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Patna, in Bengal. Diameter, 363 to 375. / light where intended, its effect is inconceivCircumference of shadow at noon, 1116 feet. able ; all fly from the hissing, winding viCircumference of the several stems, in num- sitor; receiving perhaps some smart strokes ber fifty or sixty, 921 feet. Under this tree from the lattie, which gives direction to the sat a naked Fakir, who had occupied that tube, often causing it to make the most sudsituation for twenty-five years; but he did den and unexpected traverse. So delicate, not continue there the whole year through, indeed, is the management of this tremenfor his vow obliged him to lie during the dous weapon, that without great precaufour cold months up to his neck in the wa- tion, those who discharge them are not safe; ters of the Ganges.
and it requires much practice not only to give them due elevation, whereby their dis
tance is proportioned, but to ensure that [Brahmin's Expiatory Surfeit.] they shall not, in the very act of discharg“A very strange custom prevails in some
ing, receive any improper bias, which would parts of India: a Brahmin devotes him- | infallibly produce mischief among their own self to death, by eating until he expires party.”—Oriental Sports, vol. 1, p. 230. with the surfeit. It is no wonder that superstition is convinced of the necessity of cramming the Priest, when he professes to [Easy Way of raising Water in India.] eat like a cormorant through a principle of religion.”—Orme's Fragments.
“ It is pleasant to see with what ease a large quantity of water is raised in some parts of India ; a palmira or cocoa tree be
ing scooped out, and the butt-end closed [Indian Chaun, or, Congreve Rocket, or
with a board, &c. is fixed on a pivot on a Lattie.]
level with the place to which the water is “The Chaun, or rocket, is a hollow cylin- to be raised ; a man having a pole to susder of iron, of about ten inches or a foot tain him, throws his weight towards the long, and from two to three inches in dia- butt-end, which thus sinks into the water, meter, closed at the fore end, and at the when the balance being again changed to other having only a small aperture left, for the other end, the water is raised as the the purpose of filling with a composition, butt-end ascends, and shoots into a chansimilar to what is used for making serpents, nel or reservoir made for the purpose. The &c. These cylinders are tied very strongly quickest method, however, is by means of to latties, or wild bamboo staves, of about an osier scoop, about three feet square, and six or seven feet long. Thus they are having a raised ledge on every side, except firmly fixed parallel to the thickest end of that which is immersed into the water. the lattie, when the fuse at the vent being “ Two men place themselves on the oplighted, and a direction given by the ope- posite sides of the reservoir, whence the rator, as soon as the fire gains sufficient water is to be raised, and by means of four force, a slight cast of the hand commences ropes, one at each corner of the scoop, and its motion, and the dangerous missile, urg- passing to the men's hands respectively, the ed by its encreasing powers, proceeds in water is raised by a swinging motion to the most furious manner to its destination! about four or five feet above its former leThe panic it occasions among cavalry is vel. wonderful! It would doubtless be the most “ All these methods are excellent. They formidable of all destructive inventions, if lift immense quantities, and are exempt its course and ance could be brought from the expenses attendant on all mad under tolerable regulation. When it does nery."—Oriental Sports, vol. 2, p. 192.
R. D. EMANUEL- PIETRO MARTIRE - HERIOT.
their blood, but the children of their own [Nabob—the mearing of:]
wives they count to be not legitimate. If “The Persic word Nàuâb, which the En- | there remain none of their sisters' children, glish have corrupted to Nabob, is, gram- they leave the inheritance to their bromatically speaking, the plural of Naib, which thers'; and if they fail, it descendeth to signifies a deputy or lieutenant-governor; their own sons." — PIETRO Martire. Dec. an officer in rank and consequence inferior 3, c. 9. to the subudar, and subordinate to him.
“ So also among the Natchez. “The goBut Nawab or Nabob, the plural of this
vernment was hereditary, but the sons of term, is likewise an hereditary title of honour, which was always conferred on the ther; the sons of his sister, the first prin
the reigning chief did not succeed their fasubadars, frequently on the nâibs, and some
cess of the blood, were his declared succestimes on the emirs or nobles of the empire,
sors. This policy was founded on the knowas the reward of eminent public service, or as a signal mark of royal favour." — Asiat. their wives. They were not certain, said
ledge which they had of the libertinism of An. Reg. 1805. Characters, p. 45.
they, that the children of their wives were of the blood royal ; whereas the sons of the
sister of the Grand Chief were at least so Malacca-[Fruit.]
by the side of their mother.” — Herior's “They say," says DAMIAM DE Goes, “that Hist. of Canada, vol. 1, p. 509. they have in this land a fruit in shape like an artichoke, and of the size of the citron, which they call durioens, and which are of (Brahmin's Notion of Benares not pertaining so delicate and sweet a taste, that many
to this Earth, shook by an Earthquake.] strangers choose to remain there for the " The Brahmins
that Benares is not a sake of that fruit, though the country be so part of this sinful earth; but that it is on sickly.'?—Chron. del R. D. EMANUEL, p. 3, the outside of the earth. An earthquake, c. 1.
however, which was lately felt there, has
rather nonplussed them, as it proves that Malacca.
what shakes the earth, shakes Benares too."
-Baptist Periodical Accounts, vol. 2, p. 483. Of these Chinese, DAMIAM DE Goes says oddly, that they supped with Alboquerque, and were well entertained after the manner
[Head-Dress of the Sophis.] of Flanders and Germany, for their cus
“ The head-dress of the Sophis is destoms are such as if they were of those very
cribed by DAMIAM DE Goes, from one which provinces."-P. 3, c. 17.
had been sent among the Persian presents to Emanuel. Sam huns carapuçoens de feltro altos,
abrem, et fecham quo[Custom of Succession in Malabar.]
mo hum folle, fazendo de cada banda seis pre“The same mode of succession as in Ma- gas que fazem assi doze em memoria dor dolabar prevailed among the original inhabi- ze filhos de Hocem." Chron. del R. D. tants of St. Domingo. They leave the in- EMANUEL, vol. 3, p. 67. heritance of their kingdoms to the eldest son of their eldest sister. If she fail, to the eldest of the second sister, and so of the
[Extraordinary Creeper of Sumatra.] third, if the second also fail : for they are “ These fibres, that look like ropes atout of doubt that those children come of tached to the branches, when they meet
WILLIAM MARSDEN – WILKS - THEVENOT.
with any obstruction in their descent, con- ments, and overcoming, as their size enform themselves to the shape of the resisting larges, the most powerful resistance, split body, and thus occasion many curious me- with the force of the mechanic wedge, the tamorphoses. I recollect seeing them stand most substantial brick-work. When the in the perfect shape of a gate, long after the consistence is such as not to admit the inoriginal posts and cross-pieces had decayed sinuations of the fibres, the root extends itand disappeared ; and I have been told of self along the outside, and to an extraorditheir lining the internal circumference of nary length, bearing not unfrequently to a large bricked well, like the worm in a dis- the stem, the proportion of eight to one, tiller's tub; there exhibiting the view of a when young. I have measured the former tree turned inside out, the branches point- sixty inches, when the latter, to the extreing to the centre, instead of growing from mity of the leaf, which took up a third part, it. It is not more extraordinary in its man- was no more than eight inches. I have also ner of growth, than whimsical and fantastic seen it wave its boughs at the apparent in its choice of situations.
height of two hundred feet, of which the “ From the side of a wall, or the top of a roots, if we may term them such, occupied house, it seems to spring spontaneously. at least one hundred; forming, by their close Even from the smooth surface of a wooden combination, the appearance of a venerable pillar, turned and painted, I have seen it gothic pillar. It stood near the plains of shoot forth, as if the vegetated juices of the Brakap, but, like other monuments of antiseasoned timber had renewed their circula- quity, it had its period of existence, and is tion, and begun to produce leaves afresh. I now no more.”— Hist. of Sumatra, p. 163, have seen it flourish in the centre of a hol- by William MARSDEN.. low tree, of a very different species, which, however, still retained its verdure, its branches encompassing those of the adven
[Narsinga.] titious plant, whilst its decayed trunk enclosed the stem, which was visible, at inter
“The last of thirteen Rajas of the house stices, from nearly the level of the plain on
of Hurryhur, who were followers of Seeva, which they grew. This, in truth, appeared
was succeeded in 1490 by Narsing Raja of so striking a curiosity, that I have often re
the sect of Veeshnoo, the founder of a new paired to the spot, to contemplate the sin- dynasty, whose empire appears to have been gularity of it. How the seed, from which called by Europeans Narsinga, a name it is produced, happens to occupy stations which being no longer in use has perplexed seemingly so unnatural, is not easily deter- geographers with regard to its proper pomined. Some have imagined the berries car
sition. Narsing Raja seems to have been ried thither by the wind, and others, with the first King of Vijeyanuggur, who exmore appearance of truth, by the birds ; tended his conquests into Dranveda, and which, cleansing their bills where they light, erected the strong forts of Chandragherry or attempt to light, leave in those places and Vellore."—Wulks's South of India, vol. the seeds, adhering by the viscous matter
1, p. 15. which surrounds them. However this be, the jawi-jawi growing on buildings without earth or water, and deriving from the ge
[Cunning Robbers of Dehly.] nial atmosphere its principle of nourish- “The cunningest robbers in the world ment, proves in its increasing growth, highly are in the province of Dehly. They use a destructive to the fabric where it is har- certain slip with a running noose, which boured; for the fibrous roots, which are at they cast with so much sleight about a man's first extremely fine, penetrate common ce- neck, when they are within reach of him
that they never fail; so that they strangle or Christian feet, but even the exterior of him in a trice. They have another cun- the temple had never been seen by any but ning trick also to catch travellers with : a genuine Hindoo. The reciprocal interThey send out a handsome woman upon ests of the Brahmins and the successive gothe road, who with her hair dishevelled, vernments had compromised this forbearseems to be all in tears, sighing and com- ance by the payment of a large revenue plaining of some misfortune which she pre- which the Brahmins exacted from the piltends has befallen her. Now as she takes grims. COLONEL WILKS says he was on the same way that the traveller
he duty for eighteen months in the woods of easily falls into conversation with her, and that neighbourhood, and frequently climbed finding her beautiful, offers her his assis- to the summit of the neighbouring hills, tance, which she accepts; but he hath no without being able to get even a distant sooner taken her up behind him on horse- glimpse of the pagoda.”—South of India, back, but she throws the snare about his vol. 1, p. 399. neck and strangles him, or at least stuns him until the robbers (who lie hid) come running in to her assistance and compleat what she hath begun. But besides that, [Snakes of the Guzerat Lakes.] there are men in those quarters so skilful “MANY snakes in the Guzerat lakes are in casting the snare, that they succeed as of beautiful colours; and their predatory well at a distance as near at hand; and if pursuits are extremely curious.
They an ox or any other beast belonging to a watch the frogs, lizards, young ducks, wacaravan run away, as sometimes it happens, ter rats, and other animals when reposing they fail not to catch it by the neck."- on the leaves of the lotus, or sporting THEVENOT.
the margin of a lake, and at a
much larger than themselves.
their turn, become food to the lar “ Kali is worshipped under the name of tic fowl, which frequent the lakes; Chamoundee, on the hill of Mysoor, in a also swallow them, and their contents entemple famed at no very distant period for tire: thus it sometimes happens that a large human sacrifices. The Mysorreans never duck not only gulps down the living serfailed to decorate her with a wreath com
pent, but one of its own brood still existing posed of the noses and ears of their cap- in its maw. Standing with some friends on tives.”_Wilks, vol. 1, p. 34.
the side of a tank, watching the manœuvres of these animals, we saw a Muscovy drake swallow a large snake, which had just before gorged itself with a living prey.
The [The Pagoda of Tripeti.]
drake came on shore to exercise himself in “ THE pagoda of Tripeti, the resort of getting down the snake, which continued pilgrims from the farthest limits of the for some hours working within the bird's Hindoo religion, is situated in an elevated craw; who seemed rather uneasy at its bason, surrounded by a circular crest of troublesome guest. It is therefore most hills; and during the successive revolutions probable there were three different creaof the country, these sacred precincts, tures alive at the same time in this singular guarded by four Polegars
Cawilkars, connection.”—FORBES, vol. 3, p. 336. who are its hereditary watchmen, had not only never been profaned by Mahommedan
These in ger aqua
[Lurury of Cold Water in India.]
fused to carry a vehicle which contained
such a pollution. The gentleman on find“ The greatest luxury I enjoyed during ing that neither remonstrances, entreaties, this sultry season was a visit to the English or threatenings were of any avail, cut off factory, where the resident had one room a slice of the meat, and eating it in their dark and cool, set apart entirely for the presence, desired them to carry him to the porous earthen vessels containing the water place of rendezvous. This produced the for drinking; which were disposed with as desired effect. The bearers were the first much care and regularity as the milk-pans to laugh at their folly, and exclaimed, in an English dairy; on the surface of each master come wise-man, with two eyes, water-jar were scattered a few leaves of while poor black man come very foolish the Damascus rose; not enough to com- with only one:' and taking up the palanmunicate the flavour of the flower, but to quin with the beef they set off towards the convey an idea of fragrant coolness when tents in great good humour.”—Ibid. vol. 2, entering this delightful receptacle: to me a draught of this water was far more grateful than the choicest wines of Schiraz, and the delicious sensations from the sudden tran- | [The Parsee Tribe and the Everlasting Fire.] sition of heat, altogether indescribable.”— “ Some of the Parsee tribe still reside in Ibid. vol. 2, p. 30.
Persia, near the city of Baku, on the shores of the Caspian sea, about ten miles from
the everlasting fire which they hold in such [Halcarras—or, Indian News-Messengers.] veneration. This fire issues from the cleft
" In Ahmebed, as in most other large of a rock, five or six feet in length and oriental cities, are a sort of news-writers, three in breadth, appearing like the clear or gazetteers who at midnight record all flame over burning spirits; sometimes it the transactions of the preceding day, and rises to the height of several yards, at send them off by express Halcarras, or mes
others only a few inches above the apersengers to their correspondent, in distant ture. It has continued thus for ages withprovinces. During the splendour of the out intermission, and the rock is said not Mogul government, in the capital of every to be in the least affected, either by the district, the emperor maintained a ga- fire consuming its substance, or changing zetteer, an historiographer, and a spy, to
its colour. Travellers mention, that if a collect and record the occurrences of the hollow tube is put a few inches into the day and immediately to transmit them to a ground, for some hundred yards around public officer at the imperial court, who this rocky opening, a similar flame issues laid such as were of importance before his through the orifice: the poorer people who sovereign.”—Ibid. vol. 3, p. 130.
live in the neighbourhood, frequently cook their victuals over the flame.”—Ibid. vol. 1,
[Palanquin-Bearers, and the Round of Beef.] "I KNEW a gentleman who having formed
[The Mowah Tree.] a party for a little excursion into the coun- “ The mowah (bassia butyracea) attains try, provided a round of beef as a principal the size of an English oak, grows in almost dish in the cold collation : as he was going any soil, and from the beauty of the foliage on horseback he desired the beef might be makes a conspicuous appearance in the covered with a cloth and put into his pa- | landscape. Its timber is very desirable, lanquin to keep it cool: the bearers re- from being proof against the destructive