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torture and his throat cut. There was noANTHOLOGIA KATHOLIKA. thing with the corpse except a cock and a

dog. The pious lady, knowing by revelaMythologia Hispana.

tion and by the incorruptibility and sweet “De qualquier Santo de quien otro Santo savour of the body, that it was the precious sabemos que escribió su historia, luego nos corpse of S. Torpes the Martyr, had it damos por satisfechos, y con reverencia buried in a fitting sepulchre on the place tenemos por muy verdadero y de grande where it had stranded, and then a church autoridad todo lo

que alli se cuenta."-AM- was erected and altars to his honour.”—M. BROSIO DE MORALES, t. 4, p. 291. GARIBAY, LUSITANA, 2. 5. 6. 7. 1.

“Now the aforesaid Saint Torpes was a During the night of the Nativity there Roman Courtier, the friend and favourite was no darkness in Spain: a luminous cloud, of Nero, and he being a courtier must be bright and effulgent as the sun, irradiated the chief person meant by St. Paul when the whole country.

MORALES, 9. 1. 3. he says, All the Saints salute you, but chiefly Lucas, Ind.

they who are of Cæsar's household ; ? and it

must have been owing to his interest with The histories of the Saints do not al

the Emperor that the Christians were not ways accord, but “ es cosa piadosa y devota persecuted in the beginning of his reign and tener por cierto, lo

que las Iglesias particu- that St. Paul was enabled to preach so long lares rezan en las fiestas de sus propios in Rome, and introduced to Seneca, with Santos.”—MORALES, 9. 14. 3.

whom he became so intimate. However the Christianity of Torpes was detected

when he was with Nero at Pisa, and he was Mythologia Hispanica.

delivered up to Sattelicius, the Pisan Go

vernor, who, though a Pagan, proceeded to First the legend of Santiago and of the convert him in a right Catholic manner. Pillar of Zaragoza. For these see GARIBAY First he put him in irons and cast him into and the Annales de Galicia, as well as for

a dungeon; then he advised him in a friendly the topical histories.

manner to regard his own interest, and then tormented him, till the house fell in and

killed him and all his Gentiles, leaving the St. Torpes.

Saint unhurt. Silvinus, his son, succeeded Who made this noble lie, or when was it in his stead; turned a leopard loose at him, made ?

who fawned at his feet, and then a lion, “In the days of Nero there lived at Sines who, as he ran rampant, fell down dead. on the coast of Alemtejo, a Christian lady After more whippings he was carried to the named Celerina. She had revelations that Temple of Diana before the Emperor. This some great treasure was shortly to come to temple was a most rare device ; it was all her by sea, and therefore often went to the of metal, supported upon ninety columns, beach to look for it, and at last she saw a whose sun, moon, and stars were made, and boat come driving on without sail or oar, all by mechanism performed their revoluor living soul to guide it, but on it came

tions, and showers at times were let fall and safely entered the port and came to

from the roof, and thunder produced, and shore. Celerina went on board and found by underground engines the whole edifice the dead body of a man mangled by various would have an earthquake of its own. Here 1 May 17.

· Philippians iv. 22.



Torpes was led, and when Nero bade him them to death ; but as soon as the Chrisoffer incense, and live and be again his fa- tians had crost the bridge, the arch fell in vourite, he lifted up his eyes, and called on under their pursuers. Great part of the Christ, and a real earthquake shook down Accitanians in consequence were converted, the whole fabric, the costliest of all Nero's and Torquatus remained among them as works. But nobody was hurt. Silvinus, their bishop. An olive tree planted by his for miracles never affected Pagans, then hand was for many ages shewn before his dragged him to the banks of the Arno, cut church, and was believed to produce fruit his throat, and put his body with the cock miraculously on the day of his feast.

The and the dog into the boat.

other six settled in different parts of Spain,

and these were the Saints who first introA.D. 1521. D. Theotonio de Braganza,

duced Mass into the country.—MORALES, Archbishop of Evora, having accounts of

9. 13. the site of the ruined church, searched for the body, and com grandes averiguaçoēs e experiencias, the precious reliques were found

Enoch, Elijah, and St. John. and were, by special commission from Sextus V. approved and acknowledged for the

Enoch, Elijah, and St. John, are all livvery reliques of this very Saint !

ing and to confront Antichrist as witnesses This date is evidently false, for it is be

of the three periods of nature, of the Law, fore D. Theotonio was born.

and of the Gospel. Among many reasons

for affirming this of St. John, one is that The names indicate an ignorant inventor Christ said he and Santiago were to drink in an ignorant age. What inference from of his cup, and it is certain that he has not the planetarian temple ?

been martyred yet.—Ibid. 2. 5. Tit. 2. But let what can be made of the tale historically, I will make a Poem of it thus They are in Paradise; and the Cardinal to end :


says that Elijah was carried to a seNow this is the tale of St. Torpes

cret part of the earth, where he remains in will believe it, I hope,

great tranquillity, y sosiego, of body and of

spirit. This secret part of the earth may The Story was told by the Cock of the Saint,

certainly mean the Garden of Eden. St. And confirmed by the Bull of the Pope.

Amaro got to Paradise. See for his life.-
TORQUEMADA, Mon. Indian. vol. 2, p. 530.

And you

The Seven Bishops. TORQUATUS, Indalecius, Euphrasius, Ce- The Virgin did indeed die, but as she cilius, Secundus, Thesiphon, and Hesicius, alone of all creatures was free from original were sent by Peter and Paul to Spain. They sin, so she alone was exempt from the pain arrived on the coast of Granada, and landed of death ; born without sin she died withnear Guadix, then Acci. Here they rested out suffering; and it is to be believed that in a pleasant field, and sent their young her most holy body is together with her soul men to the city for food. There was a fes- in heaven, since it has never been found in tival that day in the city to the Idols. The this world. Where if it had been, we canworshippers beholding the strange dress of not but suppose that in so great a number these foreigners, concluded that they pro- of

her precious Son would have refessed a different religion, and that their vealed it to some one of so many his saints, appearance was an insult and profanation martyrs, and confessors as have flourished of the rites. They pursued them to put in his church militant.-GARIBAY, 7. 4.


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She had a will in the business of redemp- I believe in the Holy Ghost. St. Simon, tion.

the Holy Catholick Church, the commu“ ella siendo elegida

nion of Saints. St Judas, the forgiveness su intencion fue de parir

of sinners. St. Mathias, the resurrection e escusar nos el morir

of the body and the life everlasting. I Y administrar nos la vida." suppose they all said Amen together.-1 Las 400 Respuestas, t. 1, p.

28. Partida, tit. 3, ley. 1. The Apostles hid themselves on the day of

Now these are called articles — quasi the Crucifixion and the following Saturday,

Articuli-joints of the faith. for fear of the Jews, and had lost all hope

The mystery of the number seven is oband all faith. The Virgin was the only servable here; seven articles relate to the person who believed that he would rise divinity, seven to the humanity of Christ.again—the lumen fidei remansit in her only. Ibid. ley 2. -1 Partida, tit. 23, ley 6.

The sacraments are seven because seven Joseph Francesco BORRI, a scoundrel evils proceeded from the fall, and each has of the 17th century, attempted to set up a its peculiar antidote or remedy appointed. new system of Christianity, of which the Original sin is taken away by baptism, leading doctrine was that the Virgin Mary mortal sins by penitence, venial by extreme was the only daughter of God, and the unction, ignorance by ordination, weakness Holy Ghost incarnate.

of spirit by confirmation, frailty of the flesh by matrimony, the evil nature by the

eucharist.—Ibid. tit. 4, ley 1. The Creed. The parts of the Creed are allotted to the several Apostles with sufficient pro

The Legend of St. Iria or Erea must be priety of tradition or invention.

related as from her the ancient Scalabis, St Peter began—I believe in God the

or Julium Præsidium, has acquired the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and

name Santarem. earth. St. John, and in Jesus Christ his Eria being a pious child was entrusted only Son our Lord. Santiago, who wa to two aunts, both religionists in a nunnery conceived of the Holy Ghost, born of the

on the banks of the Nabaõ, now adjoining Virgin Mary. St. Andrew, suffered under

the bridge of Tomar. Britaldo, son of the Pontius Pilate, was crucified dead and bu

lord of the land fell in love with her, and ried. St. Philip, he descended into hell. fell sick for pure despair, never having told St. Thomas, on the third day he rose again his love for he knew it to be hopeless. Erea from the dead. St. Bartholomew, he as

knew by revelation the secret cause of his cended into heaven, and sitteth on the malady, went to him and reasoned with right hand of God the Father. St. Mat- him in so holy and effectual a strain that thew, from whence he shall come to judge

Britaldo said he was contented, and only the quick and the dead. St. James the Less,

besought that no other man might ever ob

tain the love which he would cease to de1 The authority is a Sermon 2. Dom. Palm. at- sire, for that would drive him to desperate tributed to St. Augustine. It is said that there vengeance. has scarcely been any heresy wbich is not contradicted by some part or other of the creed, and gin's tutor, yielded to the devil's power and

It came to pass that Remigio, the virmany modern heretics con damnata proposizione tempted her, but in vain. To revenge his have held that it was not necessary to salvation to believe any thing more than what was contained disappointment he gave her the juice of therein.-BERNINA. 1. 5.

certain herbs, which made her swell and




appear pregnant. Every body believed her and then the priest kissed the altar. The shame; the report reached Britaldo, and by custom in the time of MORALES was no his orders a knight seized her while she was longer in use.—10. 9. 33. praying on the shore of the river, stripped

MORALES accounts well for the relics of her, reproached her for her incontinance, cut her throat, and threw the body into the

the Archangel Michael, which Garibay had stream. It was of course supposed that

pronounced impossible: it was some earth she had either fled to conceal her honour, where he had miraculously appeared. —

or stone from the cave in Mount Garganus or perhaps destroyed herself. But her

Ibid. 10. 9. 36. uncle Selio, a holy abbot, was informed by revelation of all that had passed and where he should find her body, buried by angels. All this he related to the people when as

Purgatory. sembled in church, and went with them to PURGATORY is close to hell, but the soul see it confirmed. The corpse had been is sometimes punished in the grave, and carried into the Zezere and by that into sometimes on the spot where it has sinned. the Tagus, and left at the foot of the rock Apparitions have revealed this.- Las 400 or hill whereon the town then called Ju- Respuestas, p. 1, ff. 74. lium Præsidium was built. Here they

And purgatory-fire is the same as hellfound it in a tomb the work of the angels, fire—by some sort of Rumford contrivance. redolent of sanctity and in the beauty of — Ibid. p. 2, ff. 69. beatitude. They would have removed this marvellous tomb to her convent, but no HELL, purgatory and the two limbo's are human strength could lift it, they therefore all called infiernos. The limbo of the pawere obliged to content themselves with a triarchs and prophets is a deep abyss, the lock of her hair, and a relique of the shift, other is for unbaptized children.—Ibid. p. the only garment which the murderer had 2, ff. 70. left her. The Tagus then turned her stream a little, and covered the sepulchre. I take The first saint who had a church dedithis to be one of those tales which were not cated to her honour after the Apostles designed to be believed by the inventors Peter and Paul was St. Agnes, the second religious romance.

St. Laurence. Constantine according to King Dinis and Queen S. Isabel wishing P. Damasus built one over his to ascertain this miracle, the river opened is nothing improbable in his legend: he and left a path to the tomb, but they could was archdeacon to P. Sextus II. and had not open it to remove the reliques. He the treasures of the church in charge. In placed a mark upon the spot.—M. Lusit. Valerian's persecution the Pope was mar2. 6. 24.

tyred, and Laurentius tortured to make him discover the money. He had distri

buted it among the poor, expecting this. Relics

On this account his death was more cruel WERE formerly a necessary of religion. than that of Sextus. He was broiled, and By the fifth African or Carthagenian Coun- during the torments said to the Emperor cil no church could be built without them. who was present, Turn me—for this side They were to be in the altar, so fastened is done—and you may begin to eat.' In that they could not be got at without en- this nothing is unlikely except that Valetirely destroying it, hence it was said in rian himself should have looked on. Auto the mass

“Oramus te Domine per merita da fés have been the spectacles of none Sanctorum, quorum reliquiæ hic sunt,” &c. / but Catholic kings.—MORALES, 9. 46. 22.

grave. There

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No saint was more jealous of his honour. Skull, in the singular. The tree was by reP. Pelagius II. wished to adorn his sepul- markable providence preserved and made chre, and not knowing in what part of the into the cross on which Christ was crucified, church it lay, ordered the monk and mi- and this cross was erected in that very place nisters of the church to dig all over it. where Adam's skull was buried. “So that Though all who were employed were reli- he who perpends the matter well shall find gious, and though when they saw the body, that whole Adam as it were is recollected not one ventured to touch it, every one in and under the cross, and so with an addied within ten days. San Gregory, the mirable tie, conjoined to the vivifical naimmediate successor of Pelagius relates this. ture itself: which how pleasant, efficacious Lib. 3, epist. 30. (is the epistle genuine ?) and full of consolation let each one consiPerhaps they let out an infectious fever, but der; for he that deserved death is present I believe there would be no other bodies in and under the cross, and he that rein the church. “When I was a young lad paired life, yea that is life itself, is affixed at Salamanca," says

MORALES, a rich Hi- to the cross; the true concordance of life dalgo who had two horses sent the best to and death, of a sinless Saviour and sinful be shod on St. Laurence's day. The black- man; whereby life is united to death, and smith begged him to use his other beast Christ to Adam, not without the superinthat day, and not insist that the work should fusion of blood, like celestial dew for betbe done on a day so sacred. The Hidalgo

ter and more fecundity, that so Adam and insisted, and the horse on his way home his posterity eating of the fruit of this transwas taken ill and died in two hours. I planted tree might be really transplanted myself saw him at the farriers where they into Christ, and by a certain celestial magwere endeavouring to save him, and heard netism and sympathy attracted to heaven, the blacksmith lamenting that his warning translated to life, and made heirs of happihad been given in vain.”—Ibid. 30. 1. ness."

The second part of the Mumial Treatise of

Tentzelius, being a natural Account of the The Cross.

Tree of Life and of the Tree of Knowledge Adam being now ready to die, felt a fear of Good and Evil, with a Mystical Interpreof death, and desired earnestly a branch tation of that great Secret, to wit, the Cabalfrom the Tree of Life in Paradise. He istical Concordance of the Tree of Life and therefore sent one of his sons thither to Death, of Christ and Adam.—Trans. by N. fetch one, in hope that he might escape this Turner, Þidopaons, London, 1657. dreadful reward of sin. The son went, and made his petition to the cherub who guarded the gate, and received from him a When the Queen of Sheba was on her bough; but Adam meanwhile had depart- way to Jerusalem, she had to cross certain ed, he therefore planted it on his father's beams laid by way of bridge, but being grave; it struck root and

into a great

illumined by the spirit of prophecy she tree, and attracted the whole nature of turned, and saying “she would not put her Adam to its nutriment.

feet upon that whereon the Saviour of the This tree together with the bones of world was to suffer,” she desired SoloAdam from beneath it, was preserved in

mon to remove the predestinated timber. the ark. After the waters had abated Noah -BARROS, 3. 4. 2. from the Abyssinian Tradivided these relics among his sons. The

dition. skull was Shem's share. He buried it in a mountain of Judæa, called from thence

was ever equal to that of Calvary and Golgotha, or the place of a the Redeemer, because as his body was

No suffering

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