and differ but holy see. They had colleges and houses of little in their habit from common persons. probation, and wore, according to this auThe aforesaid two virgins, or rather vira- thor, a peculiar habit; but it is evident gins, travelled to Rome with three of the that, like the Jesuits, they must have been most beautiful? of their society, endeavour- allowed to lay it aside whenever it would ing to procure from his Holiness an esta- have exposed them to inconvenience, or blishment of their Order ; but no confirma- interfered with their object, which was that tion, only a toleration would be granted of making converts. Their superior was thereof. Since I have read that, Anno called the Prepostress, and they had Visit1629, Mrs. Mary Ward went to Vienna, oresses, Rectresses, and other dignitaries, where she prevailed so far with the empress, all in the feminine gender. They went that she procured a monastery to be erected about, says Helyot, whither they would, for those of her Order, as formerly they under pretext of procuring the safety of had two houses at Liege. Since I have souls, and doing many other things which heard nothing of them, which rendereth it were neither suitable to the weakness of suspicious that their Order is suppressed, their sex nor of their understanding; the because otherwise such turbulent spirits pope first desired them to desist by his would be known by their own violence, it nuncio in Low Germany, and by the bishops being all one with a storm not to be, and of the various places where they had estanot to bluster : for although this may seem blished themselves, but they paid no regard the speediest way to make their Order to to these admonitions. At length they bepropagate when Jesuita shall become hic et gan to teach things contrary to sound dochæc, of the common gender, yet conscien- trine, and then the brief for their suppression tious Catholics conceive these Lady-Errants

was issued. so much to deviate from feminine (not to Delacroix, in his Dictionnaire Historique say virgin) modesty, (what is but going in des Cultes Religieur, says that the two Engmen being accounted gadding in maids) that lish young women who founded this society they zealously decried their practice, pro- (and whom he calls Warda and Tuittia) bably to the present blasting thereof."- were instigated by the Jesuits in Flanders. History of Abbeys, p. 364.

" Le but de ces Jesuites etoit de former une Urban VIII. suppressed them by a Brief colonie de filles qu'ils enverroient comme

autant de Missionnaires travailler à la condated 21 May, 1631. Helyot, who has not

version des Anglois, et dont ils esperoient thought it worth while to name the founder of this curious society, says that under his

d'autant plus de fruit, que de pareils predipontificate, or towards the end of his pre

cateurs seroient moins suspects, et s'insinueroient plus aisement dans les esprits.I

know not on what authority this is asserted, 1 Southey has put a note of interrogation as

but it is very improbable that the Jesuits above, but, no doubt, the word is right. Nares

should have been concerned, because Loyexplains it—“A kind of mantle or cloke worn in Spain and the Low Countries." See Glossaryola himself having once been persuaded to in v. for authorities.-J. W. W.

undertake the superintendance of those In the margin Mrs. Vaux Fortescue is named women who wished to form a community

of Jesuitesses, found it so impossible to

as one,





manage them, that he besought the pope reply was,

• Good doctor, be not angry; to exempt the company from taking charge for if ever I persuade you to preach again of the sex.

without book, I will give you leave to burn all the books that I am master of."-IZAAK

Walton's Life. [Wisdom of leaving Sectaries alone.] " THEMISTIUS, the philosopher, wrote a book to persuade the Emperor Valens that he should let the different sectaries alone :

[Characteristic Anecdote of the Non-conhe remarked to him that there were even

forming Ministers.] more speculative disputes among the hea

The following anecdote which is related thens; and he might have remarked that of Mr. Doolittle, is strongly characteristic these disputes never produced any mischief, of the non-conforming ministers of that because they were never intermeddled with age. Being engaged in the usual service by the rulers."-Sozomen, 1. 6, c. 36.

on a certain occasion, when he had finished his prayer, he looked around on the congregation and observed a young man just

shut into one of the pews, who discovered [Bishop Sanderson, 8c.--Extempore much uneasiness in that situation, and

seemed to wish to go out again. Mr. Doo“ ABOUT this time his dear and most little feeling a peculiar desire to detain intimate friend, the learned Dr. Hammond, him, hit upon the following expedient. came to enjoy a quiet conversation and rest Turning to one of the members of his with him for some days at Boothby Pannel, church who sat in the gallery, he asked and did so, and having formerly persuaded him this question aloud, “Brother, do you him to trust his excellent memory, and not repent of your coming to Christ ?” “No, read, but try to speak a sermon as he had Sir, (he replied) I never was happy till writ it; Dr. Sanderson became so com- then, I only repent that I did not come to plient as to promise he would. And to him sooner." Mr. Doolittle then turned that end they two went early the Sunday towards the opposite gallery, and addressed following to a neighbour minister, and re- himself to an aged member in the same quested to exchange a sermon; and they manner. “ Brother, do you repent that did so. And at Dr. Sanderson's going into you came to Christ ?” “No, Sir, (he rethe pulpit, he gave his sermon (which was plied) I have known the Lord from my a very short one) into the hand of Dr. youth up." He then looked down upon Hammond, intending to preach it as it was


young man, whose attention was fully writ; but before he had preached a third engaged, and, fixing his eyes upon him, part, Dr. Hammond (looking on his sermon said, “Young man, are you willing to come as written) observed him to be out, and so Christ?" This unexpected address lost as to the matter, especially the method, from the pulpit, exciting the observation of that he also became afraid for him : for it the people, so affected him, that he sat was discernable to many of that plain audi- down and hid his face. The

person tory. But when he had ended this short sat next to him encouraged him to rise and sermon, as they two walked homeward, answer the question. Mr. Doolittle Dr. Sanderson said with much earnest- peated it, “Young man, are you willing ness, • Good doctor, give me my sermon,

come to Christ ?” With a tremulous voice and know, that neither you, nor any man

he answered, “ Yes, Sir,” “But when living, shall ever persuade me to preach added the minister in a loud again without my books.' To which the tone. He mildly answered,



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" Then stay, (said he) and hear the word be vicious it is not his fault, for he cannot of the Lord which you will find in 2 Cor. help it; and if a man be virtuous, no thanks v. 2. “Behold now is the accepted time, to him for it, for he could not be otherbehold now is the day of salvation.” By this wise; for whatsoever course of life a man sermon God touched the heart of this young follows, or whatever he suffers, was and

He came into the vestry after ser- is unavoidable. Fate decreed it. I will vice dissolved in tears. That unwilling- not importune myself, for if I am predesness to stay, which he had discovered was tinated to be happy hereafter I shall be so: occasioned by the strict injunction of his if miserable, it will be so. I cannot change father, who threatened if ever he went to my destiny.—ANDREAS ZEKERMAN, in the hear the fanatics, he would turn him out 24th year of my age." of doors. Having now heard, and unable to conceal the feelings of his mind, he was afraid to meet his father. Mr. Doolittle

[Unhallowed Discussion.] sat down and wrote an affectionate letter to him, which had so good an effect, that

“The Thomists maintain the transmutaboth father and mother came to hear for

tion of the elements; the Scotists the annithemselves. The Lord graciously met with

hilation : and they proceed to abstract so them both ; and father, mother and son

long, till they could not only separate the were received with universal joy, into that

matter and form and accidents of the bread church.—Wilson's History and Antiquities from one another, but the paneity or bread

ishness itself from them all.”—BISHOP PARof Dissenting Churches.

KER's Reasons for abrogating the Test, p. 22.

taught prayer, though Calvinist

The Dying Speech of Andreas Zekerman,

who with three others was executed at [Local Preachers amongst the Methodists.] Dublin a few years ago for the murder of A LOCAL preacher among us, in general, Captain Glass.

is selected from his class by the leader, first “I was born at Lubeck in Holland. I called on to pray in our prayer-meetings ; got very little education, neither was I then, as his abilities and his graces improve,

or anything relating to it, he is raised to be the leader of a class, and my

father and mother were of the then, from exhorting his little flock he is

persuasion, and taught me to be- called on to exhort at some watch-night, lieve in predestination, which may be one

or when there is a deficiency of preachers. great cause of my ruin. I was guided by The gradation from these steps to the office avarice: I would have money to spend, of a local preacher is natural and easy; and and was far from making a scruple of any in all the way he does not meet with such unlawful means to come at it; and readily, dangers and seductions

as are often thrown along with my three fellow-sufferers, em- in the way of the young man whose course braced the seeming favourable opportunity lies through academies and colleges. It of committing murder and piracy to enrich

has often been fate to witness young But we were all disappointed. men enter those seminaries with solid piety,

usual saying with tender Christians modest manners, and an humble deportthat man proposes but God disposes : itment, who on

coming from them, evinced I know : such sort of that they had exchanged piety, modesty, lessons I have not much studied. I believe

and humility, for a little Latin, Greek, or vice is not agreeable to Him, yet if a man a powerful Being, viz. God; that Hebrew, captious criticism, assuming airs,

and dogmatical positivity ; amidst which



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