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sarii soleant, eaque abolere omni conatu If it were founded upon the works of man, studeant, miseris epigrammatis illis proro- then should his church never stand, neither gat lucem pervicax et inextinguibilis con- by them nor by us. We are but feeble cepti adversus ipsorum parentem odii and windshaken pillars, unable to underflamma; quæque Beza aternum abolita et

prop and bear such a weight; and thereextincta optavit, illi ex pulvere excitant, fore howsoever they build their church, we et repetitis hoc etiam tempore editionibus build not ours on ourselves, but we build crebris, malignè eadem in conspectum ho- both it and ourselves upon that unmoveable minum proferunt ac reponunt. Quid vero rock, Jesus Christ; and therefore, howsokako dela illâ suâ consequuntur ? Nihil ever the wind and the weather do shake aliud, sanè, quam quod se Dei, bonorumque us and overthrow us through our own omnium, dignos odio; Bezam autem omni weakness, yet our foundation abideth sure, illorum benevolentiâ, amore, et tolerantiâ and doth neither fall nor fit away, but dignissimus ostendunt, qui quidem juve- abideth so for ever, that we may be still nilis Musæ ad Deum celebrandum in melius raised and set up on the same again. Deconversione et seriâ commutatione, An- ceitful therefore is their dealing who to gelos? in cælo exhilarevit.”—Fayı in Vita withdraw men from our church do unjustly et Op. Bezæ, pp. 8, 10. Given in Sir Eger- say that when we fall, our foundation falleth ton Brydges' Polyanthea, p. 431.

also : but most justly may we assure men,
that their Babylonical building must needs
come to decay, being founded on the sand

of Tiber banks, which is daily washed and [How to distinguish a True Preacher and

eaten away.

How can that foundation a False.]

stand which is made of earth and clay, dust WILL you

know how to discover a true and ashes, of flesh, blood and bones; of preacher from a false ?" said one who seems popes' mitres, cardinals' hats, monks' hoods, to have been of the latter description him- | friars' cowls, nuns veils, shaven crowns, self, in Henry the Eighth's days, “ You pates, beads, tapers and crosses, anointings have a dog, which is your conscience. and greasings, blessings, kissings, images Whensoever you shall come to any sermon, of metal, wood, glass and stone, holy oil, ask your dog what he saith unto it? If he holy cream, albs, vestments, palls, copes, say

it be good, then follow it: but if your rotchets, surplices, tippets, coifs, chrisms, dog bark against it and say it is naught, mantel and the ring, sensings, pilgrimages, then beware and follow it not.”—Strype's offerings, creeping to crosses, Winifred's Mem. of Cranmer, p. 106.

needle, the blood of Hales, fasting day,
holydays, ember days, croziers, polaxes,
dirges, exorcisms, conjurings, masses, trent-

als, holy water, Purgatory, saints' relics, [Why the Babylonical Building should

St. Francis's breeches, limbo patrum, S. decay.]

John Shorns (sic) boots, the rood of Ches“ God forbid that the trial of true reli- ter, our Lady of Walsingham, rotten bones, gion should be either upon our upright shrines, and a thousand such apish toyes, conversation or theirs, lest if it lay in man's which daily (as they themselves perceive) perfection, both the Jew and the Turk do putrefy, rot, and consume to nothing." might either of them sooner boast of it

-John STUDLEY's Epis. to the Reader, than either of us. The wisdom of God prefixed to his translation of Bale's Pageant hath not so builded his church upon sand. of Popes, 1574.

1 Luc. xv. 10.

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than those enemies, nothing more like than [AU One in Christ.]

their unlikeness, nothing more happy than Bale, in the Epistle Dedicatory to his these miserable men." Pageant of Popes, says of Geneva, " I greatly marvel at the notable Providence of our God, which so stirred up the minds of the citizens and magistrates, that they

[Impropriations of the Children of were not afraid to receive so many thousand

Babylon.] strangers into the suburbs of our city: “ We see and feel to our great grief that again, did so turn the hearts of the strangers, our ministry in many, yea in most places, that although they were more in number is unprovided. — This specially ariseth of and the superiors, yet would submit them- the spoil which the children of Babylon in selves under their power, as though they times past have made by impropriating and were the inferiors, insomuch that they did annexing the living of so many particular not acknowledge themselves to be lords and churches to the maintenance of their cloiscitizens, but private men and strangers. ters, abbeys and dignities by their antiLet other men feign other miracles, but christian dispensations. Whereby they have Geneva seemeth to me to be the wonderful left the ministry so marvellously unpromiracle of the whole world : so many from vided and so beggarly, as that in some all countries come thither, as it were unto places there are to be found many parishes a sanctuary, not to gather riches, but to together, whereof all the livings that now live in poverty: not to be satisfied, but to remain to them are not sufficient for the be hungry: not to live pleasantly, but to competent maintenance of one man and his live miserably : not to save their goods, but family. Which lamentable estate of our to lose them. Is it not wonderful that church deterreth many from undertaking Spaniards, Italians, Scots, Englishmen, that holy and honourable function, who, Frenchmen, Germans, disagreeing in man- having sufficient gifts, seeing the ministry ners, speech and apparel, sheep and wolves, opprest with beggary, and subject to other bulls and bears, being coupled with the only discredit and inconvenience arising thereof, yoke of Christ, should live so lovingly and bestow themselves in some other lawful friendly; and that monks, laymen and nuns, calling, wherein they may be able to live in disagreeing both in life and sect, should wealth and credit. By which means the dwell together, like a spiritual and Christian unsufficient and unlearned ministry seized congregation, using one order, one cloister, upon the possessions of the church, to the and like ceremonies. Is it not wonderful infinite hindrance of the Gospel, to the inthat so many stout enemies hanging over crease and strengthening of Popery. Alas, them, and looking still to devour them, as alas, that the poor parish, according unto Satan and the Pope, their most bitter ene- God's ordinance, giveth a tithe of all they mies, they should not only be safe, but also have, to have a man of God amongst them, live so long time in quietness ? Thanks be who may teach them the right way to serve therefore unto God, because he hath ap- and honour the Lord, and to save their pointed the pastor of his scattered and dis- souls ;-alas, I say, that this tithe should be. persed flock, the captain of the banished, to taken away, and still retained by the greedy be the chief of the miserable people, with Nabals and hold-fast Labans of the world, whose counsel, government and wisdom, so and applied to profane uses, leaving the great a congregation of people, being not poor spoiled of their goods, and the whole only diverse, but contrary one to another, parish unfurnished of one who should be hath been nourished together under one band their guide to everlasting life.”—The Aucof love, so that now nothing is more loving tor's Tears and humble Petition unto Almighty


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God, annered to GABRIEL Powel's Consi- nion, nor took the usual oaths and engagederation of the Papists' Reasons for Toleration ment.” Soon after the coronation, an exact in England. 1604.

history or account of that ceremony was printed and distributed to many persons of rank by the King's special order, and Mis

son says he had these particulars from that [Encroachments of the Puritans.]

authentic book, which he believes never “ The Puritan, as he increaseth daily was sold. “Every one,” he adds,“ sees the above the Protestant in number, so is he of divers consequences of this matter of fact, a more presuming, imperious, and hotter and especially how some misinformed writdisposition and zeal, ever strongly burning ers have inconsiderately insinuated that this in desire to reduce all things to the form of prince, who acted sincerely according to his his own idea or imagination conceived: and religious principles, had violated his solemn therefore by discourse of reason not unlike promise." Preface to the fourth edition, p. (the enterprize being to be paralleled by xxiii. many examples) to attempt the overthrow of the Protestant, and bring the kingdom, This same writer gives us a poem upon especially the ecclesiastical state, to a parity, the expected birth of the Pretender, which, or popular form of government, if the Catho- extraordinary as it is, those persons

who are lic (perchance the powerablest let thereof) at all conversant with Catholic devotional were once extinguished; and to extinguish poetry will have no hesitation in believing him, no mean more potent than to forbid genuine. In February 1688, an English Jeand punish the exercise of his religion. suit at Loretto shewed him an angel of gold, And what confusion, havock, and effusion holding a heart bigger than an egg, which of blood such an attempt would work in the was covered with diamonds of great value. commonweal, it is easy to conjecture, whiles This costly offering, which was the last prethe Puritan with his complices, and such as sent the Idol of the temple had received, thirst (an infinite number) to have matters came from the queen of England. in scuffling, to impugne on the one side, reverend father informed me also,” says and the bishops, deans, canons, and the Misson, addressing his correspondent, “ of greatest possessors of spiritual livings, with a great piece of news, of which you ought, all those that do adhere to them, defend on

in my opinion, to have given us some advice. the other side, and either party stiflly and He assured us that that Princess was big violently persecuting other, as is the cus- with child, and added that undoubtedly it tom in such commotions, without regard of was by a miracle: since they had calculated God or country.”Supplication to the King's that the very moment in which the present most excellent Majesty. 1604.

entered, was the happy minute in which she conceived. He made the following verses upon this subject, and would needs give me

a copy of 'em. He introduces the angel James II.

speaking to our Lady, and our Lady anIt is said by MAXIMILIAN Misson, the swering :" traveller, that “James II. was not installed in the Royalty on his coronation day, after the manner of his Protestant predecessors. Salve, Virgo potens! En supplex Angelus The delicacy of his conscience, and the de- adsum, signs he had then in view, obliged him to Reginæ Anglorum munera, vota, fero. change the form of the ceremonies ; so that Perpetuos edit gemitus mestissima princeps; his Majesty neither received the commu- Sis pia, et afflictæ quam petit affer opem.

“ This






P. 29.


Casta Maria petit sobolem ; petit Anglia ; | the shrine of the saint, under the mask of summi

devotion ; not with the design of giving, but Pontificis titubans Relligioque petit. of taking something away, namely, silver Inculti miserere uteri ; sitientia tandem and gold offerings, which by a curious kind Viscera, fæcundo fonte rigare velis. of theft, she licked up by kissing, and car

ried away in her mouth. But in one of

these attempts her tongue and lips adhered Nuncie cælestis, Reginæ vota secundo:

to the altar, when by Divine interposition Accipiat socii pignora chara tori.

she was detected, and openly disgorged the Immo, Jacobus, dum tales fundo loquelas

secret theft. Many persons, both Jews and Dat, petit, amplexus: concipit illa-Vale.

Christians, expressing their astonishment,

flocked to the place where, for the greater Sed natum, 0 Regina, Marem Regina per part of the day she remained motionless, optat,

that no possible doubt might be entertained Nam spem jam regni filia' bina fovet. of the miracle."—HOARE's Giraldus, vol. 1, Dona, Virgo, Marem.

Jam condunt ilia natum

[St. Patrick's Horn.] Fulcrum erit imperii, relligionis honos. “ The horn of Saint Patrick, not golden

indeed, but brazen, which lately was brought Reginam exaudit Regina Maria Mariam. into these parts from Ireland, excites our Alleluïa! O felix, ter, quater, Alleluïa. admiration. The miraculous power of this

relic first appeared with a terrible example

in that country, through the foolish and ab[Saint Osana and the Rector's Concubine.]

surd blowing of Bernard, a priest. The

most remarkable circumstance attending " In the North of England beyond the this horn is, that whoever places the wider Humber, and in the church of Hovedene, end of it to his ear, will hear a sweet sound the concubine of the rector incautiously sat

and melody united, such as ariseth from a down on the tomb of saint Osana, sister of harp gently touched.”—HOARE's Giraldus, king Osred, which projected like a wooden vol. 1, p. 31. seat; on wishing to retire, she could not be removed until the people came to her assistance: her clothes were rent, her body [Wounds cured with Oil, and the Wounded laid bare, and severely afflicted with many

blessed and psalmed.] strokes of discipline, even till the blood

“When night parted us we cured our flowed; nor did she regain her liberty, un

wounds with oil, and by a soldier called Juan til by many tears and sincere repentance, Catalan, who blessed us and psalmed us, and she had showed evident signs of compunc- I say truly we found our Saviour Jesus tion."-HOARE's Giraldus, vol. 1, p. 29.

Christ was pleased to give us strength, besides the many mercies which he daily vouchsafed us, for they presently healed,

and thus wounded and bandaged, we had [The Thief at St. Edmundsbury's Shrine.]

to fight from morning till night; for if the “ A MIRACLE happened at St. Edmunds- wounded had remained in the camp, and bury to a poor woman, who often visited not gone forth to battle, there would not

have been twenty sound men from every · The Princesses of Orange and Denmark. company. So when our Ilascellan friends saw



p. 142.

P. 31.

that this man blessed us, all their wounded came to him, and he had enough to do to cure them all day long. "— BERNAL Diaz,

Bishop Croft, the humble Moderator. “I BESEECH you tell me, did not Christ and the apostles preach the best way? and

are not we to follow their example? Who Reformation, soc.

dare say otherwise ? yet many do other“ In the morning early notice was given

wise; they take here or there a sentence unto us that one Friar Pablo de Londres,

of Scripture, the shorter and more abstruse an old crab-faced English frier, living in St.

the better, to show their skill and invenLucar, had got the Duke of Medina his let

tion. This they divide and subdivide into ter, and sent it to the Governor of Cales,

generals and particulars, the quid, the quale, charging him to seek for me and to stay me,

the quantum, and such like quack-salving signifying the King of Spain's will and plea

forms; then they study how to hook in this sure that no English should pass to the In

or that quaint sentence of philosopher or dies, having a country of their own to con

Father, this or that nice speculation, envert.'”—Gage's Survey of the West Indies,

deavouring to couch all this in most elegant language ;-in short, their main end

is to show their wit, their reading, and “Sad the times in the beginning of Queen whatever they think is excellent in them : Elizabeth, when by her Majesty's injunc- No doubt rarely agreeing with that of St. tions, the clergy were commanded to read Paul, 'I determined not to know anything the chapters over once or twice by them- among you save Jesus Christ and him cruselves, that so they might be the better en- cified; and my speech and preaching was abled to read them distinctly in the congre- not with enticing words of man's wisdom, gation.”—FULLER's Trifle Reconciler, p. 82. but in demonstration of the Spirit and

power:' 1 Cor. Ü. And I verily believe I HAVE seen a history of the Loretto La- this is the reason why preaching hath so dy, printed on a single sheet in Welsh, which little effect in these days, because they lawas purchased at Loretto by one of Wynn's bour to speak the wisdom of this world, ancestors about a century ago; he brought which is foolishness with God; nor do they home a copy in English also. It was ready preach in demonstration of the Spirit, but for pilgrims of every nation.-R. S. in demonstration of their learning. I know

full well this unapostolic way of preaching “ I LET passe,” says BARLOWE, “my lord was used by some of the ancient fathers, cardinal's acte in pullynge down and sup- especially the Greeks, who, always fond of pressing of religious places, our Lord asoile niceties and curiosities, and being now behis soule. I wyll wrestle with no soules : he come Christians (as I said before) transknoweth by this tyme whyther he dyd well planted their beloved rhetorical flowers of or evyll. But thys dare I be bolde to saye, human learning into Christian gardens, that the countries where they stode fynde which proved rather weeds to overrun the suche lacke of them, that they would he had seed of sound and plain apostolic doctrine, let them stand. And thinke you then that human nature being a soil apter to give there wold be no lack founden if the rema- nourishment and vigour to human principles naunt were so served to? I wene men wold than divine. But when did ever any learnso sore mysse theym, that many which speke ed, witty, rhetorical harangue, or cunning agaynst them wolde sone laboure his owne syllo cal discourse, convert the tythe of handes to set them up agayne." - Dialoge, St. Peter's or St. Paul's foolish preaching, &c.

as he terms it, “but the wisdom of God to

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