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VANDERKEMP — KAEMPFER — BERNIER — LINSCHOTEN.
they fall to dressing it up again as it was rocks, into the vast lake before-mentioned : before. The Myau-tse think this dress very and this, they think, is in some measure charming, especially for young women."— 1 proved from the acrimonious taste of these Du HALDE.
waters, which is, however, lost, after it joins
the Zenderoud." - Universal History. “ A mucu”more” sensible use is made of the hair by the Matolas, a tribe in South Africa. They let it grow very long, and form it into a kind of hollow cylinder, or [A very odd Consort to a European who is pouch, which serves them as a pocket.”—
a new Comer.] VANDERKEMP.
" THERE is a large raised place called Nagarkany, because that is the place where
the trumpets are, or rather the hautbors [The Rushing of Awa.]
and timbals, that play together in consort “ On the coast of Japan is a whirlpool,
| at certain hours of the day and night ; but called The Rushing of Awa, Awano Nar
this is a very odd consort in the ears of an rotto. It rushes about a small rocky island,
European that is a new comer, not yet acwhich is by the violence of the motion kept
customed to it, for sometimes there are ten in perpetual trembling.”—KAEMPFER.
or twelve of those hautboys, and as many
timbals, that sound altogether at once; and wwwmumu
there is a hautboy which is called karna, a
fathom and a half long, and of half a foot [The River Mahmoudker.]
aperture below; as there are timbals of “The river Mahmoudker, i.e. Mahmoud | brass or iron, that have no less than a fathe Deaf, is a surprising natural rarity. At thom in diameter; whence it is easy to some distance from Spauhawn, there is a judge what a noise they must needs make. range of rocks, plain and equal for a consi- | Indeed this music, in the beginning, did so derable space, except that here and there | pierce and stun me, that it was unsufferathey have openings, like the embrasures in ble for me; yet I know not what strange bastions, through which the winds pass with power custom hath, for I now find it very surprising velocity: through these rocks | pleasing, especially in the night, when I falls the river we mentioned into a noble | hear it afar off in my bed upon my terrace; bason, partly wrought by the water itself, then it seemeth to me to carry with it someand partly formed by art. As one ascends thing that is grave, majestical, and very the mountain, certain natural chinks shew melodious.”-FRANCIS BERNIER. the water at the bottom of it, like a sleeping lake, covered with rocks and mountains : it is thought to be of unfathomable depth; and, when stones are thrown into
[Use of Ambergris, &c.] it, they cause a most amazing noise, which “They use ambergris in many fair works almost deafens the hearers; whence this with musk, civet, benjoin, and other sweet river is supposed to derive its name. After things mixed together, whereof they make its descent from the bason before mention- fine apples and pears wrought about with ed, it rolls along the plain, till at last it falls / silver and gold, which they bear in their into the river Zenderoud. Some are of opi- hands to smell upon; and in haftes of nion that this river does not derive its wa- knives, handles of poinyards, and such like, ter from springs, but from the snow on the which they make of silver and amber withtops of the mountains, which melting gra- | in them, which in divers places shineth dually, distils through the chinks of the through.”—LINSCHOTEN.
HANMER— BRUCE — SHAW.
[Buddas-Boodha:- Vestiges of Christian- | confound the persons. Another of the
ity in the East accounted for.] twelve was named Budda. The vestiges Exuðlavós tis Sapakivòs, k.7.1.
of Christianity in the east are thus satisfac
| torily accounted for. “ A CERTAIN Saracen of Scythia had to his wife a captive born in the Upper Thebais, for whose sake he settled himself to dwell in Egypt; and being well seen in the [Evening Walk on the House-top in the discipline of the Egyptians, he endeavoured
East.] to sow among the doctrine of Christ, the “ AFTER supper, the excessive heat of opinions of Empedocles and Pythagoras, l the day being past, covering our heads from that there were two natures, (as Empedo- the night air always blowing at that time cles dreamed,) one good, another bad; the from the east, and charged with watery parbad, enmity ; the good, unity. This Scy- ticles from the Indian ocean, we had a luxthian had to his disciple one Buddas, who urious walk of two or three hours, as free afore that time, was called Terebynthus, from the heat as from the noise and imperwhich went to the coasts of Babylon inha- | tinence of the day, upon a terraced roof, bited of Persians, and there published of under a cloudless sky, where the smallest himself many false wonders, that he was star is visible. These evening walks have born of a virgin, that he was bred and been looked upon as one of the principal brought up in the mountains; after this he pleasures of the east, even though not acwrote four books, one of Mysteries, the se
companied with the luxuries of astronomy cond he entitled the Gospel, the third The- | and meditation. They have been adhered saurus, the fourth a Summary. He fained, to from early times to the present, and we on a time, that he would work certain feats, may therefore be assured they were always and offer sacrifice ; but he being on high, wholesome; they have often been misapthe divell threw him down, so that he brake plied, and misspent in love."-BRUCE. his neck and died miserably." — Socrates Scholasticus, l. 1, c. 17, aliàs c. 22. Han
wwwwww MER's Translation.
[Offence to the Jenoune.] The hostess of this Buddas, he adds, bought Manes as a slave, trained him up “ THEY place great faith and confidence well, and left him all Buddas' property, in- in magicians and sorcerers, as the nations cluding these books which he published as did who in old time were their neighbours : his own.
and upon some extraordinary occasions, All that is worth notice here is the name particularly in a lingering distemper, they Buddas, Bovočas, the tale of his imma use several superstitious ceremonies in the culate conception, and the Scythian origin sacrificing of a cock, a sheep, or a goat, by ascribed to his doctrines. Could Socrates burying the whole carcase underground, or have heard some blind story of Boodha, or by drinking a part of the blood, or else by is this the real author of that idolatry ? | burning or dispersing the feathers. For it
In confirmation of this, I find that Adam, is a prevailing opinion all over this counone of the twelve Masters whom Manes ap- | try, that a great many diseases proceed pointed as Apostles, travelled eastward, and from some offence or other that hath been was reverenced in the east after his death ; given to the Jenoune, a sort of creatures being, according to BERNINO, vol. 1, p. 194, placed by the Mahometans betwixt angels the Adam whose footstep is shewn in Cey- and devils. These, like the fairies of our lon. This is very probable. The Moham- | forefathers, are supposed to frequent shades medans hearing the name, would naturally | and fountains, and to assume the bodies of
FORBES — BELL – WARD- EVLIA EFFENDI.
toads, worms, and other little animals, way of collecting this dust is, by spreading which, being always in our way, are liable a cloth before the door of a house where a every moment to be hurt and molested. | great multitude of Brahmins are assembled When any person, therefore, is sick or at a feast, and as each Brahmin comes out, maimed, he fancies that he hath injured one he shakes the dust from his feet as he treads or other of these beings, and immediately upon this cloth. Many miraculous cures the women, who, like the ancient Venificæ, are declared to have been performed on are dexterous in these ceremonies, go, upon persons eating this dust." — WARD, vol 4, a Wednesday, with frankincense and other | p. 10. perfumes, to some neighbouring spring, and there sacrifice, as I have already hinted, a hen or a cock, an ewe or a ram, &c. accord [The Station of Peer Mirza.] ing to the sex and quality of the patient, Evlia visited a station on the confines and the nature of the distemper." — SHAW.
of Persia, called Peer Mirza, where " the body of the Saint was seated in one of the
corners of the convent in a curved position, [Funeral Superstition.]
the face turned toward the Kibla, the head “ UNDER the groves of Chandode are
| incumbent on a rock. “ His body," says
| the Turkish traveller, “ is light and white many funeral monuments, in honour of pil. |
like cotton, without corruption. The dergrims who have died in their pilgrimage,
| vishes, who are busy all day long with and whose ashes were brought to this sanctified spot, and cast into the river; because
cleaning and sweeping the convent, put
every night a bason of clear water at the it forms an essential part of the Hindoo
Saint's feet, and find it empty in the mornsystem that each element shall have a por
ing. His dress is always clean and white, tion of the human body at its dissolution.”
without the least dust upon it. The brain -FORBES, vol. 3, p. 11.
of all who visit this place is perfumed by the scent of ambergris; and he who recites
at his tomb the seven verses of a Fautika [The Grapes of Shamachy.] may be sure to attain, during seven days " The country about Shamachy pro- | the object of his wishes." duces very fine grapes, from which the Christians make very good wine. They keep it in great jars resembling the Florence oil ones, which they deposit under ground in
[Yossoof, the Beggar Saint.] their gardens, covering them above with a / The head of all saint simpletons lies buthin stone, neatly pasted about the edges, | ried at Wan. Yossoof was his name. He for the better preservation of the liquor. never in his life said anything but his begWhen they give an entertainment, they ging words, Yossoof kemik ister, that is to spread carpets round the jar, which is ge- / say, “Yossoof asks a bone,' and he is said nerally placed in a shade, and on these the to have operated many miracles. — EvLIA guests are seated."— BELL.
EFFENDI, vol. 4.
[Dust of the Brahmin's Feet.]
[The Wells of Mocha.] “A FEW persons are to be found, who “The wells about Mocha are said to have endeavour to collect the dust from the feet been brackish before two Sheiks were buof one hundred thousand Brahmins. One ried there, and since their holy bodies were
ABDUL KURREEM — EVLIA EFFENDI — WARD – FORBES. 521
committed to the ground, the waters have cle. The father coming back, and hearing been perfectly sweet. ” — ABDUL KUR- of his wife's death, desired to be shewn the
grave, where he found the child sucking
the mother's breast, which was undecayed. [Indian Mysticism.]
He praised God, and took the child home, “ If he has any incurable disease, let him
who became a great and learned man." advance in a straight path towards the invincible north-eastern point, feeding on water and air till his mortal frame totally To drink the water in which a Brahmin's toe decay, and his soul become united with the has been dipped, is considered as a very Supreme."—Inst. of Menu.
I was informed, that vast numbers of Shoo[Nasrollah Semmand — the Fisher of the drus drank the water in which a Brahmin Desert.]
has dipt his foot, and abstain from food in “NASROLLAH SEMMAND was so famous a
the morning till this ceremony be over. fisher, that if he threw his net upon the
Some persons do this every day, and others sand of the desert, he was sure of catching
| vow to attend to it for such a length of fish. When I, poor Evlia, on my pilgrim- / time, in or
time, in order to obtain the removal of some age, came from Damascus to the place call
disease. Persons may be seen carrying a ed Peer Zemrood, the Emerald Well, the
| small quantity of water in a cup, and inpilgrims brought their aprons full of small treating the first Brahmin they see to put and large fishes, which they had found
his toe in it. This person then drinks the among the sand, which they did boil and
| water, and bows or prostrates to the Braheat: they were remains of those fishes which min, who gives him a blessing. Some perthe Prophet bade Nasrollah Semmand take
sons keep water thus sanctified in their here by casting his net.”—Evlia.
houses." — WARD, vol. 4, p. 9.
[The Tomb of Meitzade.]
[Tuburrook, or Holy Gift.] One of the sacred places near Constan- “ Among the articles of a war dress sent tinople was the tomb of Meitzade, a saint after the capture of Seringapatam, to the whose history is thus related by Evlia Er- | Duke of York, was one of the Sultan's turFENDI. “ His father going to the siege of bans, (perhaps more of a helmet,) which Erla, recommended the child then in his had been dipt in the sacred fountain of mother's womb to the care of the Almighty. | Zemzim at Mecca, and on that account was Soon after his departure, the woman died supposed to be invulnerable. This was calland was buried. She was delivered in the ed a tuburrook, or holy gift.” — FORBES, tomb, and nourished her child by a mira- | vol. 4, p. 194.
[Atrocious Custom of the Mexicans.] soned off, another similar supply was sent."
-Ibid. 4. 9. 8. O N E of the cursed customs of the
Mexicans was to distort the
% limbs of children, and break let their backs, in order to make
[Anno 1638. Negress's Twins ; one white, court-monsters of them.” — HERRERA, 2.
the other a Negro.] 7. 10.
“A NEGRESS had twins this year by a
Portugueze, both were boys, the one white, [Cruelty of Atahualpa.]
the other a negro.”—Piso, p. 34. ATAHUALPA was quite as cruel as his conquerors. The Cañaris, a brave and highly civilized people, sent their youths and chil [Reason why the Ingas married their dren to request pardon for having opposed
Sisters.] him, and he slew thousands and tens of " THE reason why the Ingas married thousands of them, and had their hearts their sisters, was that blood-royal might taken out, and set in rows in the fields, not fail, though the woman should commit saying, he would see what fruit would come adultery."—HERRERA, 5.4.1. of such lying hearts. “To this day," says HERRERA, “their bones and skulls strike horror into any one who sees the multitude of them, which still remain uncon
[Quilted Cotton Jackets.] sumed in that dry and sandy soil." — Ibid.
6 1511. A HUNDRED jackets (jaquetas,) 5. 3. 17.
quilted with cotton, and brought from Eng. land, were sent to the Spaniards at Hispa
niola, as the best defence against the arrows [Montezuma's Way of keeping up the Popu
of the Indians.”—Ibid. 1. 9. 5. lation in poisonous Districts.] “ MONTEZUMA used to keep up the population on the pestilential north coast of
ne [Suggestion as to some of the Population of his empire, by sending from time to time [Suggestion as to some of the P. eight thousand families to settle there, mak
America.] ing them free from tribute, and giving them! In 1731, a bark, with six mon
ix men, which was lands and houses. When they were poi- | laden with wine, and bound fra
en with wine, and bound from