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QUINTIN CRAUFURD - FRANCIS BERNIER.
| first he must put off his shoes, leaving them [The Tomb of Mahomet the Third.]
at the church or chapel gate, or carrying “ The dead body of Mahomet the Third them in his hand. Near unto this chapel, lieth buried at Constantinople, in a fair and the great temple of Sophia, are divers chapel of white marble, (near unto the most other chapels of the other great Turks; as of famous and beautiful church of S. Sophia,) | Sultan Selim, this man's grandfather, with for that only purpose by himself most sump- his seven and thirty children about him; of tuously built, about fifty foot square, with Sultan Amurath, this man's father, with his four high small round towers, about the five and forty children entombed about him. which are certain small round galleries of And in other places, not far from them, are stone; from which the Turkish priests and the chapels and sepulchres of the rest of church-men, at certain hours, use to call the great Sultans; as of the Sultan Maho. the people every day to church ; for they met the Great, Sultan Bajazet, Sultan Seuse no bells themselves, neither will they lim the First, Sultan Solyman; all by these suffer the Christians to use any. But the | great Mahometan Emperours built, whose top of this chapel is built round, like unto names they bear. And being all of almost the ancient temples of the heathen gods in one form and fashion, have every one of Rome. In the midst of this chapel, (being, them a fair hospital adjoining unto them, indeed, nothing else but this great Sultan's wherein a great multitude of poor people sepulchre,) standeth his tomb, which is no- are daily still relieved.”—QUÆRE ? thing else but a great urn, or coffin, of fair white marble, wherein lieth his body, covered with a great covering of the same
[Custom of Shaving the Head among the stone over it, made rising in the midst, and
Hindoos.] stooping on each side; not much unlike to the coffins of the ancient tombs of the Sax- |
“Almost all the Hindoos shave the head, on kings, which are to be seen on the north
except a lock on the back part of it, which side of the quire of S. Paul's Church, and is covered by their turbans; and they likein other places of this land ; but that this wise shave their beards, leaving only small coffin of the great Sultan is much greater,
whiskers, which they preserve with neatand more stately than are those of the Sax
ness and care." — QUINTIN CRAUFURD, ut on kings, it being above five foot high at
suprá. the end thereof, and by little and little falling toward the feet, covered with a rich hearse of cloth of gold down to the ground; 1 [Aureng-Zebe's Horsemen, and the Eastern his turbant standing at his head, and two
Amazon.] exceeding great candles of white wax, about “WHEN Aureng-Zebe made war in the three or four yards long, standing in great country of the Usbec Tartars, a party of brass or silver candlesticks gilded, the one twenty-five or thirty Indian horsemen came at his head, the other at his feet, which ne- to fall upon a small village. Whilst they ver burn, but these stand for shew only: plundered and tied all those whom they met all the floor of the chapel being covered with to make them slaves, an old woman said with mats, and fair Turkey carpets upon to them, 'Children, be not so mischievous ! them. And round about this his tomb, even | my daughter is not far off, she will be here in the same chapel, are the like tombs for | very shortly, retreat, if you be wise, you his wife and children, but nothing so great are undone if she light upon you.' They and fair. Into this chapel, or any other the laughed at the old woman and her advice, Turks' churches or chapels, it is not lawful and continued to load, to tie, and to carry for either Turk or Christian to enter, but away herself; but they were not gone half
VOLNEY — TAVERNIER.
a mile, but this old woman, looking often backward, made a great outcry of joy, per
[Raisins of Persia.] ceiving her daughter coming after her on “ THERE are twelve or fourteen sorts of horseback, and presently this generous she- raisins in Persia. The most esteemed are Tartar, mounted on a furious horse, her the violet, the red, and the black : they are bow and arrows hanging at her side, called | so large, that one
so large, that one of them is a good mouthto them at a distance that she was yet wil- | ful. They preserve grapes all the winter ling to give them their lives if they would in Persia, putting them up in paper bags on carry to the village all they had taken, and the vines, in order to preserve them from then withdraw without any noise. The ad- the birds. In Courdestan, and about Sulvice of this young woman affected them as | tania, where they have abundance of violittle as that of her old mother; but they lets, they mingle their leaves with the dry were soon astonished, when they found her | raisins, which at once give them a fine taste, let fly at them in a moment three or four and render them more wholesome.”—Unigreat arrows, which struck as many of their versal History. men to the ground, which forced them to
“The best grapes, in the neighbourhood of fall to their quivers also. But she kept
Spawhawn, are found on the vines belongherself at that distance from them, that
ing to the Gaurs, or ancient Persians ; for none of them could reach her. She laughed
they, being permitted by their religion to at all their efforts, and at all their arrows,
drink wine, take the more pains in cultiknowing how to attack them at the length
vating these trees, which, for the same reaof her bow, and to take her measure from
son, are neglected by the Mohammedan the strength of her arm, which was of ano
Persians.”—Ibid. ther temper than theirs; so that after she had killed half of them with her arrows, and put them into disorder, she came and fell upon the rest with the sabre in her [Les toiles peintes de Seronge, qu'on apelle hand, and cut them all in pieces.”—FRAN
Obites.] cis BERNIER.
“ SERONGE est une grande ville dont la pluspart des habitans sont marchands Ba
nianes et artisans qui y sont de père en fils, [Inland Tribes' Astonishment at the Build-ce qui est cause qu'il y a quelques maisons ings of Acre, and at the Desert of Water.]
de pierre et de brique. Il s'y fait un grand
negoce de toutes sortes de toiles peintes “ Some horsemen of one of those tribes
| qu'on apelle Obites, dont tout le menu peuwhich dwell in the depths of the deserts, ple de Perse et de Turawie est habillé et and never approach the towns, once came
| dont l'on se sert en plusieurs autres païs as far as Acre. They were astonished at
| pour des couvertures de lit et des napes à every thing they saw; they could neither
| manger. On fait de ces mêmes toiles en conceive how the houses and minarets could | d'autres lieux qu'à Seronge; mais les coustand erect, nor how men ventured to dwell | leurs n'en sont pas vives, et elles s'en vont beneath them, and always on the same spot ; | en les lavant plusieurs fois. C'est le contraire but above all, they were in an ecstacy at de celles de Seronge; et plus on les lave beholding the sea, nor could they compre | plus elles deviennent belles. Il y passe une hend what that desert of water could be."— rivière dont l'eau à la vertu de donner cette Volney.
vivacité a ces couleurs, et pendant la saison These people had never heard of Maho- des pluves qui durent quatre
des pluyes qui durent quatre mois, les oumet.
vriers impriment leurs toiles, selon que les | marchands étrangers leur en donnent la
ANGUETIL DU PERRON - PALLAS.
montre ; parceque dés que les pluyes ont | etoit environ de six mille hommes. Je fus cessé, plus l'eau de la rivière est troublé, et arrêté par l'avant-garde composé de quatre le plûtost que l'on peut laver les toiles, les cents hommes. Elle etoit sur deux lignes, couleurs tiennent davantage, et en sont plus dans une grande plaine: à la tête, marchoivives.”—TAVERNIER.
ent trois hommes de haute taille, fort bien faits, qui de la main droite, tenoient de une longue pique, et de la gauche, une rondache; le reste êtoit armé de sabres, d'arcs
de fusils à meche." — ANGUETIL DU PER[The Fakirs of Jagrenat.]
RON. “ Ces Fakirs sont des Pelerins qui se rendent à Jagrenat de toutes les parties de l'Asie. " Ils y vont un a un de la Presqu'Isle
Arslan-Ula—the Lion's Mountain. de l'Inde, du Bengale, de la Tartarie : j'y “The eastern declivity of this rocky dorai vu jusqu'à des Chretiens Noirs. A plu- set has a very singular appearance. As the sieurs cosses de Jagrenat, les Tchokis exi- sand-stone has probably in several places gent d'eux des droits assez considérables / been soft, it is apparently corroded with qui font partie du revenu du Rajah, qui various small globular cavities resembling releve de Katek. Ils sont encore obligés grotto-work. It is obvious that this unde payer deux roupies par tete aux Tchokis common formation of sand-stone could be qui sont à l'entree de la ville, et de pre- produced by no other cause than the power senter au moins une demi-roupie au pre- of the dashing waves, at a time when the mier Brahme de la Pagode, pour être ad-whole steppe formed part of the Caspian mis en la présence de Jagrenat. Comme Sea; for these excavations cannot be disalors ils ne sont pas les plus forts, ils covered on the higher parts of the sanddonnent ce qu'on leur demande et se dé- bank. On the plain extending towards the dommagent, au retour, de cette manière. | saline lake, there are scattered several fragAprès avoir fait leurs dévotions, ils s'assem- ments of cliffs which appear to have been blent tous à quelques cosses de Jagrenat, entirely covered by water. Among these et choisissent un chef auquel ils donnent we met with globular pieces of various l'équipage d'un général, des gardes, un ele- sizes, which, on breaking them, were partly phant, des chameaux, &c. Les Pelerins qui hollow, and contained sand not unlike reont des armes, forment ensuite une armée | gular geodites. During the prevalence of partagée en differents corps, qui marchent | easterly winds, that blow with violence asses en ordre, mettent à contribution les against this grotto work, the highest part villes des environs, pillent et brûlent les of which is toward the south, it appears Aldeis. Quelquefois même le Rajah est to a person standing on its summit, as if obligé de se racheter du pillage. Ces he heard the distant murmuring of many violences durent jusques assez avant dans | hundred voices joined in prayer. The phele Bengale, où, à cause des fortes garni- nomenon was particularly striking on the sons et des troupes qu'ils sont exposées à day when I visited this region, during a rencontre, ils se dispersent, et portent en-violent storm from the north-east. suite chacun dans leur pays les indulgences " The credulous Kalmuks are told by de Jagrenat. De cette manière, le Rajah, | their priests, that the tutelary spirit of the les Brahmes et les Pelerins s'enrichissent, | mountain, or, the white old man, whom pour ainsi dire, par une convention tacite; they call Tzaghan Ebughen, resides in a et c'est comme ailleurs le peuple qui paie. | large cavern beneath this mountain ; and
“ L'armée des Fakirs que je rencontrai, that this is the chosen abode of saints, who
NIEBUHR - BELL-STAVORINUS.
are engaged in continual devotion and spi- | Supreme Being will create a set of new ritual songs.”—PALLAS.
gods, and these new gods will form all sorts of mineral, vegetative, and animated be
ings, much the same as they were before." [The Arab's Accoutrements.] - Letters from the Heathens to the Danish “ L'ARABE porte toujours dans sa cein
Missionaries. ture sur le devant du corps son grand couteau large et pointu, nommé Jambea. Il est plus armé encore, lorsqu'il va faire des
The Zodiacal Light. courses dans le desert. Alors il porte son
“ The time when I saw this appearance sabre suspendu à une bande de cuir, qu'il at the strongest was on the 21st January, at passe par dessus l'epaule droite. Quand half-past seven in the evening, in N. latiils sont a cheval, ou montés sur leurs cha- | tude 8° 30' abreast of Coylang, on the coast meaux, ils sont toujours armés de lances, et of Malabar, three leagues off. It then apceux qui marchent a pied, en ont quelque-peared as light and clear as the breaking of fois aussi, avec cette difference, qu'elles the day about a quarter of an hour before sont plus courtes."—NIEBUHR.
sunrise. Its base stood upon a dark cloud, such as the seamen call a fog-bank, which rose about three degrees above the horizon.
The breadth of the light was, at the bot[Petrifying Springs near Tauris.]
tom, nearly ten degrees, and it was visible “ About four or five leagues from Tau
to the height of forty degrees, where it terris, in a plain called Roomy, there are se- minated in a pyramidal form. It was still veral springs of water that petrify wood,
visible at nine o'clock, but not half so bright and I have been informed, even reptiles, as before. It darkened the lustre of most such as lizards. One thing is certain, that of the stars
of the stars that were within its range. I after a stagnation of this water for a cer never saw the Zodiacal light without a tain time, there is a substance like marble
cloud or fog-bank upon which its basis found at the bottom, which the Persians
rested." cut into any breadth or length at pleasure. " This was in the west, in October he I have seen of it two or three inches thick. | had seen it in the east."-STAVORINUS. It is easily polished, and is diaphonous, but not transparent. After sawing it into slabs, they fix them for windows in their bagnios and private apartments.”—BELL.
[Rice Planting.] “ The best rice, when planted, is set
nearly under water, so that the tops just [Hindoo Notions of the End of the World.] appear above the surface. The plants would
otherwise die, for being too weak to stand “ BEFORE the end of the world, we con
against the wind by itself, the plant stands stantly believe, that the north, south, east,
in need of the surrounding water to supand west seas, shall be all blended together, and make but one great sea; and that
port it.” then all living creatures, the inferior gods “The other sort, which is planted in the themselves not excepted, shall cease to be rainy season, on high ground, and upon the distinct separate beings, by being swallow- | mountains, receives the moisture it requires ed up into the nature of the One only God, solely from the rains, but it is not so good the primary cause of all things. And there as the former sort.”—Ibid. will be immediately a new creation, the
WILCOCKE – TAVERNIER-DU HALDE.
sorte de canne nommée bambouc que l'on [Borassus Flabelliformis of Ceylon, &c. plie de bonne-heure pour luy faire prendre used instead of Paper.]
| au milieu la forme d'un arc, soûtient la cou“Ar Ceylon, and on the adjacent conti- verte du pallanquin qui est de satin ou de nent, the leaves of the borassus palm tree, | brocart, et quand le soleil donne d'un costé, (borassus flabelliformis,) and sometimes of un valet qui marche près du pallanquin à the talpat tree, (licuala spinosa,) are used soin d'abaisser la couverture. Il y en a un instead of paper. The leaves of both these autre qui porte au bout d'un bâton comme palm trees lie in folds like a fan, and the un rondache d'ozier couvert de quelque slips stand in need of no farther prepara- | belle étofe, pour parer promptement celuy tion than merely to be separated and cut qui est dans le pallanquin contre l'ardeur du smooth with a knife. Their mode of writ- soleil, quand il se tourne et qu'il luy donne ing upon them consists in engraving the sur le visage. Les deux bouts du bamletters with a fine pointed steel ; and in or- | bouc sont attachez de costé et d'autre au der that the characters may be the better corps du pallanquin entre deux bâtons seen and read, they rub them over with joints ensemble en sautoir ou en croix de charcoal, or some other black substance. S. Andre, et chacun de ces deux bâtons est The iron point made use of for a pen, is ei- long de cinq ou six pieds. Il y a tel de ces ther set in a brass handle, and carried about bamboucs qui coûte jusques à deux cens in a wooden case, of about six inches in écus, et j'en ay paye d'un cent-vingt-cinq. length, or else it is formed entirely of iron, Trois hommes pour le plus se mettent à and, together with the blade of a knife, de- chacun de ces deux bouts pour porter le signed for the purpose of cutting the leaves pallanquin sur l'épaule, l'un sur la droite, and making them smooth, set in a knife- l'autre sur la gauche, et ils marchent de la handle common to them both, and into sorte plus vîte que nos porteurs de chaise which it shuts up. When a single slip is de Paris, et d'un train plus doux, s'estant not sufficient, several are bound together, instruits à ce mestier-là des leur bas âge.” by means of a hole made at one end, and a — TAVERNIER. thread on which they are strung. If a book be to be made, they look out principally for broad and handsome slips of talpat leaves,
[Strange Hair-Dressing.] upon which they engrave the characters very elegantly and accurately, with the ad “ The head-dress of the women of Mydition of various figures, by way of orna au-tse of Hu-quang has something in it ment. All the slips have then two holes very odd and whimsical. They put on their made in them, and are strung upon a silken heads a piece of light board above a foot cord, and covered with two thin lacquered long, and five or six inches broad, which boards. By means of the cords, the leaves they cover with their hair, fastening it with are held even together, and by being drawn wax, so that they seem to have hats of hair; out when they are wanted to be used, they they can neither lean nor lie down, but by may be separated from each other at plea- resting on their necks, and they are obliged sure."— WicOCKE, Note to STAVORINUS. to turn their heads continually to the right
and the left, on the roads, which in this country are full of woods and thickets.
The difficulty is still greater when they [Palanquin Bearers.]
would comb their hair, for they must be “ C'est une manière de couchete de six whole hours at the fire to melt the wax ; ou sept pieds de long et de trois de large after having cleaned their hair, which trouavec un petit balustre tout autour. Une / ble they are at three or four times a year,