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GAGE — GUMILLA

NIEUHOFF - DOBRIZHOFFER.

533

that effect, but of those which were slayne [Declaration of the Uros, that they were not

in the warres. The Indians, who were cruell Men, but Uros.]

and bloudy butchers, using sacrifice, would The Uros who inhabited Lake Titicaca in this sort open the dead bodye, and take said they were not men, but Uros, as if they out the grease." Conquest of the Weast were a distinct species. This is related by India. HERRERA as a proof of their savage state, instead of their pride.—5. 2. 13.

[The Amentumof the Orinoco Tribe.]

THE Orinoco tribes use arrows with a [Extreme Heat in the Sound of Mexico.] cord attached to them, like a harpoon, and

“ In the Sound of Mexico,” says Gage, thus secure all the game they strike, for the " the heat was so extraordinary, that the

cord is soon entangled in the bushes.

GUMILLA, c. 19. day was no pleasure unto us; for the repercussion of the sun's heat upon the still water and pitch of our ships, kindled a scorching fire, which all the day distem

[The Brazilian Humming Bird.] pered our bodies with a constant running " THERE is among the rest a certain small sweat, forcing us to cast off most of our bird, no bigger than a joint of a finger, clothes. The evenings and nights were

which, notwithstanding this, makes a great somewhat more comfortable, yet the heat noise ; and catched with the hands whilst which the sun had left in the pitched ribs

it is sitting among the flowers, from whence and planks of the ship was such, that under

it draws its nourishment. As often as you deck and in our cabins we were not able to

turn this bird, the feathers represent a sleep, but in our shirts were forced to walk different colour, which makes the Brasior sit or lie upon the deck. The mariners lian women fasten them with golden wires fell to washing themselves and to swimming, to their ears, as we do our rings.”— Nieutill the unfortunate death of one of them HOFF, Voyages and Travels into Brazil, 8c. made them suddenly leave off that sportfor before any boat could be set out to help him he was thrice seen to be pulled under

[Vineyards of Mendoza.] water by a shark.”

The country about Mendoza in Chili is

particularly fruitful in vineyards. — Do[Cortes and his Verguntines.']

BRIZHOFFER, vol. 3, p. 143. “ His Vergantines being nayled and throughly ended, Cortes made a sluise or [Wonderful Hammock Bridge.] trench of halfe a league of length, twelve “ We observed something at a distance foote broade or more, and two fadome in which appeared like a great net, hanging depth. This worke was fiftie dayes a doy- across the river, between two mountains. ing, although there were foure hundred We got into a path that led up to it; and thousand men dayly working ; truly a fa- upon the best observation we could make at mous worke, and worthy of memory. The that distance, we could not determine wheVergantines were calked with towe and

ther it were designed for a bridge, or a net cotton woll, and for want of tallow and oyle to catch fowls or beasts in. It was made of they were, as some reporte, driven to take

cane, and fastened to four trees, two of man's grease, not that they slewe men for

3« Intendunt acres arcus, amentaque torquent.” See Du Cange in v. Navicula Species.-J. W.W. Virg. Æn. ix. 665. — J. W.W.

[blocks in formation]

BURN.

which grew on the mountain on this side, though now quite disused. I must not forand the other two on the mountain opposite get to acquaint the reader, that the breadth to it, on the other side of the river. It hung of the river under the hammock bridge (as downwards like a hammock, the lowest part we called it) is a full quarter of a mile."of it, which was the middle, being above The Journey and Adventures of John Cockforty feet from the surface of the water; but still we could not certainly judge whether this was intended, in reality, as a bridge for passengers, and were in doubt whether [Marvellous Water Tree.] it might have strength sufficient to bear a “ On the morning of the fourth day, we man's weight. We were therefore some time came out on a large plain, where were great before we could prevail with ourselves to numbers of fine deer, and in the middle venture on it; and when we did, it was but stood a tree of unusual size, spreading its slowly, and with great caution, for the bot- branches over a vast compass of ground; tom was made of such open work, that we curiosity led us up to it. We had perceived, had much ado to manage our feet with the at some distance off, the ground about it to steadiness required. Every step we took be wet, at which we began to be somewhat gave great motion to it, which, with the surprised, as well knowing there had no swiftness of the stream below, occasioned rain fallen for near six months past, accordsuch a swimming of the head, that, I believe, ing to the certain course of the season in we were a full hour in getting over; but that latitude; and that it was impossible to having accomplished it, we sat us down to be occasioned by the fall of dew on the tree view and admire this compleat piece of we were convinced, by the sun's having workmanship and ingenuity, for such it power to exhale away moisture of that nareally was. We could not conceive how it ture a few minutes after his rising: at last, was possible for it to be conveyed from one to our great amazement as well as joy, we mountain to the other, considering with saw water dropping, or as it were distilling what force the water ran in this place, fast from the end of every leaf of this wonwhich we knew would make it impracticable derful (nor had it been amiss if I had said for men to swim over with one end of it, miraculous) tree; at least, it was so with nor could it be done in canoes, or any other respect to us, who had been labouring four thing that we could suppose to be made use days through extreme heat, without receivof by the Indians; for though they are cer- ing the least moisture, and were now almost tainly a people of great dexterity in their expiring for the want of it. We could not own way, yet we knew very well they are help looking on this as liquor sent from utter strangers to all arts in use with the heaven, to comfort and support us under Europeans, and others, on such like occa- our great extremity. We catched what we sions. We observed this bridge to be very could of it in our hands, and drank very old and decayed, and guessed it might have plentifully of it; and liked it so well, that hung there some hundreds of years, and, if we could hardly prevail with ourselves to so, it must have been before the Spaniards give over. A matter of this nature could entered the country ; but, as the people not but excite us to make the strictest obhere have no use of letters, we could never servations concerning it; and accordingly, come to any, certainty concerning its an- we staid under the tree near three hours, tiquity. This we learned, however, by in- and found we could not fathom its body in quiry made of the natives, that it had hung five times [?] We observed the soil where in the manner we saw it, time out of mind, it grew to be very stony; and upon the and that it bad been (but they knew not nicest enquiry we could afterwards make, when) a very publick road for passengers, both of the natives of the country and

DOBRIZHOFFER – VOLNEY - BERNAL DIAZ.

535

Spanish inhabitants, we could not hear there principal chains of the Alleghanies, Blue was any other such tree known of through- | Ridge, &c. all run in a transverse direction out New Spain, nor perhaps all America to the course of the great rivers; and that over; but I do not represent this as a pro- these rivers have been forced to rupture digy in nature, because I am not philosopher their mounds and break through their ridges, enough to ascribe any natural cause for it; | in order to make their way to the sea from the learned may, perhaps, give substantial the bosom of the valleys. This is evident reasons in nature, for what appeared to us a in the rivers James, Potowmack, Susquegreat and marvellous secret.”—Ibid. hannah, Delaware, &c. when they issue into

the lower country.”—P. 74.

[Curious Cure for the Springhalt.] ALIQUANDO seu nervorum convulsione,

[Pleasant Fall of Waters and the Rainbow seu rheumate corripiuntur equi, pedibus

when the Sun shineth.] insistere ut nequeant. Tales Hispani mi- " THERE is a brook which falleth from lites ligatis fune pedibus sternunt; illorum the high rocks down, and in falling distibias liberaliter permingunt, calcibusque perseth itself into a small rain, which is very suis tundunt identidem ; solutos conscen- delightful in summer, because that at the dunt, ac vel tergiversantes ad cursum ur

foot of the rock there are caves, wherein gent. Duriusculus hic curandi modus, sed one is covered, whilst that this rain falleth brevissimus, me inspectante, admiranteque so pleasantly: and in the cave, wherein the exitum optatum habuit.”—DOBRIZHOFFER, rain of this brook falleth, is made, as it vol. 1, p. 269.

were, as rainbow when the sun shineth ; which hath given me great cause of admiration." - Description of New France, by

De Monts. Araucan Language. “ How is it,” HERVAS asks, “that a nation which has always been barbarous speaks a dialect infinitely more perfect than that of

[The Preparations in Death for a Change a nation which has always been cultivated ?

proximate to Life.] Because idioms are not of human invention, “The body of Tlaltecatzin was embalmed and because every nation speaks that which and then arrayed in his royal robes and God infused into its progenitors at Babel.” | seated on the throne, the crown on a richly -Tom. 2, p. 108.

wrought eagle at his feet, a tyger at his head, and a bow and arrows in his hand.”—

TORQUEMADA, vol. 1, p. [Mountains of the United States, and Course

of the Rivers.] “ In the structure of the mountains of [Description of the Ambassador of Montethe United States,” says VOLNEY,

zuma.] cumstance exists more striking than in any BERNAL Diaz describes the embassadors other part of the world, which must singu- of Montezuma to Campoala thus, “ Traian larly have increased the action and varied ricas mantas labradas, y los bragueros de the movements of the waters. If we atten- la misma manera (que entonces bragueros tively examine the land, or even the mass se ponian) y el cabello luzio y alçado como of the country, we must perceive, that the atado en la cabeça, y cada uno unas rosas

87.

a cir

536

BARON DE LAHONTAN.

ohendolas y mosqueadores que les traian dans un double cercueil d'écorce, dans lequel otros Indios como criados, y cada uno un on a eu la précaution de mettre ses armes, bordon con un garavato en la mano.”—P. des pipes, du tabac et du bled d'Inde. 31.

Pendant que ces esclaves portent le cadavre,

les parens et les parentes dansent en l'ac[Deliverance in Death.]

compagnant, et d'autres esclaves se chargent

du bagage, dont les parens font présent au “ Dès qu’un sauvage est mort, on l'habille mort, et le transportent sur son cercueil.” le plus proprement qu'il est possible, et les -BARON DE LAHONTAN, Nouveaux Voyages esclaves de ses parens le viennent pleurer. dans l'Amerique Septentrionale. Ni mères, ni sæurs, ni frères, n'en paroissent nullement affligez, ils disent qu'il est bienheureux de ne plus souffrir, car ces bonnes [Aboriginal American Cradles.] gens croyent, et ce n'est pas où ils se trom

“ Les Mères se servent de certaines pepent, que la mort est un passage à une meilleure vie. Dès que le mort est habillé,

tites planches rembourrées de coton, sur on l'assied sur une natte de la même manière le dos collé; d'ailleurs ils sont emmaillotez

lesquelles il semble que leurs enfans ayent que s'il étoit vivant; ses parens s'asseyant à nôtre manière, avec des langes soûtenus autour de lui, chacun lui fait une harangue à son tour ou on lui raconte tous ses ex

par de petites bandes passées dans les trous ploits et ceux de ses ancêtres; l'orateur qui

qu'on fait à côté de ces planches. Elles y parle le dernier s'explique en ces termes :

attachent aussi des cordes pour suspendre * Un tel, te voilà assis avec nous, tu as la

leurs enfans à des branches d'arbres, lors même figure que nous, il ne te manque ni

qu'elles ont quelque chose à faire, dans le bras, ni tête, ni jambes. Cependant, tu

tems qu'elles sont au bois.”—Ibid. cesses d'être, et tu commences à t'évaporer comme la fumée de cette pipe. Qui est-ce qui nous parloit il y a deux jours, ce n'est

[Iroquois Destruction.] pas toi, car tu nous parlerois encore ; il faut Pour ne point perdre de tems, Mon". de donc

que ce soit ton âme qui est à présent Champigni annonça la rupture par un bardans le grand pais des âmes avec celles de bare hostilité.

Il envoya trois cens Cananôtre nation. Ton corps que nous voyons diens pour enlever deux villages d'Iroquois, ici, sera dans six mois ce qu'il etoit il y a villages situez à sept ou huit lieues du fort

. Tu ne sens rien, tu ne con- Les conquerans eurent bien-tôt expédié

vois rien, parceque tu l'affaire. Etant arrivez vers le soir, ils n'es rien. Cependant, par l'amitié que n'eurent que la peine de se jetter sur les portions à ton corps lors que l'esprit t'ani- habitans

, et ces pauvres sauvages qui ne moit, nous te donnons des marques de la

se défioient de rien se virent en même tems frères et à nos amis.' entourez, saisis et liez. Dans ce triste équi“ Dès que les harangues sont finies les page on les conduisit à Trontenac. L'Inparens

faire place aux parentes, tendant leur y fit une desagréable réception: qui lui font les mêmes complimens, ensuite il ordonna qu'ils fussent attachez de file à on l'enferme vingt heures dans la Cabane des piquets par le cou, par les mains et par des Morts; et pendant ce tems-là on fait les pieds. J'y vis ces enfilades d'Iroquois des danses et des festins qui ne paroissent attachez comme je vous l'ai marqué. Ce rien moins que lugubres. Les vingt heures spectacle m'attendrit, et me causa de l'inétant expirées, ses esclaves le portent sur dignation. Ce qui me surprit le plus, ce leur dos jusqu'au lieu où on le met sur des fut de trouver ces prisonniers tous chantans. piquets de dix pieds de hauteur, enseveli | Je crus d'abord que c'étoit ou stupidité, ou

deux cens ans.
nois rien, et tu ne

nous

vénération dûe à

nos

sortent pour

PETER MARTYR — HERRERA.

537

Philosophie naturelle ; mais on me dit que governour, a man of fourescore yeares of c'étoit une coûtume établie chez tous les age, and of great gravitie, although hee peuples du Canada; lors qu'ils sont prison- were naked saving his privie parts. Hee niers de guerre, c'est par le chant qu'ils had a great trayne of men wayting on him. expriment leurs plaintes et leurs regrets. All the while the prieste was at masse he Cette mélodie dure nuit et jour, et leurs shewed himselfe very humble, and gave reairs sont des in promptu composez sur le verent attendance, with grave and demure champ par la nature ou plûtot par le dou- countenance. When the masse was ended, leur. Toute la lettre de leur musique me hee presented to the admirall a basket of the paroissoit fort sensée, et j'aurois bien défié fruites of his countrey, delivering the same Mr. nôtre Intendant de pouvoir y répondre with his own handes, when the admirall solidement. Jugez-en vous-même, Mon- hadde gentlely entertained him, desiring sieur, voici les paroles que ces infortunez leave to speake, he made an oration in the répétoient le plus souvent, vous les ferez presence of Didacus the interpreter, to this noter par tel musicien qu'il vous plaira ; effect, “ I have bin advertised (most mighty pour les bien comprendre, il faut sçavoir prince) that you have of late with great que les conquérans des deux villages avoient power subdued many lands and regions, égorgé les vieillards, cette circonstance hitherto unknown to you, and have brought m'étoit échapée. “Quelle ingratitude! quelle no little feare upon all the people and inscelératesse! quelle cruauté!' s'écrioient-ils, habitantes of the same: the which your dans leurs lugubres et discordans concerts, good fortune you shall beare with lesse in• nous n'avons cessé depuis la paix de pourvoir solency, if you remember that the soules of à la subsistance de ce fort par notre pêche, men have two journeyes after they have et par nôtre chasse. Nous avons enrichi departed from this body. The one, foule les François de nos Castors, et de nos autres and darke, prepared for such as are injurious pelleteries, et pour récompense, on vient and cruell to mankinde: the other, pleasant traitreusement dans nos villages ; on mas- and delectable, ordained for them which in sacre nos pères et nos vieillards; on nous their life time loved peace and quietness. fait esclaves, et l'on nous tient dans une If therefore you acknowledge yourself to posture ou l'on ne peut se défendre des be mortal, and consider that every man moucherons, ni par conséquent attraper le shall receive condigne rewarde or punishsommeil. On nous a fait souffrir mille morts ment for such thinges as hee hath done in quand on a versé devant nos yeux le sang this life, you will wrongfully hurt no man.' de nos pères, et si l'on nous conserve la vie, When hee had saide these wordes and other c'est pour nous la rendre plus affreuse que like, which were declared to the admirall la mort même. Est-ce donc là cette na- by the interpretation, hee marveiled at the tion dont les Jésuites prônent si fort la judgment of the naked olde man.”—PETER droiture et la bonne foi ? Mais les cinq Martyr. villages auront soin de notre vengeance, et nos compatriotes n'oublieront jamais l'horrible violence qu'on nous fait.' C'est la sub

[Natural Courage of the Miges.] stance de ce qu'ils chantoient.” – Ibid. One of the Miges, when the Spaniards

threw him to the dogs to be devoured alive,

exulted with a spirit like Regner Lodbrog, [Extraordinary Instance of Natural Elo- and bade the dogs bite bravely! saying that quence, or, Columbus and the Old Man of his countrymen would paint him in the skin Cuba.]

of a tyger, as a good and brave man, who “As Columbus hearde masse on the shore would not betray his lord. HERRERA, 4. of Cuba, there came towarde him a certaine 9.7.

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