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598

TOBIN

PIETRO DELLA VALLE - FORBES

WESLEY

marrow-fat

mony; make them into a pill with honey, or any other convenient vehicle, and give

[Change of Colour in the Camelion.] it to the dog immediately. In all probabi- The Camelion, according to HASSELQUIST, lity an abundant evacuation will succeed, (p. 216,) seldom changes colour unless it is from which alone the cure sometimes re- angry, and then from iron grey to a yellow sults. This medicine, however, should not or greenish hue, evidently occasioned by be solely relied on, but should be followed gall. up by pills of about the size of a very large

pea,
given half-hourly. These

Prunus cerasus. pills are to be made of pure camphor, dissolved sufficiently to be worked into a mass, The gum of the cherry-tree is as valuby means of a few drops of spirit of wine, able as gum arabic. HASSELQCIST relates which should be added drop by drop, as it

that more than a hundred men during a is very easy to render the camphor too li- siege, were kept alive for near two months, quid. A short time will decide the case :

without any other sustenance than a little if the medicine take proper effect, the jaws of this gum, kept in the mouth and suffered will be freed from that slimy, ropy excre- gradually to dissolve. tion occasioned by the disease, and in its stead a free discharge of saliva will appear, rather inclined to froth like soap-suds.

[Age of the Tortoise.'] I can only assure the reader, that I have more than once saved the life of dogs by pital at Surat, Mr. Forbes mentions a tor

Among the inmates of the Banian hosthese means, although they were so far gone

toise which was known to have been there as to snap at me while administering the medicine.”-Oriental Sports, Vol. 2, p. 197.

seventy-five

years.

[The Tail of the Flying Fish.]

[Puff-ball,-a Styptic.] "The lower half of the tail in the flying

John WESLEY asserts that the powder of fish is full twice the length of the upper.

the ripe Puff-Ball will stop the bleeding of “I have by the hour,” says Captain Tobin, an amputated limb. “watched the dolphins and bonitos in pursuit of them ; when without wholly immersing themselves, which would have proved

Rosa canina-Dog-rose-Hep-tree. fatal to them, they have disposed in their

The leaves of every species of rose, but progressive motion the lower part of the tail in such a manner as to supply their especially of this, are recommended in the wings with moisture so as to support them Eph. nat. curiosor. as a substitute for tea, above the surface. I never saw one exceed giving out a fine colour, a sub-astringent the distance of one hundred yards without taste, and a grateful smell, when dried, and

infused in boiling water.

- PILKINGTON'S being obliged to dip for a fresh supply."

Derbyshire.

[Pomegranate Seeds.] “ THE Persians dry the pomegranate seeds, and boil them, to flavour their ragouts with the infusion.”—PIETRO DELLA VALLE.

1 Winte says in his Natural History of Selbourne, “In a neighbouring village one was kept till by tradition it was supposed to be an hundred years old.” Seventh Letter to Daines Barrington.-J. W. W.

CHANDLER

MARTIN – WILKES.

599

[The Scorpion the Cure of his own Poison.'] the middle of May, and is frequently used

and procures yeast: the rod is cut before “ Tue capuchin, as we were conversing to furnish yeast, and, being preserved and by the window of his apartment, put his used in this manner, it serves for many years hand incautiously on the frame, and, sud- together. I have seen the experiment tried, denly withdrawing it, complained of a pain- and was shewed a piece of a thick wyth, ful puncture. A Turk, who was with us, which hath been preserved for making ale on examining the wall, found a scorpion of with, for about twenty or thirty years."a pale green colour, and near three inches Martin's Account of the Western Islands. long, which he crushed with his foot, and He says elsewhere—“The natives prebound on the part affected, as an antidote serve their yeast by an oaken wyth, which to its own poison. The smart became in- they twist and put into it; and for future considerable after the remedy was applied; use, keep it in barley-straw.” and as no inflammation followed, soon ceased. The sting, if neglected, produces acute pain attended with a fever and other symptoms for several hours; the malignancy of the vi

[Attraction of Clouds.] rus as it were decaying, the patient is left “ COLONEL MACKENZIE who watched the gradually free. Some preserve scorpions approach of a monsoon on the summit of in oil in a viol, to be used if that which the Bednore hills, distinctly observed the commits the hostility should escape, though clouds, in rolling along, frequently to diit seldom happens but in turning up a log verge from their direct course, apparently or stone another may be found to supply its attracted by some hills more powerfully place.”—CHANDLER's Travels in Greece. than by others of equal or superior height;

and every successive cloud diverging in the same line. This phenomenon appears to

merit farther investigation, and may be [The Oak-rod, a Means of producing Yeast.] found to explain why places similar in situ“A Rod of oak, of four, five, six or eight Wilkes, Historical Sketches of the South of

ation have unequal proportions of rain."inches about, twisted round like a wyth, India, vol. 1, p. 449. N. boiled in wort, well dried and kept in a little bundle of barley-straw, and being steeped again in wort, causeth it to ferment,

[Antagonistic Action of all Simples and

Nostrums and Panaceas.] 1 JEREMY TAYLOR says, “We kill the viper and make a treacle of him.” vol. vi. p. 254. The ori- “A HAPPY truce, if a happy truce; and ginal word is “ Theriacum,”—whence the French an honourable triumph if durable. I say Theriaque, and the English treacle, —now parti- | if and if, because I have known many a cularly applied to the dregs of Sugar, and other dregs of the Sugar-tub. Any sovereign remedy

truce like scammony, that weakeneth the was at this time” (i. e. in the 13th century) liver; or cassia, that enfeebleth the reins; “ called treacle.”—Ellis's Specimens of English

or agarick, that overthroweth the stomach, Poetry, vol. 1, p. 89. Hence Quarles says in bis --the stomach that must work the feat. Emblems,

And who hath not, either by experience, or “If poison chance to infest my soul in fight,

by hear-say, or by reading, known many a Thou art the treacle that must make me sound.”

triumph like senna, that breedeth wind; or

Book v. Embl. xi. Pliny's words are “Fiant ex viperà pastilli, rhubarb, that drieth overmuch; or euforqui theriaci vocantur à Græcis.” - Nat. Hist. lib. bium, that inflameth the whole body,—the xxix, c. 4. J. W. W.

body that must strike the stroke. Take

600

GABRIEL HARVEY – FIENNES — BARROW.

away the overthrowing or weakening pro- | various productions. The chin-chou jelly perty from truce, and truce may be a di- of China may probably be made, in part, of vine scammony, cassia, or agarick, to purge the Fucus Saccharinus ; for it would appear, noisome and rebellious humours. Oh that from samples brought to England, that the it might be such a purge in France! Cor- | leaves from which this jelly is made are rect that ventosity or inflammation that ac- taken from three or four distinct species of companieth triumph, and lo, the gallantest this extensive genus. physic that nature hath afforded, wit de- “ There is reason indeed to believe that vised, or magnanimity practised to abate most of the species both of the Fuci and the pride of the enemy, and to redouble the the Ulvæ might be employed for similar purcourage of the friend. No tobacco or pana- poses. From the shores of Robben Island, cea so mightily virtuous as that physic."- at the Cape of Good Hope, the slaves are GABRIEL HARVEY's New Letter of Notable accustomed to bring away baskets of a Contents.

species of Fucus, whose leaves are swordshaped, serrated, and about six inches long.

These leaves being first washed clean and [Large double-cropped Strawberry.]

sufficiently dried to resist putrefaction are

then steeped in fresh water for five or six There is a large garden strawberry which days, changing it every morning; after gives two crops. The second crop the fruit which if boiled for a few hours in a little is flat like a button. In 1697 it grew in

water they become a clear transparent jelly, Sir Charles Woolsley's gardens, at Woolsley which being mixed with a little sugar and in Staffordshire.—Mrs. FIENNES's MSS.

the juice of a lemon or orange, is as pleasant and refreshing as any kind of jelly whatsoever. And as few countries perhaps

can boast of a greater number of species of [Nutritive Powers of the Fuci and Algæ.]

the Fuci and Ulve than are found on the “All the gelatinous substances derived coasts of the British islands, future generafrom the sea, whether animal or vegetable, tions may discover those nutritive qualities are considered by the Cochin Chinese among which many of them contain, and not limit the most nutritious of all aliments; and on the use of them as articles of food to a few this principle various kinds of Alge or sea- species, which is the case at present; for weeds, particularly those genera which are excepting the Esculentus or Tangle, the known by the names of Fuci and Ulvæ, are Saccharinus, better known in Iceland than included in the list of their edible plants. in Britain, the Palmatus or Dulse, which the

“ In the populous islands of Japan the Scotch say is not only rich and gelatinous, natives of the sea-coasts derive part of their but communicates to other vegetables with sustenance from various kinds of sea-weeds, which it may be mixed, the fragrant smell and from none more than that species of of violets, and that species of Ulre well Fucus which is called Saccharinus. It would known on the coast of Wales by the name appear from Mr. Thunberg's account of its of Laver, all the rest seem to be neglected." leaves being used to ornament and embel- | -J. BARROW, Voyage to Cochin-China, &c. lish packages of fruit or other presents offered to strangers, that this plant is there in high estimation, being considered perhaps as the representative of those resources

[Sand-filtering.] of sustenance which the sea so amply sup- "I took a quantity of fine sand, washed plies to such nations as from choice or ne- it from the salt quality with which it was cessity may be led to avail themselves of its impregnated, and spread it upon a sheet to

BRUCE

- ACERBI – BARROW

WITHERING.

601

]

dry; I then filled an oil-jar with water, and within the present century. “The accounts poured into it as much from a boiling kettle given of it,” he adds, “by ancient writers as would serve to kill all the animalculæ were looked upon as fabulous.”—(South and eggs that were in it. I then sifted my Africa, vol. 1, p. 316.) dried sand, as slowly as possible, upon the surface of the water in the jar, till the sand stood half a foot in the bottom of it: after letting it settle a night, we drew it off by a

[Fish stunned by the Striking of the Ice.] hole in the jar with a spigot in it, about an “In autumn when the frost begins to set inch above the sand; then threw the re- in, the fisherman courses along the rivers, maining sand out upon the cloth, and dried and when he observes a fish under the ice and washed it again. This process is sooner in shallow water, he strikes a violent blow performed than described. The water is with his wooden mallet perpendicularly over as limpid as the purest spring, and little in the fish, so as to break the ice. The fish ferior to the finest Spa."-BRUCE.

stupified by the blow communicated to it by the water, in a few seconds rises quite giddy to the surface, where the man seizes

it with an instrument made for the pur[Sea Calves and Seals of the Gulph of

pose.”—ACERBI's Travels. Bothnia.] “The only animals that inhabit those deserts (the frozen gulf of Bothnia) and find them an agreeable abode, are sea calves or

[Medicinal Effects of the Elder Tree.] seals. In the cavities of the ice they de- “ Sheep which have the rot will soon posit the fruits of their love, and teach their cure themselves if they can get at the bark young ones betimes to brave all the rigours and young shoots of the elder."—WITHERof the rudest season.

Their mothers lay Ing. them down, all naked as they are brought forth, on the ice; and their fathers take care “ Any tree or plant which is whipped to have an open hole in the ice near them, with green elder branches will not be atfor a speedy communication with the water. tacked by insects.”Phil. Trans. vol. 62, Into these they plunge with their young, p. 348. the moment they see a hunter approach : or at other times they descend into them spontaneously in search of fishes, for suste- [How to get Fresh - Water on the Sea-shore.] nance to themselves and their offspring. “Digge a pit upon the sea-shore, someThe manner in which the male seals make what above the high-water marke, and sinke those holes in the ice is astonishing ; neither it as deepe as the low-water marke; and as their teeth nor their paws have any share the tide commeth in, it will fill with water, in the operation, but it is performed solely fresh and potable. This is commonly pracby their breath."—ACERBI's Travels. tised upon the Coast of Barbarie, where

other fresh water is wanting, and Cæsar knew this well, when hee was besieged in

Alexandria : for by digging of pits in the Cameleopard.

sea-shore, hee did frustrate the laborous Mr. Barrow is mistaken in saying that workes of the enemies, which had turned since the time of Julius Cæsar when the Ca- the sea-water upon the wels of Alexandria; meleopard was publicly exhibited in Rome, and so saved his armie, being then in desthis animal had been lost to Europe till peration. But Cæsar mistooke the cause ;

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LORD BACON - PILKINGTON — WITHERING-CARVER.

p. 1.

for he thought that all sea-sands had natu- and the violet,—the most delightful bird rall springs of fresh-water. But it is plaine, and the sweetest flower. There are other that it is the sea-water ; because the pit natural objects which, having been the defilleth according to the measure of the tide: light of my own childhood, I regret for the and the sea - water passing on straining sake of my children. That green-gold beethorow the sands, leaveth the saltness."- tle, the most splendid of British insects, Lord Bacon, Natural History, Century 1, which nestles upon roses, is unknown here;

and the varieties of butterflies are by no

means so numerous as in the southern counTHÈ Indians of Tabasco who would ad-ties.-ROBERT SOUTHEY. mit the Spaniards into their houses, said that if the strangers “ woulde needes have water, they might take river water, or else make welles on the shore, for so did they at

[Sulphureous Rain like Ink.] theyr neede.—Conquest of the Weast India. “ In the year 1762, in the month of July,

it rained on this town and the parts adjacent, a sulphureous water of the colour and

consistence of ink; some of which being Prunus Spinosa. Black-thorn. Sloe-tree.

collected into bottles, and wrote with, ap“ Tue young leaves of the black thorn peared perfectly intelligible on the paper, are recommended as a substitute for tea.

and answered every purpose of that useful Letters written upon linen or woollen with liquid. Soon after, the Indian wars already the juice of the sloe will not wash out."

spoken of broke out in these parts. I mean PILKINGTON's Derbyshire.

not to say that this incident was ominous of them, notwithstanding it is well known that

innumerable well attested instances of exOxalis Acetosella. Wood Sorrel. Cuckow-traordinary phænomena happening before Meat.

extraordinary events have been recorded

in almost every age by historians of veracity; “ An infusion of the leaves of wood sor

I only relate the circumstances as a fact of rel is a pleasant liquor for the feverish, which I was informed by many persons of boiled with milk they make a pleasant whey." | undoubted probity, and leave my readers, -LEWIS.

as I have hitherto done, to draw their own “The essential salt of lemons, as it is conclusions from it." CARVER, Travels called, is made from this plant, the expressed through the interior Parts of North America, juice depurated, properly evaporated, and sc. p. 153. set in a cool place, affording a crystalline acid salt in considerable quantity."—Wi

[The Balachaun and the Nuke-mum of the

Tonquinese.]

“ BALACHAUN is a composition of a strong [Regrets for the Flowers and Insects of one's

savour, yet a very delightsome dish to the Childhood.]

Tonquinese. To make it they throw the Anna SEWARD says in one of her letters mixture of shrimps and small fish into a sort that she went into Warwickshire to hear of weak pickle made with salt and water, the nightingale, Lichfield being north of and put into a tight earthen vessel or jar. the line which that bird never crosses. The pickle being thus weak, it keeps not Here in Cumberland I miss the nightingale | the fish firm and hard, neither is it probably

THERING.

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