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of his age.
PARTIDA — MALCOLM - CHAUCER SPENSER HENRY MORE. 333
“He was no enemy to Monachism, though “How be I am but rude and borrell.” he disliked the monks. They lived not ac- SPENSER, Shepheards' Calendar, July.? cording to their profession, wherefore while he lived he gave them little, when he died, nothing, and yet his intent was to end his days in a monastery if he could have found [Felony in the King's Chapel at Whitehall
and Sir Francis Bacon's Remark.] one to his mind."-Ibid. This man seems to me the best and wisest UPON “the araignment of John Selman,
who was executed neere Charing-Crosse
the 7th of January, 1612, for a ffellony by [The Ramists.]
him committed in the King's Chappell at
White-Hall upon Christmas day last, in The Ramists formed a party as late as James I. The word is used in Truth brought bility," Sir Francis Bacon, “to whom at
presence of the King and divers of the Noto Light, &c. p. 17, 1651.
that time it did belong, proceeded to judge
ment, and asking on the prisoner, thus or [Extended Sense of Fornication.]
to this effect in some sort he spake: “The
first and greatest sinne that ever was com“FORNICATION in the Palace with any mitted was done in Heaven. The second person in the Queen's service was manifest
was done in Paradise, being heaven upon treason, but not of so high a kind as other earth : And truly I cannot chuse but place treason: but with the Nurse of the princes, this in the third rank, in regard it was done or the Keeper of the Queen's wardrobe, it in the house of God, where he by his own was as bad as if committed with the Queen promise is always resident, as also for that herself. For the one might dress herself the cause of that assembly was to celebrate in the Queen's clothes in order to improve the feast of the birth of our Lord and Saher appearance, and thus occasion scandal, viour.'”—British Bibliographer, vol. 6, p. and it might injure the milk of the other, 538. and thus affect the prince or princess whom she suckled.”—Partida, 2, tom. 14, lib. 4.
[Quære? Shot-Silks ]
" The dubious shine [Oboe-Hautboy-Theorbo.]
Of changeable silk stuffs this passeth far, “Is oboe or hautboy a corruption from
Far more variety, and far more fine theorbo, which I find made into the Orboe Than interwoven silk with gold or silver
HENRY MORE. in an advertisement from the undertakers of the Royal Academy, 1720 ?”—MalCOLM's M. and C. of London to 1700, vol. 1, p. 386, 8vo.
[The Ring and the Marriage Finger.]
When the damsel Carmela gives Leono[Borel, or, Borrel.]
rina the ring from Esplandian, she says,
“Este fue quitado de la mano de aquel mi BOREL or Borrel is used by our old señor, del dedo que al caraçon penetra.”— writers to signify coarse, rude, belonging cap. 37. to the common people. " because I am a borel man,
II am inclined to believe that the words
“ CLEARGY” and “Borel," originally signified At my beginning first I you
“ learned ” and “unlearned.” See Hawes, and Have me excused of my rude speche.”
Du Cange, in v. Birrues,—Byrrhus,—and BurelCHAUCER, Frank Prol. lus.-J. W. W.
MORE - DAVENANT — HUARTE - MASSINGER.
[Burnt Wine.] “ The rural swains
“Eug. What will you have to entertain -would swear 'tis blue,
em Sir? Such as their Phillis would when as she
Thrift. Some rosemary, which thou risplains
ing betimes Their Sunday-clothes, and the washt white May'st steal and bring us from the Temple with azure stains.
without some sugar-plums.
Thrift. They shall have none Eugine, nor [The Irysshe skilled in Harpe and Tymbre.]
no burnt wine, “ Tuough Scotlonde the doughter of Of the dead, 'tis profane."
I like not drinking healths to the memory Irlonde use harpe, tymbre and tabour,
DAVENANT, The Wits. nethelesse Irysshe men be connyng in two maner instrumentis of musyke, in harpe and tymbre that is armed with wyre and [Syllogisms and Shackles,—their Connection.] strenges of bras. In whiche instrumentes
In his second age, namely boy's state, it thoughe they playe hastely and swyftely, is requisite that he travail in the art of they make ryght mery armonye and me
syllogisms (for then the understanding belodye with thycke tewnes, werbles and gins to display its forces), which have the notes. And begynne from bemolll and
same proportion with logick as shackles playe secretely under dymme sowne under
have with the feet of mules not yet trained, the grete strenges, and torne agayn unto
who going some days therewith, take afterthe same. So that the greatest partye of
ward a certain grace in their pace.—Huthe crafte hydeth the crafte, as it wolde
ARTE's English Translation. seme as though the crafte so hydde sholde be ashamed yfit were take.”—Polycronycon, lib. 1, cap. 34.
“ Enter Lady Frugal, Anne, Mary and [Burnt Wine in the Morning to fortify the Milliscent, in several postures, with lookStomach.]
ing-glasses at their girdles.”—MASSINGER. The English at Surat gave Pietro Della
The City Madam. Valle wine in the morning, boiled with Іт appears
in spices, and drank as hot as possible. They our old writers, that it was customary, not called it burnt wine he says, and used it only for ladies, but for gentlemen, to carry in the morning to fortify the stomach.? mirrors about them. The former, we see,
wore them at their girdles. Thus Jonson, i. e. B molle, soft, or, flat. Skelton uses the “ I confess all, I replied, word in Phyllyp Sparowe,
And the glass hangs by her side
And the girdle 'bout her waist
All is Venus, save unchaste.” ? In the early part of the present year Sbere
UNDERWOODS. Sing thought the brandy bottle the necessary ac
The latter, I hope like the fine gentlecompaniment of an Englishman's breakfast table -and it was placed on the captives' table accord- men of the present day, kept them in their ingly! J. W. w.
pockets : and yet there are instances of
MASSINGER — GIFFORD - FYNES MORYSON.
their displaying them as ostentatiously as With half in half in their reckonings, yet the vainest of the fair sex. Thus Jonson
cry out, again :
When they find their guests want coin, 'Tis “ Where is your page ? call for your late, and bedtime casting bottle, and place your mirror in These ransack at your pleasures. your hat, as I told you.”—Cynthias Revels. 3 Ban. How shall we know them ? GIFFORD's Massinger,
Claud. If they walk on foot, by their rat
And shining shoes; if horsemen, by short [Miniver.]
boots, “ Your fortune And riding furniture of several counties.” Or rather your husband's industry, ad
MASSINGER's Guardian. vanced you To the rank of a merchant's wife. He made
“ Our old dramatists make themselves a knight,
very merry with these shining shoes, which And your sweet mistress-ship ladyfied, you appear, in their time, to have been one of
the characteristic marks of a spruce citizen. Satin on solemn days, a chain of gold,
Thus Newton, rallying Plotwell for beA velvet hood, rich borders, and sometimes coming a merchant, exclaims : A dainty miniver cap, a silver pin
“Slid! his shoes shine too!” Headed with a pearl worth three-pence, and
The City Match. thus far You were privileged, and no man envied it; And Kitely observes that Wellbred's acIt being for the city's honour that
quaintance, These should be a distinction between
mock him all over, The wife of a patrician, and plebeian.” MASSINGER's City Madam.
From his flat cap unto his shining shoes.”
Every Man in his Humour. “ Minever, as I learn from Cotgrave, is
GIFFORD. the fur of the ermine mixed with that of the small wesel, (menu vair), called gris or gray. In the days of our author, and in
[The Goldsmiths' Shops in London.] deed long before, the use of furs was almost universal. The nobility had them of er
“The goldsmiths' shops at London, in mine and sable; the wealthy merchants, of England (being in divers streets, but esvair and gray, (the dainty miniver of Luke), pecially that called Cheape-side), are exand the lower order of people of such home ceeding richly furnished continually with materials as were easier supplied, squirrels, gold, and silver plate and jewels. The lamb, and above all rabbit's skins. For goldsmiths' shops upon the bridges at Flothis last article the demand was anciently beene as richly or better furnished, for the
rence and Paris, have perhaps sometimes so great, that innumerable rabbit warrens were established in the vicinity of the me
time on some nuptuall feast of the princes tropolis."-GIFFORD.
or like occasion, with plate and jewels borrowed of private persons for that purpose :
but I may lawfully say, setting all love of [Shining Shoes-Hodie-Shiners.]
my country apart, that I never see any “ The owners of dark shops, that vent their such daily shew, any thing so sumptuous
in any place of the world, as in London."With perjuries; cheating vintners, not FYNES MORYSON.
SHAKSPEARE - MASSINGER
inn and tavern to make merry together."[Old Miniatures-Medals, or, Pictures in
Description of Madagascar. 1644. little.] “ Why he that wears her, like her medal, hanging
[Hair-dress of the Madagascarites.] About his neck."
" The hair of the Madagascarites, both of men and women, is decently cut, and
formed not much unlike to our cavalier [Past Cooks or Doctors.]
fashion at present (1644) in England, short “ THREE years of feeding before, long on the sides, and longest of all On cullises and jelly, though his cooks behind."-Ibid. Lard all he eats with marrow, or his doctors Pour in his mouth restoratives as he sleeps, Will not recover him." MASSINGER'S Bondman.
[Common Custom of Weaving.] “I saw one weaving, like our poor people
or beggars in England, who sit in highways [The Mystery of Dyeing.]
weaving coarse tape.”—Ibid. “Brabant is plenteouse of marchandyse and makynge of clothe. For the wulle that they have out of Englonde they make clothe
[Dutch Skill in Dyeing, &c.] of dyverse colours, and sende it into other “ The clothiers in James the First's reign provynces and londes, as Flaundres dooth. petitioned that no more white cloths might For though Englonde have wulle at the be sent out of the kingdom, for they went best, it hath not so grete plente of good to Holland to be dressed and dyed, and water for dyversy colours and hewes as were then reimported at a heavy cost. Flaundres hath and Braban. Netheles at They hoped, if their petition were granted, London is one welle that helpeth wel to they trusted that the trade of dressing cloth make good scarlette, and so is at Lincoln might be restored in process of time, and one certayne place in the broke that passeth they might have as good skill in it as the by the towne.”— Polycronycon, vol. 1, p. Dutch.”—Truth brought to Light, p. 30. 27.
The craft and mystery of dyeing must have been kept secret with great art, when so much could be attributed to the quality of
Litchfield. the water.
“ They have a custom at Whitsuntide, ye Monday and Tuesday, called the Green
Bower Feast, by which they hold their char[The Cypress Hatband a Sign of Mirth
ter. The bailiff and sheriff assist at the " præter invisas cupressos."]
ceremony of dressing up babies with gar“ I HAVE seen," says RICHARD Boothby, lands of flowers and greens, and carry it in “in a market town in the country where I procession through all the streets : and then was born, divers gentlemen, &c. associated assemble themselves at the market-place, together, having for their pleasure music and so go in a solemn procession through the playing before them, with every one a cy- great street to a hill beyond the town, press hat-band, then in fashion, putover their where is a large green bower made, in faces, dance regularly through the market which they have their feast. Many smaller and chief streets in the town, and so into an bowers are made around for
and MELIADUS - HARRISON - DAVENANT - MASSINGER.
for booths to sell fruit, sweetmeats, gingerbread, &c.”—MRS. FIENNES's MSS.
** THERE are some of you, Whom I forbear to name, whose coining
heads [Marriage-makings at Tournaments.]
Are the mints of all new fashions, that have “ A celluy temps la coustume estoit mer- done veilleusement mise sus que la ou les tournoy- More hurt to the kingdom by superfluous emens devoient estre les dames et les damoi
bravery, selles dillec entour et de deux journees de Which the foolish gentry imitate, than a war, loing y venoient, je dy des dames qui estoient Or a long famine; all the treasure, by de noble lignage; les chevaliers qui estoient | This foul excess, is got into the merchant, leurs parens charnelz les amenoient illec et Embroiderer, silkman, jeweller,tailor's hand, moult de dames et de damoiselles estoient ja And the third part of the land too, the noillec venuës. La estoient maries moult honno- bility rablement et moult haultement, qui ja neussent Engrossing titles only." este mariees de long temps se ne fust ce quelles
MASSINGER's Picture. estoient illec venues.-Les dames et damoiselles quon y amenoit y faisoit on plus venir pour les marier que pour nulle autre chose.”
[Suffocating Manner of Attire.] --MELIADUS, C. 52, ff. 82.
“Our manner of attiring is not good, yea worse than to go naked, to be so fast
wrapped and bound, with such a multitude [Fine Alabaster burned-Plaster of Paris.] and variety of coverings of divers stuffs,
“Within doors,” says HARRISON, " such even to the number of four, five, six, one as are of ability do oft make their floors and upon another, and whereof some are double, parget of fine alabaster burned, which they that they hold us prest and packed up with call plaster of Paris, whereof in some places so many ties, bindings, buttonings, that we we have great plenty, and that very profit- can hardly stir ourselves in them.”—CHARable against the rage
of fire."— See HOLINS- RON, p. 222. HED, vol. 1, p. 315.
[A Bride's untied Locks.] [White-Powder.]
“ THERE in a meadow by the river's side,
A flocke of nymphes I chaunced to espy, “ I HOPE he wears no charms
All lovely daughters of the flood thereby, About him, key guns or pistols charged with White powder."
With goodly greenish locks, all loose un-
SPENSER's Prothalamion. [Armas del Torneo.]
In his note upon this passage Todd ob“ DEzid vos a mi buen amigo el Marques, serves that this custom seems to have been que pues el me demanda licencia de hazer usual at the beginning of the eighteenth en este dia armas que a mi plaze de gela century,—for Nahum Tate says in a tradar con una condicion, que quando el viere gedy. que yo echo la manga de mi camisa fuera
folded thoughts, del mirador, que se aparte del torneo.”- And let them dangle loose as a bride's hair.” CHR. DEL R. D. RODRIGO, ff. 37.