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he goes at night to the Archbishop Urbano him of the victories which his successors are and complains and consults with him how to gain,-and also of Chr. de Messa's two to deliver his country. In the morning he poems. Oppar is lodged in a tent, round goes to Munuza to demand his sister : the which the history of Spain is represented. Moor unwillingly restores her, professing his love, and then sends to Tarif, accuses Pelayo of exciting rebellion, and advises his death. Tarif sends a troop with orders [“ Et tuba terribili sonitu taratantera dixit.not to return till they have taken or slain

Ennius.] Pelayo, for he had heard prophecies from

A en las trompetas tortuosas suena Gabino, his magician, how as from a cave Taratantara-tanta, dos mil vezes ; came the ruin of the Goths, so from a cave

Las caxas huecas de Mavorte fiero should their Restorer, and a dream terrifies

Tapatatapatan-tatan responden." him.

Los Amantes de Teruel, p. 157. 2. The Spirit of Rodrigo comes in a dream to encourage Pelayo. Ali wakes him, that he may make his escape, which he effects, hardly crossing a river. Spain stood on its S. Domingo de la Calzada. farther banks—in chains -in mourning calling on her son for deliverance. He pro- resorted to on account of his body and of

His church in Garibay's time was much ceeds, and meets Celidon, a hermit, who

his cock and hen.-L. 3, c. 10. had once prevented him from forcing a criminal from the cave Covadonga. Celidon encourages him with prophecy, and receives him into his cell.

Cançao de Gonçalo Hermigues: 3. Pelayo, leaving the hermit, meets a

“ TIXHERABOS, nom tinherabos, messenger from Urbano. They lose them

Tal a tal ca monta ? selves, and come to some shepherd huts

Tinheradesme, non tinherasdes me among the mountains. About twenty stan

De la vinherasdes, de ca filharedes, zas follow, not descriptive, but soothing,

Ca amabia tudo em soma. from the calm of the subject. He joins Count Teobaldo and the Archbishop.

“ Por mil goivos trebelhando Alcaman is sent with a great party to

Oy oy vos lombrego crush this rebellion : but Oppas, the rene

Algorem se cada folgança gade archbishop, is first to attempt persua- Asmei eu: por que do terrenho sion. The African force described. Alonso

Non ha hi tal perchego. joins Pelayo. Ali, now called Estacio, as having become a Christian, and Antonio are “ Ouroana, Ouroana, oy tem por certo sent to watch the enemy. This latter had Que inha bida do biber been the messenger between Munuza and Se olvidrou per teu alvidrou per que em Usendamsa, and repeats some of the Moors cabo poetry on the way. They come to four O que eu ei de la chebone sem referta Roman monuments, having inscriptions Mas nom ha per que se ver.” which are not very Roman: then they see the enemy,

and return with the news. Pelayo retreats to a cave in the rock.

4. Pelayo makes a speech, and is acclaimed (“Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof."] king. The Devil sends fiends to terrify Per ço quascú se deu guardar de mal him; the Virgin drives them away, and tells de treball, tot aytant com pot, car de mal è de

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poch n' a hom assau.”—Cost. Mar. de Barcelona, cap. 52.

[Invective against Count Julian.] ELEASTRAS, one of the imaginary writers of the fabulous Chronicle, concludes a chap

ter of lamentations with this invective [To-day's Sorrow, and to-morrow's.]

against Count Julian :“Y este que es “ Sospiros penas estranas

diablo baptizado y de mortal no cessa de mil ansias у dessear levar su brava saña a fin. 0


maldito han poblado mis entrañas

fue el dia que tal persona fue nascida en el do plazer no puede estar. mundo; malaventurada fue la hora que

tal Y estos tristes pobladores

crueldad se engendro, oviera piedad de los el triste sitio muraron

que della ovieron; ya que no podrias sufrir de piedras de mil dolores,

que en tu poderio quedassen los mataste a y alegria desterraron,

los que te dieron la vida, guardaras a ellos y han tenido tales mañas


que ellos guardaron a ti, ovieras los por al tiempo de su poblar,

tuyos y no por tus enemigos. E yo no creo que poblaron mis entrañas

que tu no passes por esse juyzio que as dado plazer no puede estar.”

do, y agora no me terne mas contigo, ca Peralta. Cancionero, ff. 95. destruydor eres, incomendo te al diablo, ca

su vassallo y servidor eres."-P. 2, c. 132.


& cross.

[Puritan and Brownist.]

[Postal Directions.] PHE word PURITAN seems to be THE LORD PROTECTOR in 1549 directs

quasht, and all that heretofore thus,—To our very good friend the LORD were counted such are now DACRE, Warden of the West Marches for

BROWNISTS. Milton, Reason anempst Scotland, in haste, haste, post haste, of Church Government urged against Pre- for thy life, for thy life, for thy life.laty, vol. 1, p. 6.

The dispatches back, for it seems all went by the ordinary post, are directed with equal

care.—To the right honourable my Lord [Begging like a Cripple at a Cross.]


's grace, in haste, haste, post haste,

for thy life, for thy life, haste, haste!Again, “The poor solicited alms at the Crosses,

In haste,--haste-post haste, with all dilias the saying is to this day, for Christ's sake; and when a person is urgent and ve

gence possible."—Nicolson and Burn's West

moreland and Cumberland, vol. 1, p. 73, &c. hement, we say he begged like a cripple at

I remember to have seen Post-haste At those crosses the corpse in

written upon letters some twenty years ago. carrying to the church was set down, that

-R. S.' all the people attending might pray for the soul of the departed.” — Nicolson and Burn's Cumberland.

[Inflammability of Chesnut Wood.] “The wood of the chesnut-tree is so long

in taking fire as to be entirely unfit for the [Powle's Middle Aisle.]

manufacture of gunpowder. In Asturias, “It was the fashion of those times, and where it is sometimes used for fuel, when a did so continue till these, (wherein not only brand is taken from the fire it becomes exthe mother but her daughters are ruined,) tinguished in the open air as rapidly as if for the principal gentry, lords, courtiers, it were plunged in carbonic acid gas, in fact and men of all professions, not merely me

so quickly that a pipe of tobacco cannot be chanic, to meet in Paul's Church by eleven, lighted from it. Floors, therefore, of this and walk in the middle ile till twelve, and wood are safe. And it is preferred for after dinner from three to six, during which time some discourse of business, others of

I When this was written I can hardly make news. Now in regard of the universal

out hy the MS., but as late as 1814, I have seen

With speed" written on a letter. But this dicommerce, there happened little that did not first or last arrive here."-OSBORNE'S rection, I suspect, had reference, not to Postal

arrangements, but to the person to whom letters Traditional Memorials.

were consigned in Provincial towns.-J. W.W.

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forges, because as soon as the bellows cease, till eight, or nine, or ten of the clock. I the fire begins to go out.”—Panorama, vol. cannot tell what revel ye have over night, 11, p. 301.

whether in banquetting, or dicing, or card

ing, or how it is; but in the morning when Warrior's Girdle.]

the poor suitors come to your houses, ye

cannot be spoken withal; they are kept “SOME men of war use to have about their loins an apron or girdle of mail, girt let into the hall, or some outer chamber,

sometimes without your gates, or if they be fast for the safeguard of the nether part of out cometh one or other, “Sir ye cannot their body.”—LATIMER'S Sermon on the

speak with

my Lord yet, my Lord is asleep,' Epistle read on the 21st Sunday after

or, he hath business of the King's all Trinity. The first Sermon.

night,' &c. And thus poor suitors are driven off from day to day, that they cannot speak

with you in three or four days, yea a whole [Weapons of War.]

month. What shall I say more? a whole “WHEN a man shall go to battle, com- year sometimes ere they can come to your monly he hath a great girdle with an apron speech to be heard of you.”—LATIMER'S of mail going upon his knees; then he hath last Sermon before King Edward the Sixth. a breast-plate ; then for the nether part he hath high shoone, and then he must have a buckler to keep off his enemies' strokes ; then he must have a sallet wherewith his head may be saved, and finally, he must

[Latimer's Father. ] have a sword to fight withal and to hurt “My Father was a yeoman, and had no his enemy. These be the weapons that lands of his own ; only he had a farm of commonly men use when they go to war.” three or four pound by year at the utter-LATIMER's Sermon on the Epistle for the most, and hereupon he tilled so much as 21st Sunday after Trinity. The third Ser- kept half-a-dozen men. He had walk for

an hundred sheep, and my mother milked

thirty kine. He was able and did find the [Poor-Suitors.]

king a harness, with himself and his horse,

while he came to the place that he should “The Prophet Esay saith, Woe unto you receive the king's wages. I can remember that rise early in the morning and go to drink- that I buckled his harness when he went to ing until night that ye might swim in wine. Blackheath field. He kept me to school, This is the Scripture against banquetting or else I had not been able to have preached and drunkenness. But now they banquet | before the King's Majesty now. all night, and lie abed in the day time till ried my sisters with five pound or twenty noon, and the Scripture speaketh nothing nobles a-piece, so that he brought them up of that. But what then? The Devil hath in godliness and fear of God. He kept his purpose this way as well as the other ; hospitality for his poor neighbours; and he hath his purpose as well by revelling and some alms he gave to the poor, and all this keeping ill rule all night, as by rising early he did of the said farm. Where he that in the morning and banquetting all day. now hath it payeth sixteen pound by the So the devil hath his purpose both ways. year, or more, and is not able to do anyYe noblemen, ye great men, I wot not thing for his prince, for himself, nor for his what rule ye keep: for God's sake hear the children, or give a cup of drink to the poor." complaints and suits of the poor. Many - LATIMER's First Sermon preached before complain against you that ye lie abed | King Edward the Sixth.


He mar

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day, answered yea: 'I pray you,' said he, [Latimer looks to the Example of Edward VI.

how liked when he should come of age.]

him ?' * Marry,' said he,


even as I liked him always,-a seditious SURELY, surely, but that two things do fellow.' Oh Lord, he pinched me there incomfort me, I would despair of the redress deed. Nay, he had rather a full bit at me in these matters. One is that the King's -and wot ye what? I chanced in my Majesty, when he cometh to age, will see a sermon to speak a merry word of the new redress of these things, so out of frame, shilling (to refresh my auditory) how I was giving example by letting down his own like to put away my new shilling for an old lands first, and then enjoin his subjects to groat. I was herein noted to speak sedifollow him. The second hope I have is, I tiously.”—LATIMER's Third Sermon preachbelieve that the general accounting day is ed before King Edward the Sixth. at hand; the dreadful Day of Judgement I mean, which shall make an end of all these calamities and miseries."-Ibid.

[Unmercifulness and lack of Charity in


“ LONDON was never so ill as it is now. [Corruption in High Places.]

In times past men were full of pity and “The saying is now that money is heard compassion, but now there is no pity: for everywhere; if he be rich he shall soon in London their brother shall die in the have an end of his matter; other are fain streets for cold; he shall lie sick at the to go home with weeping tears, for any help door between stock and stock, I cannot tell they can attain at any judge's hand. Hear what to call it, and perish there for hunger. men's suits yourself, I require you in God's Was there ever a more unmercifulness in behalf, and put it not to the hearing of these Nebo? I think not.”—LATIMER's Sermon Velvet Coats, these Upskips. Now a man of the Plough. can scarce know them from an ancient Knight of the country.”—LATIMER's Second Sermon before King Edward the Sixth.

[True Christian Apparel, or The Wedding


“ Now when we keep this promise, and [Latimer's Story of the Shilling.)

leave wickedness and do that which Christ “ We have now a pretty little shilling, our Saviour requireth of us, then we have indeed a very pretty one. I have but one the wedding garment, and though we be I think in my purse, and the last day I had very poor, and have but a russet coat, yet put it away almost for an old groat, and so we are well when we are decked with him. I trust some will take them. The fineness There be a great many which go very gay of the silver I cannot see, but therein is in velvet and sattin, but for all that I fear printed a fine sentence, that is, Timor Do- they have not Christ upon them, for all their MINI FONS VITÆ VEL SAPIENTIÆ, The fear of gorgeous apparel.”—LATIMER’s Sermon on the Lord is the fountain of life or wisdom. the Epistle for the First Sunday in Advent. I would God the sentence were always printed in the heart of the King in chusing his wife, and in all his officers.”—LATIMER'S

[Unpreaching Prelates the cause that the First Sermon before King Edward the Sixth.

Blood of Hales so long deceived the people.] “ THERE is a certain man that being “ We have nothing in our pastime but asked if he had been at the sermon that God's blood! God's wounds! We continu

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