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BUCHANAN - D'ARVIEUX - FORBES.

423

καθεύδειν, και πατουμένους ανέχεσθαι και | margin of the lakes and rivers; there they θλιβωμένους μη αγανακτείν, και γάλα πί- remain during the sultry hours, without any νειν απο θελής κατα ταύτα τους βρέφεσι. part of them appearing above the surface.” K.7.1. § 7. Ibi cum immani magnitudine -FORBES, vol. 2, p. 140. dracones conspicerent, cicures ac mansuetos, adeo ut à mulieribus alerentur, et cum pueris cubarent et se conculcari sustinerent

[The Girdle of Famine.] neque se premi indignè ferrent, denique infantum more lac è papillâ sugerent, &c.”

“ WHEN a Mahratta expects a battle v. Bayle in voc. Olympias, note.

where there is a chance of being defeated, he mounts a Bhimra mare, and girds him

self with a broad belt round the loins, the [Quære? Origin of the Royal Cubit.]

better to enable him to bear the fatigue of

a forced march: this girdle is generally A Foolish prince in the East will some

made of strong leather, covered with veltimes establish a royal cubit longer than the vet, and divided into small compartments common one, under pretence of his arms

containing his most valuable papers and being long."-BUCHANAN, vol. 2, p. 156.

precious jewels: the selected companions of his flight, and a sure resource in adver

sity.”—Ibid. p. 61. [The Turcoman Blouse, or Smock-Frock.]

THE Turcomans sometimes wear a sort of smock-frock of white linen over their other garments, for the purpose

[Ol Building of Agari, and the Rajah of of protect

Benares.] ing themselves against the sun. Voila,' says D'ARVIEUX, (t. 3, p. 293,) ' une nouvelle

“Within the gate of the citadel of Agadécouverte importante dont nous sommes rede- ri, stand the ren ains of an old building, vables aux Arabes.' But he proceeds to jest which is said to have been once a lofty ediupon the subject, in a manner which seems

fice. Chet Sinh pulled down the upper stoto imply a doubt of the effect, and shows ries, and was proceeding to demolish this him to have been ignorant of the cause.

building with the rest of the fort, until an inscription was found, which contained a solemn imprecation on the person who should

destroy the place. Superstition compelled [Buffaloes concealed in the Water in the Hot Weather.]

the Rajah of Benares not only to desist

from his intention, but to repair the fort." “OFTEN during this campaign,” says Mr. -Journey from Muzapur to Nagpur. Asiat. FORBES, “when suffering from thirst, and Ann. Register, 1806. panting under extreme heat, have I envied the village buffaloes, who in such weather seem the happiest beings in the country: they either get under water, or conceal [Belief of the Wild Inhabitants of the Mounthemselves in the thin slimy mud on the

tains between Kerkook and Moussul.]

The inhabitants of the mountains between 1 Old Fuller's remark will suggest thankfulness;—“The God of Heaven measureth his judg

Kerkook and Moussul believe in two gods, ments by the ordinary cubit; but his kindnesses

one the bestower of good, the other the inby the cubit of the Sanctuary, twice as big; yea,

flicter of evil. If any one should repeat all the world had been a hell without God's mer

from the Koran, “I take refuge with God cy.”Holy Estate, book iv. c. 21. J. W. W. from Satan the accursed," they would stone

424

STAVORINUS- LUCENA – BUCHANAN

- LINSCHOTEN.

him to death. Abdul Kurreem calls them a detestable race. They are without decent [House-burning, by Order of the Brahmins,

at the October New Moon.] clothing, and are a race of robbers.

“ On the night of the new moon, in the

month of October, the Princes are obliged Thalaba. [Cecil and the Pomegranate

to set fire to certain houses, in honour of Tree.]

a victory obtained by their gods upon earth. In the Memoirs of Mr. Cecil, there is The choice of the houses is left to the Braha practical application of this simile. At mins, who thus safely gratify their own en

mities. The assault is made suddenly, the Oxford" he suffered many reproaches from

houses are set fire to on all sides, and conhis profligate fellow students, and many se

sumed, with all their contents and all their cret conflicts in his own mind. One day, inhabitants, and this they call the holy sawhile walking in the physic gardens, he

crifice of blood and fire."— LUCENA, vol. 1, observed a fine pomegranate tree, cut al

p.

189. most through the stem near the root. On enquiring of the gardener the reason of this, he replied, “This tree used to shoot so strong, that it bore nothing but leaves : but [The Shin-Nai, or Red Dog of the Savara

Durga.] when I had cut it in this manner, it began to bear plenty of fruit. This he instantly

“It is said," says Dr. BUCHANAN, "that in applied to his own case, and derived much the great forests round Savana-durga, there consolation.” Evangelical Magazine for

is a small animal called the Shin-Nai, or January, 1812.

red dog, which fastens itself by surprise on the neck of the tyger, and kills him. On

this account the tyger is not so common in [Aged Warrior of the Celebes and his Kris.] The Shin-Nai is quite distinct from the wild

these large forests as in the smaller woods. “ In 1739, when the Dutch had quelled dog, which is said to be very common here, an insurrection in Celebes, a man upwards to grow to a large size, and to be very deof a hundred years old came with the rest structive to sheep. By this wild dog the to surrender his arms. As he gave up his natives probably mean the wolf. I have seen kris he addressed the Dutch thus: 'I have native drawings of the Shin-Nai which apbeheld the city of Goach in its proudest pear to represent an animal not yet delustre, when it ruled over the whole Island scribed.” of Celebes. I afterwards was a witness to its first humiliation when we were subdued by the Company; it was then thought that [Precautions against the excessive Heat in its fame and honour were greatly tarnished,

the Isle of Ormus.] yet it was still greatly populous and respect- “ The Ile of Ormus in summer time is so ed; but now I look around me and behold

unreasonabell and intollerable hotte, that nothing but ruins and dishonour. I sur

they are forced to lie and sleepe in wooden rendered my kris the first time at Sambo

cesterns, made for the purpose full of waepo, once more at Sourabaya, and now here ter, and all naked both men and women, for the third time to the conquering arms lying cleane under water saving only their of the Company. Leave to an old man now

heads.”—LINSCHOTEN, 16. the only consolation that remains, to die in

“ In the tops of their houses,” he says, peace.' He received a free pardon, and his

they make holes to let air come in, as at ed to him." —STAVORINUS, Cairo." The Commentator explains this vol. 2, p. 200.

was

POLYCRONICON — BARROS – PIETRO DELLA VALLE.

425

thus : “In the middle of these houses are make is lyker to berkynge of houndes than great pipes of ten cubits long at the least, to mannes voys; they ben clothed in wylde which stand northward, to convey and beestes skynnes, and armed wyth theyr owne spread the cold air into their houses, and tethe and nayles, and lyven by huntynge specially to cool the lowest rooms." and hawkynge. Other there ben that have

no mouthe, and lyven by odour and smelThey use certaine instruments like

les, and ben clothed in mosse and heery waggins with bellowes to bear the people

toftes that growe out of trees. Other wexe in, and to gather winde to coole them with

hore in yougth and wexen blacke in elde. all, which they call Cattaventos.”

In some hylles of Inde ben men that have the sooles of theyr fete over-torned, and eight fyngers in one hande.... In Inde ben

trees that ben called trees of the sonne and [ Ancient Notions of India.—“Omne igno

of the mone.

Prestes that eate of the aptum pro magnifico."]

ples of thylke trees lyven 5 C. yere. They “ In Inde is a byrde that is named Phita- were called the trees of the sonne, for evecus, Elephantis, Peper, and a tree that is ryche of them quaked and shook as soone as called Hebanus, yvory and precyous stones, the sonne beme touched his toppe, and anberyls, crysopassis, carboncles, adamantes, swerde men that stode about. The same and golden hylles to the whiche it is full doynge was of the mone. By these trees harde for to come, for dragons and gripes, the grete kynge Alysaunder was forboden and for dyverse maner men grysely and that he sholde never come in Babylon.”— wonderly shapen. Amonge all the londes Polycronycon, vol. 1, c. 11. of this worlde Inde is greetest and moost ryche, strengeste and moost full of people, in wonder and mervaylles moost wonderfull. ... In Inde ben trees that have toppes

[End of King Sarama Pereimal.] as hyghe as men shall shote with an arowe.? “This king, Sarama Pereimal, embarked, Also of a gobet bytweyne tweyne knottes taking with him many ships laden with of a reed. In Inde men make a boot that spices to offer at Mecca ; but before he arbereth three men at ones over a depe wa

rived there, his soul arrived at the Devil's, ter. In Inde ben men of fyve cubyte

for he died upon the way; and whatever longe that wexe not seke, nor gelde up the

faith he was then in, whether the gentilism breth. Also there ben Satyri and other dy

wherein he was born, or the sect which he verse men grysely and wonderly shapen.

had embraced, the end of his journey must There inne ben men of a cubyte long and

have been in the infernal fire, as the end of ben named Pygmey. These Pygmey geten

his offerings was in the bottom of the sea, chylderen and engenderne in the fourth where all his ships were lost.”—BARROS, yere, and wexe hore in the fyfthe. They ga

1. 9. 3. dre a grete hoost, and ryden upon wedres and rammes to fyght with Cranes, and destroyen theyr nestes and her egges, for that [Robber Tombs near Shiraz:] Cranes that ben theyr enemyes sholde not PIETRO DELLA VALLE saw a row of pilencreace and wexe to many. There ben lars by the road-side near Shiraz, about five besy Phylosophers that beholde on the sonne all the day longe. Also some have hedes as

foot high, like little boundary marks, he it were houndes, and the voyce that they up to the waist, and then

says. In every one a man had been buried

walled up:

the regular punishment for robbery in that " See Virg. Georg. ii. 123.–J. W. W. province.

It was

426

MACGILL

- DR. WADE - THEVENOT – WARD.

gold and silver on the grounds it has over[Locusts in Turkey destroyed by the Storks.]

flowed. With respect to the utensils of the “THE Storks also destroy the Locusts in precious metals found after the waters have great quantities. These birds annually vi- subsided, the natives are quite positive."sit Turkey, where they arrive in vast num- DR. WADE, Description of Assam, p. 130. bers about the middle of March, and always Asiatic Annual Register, 1805. in the night. Their progress

is

very systematically arranged. They send forward their scouts, who make their appearance a day or two before the grand army, and then [Steel Mirrors of Damascus.] return to give in their report; after which

" THERE are made at Damascus," says the whole body advances, and on its passage BERTRANDON LA BROCQUIERE (p. 138), leaves during the night its detachments to

“ and in the adjoining country, mirrors of garrison the different towns and villages on

steel that magnify objects like burning their way.

Early in October they take glasses. I have seen some which, when their departure in the same manner, so that exposed to the sun, have reflected the heat no one can tell from whence they come, or

so strongly,

as to set fire to a plank fifteen whither they go. They are known in the

or sixteen feet distant." night time to leave all the villages, and have been seen in the air like clouds. They leave none behind but those who from infirmity or accident are unable to fly. A

[Device at Schiras, &c. for Cooling their person who at the season of their departure

Houses.] was in the habit of coming from the interior,

“ AT Schiras, Lar, and in other hot told me that on his journey the year pre: countries, they have upon the tops of their ceding, he had seen thousands, and hundreds houses an invention for catching the fresh of thousands of them near the banks of a river, and that they annually assemble there; about the same breadth, to which at the in

air : it is a wall one or two fathom high, and and when the general sees that his whole tervals of about three foot, other walls about army is collected, he at a given moment

three foot broad, and as high as the great sets them in motion, leaving a detachment, wall, join in right angles ; there are several no doubt, to bring up the stragglers.”

of such on each side of the great wall, and T. MacGill, Travels in Turkey, vol. 1, p. 126. all support a roof that covers them : the

effect of this is, that from whatsoever cor

ner the wind blows, it is straightened be[The Natives of Assam, and the Treasure twixt three walls, and the roof over head,

buried by the Barabuinia.] and so easily descends into the house be“The natives of Assam firmly believe low, by a hole that is made for it.”—THEthat the Barabuinia, or former princes of the country, have buried their wealth deep in the earth, and in the numerous tanks of all sizes, which they made in various

[Instructions for the Archers.] Whenever the Dik- “ The archer must be instructed in the rungh receives intimation where any wealth method of untying the bow, of anointing it, of the kind is deposited, it rises imnie- &c. Two or three strings must be attached diately, rushes over its banks, attacks the to one bow, lest one should break. The high banks of the tanks, which it breaks archer must frequently exercise himself by down at last, and retiring, drops utensils of tossing up his bow in the air, and catching

VENOT.

parts of the country.

[blocks in formation]

arrow.

arrow.

it again ; and by pulling the string of the weeks previous to the setting in of the southbow first with one hand and then with the west monsoon, we had the most dreadful other. He must be skilful in wielding the storm ever remembered in Guzerat; its rabow on all sides, to keep off the arrows of vages by sea and land were terrible, the dathe enemy. He must be well versed in mage at Baroche was very great, and the loss producing the twang of the bow. The string of lives considerable. It came on so sudof the bow must be drawn till it reaches denly, that a Hindoo wedding passing in the ear,

when the bow is held at arms length. procession through the streets by torchThe archer must be expert in taking his light, with the usual pageantry of palanaim. A good archer makes the ends of his quins, led horses, and a numerous train of bow almost meet, before he lets fly his attendants, were overtaken by the tempest,

and fled for shelter into an old structure, The quiver for arrows must be made of which had for ages withstood the rage of skin, and be as deep as three-fourths of the the elements : on that fatal night, from the

The gods give to eminent saints violence of the winds and rain, both roof quivers which contain an inexhaustible store and foundation gave way, and seventy-two of arrows. The archer must hang his qui- of the company were crushed to death."ver on his back with a leather girdle. The FORBEs, vol. 3, p. 52. archer must wear two thimbles on the first and second fingers of the right hand, made of leather, or iron, or any other metal, to prevent injury from the bow-string. A

[Rice and Cotton Fields.] leathern sleeve must be worn on the left “ Many parts yield a double crop, pararm, to prevent the bow from rubbing off ticularly the rice and cotton fields, which the skin. The name of this is godha. are both planted at the commencement of

“ The archer must wear a golden or some the rainy season, in June. The former is other cap, a girdle for the loins, a pair of sown in furrows, and reaped in about three short breeches, a piece of leather round the months: the cotton shrub, which grows to loins, from which must be suspended a the height of three or four feet, and in number of small bells; a coat of mail woven verdure resembles the currant-bush, rewith wire, or made with leather."—WARD's quires a longer time to bring its delicate Hindoos, vol. 2, p. 383.

produce to perfection. They are planted between the rows of rice, but do not impede its growth, or prevent its being reaped.

Soon after the rice harvest is over, the [Great Floods of the East.]

cotton-bushes put forth a beautiful yellow “ In the rainy months the mountain floods flower, with a crimson eye in each petal ; swell the small rivers of India in a wonder- this is succeeded by a green pod, filled with ful manner. Within a few hours they often a white stringy pulp; the pod turns brown rise twenty or thirty feet above their usual and hard as it ripens, and then separates height, and run with astonishing rapidity. into two or three divisions, containing the The Nerbudda, Tappee, and large rivers, cotton. A luxuriant field exhibiting at the generally gentle and pellucid, are then furi- same time the expanding blossom, the burst, ous and destructive, sweeping away whole ing capsule, and the snowy flakes of ripe villages, with their inhabitants and cattle; cotton, is one of the most beautiful objects while tigers, and other ferocious animals in the agriculture of Hindostan." - Ibid, from the wilds, join the general wreck in its vol. 2, p. 405. passage to the ocean.

“ Two years before I left India, some

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