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of snakes.) In rocky places, in the mouths Babelmandel.

of some of these pits, stones are found “Tuis streightness of the neighbouring standing; these stones they call the unpeople, and of those which inhabit the coasts created Shivŭ-lingŭ, and believe that by of the Indian Ocean, is called Albabo, which worshipping in these places they will quickly in the Arabian tongue do signify gates or obtain the most important fruits.”—Ward, mouths : and in this place and mouth the vol. 1, p. 417. land doth neighbour so much, and the shewes which they make of willingness to join themselves are so known, that it seemeth

[Dervises of Erzeroom.] without any doubt, the sea, much against NEAR Erzeroom, Evlia speaks of some their wills and perforce, to interpose itself Dervises “who go bareheaded and barein separating these two parts of the world. footed, with long hair. Great and little carry For the space which in this place divideth wooden clubs in their hands, and some of the land of the Arabians from the coast them crooked sticks. They came all to wait of the Abexi (Abyssinians) is about six on the Pashaw and to exhibit their diploma leagues distance. In this space there lie so of foundation. The Pashaw asked them many islands, little islets, and rocks, that from whence their immunity dated, and they cause a doubt, considering the straight- they invited him to pass into their place of ness without, that some time it was stopt, devotion. We followed them to a large and so by these streight sluices and chan- place where a great fire was lighted of more nels which are made between the one island than forty waggon-loads of wood, and forty and the other, there entereth such a quan- victims immolated. They assigned to the tity of sea, and maketh within so many and Pashaw a place at a distance from the fire, so great nooks, so many bays, so many and they began to dance around it, their names of great gulphs, so many diversities drums and Autes playing, and they crying of seas, so many ports, so many islands, Hoo! and Allah! This circular motion that it seemeth not that we sail in a sea be- having continued an hour's time, about an tween two lands, but in the deepest and hundred of these dervises, being naked, most tempestuous lake of the great ocean." | took their children by the hand, and enD. JOAM DE CAstros ROLEIRO. PURCHAS tered the fire, the flames of which towered 1124.

like the pile of Nimrod, crying O all-con

stant! 0 vivifying! After half an hour [Persian Botany Bay.]

they came out of the fire without the least “Toe Islands of the Red Sea were the hurt, except their beards and hairs singed, places where the Kings of Persia used to send stead of coming before the Pashaw, who

some of them retiring into their cells inthose whom they banished:kai Tūv év

remained astonished." νήσοισι οικεόντων των εν τη Ερυθρη θαλάσση, έν τήσι, τους ανασπάστεις καλεομέvous katoi kišel o Baoulevç.”—HERODOTUS. [Literal Application of our Saviour's Saying, Thalia, iii. 93. Polymnia, vii. 80.

If thine Eye offend thee pluck it out."]

“One grave old man who had a long

grey beard I saw,” says SANDERSON, “led The Hindoo Padalon.

with great ceremony out of the city of “ The Hindoos believe that many deep Cairo, (on his way to Mecca) who had but caverns or pits which appear to be unfathom- one eye; and I likewise did see the same able, or out of which water springs, have man return back again with the same Emir their origin in Padalon (Patălă, the world | Haggi, or Captain of the Caravan, and he

404

BUCHANAN

- HASTINGS

ABDUL KURRCEM.

near

had left his other eye there, having had it through his fingers, repeating with the pluckt out, after he had seen their Prophet's touch of each, as I was informed, one of the Sepulchre, because he would see no more names of God, while his mind laboured to sin.”—Purchas, p. 1616.

catch and dwell on the idea of the quality which appertained to it, and shewed the

violence of its exertion to attain this pur[Eastern Apparition.]

pose by the convulsive movements of all his “That same night there suddenly ap- features, his eyes being at the same time peared in Dwaraka a woman of the very closed, doubtless to assist the abstraction.” blackest

appearance ; she was also dressed Hastings, Letters prefixed to the Bhagrat in black attire, and was hideous, with yellow Geeta. teeth. She entered every house grinning horribly a ghastly smile, and all who saw her were stricken with dread.”—Life of

[Earth from the Tomb of Hussein.] CREESHNA.

“Ar the distance of twenty paces from the south window of the tomb of Hussein,

is a level spot where he was killed ; and on [Wonderful Book of Nijaguna.]

the place where he fell is an excavation “A JANGAMA named Nijaguna wrote a about the size of a grave, which is filled up book which is held in great veneration by with earth, brought from the place where one of the thousand and one sects of the his tents were pitched; this is covered Hindoos. He received the necessary in- with boards, and whoever comes to visit struction for this work in conversation with the shrine, pays something to one of the an image of Seeva, in a temple on a hill Kdemo, for permission to carry away some

Ellanduru, and after he had finished of the earth, which is universally known him into its substance."-BUCHANAN. the book the image opened and received by the name of Khaks Kervela (Kerbela

earth) and has wonderful properties ascribed to it; and amongst others, it is said

to have the power of quelling a storm at [Spiritual Discipline of the Brahmins.]

sea, upon flinging it against the wind.”_ The Brahmins are enjoined to perform Abdul Kurecem. a kind of spiritual discipline, not, I believe, unknown to some of the religious orders of Christians in the Romish Church. This [Place where Abraham, at the Command of consists in devoting a certain period of time

Nimrod, was thrown into the Fiery Fur. to the contemplation of the Deity, his at

nace.] tributes, and the moral duties of this life. "In the neighbourhood of the city they It is required of those who practise this ex

show

you the place where Abraham, by the ercise, not only that they divest their minds command of Nimrod, was thrown into the of all sensual desire, but that their atten- fiery furnace, at the foot of the mountain tion be abstracted from every external ob- where the machine from which he was flung ject, and absorbed with every sense, in the was constructed, and of which they pretend prescribed subject of their attention. I to point out some vestige to this day. Over myself was

once a witness of a man em- the spring, which is said to have issued from ployed in this species of devotion, at the the midst of the fire, a mosque is erected, principal temple of Banaris. His right hand with a large reservoir on the outside, into and arm were enclosed in a loose sleeve or which the water runs; and in it are great bag of red cloth, within which he passed the numbers of fish, which will eat out of your beads of his rosary, one after another, hand, but no one is allowed to catch them.

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king, treasure,

my

perfume

Adjoining to this mosque is the most beautiful garden I have ever seen in any part of

[The Sacred Handkerchief.] the world.”—Ibid.

“ Near the Convent of Abraham (at Orfa) is an ancient cloister called Ishanli

Kilisse, the church with bells, where the [The Grave of Saint Akyazli.] handkerchief is preserved with which the “ AKYAZLI lived forty years under the

Messias wiped his face. They guard it with shade of a wild chesnut-tree, close to which

the greatest care, fearing lest some he is buried under a leaden-covered cupola. eager to enrich himself with such a The chesnuts, big as an egg, are wonderfully refuse to show it.' Myself having much

carry it away, and accordingly they useful in diseases of horses. Tradition

says that this tree sprouted forth from the stick mingled in my travels with Greeks, I begged on which the saint roasted his meat, as he handkerchief, but they assured me that there

of the monks the favour to be shown that once fixed it in the ground. Round his grave are different inscriptions from the was no such thing in their convent. Having

taken Koran, censers, vases for rose water, cande

oath on the Evangelist and on the

doctrine of Jesus that I would discover to labres, lamps wrought in the style of Khorassanic work, and at his head a horse tail, I was led to an obscure cave, on the out

nobody the existence of their handkerchief, a standard and a drum. Those who enter this room are seized with trembling awe,

side of which I left my servants. The cave and revived by the fragrant scent of musk

was illuminated with twelve candles. They which they inhale. Out of the four win- produced from a cupboard a small chest, and dows you have the prospect of a blooming

from the chest a box studded with precious garden full of hyacinths and jasmins, of stones, which being opened spread a roses and of nightingales. The guard of

of moscus and ambergris, and there I beheld this sepulchre is entrusted to the care of the

the noble handkerchief. It is

a Square Dervishes of the order of Begtash. Myself two ells

, woven of the fibres of the palm. being affected with ague, having come to

After the passion on Mount Sinai, this place , I recited the seven verses of the face, it received the impression of his en

Jesus having put this handkerchief to his Lord's Prayer (Fatiha, the first Soora of the Koran), wrote a distich I was inspired

lightened countenance in so lively with on the

and put myself under ner, that every body who looks on it, the green cloth covering the coffin. There

it to be a living image, breathing, smiling, I fell into a sleep, and awaked in full per- the least doubt this is the true impression

and looking him in the face. I have not spiration and restored to health by the virtue of this grave.

of Jesus's face. Having had many conver“ Saint Akyazli lived from the time of sations with learned and well-informed men, Orchan till the time of Murad II., the father

and having seen in my travels thousands of of Mahommed II., the conqueror. One of marvellous things produced by the ingehis followers, called Arslanbey, was so much nuity of art, I examined it a long time, devoted to him, that the Saint used to bridle whether it might not be, like so many other and saddle him, and to mount on his back pictures in Christian churches, the masterwhenever he went abroad. The saddle which piece of some skilful painter: but I conis said to have served to the Saint is shown vinced myself by the evidence of senses and at the entrance of his tomb."--Evlia EF

reason that this aweful portrait was the true impression of Jesus, because even such

men as myself who behold it, begin to · The blank is in the original MS. “Spot

tremble, overawed by the effect of so great would complete the sense.-J. W. W.

a miracle. I took it with reverence, and

of

tree.

a man

1

believes

FENDI, vol. 3.

406

CAPTAIN WILFORD - EVLIA EFFENDI.

put it to my face, and bid it hail.”—Evlia's | accumulated load of their sins.”—CAPTAIN Travels, vol. 3.1

WILFORD. Asiat. Res. vol. 9.

1

[The Ass of Jesus.] [The Holy Man on his Solitary Visit to the Caaba, and the Serpent.]

“ KHARBU, or Kharpool, in Diarbekr. “ The merit of the pilgrimage round the Apostles put the ass of Jesus on a living,

They say that this is the place where the Caaba is infinitely enhanced if it be per

on which he continued to live till the time formed alone. Kotbeddin relates that a holy of the Prophet ; and because the Christians man watched night and day for forty years paid worship to that ass, they derivate from in hopes of this happy opportunity. At last thence the name of the castle; Khaar meanhe thought he had found it; but on the way ing in Persian an ass, and pool adoration.” he met a serpent upon the same business, Evlia EFFENDI, vol. 3. and this animal assured him that he had been waiting in like manner a century longer

“ At the distance of three hours is a lake, than himself."—Notices des MSS. de la Bibl. which a man may come round in a day, of Nat. tom. 4, p. 544.

venomous water. Some historians assert
that it communicates with the sea of Wan be-
low ground, because you find here the same

fishes. There is an island in this lake, and [The Scape-Lamp of the Sucla Tirt'ha.]

in this island is an Armenian monastery, “ Chanacea having instigated Chandra- where the ass of Jesus has been embalmed gupta to put his eight royal brothers to by the patriarchs, bishops, priests, and death, was exceedingly troubled in mind, monks: but the grave is kept so secret that and so much stung with remorse for his it is shown to nobody. I myself have not crime, and the effusion of human blood

seen it."-Ibid. which took place in consequence of it, that he withdrew to the Sucla-Tirt'ha, a famous place of worship near the sea on the bank

[Woman and the Haudji Bairaum.] of the Narmada, and seven coss to the west A WOMAN who sought to seduce the of Baroche, to get himself purified. There, Mahommedan Saint Haudji Bairaum began having gone through a most severe course to praise his hair, his beard, his eyebrows of religious austerities and expiatory cere- and his eyelashes. The Saint retired into monies, he was directed to sail upon the a corner and prayed to God that he might river in a boat with white sails, which if be deprived of all these beauties, which had they turned black would be to him a sure produced so ill an effect, and become uglisign of the remission of his sins, the black- fied. When he returned there was neither ness of which would attach itself to the sails. hair on his head or face, brows or eyelids, It happened so, and he joyfully sent the boat and the woman trembling at his portentous adrift, with his sins, into the sea.

ugliness, ordered her maidens to turn him “ This ceremony, or another very similar out of doors."—EvLIA. to it (for the expense of a boat would be too great) is performed to this day at the Sucla-Tirt'ha; but, instead of a boat, they

[Faith of a Good Mussulman.] use a common earthen pot, in which they “EVERY good Mussulman believes that light a lamp, and send it adrift with the after the death and burial of the Prophet,

his soul reunited itself to his body, and · Evidently the same story as that of VERONICA.

ascended to Paradise, mounted upon AI See FULLER's True Penitent."-J. W. W. Borak. The Wahabees deny this, and affirm

ALI BEY -CHARRON - MOOR.

407

that the mortal remains of the Prophet re- convenient enclosure is formed for keeping main in the sepulchre the same as those of calves, &c. As long as the waters are up, other men.”—ALI Bey, vol. 2, p. 129. the cattle of each village are kept in boats,

crowded as thick as their prows can be

brought together all around the insulated [Oriental Knowledge.]

village; and green fodder is daily procured “ In these new countries almost all things by means of long wooden forks, pushed which we so much esteem of here, and hold down in the water near to the bottom, that they were first revealed and sent from whence they come up well laden with a Heaven, were commonly believed and ob- remarkable sweet kind of bent grass, proserved; from whence they came I will not videntially abounding at this juncture, and say,—who dares determine it? Yea, many remarkably fattening to every species of of them were in use a thousand years before cattle.”—Oriental Sports, vol. 2, p. 186. we heard any tidings of them ; both in the matter of religion, as the belief of one only man the father of us all, of the universal

[Indian Cannibals.The Modern Sect of deluge, of one God, who sometimes lived in

the Thugs.] the form of a man, undefiled and holy, of the day of judgement, the resurrection of

“I WILL go a step farther, and say, that the dead, circumcision like to that of the

not only do Hindus, even Brahmins, eat Jews and Mohammed; and in the matter flesh, but that, at least, one sect eat human of policy, as that the elder son should suc

flesh. I know only of one sect, and that I ceed in the inheritance, that he that is ex

believe few in numbers, that doth this ; but alted to a dignity loseth his own name and

there may, for aught I can say, be others, takes a new, tyrannical subsidies, armouries, and more numerous. They do not, I contumblers, musical instruments, all sorts, ar

clude, (in our territory, assuredly not,) kill tillery, printing.”—CHARRON, p. 231.

human subjects to eat; but they eat such as they find in or about the Ganges, and

perhaps other rivers. The name of the sect [Villages and Cattlehow protected under that I allude to is, I think, Paramahansa, Annual Inundations.]

as I have commonly heard it named; and I “ The villages throughout the low coun

have received authentic information of intry, which is subject to annual inundation,

dividuals of this sect being not very unuare invariably built upon eminences, or

sually seen about Benares, floating down knobs of land, of which many appear to be

the river on, and feeding on a corpse. Nor artificial. Nevertheless, in some extraordi- is this a low despicable tribe, but, on the nary season, towns are swept away. This, contrary, esteemed-by themselves, at any however, is not so alarming an event as

rate-a very high one. Whether the exmight at first be supposed. Such places as

altation be legitimate, or assumed by indiare considered of insufficient height, are far- viduals in consequence of penance, or holy ther secured by building the houses on

and sanctified acts, I am not prepared to stakes or piles, over which the floors, com

state, but I believe the latter."—Moon's posed of bamboo laths and mats, are laid,

Hindu Pantheon, p. 352. perhaps five or six feet from the ground. The openings below are sufficient, on one hand to let the water pass freely; which it

[Remarkable Banian Tree near Manjee.] does at a slow rate, seldom exceeding a The following is an account of the mile in the hour; while, by means of a few dimensions of a remarkable banian or burr additional battens during the dry season, a tree, near Manjee, twenty miles west of

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