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ally blaspheme his passion in hawking, hunt- | but a little while ? For we know by Scriping, dicing and carding.–What became of ture, and all learned men affirm the same, his blood that fell down, trow ye? was the that the world was made to endure six blood of Hales of it, woe worth it! What thousand years. Now of these six thousand ado was it to bring this out of the King's be past already five thousand six hundred head! This great abomination of the blood and odd, and yet this time which is left of Hales could not be taken a great while shall be shortened for the elects' sake, as out of his mind.—You that be of the court, Christ himself witnesseth.") — LATIMER'S and especially ye sworn chaplains, beware | Third Sermon on the Lord's Prayer. of a lesson that a great man taught me, at my first coming to the court; he told me for good-will, he thought it well. He said to me, “You must beware howsoever ye do

[Love of Pudding-a favourite Dish of our that ye contrary not the King; let him

Forefathers, as now in Sussex.] have his sayings, follow him, go with him.

“A good fellow on a time bade another Marry, out with this counsel ! shall I say of his friends to a breakfast, and said, “If as he saith? Say according to your con- you will come you shall be welcome, but I science, or else what a worm shall ye feel tell you aforehand, you shall have but slengnawing! what a remorse of conscience shall der fare, one dish, and that is all.' • What ye have when ye remember how ye have is that ?' said he. “A pudding, and nothing slacked your duty. It is a good, wise verse, else.' Marry,' said he, you cannot please

| me better ; of all meats this is for my own · Gutta cavat lapidem, non vi, sed sæpe ca

tooth; you may draw me round about the dendo.'

town with a pudding.'”—LATIMER's Third The drop of water maketh a hole in the Sermon before King Edward the Sixth. stone, not by violence, but by oft falling. Likewise a prince must be turned, not violently, but he must be won by a little and

1 [Shovelling of Feet, and walking up and a little. He must have his duty told him,

down at Sermon time.] but it must be done with humbleness, with request of pardon, or else it were a danger

“I REMEMBER now a saying of S. Chrysos

tome, and peradventure it might come hereous thing. Unpreaching prelates have been

after in better place, but yet I will take it the cause that the blood of Hales did so

while it cometh to mind." They heard long blind the King. Woe worth that such

him,' said he, “in silence, not interrupting an abhominable thing should be in a Chris

| the order of his preaching. He means they tian realm! but thanks to God it was partly redressed in the King's days that dead is,

heard him quietly, without any shovelling

of feet, or walking up and down. Truly and much more now. God grant good will

it is an ill misorder that folk shall be walkand power to go forward, if there be any such abhomination behind, that it may ut

| ing up and down in the sermon time, as I terly be rooted up."—LATIMER's Seventh

have seen in this place this Lent, and there

| shall be such buzzing and huzzing in the Sermon preached before King Edward the

preacher's ear, that it maketh him oftenSixth.

times to forget his matter.” — LATIMER'S

Sixth Sermon before King Edward the Sixth. [Proximity of the World's Endthe idea common at the time of the Reformation.]

1 This is a condensed extract, and not taken

verbatim,-if, at least, it be taken from the Ser“ How can we be so foolish to set so much mon referred to. Probably “six hundred” is a by this world, knowing that it shall endure slip of the pen for “ five hundred."-J. W. W.

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proclamation to the Justices of peace that [Robin Hood's Day.]

they may do their duty : for Justices now “I CAME once myself to a place, riding be no Justices. There be many good acts on a journey homeward from London, and made for this matter already. Charge them I sent word over night into the town that I upon their allegiance that this singular bewould preach there in the morning, because nefit of God may be better practised, and it was holiday, and methought it was an that it be not turned into bowling, drinkholiday's work. The church stood in my ing, and whoring within the towns, for way, and I took my horse and my company they be negligent in executing these laws and went thither; I thought I should have of shooting. Marsilius Ficinus in his book found a great company in the church, and De triplici vitâ, (it is a great while since I when I came there the church door was read him now,) but I remember he comfast locked. I tarried there half an hour mendeth this kind of exercise, and saith and more; at last the key was found, and that it wrestleth against many kinds of disone of the parish comes to me and said, “Sir, eases. In the reverence of God let it be this a busy day with us; we cannot hear continued ; let a proclamation go forth, you, it is Robin Hood's day. The parish charging the Justices of the peace that they are gone abroad to gather for Robin Hood. see such Acts and Statutes kept as were I pray you let them not. I was fain there made for this purpose.”—LATIMER's Sixth to give place to Robin Hood. I thought Sermon before King Edward VI. my Rochet should have been regarded though I were not; but it would not serve, it was fain to give place to Robin Hood's men." – LATIMER's Sixth Sermon before

[Latimer taught by his Father to draw the King Edward the Sixth.

Bow.]

“ In my time my poor father was as diwwwwwwwww

ligent to teach me to shoot, as to learn me

any other thing, and so I think other men [English Amusements.]

did their children. He taught me how to “ Men of England in times past, when draw, how to lay my body in my bow, and they would exercise themselves,(for we must not to draw with strength of arms, as divers needs have some recreation, our bodies can- other nations do, but with strength of the not endure without some exercise,) they body. I had my bows bought me according were wont to go abroad into the fields a to my age and strength; as I increased in shooting ; but now it is turned into gulling, them, so my bows were made bigger and drinking and whoring within the house. The bigger, for men shall never shoot well, exgame of shooting hath been in times past cept they be brought up in it. It is a wormuch esteemed in this realm; it is a gift thy game, a wholesome kind of exercise, that God hath given us to excel all other and much commended in physic.”—LATInations withall; it hath been God's instru- MER’s Sixth Sermon before K. Edward VI. ment whereby he hath given us many victories against our enemies; but now we have taken up whoring in towns, instead of

[Bribery and Unjust Judgment.] shooting in fields. A wondrous thing that so excellent a gift of God should be so little "He that took the silver bason and ewer for esteemed. I desire you, my Lords, even as a bribe, thinketh that it will never come out; you love the honour and glory of God, and but he may now know that I know it, and intend to remove his indignation, let there I know it not alone, there be more beside be sent forth some proclamation, some sharp | me that know it. Oh, briber and bribery !

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he was never a good man that will so take | MER'S Sermon on Luke xü. 15. preached in bribes. Nor can I never believe that he the Afternoon before K. Edward VI. that is a briber shall be a good justice. It will never be merry in England till we have the skins of such."-LATIMER'S Second Ser

[Our Lady likened to a Saffron-bag.] mon on Luke xii. 15.

“It hath been said of me, 'Oh, Latimer!

nay as for him, I will never believe him while “ CAMBYSEs was a great king, such ano

I live, nor never trust him, for he likened ther as our Master is : he had many lord

our blessed Lady to a saffron bag!' where, deputies, lord presidents, and lieutenants

indeed, I never used that similitude. But in under him. It is a great while ago since I

case I had used this similitude, it had not read the history. It chanced he had under

been to be reproved, but might have been him in one of his dominions a briber, a gift

| without reproach. For I might have said taker, a gratifier of rich men ; he followed

thus; as the saffron bag that hath been full gifts as fast as he that followed the pud

of saffron, or hath had saffron in it, doth ding; a hand-maker in his office to make

ever after savour and smell of the sweet his son a great man : as the old saying is,

saffron that it contained, so our blessed “Happy is the child whose father goeth to

Lady, which conceived and bare Christ in the devil.” The cry of the poor widow

her womb, did ever after resemble the mancame to the Emperor's ear, and caused him

ners and virtues of that precious babe that to flay the judge quick, and lay his skin in

she bare. And what had our blessed Lady the chair of judgement, that all judges who

been the worse for this? or what dishonour should give judgement afterward should sit

was this to our blessed Lady?” — LATIin the same skin. Surely it was a goodly

MER'S Sermon of the Plough. sign, a goodly monument, the sign of the judge's skin! I pray God we may once see the sign of the skin in England." — Lati

[Increase of Luxury.] MER'S Third Sermon before K. Edward “TAE Diet they are grown unto of late, VI.

Excels the Feasts that men of high estate
Had in times past ;—for there's both flesh

and fish,
[Deceitful Practices.]

With many a dainty new devised dish. “But now I will play St. Paul, and trans. For bread they can compare with Lord and late the thing on myself. I will become the Knight, King's officer for awhile. I have to lay out They have both ravel'd, manchet, brown and for the King two thousand pounds, or a great white sum, whatsoever it be: well, when I have Of finest wheat : their drinks are good and laid it out, and to bring in mine account, I stale, must give three hundred marks to have my Of perry, cider, mead, methlegin, ale, bills warranted! If I have done truly and Of beer they have abundantly, but then uprightly, what should need me to give a This must not serve the richer sort of men, penny to have my bills warranted? If I have They with all sorts of foreign wines are sped, done my office truly, and do bring in a true Their cellars are oft fraught with white and account, wherefore should one groat be red, given? yea, one groat for warranting my Be it French, Italian, Spanish, if they crave bills? Smell ye nothing in this? what needeth any bribes giving, except the bills be Nay Grecian or Canarian they may have it. false? No man giveth bribes for warranting Cate, Pument, Vervage, if they do desire, his bills, except they be false bills.”—LATI- | Or Romney, Bastard, Capricke, Osey, Tire,

it,

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Muscadell, Malmsey, Clarey,—what they | And'cause sometimes the fashions we disdain will

Of Italy, France, Netherland and Spain, Both head and belly each may have their fill. We'll fetch them farther off;—for, by your Then if their stomacks do disdain to eat

leaves Beef, mutton, lamb, or such like butchers' | We have Morisco gowns, Barbarian sleeves, meat,

Polonian shoes, with divers far-fetcht trifles, If that they cannot feed of capon, swan, Such as the wandering English gallant rifles Duck, goose, or common household poultry; Strange countries for." then

Ibid. Their store-house will not very often fail To yield them partridge, pheasant, plover, quaile,

[The Lover of Pleasure.] Or any dainty fowl that may delight -“SOME are vain in pleasures, like to him Their gluttonous and beastly appetite.

Who for because he in delights would swim, So they are pampered while the poor man

In these our days, to please his bestial senses, starves,

Made twenty hundred crowns one night's Yet there's not all; for custards, tarts, con expences. serves,

I only do forbear to tell his name, Must follow too; and yet they are no let Lest he should hap to vaunt upon the same." For suckets, march-panes, nor for marmalet,

Ibid. Fruit, Florentines, sweet sugar-meats and

spices, With many other idle, fond devices

[Men-Milliners.] Such as I cannot name, nor care to know.

-“OUR Taylors know And then besides the taste, this made for

How best to set apparel out to show ; show.

It either shall be gathered, stitcht, or laced, For they must have it coloured, gilded, Else

Else plaited, printed, jag'd, or cut and raced, printed

Or any way according to your will." With shapes of beasts and fowls ; cut, pincht,

Ibid. indented, So idly, that in my conceit 'tis plain They are both foolish and exceeding vain,

[Drinking and Washing.] And howsoe'er they of religion boast,

| “ PRETHEE let me intreat thee now to drink Their belly is the God they honour most.

Before thou wash: Our fathers that were WITHER's Satires. Vanity.

wise, Were wont to say, 'twas wholesome for the

eyes. [Despotism of Fashion.]

-Well, if he drink, a draught shall be the _"'Tis strange to know how many fashions

most, We borrow now-a-days from other nations.

That must be spiced with a nut-brown Some we have seen Irish in trouzes go,

toast."

Ibid. And they must make it with a cod-piece too; Some, as the fashion they best like, have

chose The spruce diminutive near Frenchman's

[Potato-Pie.] hose.

“I HAVE a dish prepared for the nones, Another lik't it once, but now he chops | A rich Potatoe Pie and Marrow-bones.” That fashion for the drunken Switzers slops. |

Ibid.

Ibid.

302

WITHER.

| For Turkey Grow-graines, Chamblets, sil[English Drinkinga good Carouse.]

ken Rash, “Come prithee rise, quoth he, and let's be And such like new devised foreign trash.” gone;

Ibid. Yes, yes, quoth the other, I will come anon. Then Chamberlain! one calls aloud, do'st hear?

[Dominion of Taylors.] Come bring us up a double jug of beer- “THEN for the faults behind he looks in So either having drank a good carouse,

glass, Down come the gallants to discharge the Strait raves again, and calls his Taylor, ass, house."

Villain, and all the court-like names he can.
Why I'll be judged, says he, here by my

man,

If my left shoulder seem yet, in his sight, [A Draught of Muscadine.]

For all this bumbast, half so big as the right.” “Truly, quoth she, I used to drink no wine,

Ibid. Yet your best morning's draught is Mus

kadine. With that the Drawer's call'd to fill a

A Christmas Carol. quart

“So now is come our joyfullest feast, Oh! tis a wholesome liquor next the heart.” |

Let every man be jolly ;
Ibid.

Each room with ivy leaves is drest,

And every post with holly.

Tho' some Churls at our mirth repine, [Cloaks and Swords.]

Round your foreheads garlands twine, “Then, like good husbands, without any Drown sorrow in a cup of wine, words,

And let us all be merry. Again they buckled on their cloaks and

“Now all our neighbours' chimneys smoke, swords."

Ibid.

And Christmas blocks are burning,
Their ovens they with baked meats choke,

And all their spits are turning.

Without the door let sorrow lie, [Superstitions.]

And if for cold it hap to die,
“If that their noses bleed some certain | We'll bury it in a Christmas pye,
drops,

And evermore be merry.
And then again upon the sudden stops ;
Or if the babling fowl we call a jay,

“Now every lad is wondrous trim, A squirrell, or a hare, but cross the way;

And no man minds his labour, Or if the salt fall towards them at table,

Our lasses have provided them Or any such like superstitious bable,

A bagpipe and a tabor. Their mirth is spoil'd."

Ibid.

Young men and Maids, and Girls and Boys
Give life to one another's joys,
And you anon shall by their noise,

Perceive that they are merry.
[Disuse of English Cloths.]

“ Rank Misers now do sparing shun; “Our home-made cloth is now too coarse Their hall of musick soundeth, a ware,

| And dogs thence with whole shoulders run, For China and for Indian stuffs we are, I So all things there aboundeth.

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