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how sincerely our late reverend father, one Christopher Hodkinson's child, because Mr. Wesley, loved our gracious sovereign, he would have it christened Richard. Snape I waited in earnest expectation that he acquainted Hodkinson with his opinion bewould appoint a day of fasting and prayer fore-hand, he told him he must change the on his behalf. As this was not done im- name, and look out for one in the scripture. mediately, I appointed one myself, and we But the father not thinking this fancy met together for prayer at nine o'clock in would be so strongly insisted on, brought the morning, and again at twelve. At nine his son to church. Snape proceeded in the o'clock the Lord was graciously present solemnity till he came to naming the child ; with us, and we were blest with great en- but not being able to prevail for any other largement of heart in prayer. But at twelve name than Richard, refused to administer in particular, we had a very extraordinary the sacrament: and thus the child was cartime indeed. Such a divine influence evi- ried away, and afterwards baptized by a dently rested upon all present as it is not conforming clergyman.”—COLLIER's Church easy to describe; such freedom of mind, History. such enlargement of heart, such power to plead and to wrestle with God in prayer in behalf of the king, as I never was a witness
[Account of Experiences.] of before or since. I believe I am as little “ Four or five and forty years ago, when governed by impressions as any man living; I had no distinct views of what the Apostle but I was powerfully constrained to believe, meant, by exhorting us to leave the printhat from that very time the king would ciples of the doctrine of Christ, and go on
And it was with difficulty that I to perfection ;' two or three persons in could refrain from telling the people so. London, whom I knew to be truly sincere, He did recover from that time. How many desired to give me an account of their exwere praying for him with us, at the same perience. It appeared exceedingly strange, time, is not for me to say. But when Mr. being different from any that I had heard Wesley appointed a day for fasting and before: but exactly similar to the preceding prayer, it was spent in thanksgiving for the account of entire sanctification. The next king's recovery."- Quære?
year, two or three more persons at Bristol, and two or three in Kingswood, coming to me severally, gave me exactly the same
account of their experience. A few years [Christian Names among the Puritans.]
after, I desired all those in London, who “UNDER the article of Baptism, the Book made the same profession, to come to me of Discipline runs thus: ‘Let persuasions be all together at the Foundery, that I might used that such names that do savour either be thoroughly satisfied. I desired that man of Paganism, or Popery be not given to of God, Thomas Walsh, to give us the children at their baptism, but principally meeting there. When we met, first one of those whereof there are examples in the us, and then the other, asked them the Scriptures.'
most searching questions we could devise. “ The Puritans were strict in keeping They answered every one without hesitaclose to this rule, as may be collected from tion, and with the utmost simplicity; so the odd names they gave their children: that we were fully persuaded they did not such
as, the Lord is near, more tryall, deceive themselves. In the years 1759, reformation, discipline, joy again, suffici- | 1760, 1761 and 1762, their numbers multient, from above, free-gifts, more fruit, dust, plied exceedingly, not only in London and &c. And here Snape was remarkably Bristol, but in various parts of Ireland as pulous; for this minister refused to baptize well as England. Not trusting to the tes
timony of others, I carefully examined most ample: the prayers are so long, that we of these myself: and in London alone, I cannot kneel all the time; sometimes a verse found six hundred and fifty-two members of a hymn is given out while the people are of our society, who were exceedingly clear on their knees, and two or three pray, we in their experience, and of whose testimony cannot kneel so long, and therefore are I could see no reason to doubt. I believe obliged to keep away.' In such a case I no year has passed since that time, wherein could only say, I shall endeavour to remedy God has not wrought the same work in this evil. many others; but sometimes in one part of “In the second instance, I was the chief England or Ireland, sometimes in another, sufferer ; at a public meeting a pious broas the wind bloweth where it listeth :' ther went to pray, I kneeled on the floor, and every one of these, (after the most having nothing to lean against or to support careful enquiry, I have not found one ex- me-he prayed forty-eight minutes—I was ception either in Great Britain or Ireland) unwilling to rise, and several times was has declared that his deliverance from sin nigh fainting—what I suffered, I cannot was instantaneous, that the change was describe. After the meeting was over, I wrought in a moment. Had half of these, ventured to expostulate with the good man, or one third, or one in twenty, declared it and in addition to the injury I sustained was gradually wrought in them, I should by his unmerciful prayer, I had the followhave believed this, with regard to them, | ing reproof: ‘My brother, if your mind and thought that some were gradually sanc- had been more spiritual, you would not tified, and some instantaneously.”—Quære? have felt the prayer too long. More than WESLEY, vol. 10, p. 58.
twenty years have elapsed since this transaction took place, but the remembrance of what I then suffered still rests on my mind
with a keen edge. The good man is still [Pain of kneeling through Long Prayers.]
alive—will probably read this paper-will “ THERE are many weak and tender no doubt recollect the circumstance, and people, who cannot kneel long at one time; I hope will feel that he has since learned and there are some preachers, &c. who more prudence and more charity.”—ADAM spend more time, especially in their first CLARKE. prayer, than is proportionate to the other parts of the service. People who are weak or elderly, cannot long continue on their
[Puritanical Preaching.] knees, which is not an easy posture; and “First of all they seize upon some text, such knowing from past experience, that from whence they draw something, (which they are likely to have a long prayer, they call a doctrine) and well may it be choose rather to stand all the time, as they said to be drawn from the words ; forasknow they could not continue to kneel so much as it seldom naturally flows, or results long, and would think it improper to rise from them. In the next place, being thus up during the time of prayer. I shall beg provided, they branch it into several heads, leave to mention two instances within my perhaps twenty, or thirty, or upwards. own knowledge. I said once to a pious Whereupon, for the prosecution of these, couple whom I had known to be diligent in they repair to some trusty concordance, all the means of grace, 'Why do you not which never fails them, and by the help of attend the public prayer-meeting, as you that, they range six or seven scriptures were accustomed to do ? “We cannot with- under each head; which scriptures they out standing during prayer, which we think prosecute one by one, first amplifying and is unbecoming and would be a bad ex- enlarging upon one, for some considerable
time, till they have spoiled it; and then nose, which I think cannot so properly be that being done, they pass to another, which called preaching, as toning of a sermon. in its turn suffers accordingly. And these Nor do I see, why the word may not be impertinent, and unpremeditated enlarge- altogether as effectual for the conversion ments they look upon as the motions and of souls, delivered by one who has the breathings of the spirit, and therefore much manners to look his auditory in the face; beyond those carnal ordinances of sense and using his own countenance and his own nareason, supported by industry and study; tive voice, without straining it to a lamentand this they call a saving way of preach- able and doleful whine, (never serving to ing, as it must be confessed to be a way to any purpose, but where some religious cheat save much labour, and nothing else that I is to be carried on). That ancient, though know of. But how men should thus come seemingly odd saying, Loquere ut te videam, to make the salvation of an immortal soul, in my poor judgment, carries in it a very such a slight, extempore business, I must notable instruction, and peculiarly appliprofess I cannot understand; and would cable to the persons and matter here pointed gladly understand upon whose example at. For, supposing one to be a very able they ground this way of preaching; not and excellent speaker, yet under the foreupon that of the apostles I am sure. For mentioned circumstances, he must however it is said of St. Paul, in his sermon before needs be a very ill sight; and the case of Felix, that he reasoned of righteousness, his poor suffering hearers very severe upon temperance, and judgment to come. The them, while both the matter uttered by words being in Acts xxiv. v. 25, diale him, shall grate hard upon the ear, and the youéve òè avrē, and according to the na- person uttering it, at the same time equally tural force and import of them, signifying, offend the eye. It is clear therefore, that that he discoursed or reasoned dialectically, the men of this method have sullied the following one conclusion with another, and noble science of divinity, and can never with the most close and pressing arguments warrant their practice, either from religion from the most persuasive topics of reason or reason, or the rules of decent and good and divinity. Whereupon we quickly find behaviour, nor yet from the example of the the prevalence of his preaching in a suit- apostles, and least of all from that of our able effect, that Felix trembled. Whereas Saviour himself. For none surely will had Paul only cast about his arms, spoke imagine that these men's speaking, as never himself hoarse, and cried, you are damned, man spoke before, can pass
imitathough Felix (as guilty as he was) might tion of him."-South, vol. 4, p. 50. have given him the hearing, yet possibly he might also have looked upon him as one whose passion had, at that time, got the
[Falling Fits, common to all Ages, under start of his judgment, and accordingly have
Religious E.citement.] given him the same coarse salute, which the “ This phenomenon of falling is common same Paul afterwards so undeservedly met to all ages, sexes, and characters; and when with from Festus ; but his zeal was too they fall they are differently exercised. much under the conduct of his reason, to Some pious people have fallen under a fly out at such a rate. But to pass from sense of ingratitude and hardness of heart ; these indecencies to others, as little to be and others under affecting manifestations allowed in this sort of men; can any toler- of the love and goodness of God. Many able reason be given for those strange new thoughtless persons under convictions, have postures used by some in the delivery of obtained comfort before they arose. But the word ? Such as shutting the eyes, dis- perhaps the most numerous class consists of torting the face, and speaking through the those who fall under distressing views of
their guilt, who arise with the same fearful characteristic of this revival, both saints apprehensions, and continue in that state and sinners have more striking discoveries for some days, perhaps weeks, before they of the realities of another world, than I receive comfort. I have conversed with have ever known on any other occasion.” many who fell under the influence of com- -Quære? WESLEY. fortable feelings, and the account they gave of their exercises while they lay entranced was very surprising. Their minds appeared
[Lengthy Preaching and Love Feast.] wholly swallowed up in contemplating the
1806. “ As the Caernarvon quarterly perfections of God, as illustrated in the meeting was to be held in that town, and plan of salvation, and whilst they lay ap- as our friends were persuaded that neither parently senseless, and almost lifeless, their the old building we have to preach in, nor minds were more vigorous, and their memo- any other place that we could procure, ries more retentive and accurate than they would contain the people that would ashad ever been before. I have heard men semble on the occasion, therefore, although of respectability assert, that their manifes- the season of the year was so unfavourable, tations of gospel truth were so clear, as to it being the twenty-first of January, they require some caution when they began to built a stage for the preachers to stand on speak, lest they should use language which and preach in the middle of the town. might induce their hearers to suppose they When the appointed time came, all that had seen those things with bodily eyes; could not be accommodated in the neighbut at the same time, they had seen no bouring windows, which it was judged were image nor sensible representation, nor in- about two thousand, endured the incledeed any thing besides the old truths con- mency of the weather for seven hours to tained in the Bible.
hear the word of life, and that with the “ Among those whose minds were filled greatest composure of mind! Brother with most delightful communications of Parry and brother Williams, preached from divine love, I but seldom observed any ten till twelve o'clock, brother Davies and thing ecstatic. Their expressions were just brother Jones, sen., from two till four. It and rational, they conversed with calmness was published for me and brother Jones, of and composure, and on their first recover- Welsh Pool Circuit, to preach at six, in the ing the use of speech, they appeared like preaching room ; but a little before the persons recovering from a violent disease time, our friends informed us the attempt which had left them on the borders of the would be dangerous in the extreme : that grave. I have sometimes been present the place would not hold one fourth part when persons who fell under the influence of the people that would strive to get in : of convictions, obtained relief before they and that it would be the most prudent way arose; in these cases, it was impossible not to continue our meeting in the open air. to observe how strongly the change in their As soon as we had acceded to the proposal, minds was depicted in their countenances; the stage and neighbouring windows were instead of a face of horror and despair, well illuminated, and, as if the heavens apthey assumed one, open, luminous, serene, proved of the steps we were taking, the and expressive of all the comfortable feel- clouds withheld their showers, and the ings of religion. As to those who fall down winds became so calm as not to extinguish under convictions and continue in that a single light, or incommode in any respect state, they are not different from those who the assembled multitude, which was greater receive convictions in other revivals, ex- than had been collected through the course cepting that their distress is more severe. of the day; for the country people had not Indeed extraordinary power is the leading returned home, and the novelty of the
thing had brought most of the inhabitants stood near were so extremely anxious to of the town together. There were twelve see how they were affected that they often preachers on the stage, and about two crowded about them so as to disturb the thousand people before us! The darkness worship. But these causes of disorder were of the sky, and the stillness of the evening, soon removed; different sacraments were the lights interspersed, together with so appointed on the same sabbath, which dimany faces lifted up towards us, eagerly vided the people, and the falling down catching the word as it dropped from our became so familiar as to excite no disturblips, made the scene truly affecting, and ance.”—Quære? awfully grand; insomuch, that, to me it was one of the most pleasing sights my eyes ever beheld! Our meeting continued
[Sheep and Goats— What ? ] from six till nine o'clock, when about three The blessed Jordan (to give him his Cathohundred, from different societies, retired to lic title) who was the second general of the our room, and held a Love Feast for about Dominicans, made an odd use of this often two hours."—Quære?
used similitude in a speech to the friars of his order : “ Mihi et veris Prælatis accidit,
sicut pastori, qui magis gravatur custodiâ [Convulsive Faintings at Prayer.]
unius hirci quam centum ovium : sic magis " With respect to the largeness of the unus insolens gravat Prælatum et turbat conassemblies, it is generally supposed that ventum, quam alii Fratres ducenti, qui sicut at many places there were not fewer than oves Domini Pastorem sequuntur, et sibilum eight, ten or twelve thousand people : at ejus intelligunt, nec socios relinquunt, sed sia place called Cane Ridge Meeting-house, mul vadunt, stant, accubant, comedunt, bibunt, many are of opinion there were at least capite inclinato herbas colligunt in omnibus twenty thousand; there were one hundred fructuose, in paucis tædiose. Sed aliqui, ut and forty waggons which came loaded with hirci turbantes pastorem et gregem, discurrunt, people, besides other wheel carriages. Some perstrepunt, in socios capita impingunt, ad persons had come two hundred miles. The alta saliunt, viam non tenent, sata aliorum largeness of these assemblies was an incon- lædunt, nec virgâ nec pastoris clamore cohivenience;— they were so numerous to be bentur, et ad ultimum, brevem caudam, id addressed by one speaker, it therefore be- est, curtam patientiam habent, et ideo quancame necessary for several ministers to of- doque fæda sua ostendunt. Pro Deo, caficiate at the same time at different stands : rissimi, fugite hujusmodi mores hircinos, et this afforded an opportunity to those who estote ut oves Dei.”—Acta Sanctorum, 13th were but slightly impressed with religion, Feb., p. 733. to wander to and fro between the different places of worship, which created an appearance of confusion, and gave ground to such
[Ejaculations.] as were unfriendly to the work to charge it “EJACULATions are short prayers darted with disorder. Another cause also con- up to God on emergent occasions.—The duced to the same effect: About this time principal use of ejaculations is against the the people began to fall down in great fiery darts of the Devil. Our adversary numbers, under serious impressions: this injects (how he doth it God knows, that he was a new thing among Presbyterians : it doth it we know) bad motions into our excited universal astonishment, and created hearts; and that we may be as nimble with a curiosity which could not be restrained our antidotes, as he with poisons, such short when people fell even during the most so- prayers are proper and necessary. In hard lemn parts of divine service. Those who havens so choaked up with the envious