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Irish prince that caused shields and targets | it became soon that of learned men and of of pure silver to be fabricated at Airgidros; wits; they formed parties in twenty or which with chariots and fine horses he be- thirty places of this shop. Among those stowed on the most intrepid of his soldiers, who frequented it some occupied themselves as the reward of merit. This mode of in reading books, others in playing at trichonour was not peculiar to the Irish nation; trac and at chess, others finally carried new since we read that Solomon caused three poetry, and discussed upon the sciences. hundred targets of beaten gold and thirty As it cost them only a few aspers, those shields of the same metal to be made for who wished to bring their friends together similar purposes."-O'HalloRAN.

instead of giving them entertainments, regaled them there with coffee, and did thus

their business cheaply. The people out of [Moran the Wise.]

employ who were at Constantinople to so

licit places, the Cadies, the Mouderris, and “ So great was the reputation of Moran all those who having nothing to do retired for wisdom and justice, that the gold collar into a corner, came to meet there, saying he wore round his neck was used by all his that they found no place where they could successors, and so wonderful were the effects

amuse themselves thus. Finally this shop attributed to it, that the people were taught was so frequented that they could find no to believe that whoever gave a wrong decree place to sit down, the reputation of the with this round his neck, was sure to be coffee increased to such a point that many compressed by it, in proportion to his di- distinguished persons, excepting those who verging from the line of truth ; but in every were invested with dignities, came there other instance it would hang loose and without reserve. The Imans, the Mouezins, easy.

and the devotees of profession, began to cry “ The supposed virtue of this collar was that the people ran to the coffee-house, and a wonderful preservative from perjury and that nobody came to the mosques. The Ouprevarication, for no witness would venture lemas above all pronounced openly against into a court to support a bad cause, as he this liquor, and maintained that it was much apprehended the effects of it, if placed round better to go to the tavern than to the coffeehis neck. This cannot be better illustrated house. The waiz or preachers made great than by observing that, even at this day, to efforts to prohibit this liquor. The Mufty's swear dar an Joadh Mhoran, by the collar pretending that all that which was roasted of Moran, is deemed a most solemn appeal." in such a manner as to be converted into -Ibid.

coal was prohibited by the law, gave authentique decisions in this sense. Under the

reign of Mourad III. the prohibitions were [Introduction of Coffee at Constantinople.] renewed; but some amateurs obtained from

“ Tuey had no knowledge of coffee, and the officers of the police Soubachis permisthere existed not any place where it was sion to sell this liquor in the back shops sold at Constantinople and in all Romillia and in the dead alleys hid from the eyes of before the year 962 of the Hegira. It was the public. Since this time the use spread then that two individuals, the one a native so much that they ceased to prohibit it. of Damascus, named Okems, and the other The Preachers and the Muftys having of Aleppo, named Hakem, came to Con- changed their opinion, declared that this stantinople, and opened each in the quarter substance was not carbonized, and that it Takhtecalah a great shop, and began to sell might be taken to the Ckeikhs, the Oulethis liquor. This shop was at first the ren- mas, the Viziers, and all the grandees took dezvous of indolent people and idlers, but it without distinction : it came to a point

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that the Grand Viziers made coffee-houses | vaulted holes in the wall. This hole was to be constructed on their account, and drew called the oven, and so little, that some from thence a rent of one or two sequins a Baker's ovens were bigger, though not so day.”—QUÆRE ?

high. Here the door being shut was scarcely any air, there being no window or

hole. [The Reformation and the French Revolu- “And after he was a little recovered from tion.]

his fall, they would not suffer him to take The Reformation in its immediate conse

the air, though he was almost spent for quences offers a striking prototype to the want of breath; and though some of his French Revolution.

friends, viz. William Talcot, and Edward See in Barlowe's Dialoge, sheet H 2, the Grant, did offer their bond of forty pounds voluntary offerings of trinkets for the

to the Justice, Henry Barrington, and an

poor, --and the true and pure Jacobinism of the other, whose name was Thomas Shortland, Anabaptists, do. D 4. The same vandalism

to lye body for body, that Parnel might but --the same versatility—the same ferocity, have liberty to come to W. Talcot's house, the same heroism.

and return when recovered, yet this was denied, nay, so immoveable were they set

against him, that when it was desired that James Parnel at Colchester. 1655.

be might walk a little sometimes in the yard

they would not grant it by any means, and “He was put into the Hole in the Wall,

once the door of the hole being open, and a room much like to a Baker's oven; for he coming forth and walking in a narrow the walls of that building, which is indeed yard between two high walls, so incensed a direful nest, are of an excessive thickness, the jailor that he locked up the hole, and as I have seen myself, having been in the shut him out in the yard all night, being in Hole where this pious young man ended the coldest time of the winter. This hard his days, as will be said by and by. Being imprisonment did so weaken him, that after confined in the said hole, which was as I ten or eleven months he fell sick and died. remember about twelve foot high from the At his departure there were with him, Thoground, and the ladder too short by six feet;

mas Shortland, and Ann Langley: and it was he must climb up and down by a rope on a one of these (that came often to him) who broken wall, which he was forced to do to long after brought me into this hole where fetch his victuals, or for other necessities : he died.”—SEWEL's History of the Quakers. for though his friends would have given him a cord and a basket to draw up his victuals in, yet such was the malice of his keepers that they would not suffer it.

[The Doom of One who despises his Soul.] Continuing in this moist hole, his limbs “Viri quidam aliquando sederunt in tagrew benumbed; and thus it once happened, bernâ, honesti quod ad externam formam, that as he was climbing up the ladder with et biberunt, cumque mero incaluissent, cæhis victuals in one hand, and come to the perunt de variis, et illatus est sermo quid top thereof, catching at the rope with his futurum sit post hanc vitam? Tunc unus, other, he missed the same, and fell down | Vanissimé, inquit, à nostris parochis decipiupon the stones, whereby he was exceed mur, qui dicunt animas sine corporibus vivere ingly wounded in his head, and his body so post ruinam. Hoc dicto in risum omnibus bruised that he was taken up for dead. concitatis, advenit homo staturæ ingentis, Then they put him into a hole underneat et illis acc ns vinum poscit, bibit, quæthe other; for there were two rows of such | ritque quis sermo sit inter ipsos ? De ani

HOARE

SIR JAMES WARE.

365

mabus, ait, idem qui supra. Si quis esset see men and girls, now in the church, now qui meam vellet emere, foro optimo eam da- in the churchyard, now in the dance, which rem, et de precio in communi omnibus ad bi- is led round the churchyard with a song, bendum. Tunc cachinnantibus omnibus, ille on a sudden falling on the ground as in a qui supervenerat, talem mercem equidem trance, then jumping up as in a frenzy, and quæro, paratus sum eam emere, dic quanti representing with their hands and feet, bedabis ? et ille elato vultu, tanti, inquit. Con- fore the people, whatever work they have venit; solvit emtor, statum precium bibe- unlawfully done on feast days; you may runt pleno calice omnes lætabundi, non cu- see one man put his hand to the plough, rante illo quod animam suam vendidisset. and another as it were goad on the oxen, Sub vesperam, Tempus est, ait emtor, ut mitigating their sense of labour by the usual quisque ad propria revertatur. Vos tamen rude song: one man imitating the profescombibones, antequam separemur, ferte judi- sion of a shoemaker; another that of tancium: si quis equum emerit capistro alligatum, ner. Now you may see a girl with a distaff, annon cum equo in jus ementis cederet et ca- drawing out the thread and winding it pistrum cunctis annuentibus, absque morâ again on the spindle, another walking, and venditorem, quæstionis et responsionis hor- arranging the threads for the web; another rore trementem, animâ et corpore, cunctis as it were throwing the shuttle, and seemvidentibus sursum abripit, et ad inferna ing to weave. On being brought into the præcipitat."-SPHINX.

church, and led up to the altar with their oblations, you will be astonished to see them

suddenly awakened, and coming to them[Brachanus's Four and Twenty Daughters.] rejoices in the conversion, not in the death

selves. Thus by the divine mercy, which “ A POWERFUL and noble personage, by of sinners, many persons from the convicname Brachanus, was in ancient times the tion of their senses are on these feast days ruler of the province of Brecheinoc, and corrected and amended.”—HIOARE's Giralfrom whom it derived this name. The Bri- dus, vol. 1, p. 35. tish histories testify that he had four and twenty daughters, all of whom, dedicated from their youth to religious observances, happily ended their lives in sanctity. There

[Irish Custom of Colouring Linen with are many churches in Wales distinguished

Saffron.] by their names, one of which, situated on “The Irish had a custom of colouring all the summit of a hill near Brecheinoc, and their linen apparel with saffron, to save the not far from the castle of Aberhodni, is charges of washing, as Sir Richard Cox called the church of St. Almedha, after the would have us believe; though more proname of the holy virgin who, refusing there bably they used that practice by way of orthe hand of an earthly spouse, married the nament, as the Picts and Britons coloured Eternal King and triumphed in a happy their bodies. They wore their shirts and martyrdom; to whose honour a solemn feast smocks of an immoderate size, thirteen or is annually held in the beginning of August, fourteen yards of cloath in each ; but to and attended by a large concourse of peo- reform these customs the statute 28 Henry ple from a considerable distance, when those VIII. was made, whereby they were prohipersons who labour under various diseases, bited under a penalty from wearing any through the merits of the blessed virgin, shirt, smock, kerchor, bendel (i. e. a fillet), receive their wished for health. The cir- neckerchor, mocket (a handkerchor), or linen cumstances which occur at every anniver- cap coloured or dyed with saffron, or to wear sary appear to me remarkable. You may in their shirts or smocks above 7 yards of

366

LANCELOT DU LAC- PERCIVAL.

cloath, to be measured according to the King's had left it in his drawing; a thing, said the standard."-SIR JAMES WARE.

stranger, which is worthy of admiration, and which being considered, moves one to tears,

and makes one imagine piously a thought [The Painter and the Virgin.]

for the greater glory of the Virgin, which

in having left holding her Son to hold a “CONCERNING Images which the heretics sinner who, perhaps, if he had fallen, would contemn, I will tell a story, which a traveller have been damned.”—QUÆRE? from the land in which it happened related to me, which appears to me most worthy to be known by the devotees of the virgin of any that I have ever heard or read of. He [Knights set in the Petrary, and hoisted orer told me that in the chapel of a church a

the Castle.] famous painter was painting a picture of “WHEN the Damsel saw the Seneschal bethe Virgin, and having painted the face, the fore her, who was the man in the world whom shoulders, and one arm, he was sketching she hated the most, her heart was inflamed the hand with which she held the most pre- and her countenance kindled, and she made cious Child, when the scaffold upon which he answer to him haughtily like an angry wostood, and on which he had his colours, got man, Certes, Seneschal, since I have known loose from the timbers which supported it myself I never saw thing whereof I was by means of two holes in the wall. The more joyful than I am to have thee in my frightened painter, seeing it give way, and power, for well do I now mean to take venthat he should be precipitated to the ground, geance for being exiled and disinherited by which was so deep that he would have means of thee. Thereupon she made his been dashed to pieces, cried out to the most hands and feet be tied, and those of his holy image which he was painting, Virgin companion also, and her men knew not yet hold me! O astonishing miracle, scarce what she would do with them. And she had the trembling tongue pronounced these commanded that the petrary (la perriere) words when the compassionate lady put should be placed right against the tent of forth the painted arm from the wall and her uncle, for I chuse (said she) that he caught the painter by his and held him should know in what manner I will teach firm. The scaffold came to the ground his knights to fly. As soon as the Damsel with the colours which were in large pots, had thus commanded them they who were and there being fire also to keep them melt- within did accordingly; for they put the ing, because the picture was in distemper, two knights in the petrary and sent them made so great a noise that the people of the on high over the walls of the castle.”—LANchurch thought at least that the roof of the CELOT Du Lac, p. 2, ff. 23. chapel had fallen from its foundation and come to the ground; but perceiving what it was, and having come out to see if there was any remedy for the soul of the painter,

[The Preux Chevaliers and the Knights for of his body they thought nothing, they

Mamelot.] lifted

eyes and saw the Virgin, al- THE Romance of PERCIVAL mentions a though not finished, with one arm out of distinction in Arthur's court between the the wall holding the man. They all cried Preux Chevalliers, and those who, not havout Misericordia! and praised our peerless ing yet entitled themselves to that distincintercessor, they put ladders, and having tion were called Knights Mamelot. brought him to the ground, the arm with- “ Avant en la salle se sevient les chevaldrew and returned to the wall as the painter | liers qui alors furent chevalliers Mamelot JACQUELINE — PERCIVAL.

up their

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p. 137.

nommez; et estoit ceste coustume establye, | Begllirick, one of the captains, was reserved que au jour que le Roy court tenoit ja nul to be at the Countess's discretion : who, a table ne se seoit; mais sur chappes et sur notwithstanding, had leave given him to go manteaulx mengeoient sans nappes, ne sans and visit his friends, having past his word aulchun linge; et pour ceste cause on cong- and oath to return to prison within a month, noissoit lequel fust le meilleur ou le pire. the which having performed according to Celluy qui chevallier Mamelot estoit, fust his promise, he was in the night buried qui son seigneur rescoux navoit en aulchun alive under one of the platforms of the lieu de mort, ou de prison ; ou quil navoit castle.”History of the Netherlands, son corps en adventure mis, tant quil eust en armes conquis chevallier que fust renomme en forest, en que, ou en plainne, ou eust une pucelle recousse, chambriere, dame [The Damoselle and Alardin du Lac.] ou damoiselle, ou de honte delivrée dont A DAMSEL who falls in love with Alarelle fust blasmée a tort, devant la majeste din du Lac at first sight, seeing him from a du roy Arthus; ou eust en luy tant de window tells him of a tournament which is vertu quil eust telle prouesse faict par la- about to be held. “ Alardin fust lors fort quelle il deust estre mis au nombre des joyeulx quant par la pucelle entend que si preux Chevalliers qui en la Court devant vaillans et preux se deuvent a la jouste le Roy estoient assis, et mis en prys et re- trouver, et de la joye quil en eust faisoit nommee."-ff. 166.

son cheval pour saillir si hault quil sembloit qui vollast : ce que tant pleust a la pucelle que le cueur au ventre luy dance; tant est

ja la pucelle de lamour du chevallier esprinse [Horrid Barbarity.]

quelle ne sçait tenir maniere, tantost pas1423. JACQUELINE, Countess of Henault, list, tantost tressue, et souvent luy mue la sent Floris of Kishock with men to surprise coulleur, regardant le beau chevallier auquel the town of Schoonhourn, the which he elle a donne son cueur et octroye par bonne effected happily through the assistance of amour; et pour secretement faire ceste chose some townsmen well affected to the said asscavoir a Alardin pas singe, luy donna lady: but he could not recover the castle la manche de sa cotte que nous appellons without a siege of six weeks, at the end mancherons, de quoy il feist ung confanon whereof he forced them to yield to have ou banerolle a sa lance.”—PERCIVAL, ff. 83. their goods and lives saved : only Albert

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