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DAMPIER — P. ANDRES PEREZ DE RIBAS — HERODOTUS.

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so designed, for the fish are never gutted. up one to be so tame as to endure the hand, Therefore in a short time they all turn to a putting strings of jewels or gold through mash in the vessel; and when they have his ears, and a chain on his fore feet. While lain thus a good while, so that the fish is he lives he is used with great respect, and reduced to a pap, they then draw off the fed with consecrated provisions at the publiquor into fresh jars, and preserve it for lic charge; and when he is dead he is preuse. The mashed fish that remains behind served in salt, and buried in a sacred coilin.” is called Balachaun, and the liquor poured | Herodotus, Enterpe. c. 69. off is called Nuke-mum. The poor people eat the Balachaun with their rice; it is rankscented, yet the taste is not altogether unpleasant, but rather savoury, after one is a

p" Numina vicinorum little used to it. The Nuke-mum is of a Odit uterque Locus.”—Juv. Sat. xv. 36.] pale brown colour, inclining to grey, and ['Eneay vürov vòs deledon tepà Öyklotpov pretty clear ; it is also very savoury, and K.7.1.] used as a good sauce for fowls, not only by

Those of the Egyptians who were wise the natives, but also by many Europeans,

enough not to worship Crocodiles, had an who esteem it equal with soy.”—DAMPIER.

excellent method of destroying them. “They fasten the chine of a hog to an iron hook,

which they let down into the river, beating [The Acorn Bird of the Sierra de Topia.] a living pig on the shore at the same time.

P. Andres PEREZ DE Ribas also de The crocodile hearing the noise, and making scribes them as existing in the Sierra de that way, meets with the chine, which he Topia. “ They are like large thrushes," he

devours, and is drawn to land; where, when says, “and the trunks of pine trees serve

he arrives, they presently throw dirt in his them as granaries or cupboards wherein

eyes, and by that means do what they will they secure their food that it may not de

with him, which otherwise would be difficay. For making two thousand little holes

cult.”—Ibid. c. 70. in the large trunk of a pine, dry, and free from moisture, in every one of them it encases, or sets, an acorn gathered at fit sea

[Steller's Sea-Cow.] son, and fits it with its bill so nicely, that “My curiosity was particularly directed very difficultly can a man with his ten fin- | to the Trichecus Mamatus Stelleri, or Stelgers extract it; thus has God given indus- ler's Sea-Cow. This "curious animal, of try to this little bird to keep his food, which we first received an account from the which would otherwise rot upon the earth.”

above-named votary of science, and which -Lib. 8, c. 1, p. 470.

in former times abounded upon the coasts of Kamschatka or Behring's, and other is

lands in these seas, when it was a favourite [“ Crocodilon adorat Pars hæc.” food of the Russian Promuschleniks, or furJuv. Sat. xx. 2.]

hunters, has not been seen now for some

years; it has disappeared even from Tschuk[Οι δε περί τε θήβας και την Μοιρίας

| tschkoi-noss, the most northern point of Níuvnv, k.t..]

the Asiatic continent in these parts. It “ Those who inhabit the country of seems, therefore, very probable that though Thebes, and that adjoining to the Lake of known to be in existence not more than Mæris, pay a peculiar veneration to the forty years ago, it must now be ranked Crocodile. For each of these people train / among the list of beings lost from the ani

604

LANGSDORFF- CARVER.

mal kingdom, like the dudu, the mammoth,

[Sea Snake formed from Mollusca.] the carnivorous elephant of the Ohio, and others." LLANGSDORFF, vol. 2, p. 23.

“ We perceived in the water, near the ship, off Cape Mendocino, a sort of ribandlike object, perfectly clear and transparent,

which had the direct form and figure of a [Immense Flight of Birds.]

snake: it was probably composed of a num

ber of salpen or mollusca of a particular “WHEN we were at the distance of about

species, mentioned by Forskal as hanging a sea-mile and a half, a cannon was fired to

to each other in so extraordinary a manner.” attract the observation of the inhabitants,

| -Ibid. vol. 2, p. 147. and invite them to the vessel. At the same moment, while the echo of the fire resounded along the steep cliffs, an innumerable flight of birds of various kinds rose terrified all

[Foxes of N. California.] along the coast. Without any exaggera “BESIDES these herds, we met a great tion, or seeking to exhibit an overcharged number of foxes, who appeared to live upon picture, I can assert, that literally a thick the most friendly terms with the young living cloud spread itself around, and that calves, and followed the cows about as if the sea as far as our horizon reached, was they had been equally their children." — absolutely blackened by the animal.”—Ibid. Ibid. vol. 2, p. 192. vol. 2, p. 27.

[Indian Bark as Food.] Anas Glacialis.

“In the spring of the year the Naudows66 Tuis is a species not common in Nor- | sies eat the inside bark of a shrub, that folk Sound, but abounding much at Ko

they gather in some part of their country; diak : it breeds chiefly on that island, and

but I could neither learn the name of it, nor on the peninsula of Alaksa. The harmo- |

discover from whence they got it. It was nious trumpet-like noise of this bird dis

of a brittle nature, and easily masticated. tinguishes it from every other species of

The taste of it was very agreeable, and duck. It dives very deep under the water,

they said it was extremely nourishing. In and lives principally upon shell-fish: it

flavour it was not unlike the turnip, and draws in a large provision of air in diving,

when received into the mouth, resembled a small part of which it exhales from time

that root both in its pulpous and frangible to time, so that in calm weather, by the

nature.”—CARVER, p. 264. little bubbles which ascend from this emission of air, its course under the water may be easily tracked : it swims very fast, [The Charming of the Rattle-Snake.] making very long strokes.”—Ibid. vol. 2,

“It has been observed, and I can conp. 104.

firm the observation, that the Rattle-snake

is charmed with any harmonious sounds, I In the German translation of Saner's Travels, whether vocal or instrumental. I have it is asserted that the last animal of this species many times seen them, even when they was killed at Behring's island in the year 1768, have been enraged, place themselves in a and that since that time it has not been seen in

listening posture, and continue immoveably these parts.

attentive and susceptible of delight all the time the music has lasted.”—Ibid. p. 483.

CARVER - TIMBERLAKE - DU PRATZ.

605

[Slow Lizard.]

[Indian Manner of taking Fish.] “ The Slow Lizard is of the same shape “BUILDING two walls obliquely down the as the swift, but its colour is brown; it is river from either shore, just as they are moreover, of an opposite disposition, being near joining, a passage is left to a deep well altogether as slow in its movement, as the or reservoir ; the Indians then scaring the other is swift. It is remarkable that these fish down the river, close the mouth of the lizards are extremely brittle, and will break | reservoir with a large bush or bundle made off near the tail as easily as an icicle." on purpose, and it is no difficult matter to Ibid. p. 489.

take them with baskets, when inclosed within so small a compass.”—TIMBERLAKE.

[N. American Fire Fly.] CARVER (p. 491) remarks of the North American Fire-fly, or Lightning Bug, that

[Psophia Crepitans.] “ in dark nights, when there is much light

Psophia crepitans,—the Aganis or Goldning without rain, they seem as if they breasted Trumpeter, S. America; they wished either to imitate or assist the flashes, may be trained like dogs, and become as for during the intervals they are uncom

fond and as faithful. It is said that they monly agile, and endeavour to throw out | may be trained to tend sheep.- BUFFON every ray they can collect."

referred to, vol. 4, p. 390, English Translation.

Was Forbes's bird of this family ?

[The Buzo, or, White Wood.] “ The Buzo, or White Wood, is a tree of a middling size, and the whitest and

[American Eagle.] softest wood that grows; when quite dry it “ The American Eagle is smaller than swims on the water like a cork: in the set- | the Eagle of the Alps, but much more tlements the turners make of it bowls, beautiful, being entirely white, except the trenchers, and dishes, which wear smooth, tips of his wings, which are black. As he and will last a long time; but when applied is also very rare, this is another reason for to any other purpose it is far from being heightening his value to the natives, who durable.”—Ibid. p. 499.

purchase at a great price the large feathers of his wings, with which they ornament the Calumet.”—Du Pratz, vol. 2,

p. 75.

Shin Wood. “This extraordinary shrub grows in the forests, and, rising like a vine, runs near the

[Vivaciousness of the Acacia Tree.] ground for six or eight feet, and then takes root again; in the same manner taking Du Pratz says that posts made of acacia root, and springing up successively, one must be entirely stript of their bark : for if stalk covers a large space; this proves very the least bark be left upon them they will troublesome to the hasty traveller, by strik. | take root.-Vol. 2, p. 30. ing against his shins, and entangling his legs; from which it has acquired its name.” -Ibid. p. 506.

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and their bodies painted, and that their [Superstition in the Philippines.] coming is known by the smell.

“They also adored some particular gods, TEXN the Philippine Islands it ap

i left them by their ancestors, and called by VULC pears they had one principal the Bisavans. Davata, by the Tagalians,

god, called by the Tagalians, LEEX Barhalamay-capal; that is, the

Anito. One of these was believed to keep

in the mountains and fields, to assist tragod-maker. They adored birds and beasts,

vellers; another to make the seed sprout like the Egyptians; and the sun and moon,

up, and they left him things in certain places like the Assyrians. There was not a rock,

to gain favour. There was also a sea Anito stone, promontory or river but what they

for the fishery, and another belonging to sacrificed to; nor any old tree to which

the house, to take care of the children. they did not pay divine honours, and it was

Among these Anitos, were placed their looked upon as a sacrilege to cut it down

grandfathers, and great grandfathers; whom on any account whatsoever. This supersti

they called upon in all their troubles; keeption continues among them still; so that

ing little ugly statues of stone, wood, gold, no force could prevail with the Indians to

and ivory, in memory of them, which they make them cut down a certain great old

called Liche, or Laravan. They also actree, called Bolette, whose leaves are like

counted among their gods, all those that those of a chesnut tree, and its bark good

died by the sword, or were killed by lightfor some wounds, nor some ancient tall

ning, or eaten by crocodiles, believing their canes, vainly believing the souls of their

souls ascended to heaven, by way of an ancestors dwell in them, and that the cut

arch they called Balangao. For this reating of those trees or canes would put them

son, the eldest among them choose to be into a fever; and that therefore an old man

buried in some remarkable place on the they call Nuno would appear to complain of their cruelty. This is to be understood of

mountains, and particularly on the pro

montories that run into the sea, that they such as are not Christians, or not well instructed. This vain belief continues among

might be adored by sailors." — GEMELLI

CARERI. them, because sometimes they fancy they

ummmmmmm see several apparitions, called Tibalong, on the tops of the trees; and they are fully

[Attestation of the Lieutenant of the Baipersuaded that the same appear to children

liff of Mantes and Meulont, of the erin the shape of their mothers, and carry

penses incurred in the execution of a Sow them to the mountains without doing them that had devoured a Child.] any harm. They say they see them vastly “To all those to whom these letters shall tall, with long hair, little feet, long wings, come, Simon de Baudemont, Lieutenant, at

BEAUDEMONT – LEIBNITZ - PENNANT — HOBHOUSE.

607

Meulont, of the noble Monsieur Jhean,

[Belief of the Modern Athenians that the Lord of Maintenon, knight, chamberlain of our lord the king, and his bailiff of Mantes

ancient Statues are real Bodies.] and Meulont, greeting: Be it known, that " THE common Athenians believe that in order to execute justice on a sow that the ancient statues are real bodies, mutidevoured a child, it has been found neces lated and enchanted into their present state sary to incur the expenses herein after- of petrifaction by magicians, who will have mentioned: that is to say, for expenses power over them as long as the Turks are within the gaol, 6 sols. Item, to the exe- masters of Greece. The spirit within them cutioner, who came from Paris, to Meulont, | is called an Arabian, and is not unfrequently to put the sentence in execution, by the heard to moan and bewail its condition. command of our said lord the bailiff, and Some Greeks in our time, conveying a chest of the king's attorney, 54 sols. Item, for from Athens to Piræus, containing part of the carriage that conveyed her to execution, the Elgin marbles, threw it down, and could 6 sols. Item, for ropes to tie and haul her not for some time be prevailed upon to up, 2 sols 8 deniers. Item, for gloves, 12 touch it again, aflirming they heard the deniers : amounting in the whole to 69 sols Arabian crying out, and groaning for his 8 deniers; and the above we certify to be fellow spirits detained in bondage in the true, by these presents, sealed with our seal, Acropolis. It is to be added that the Atheand in confirmation and approbation of the nians consider the condition of these enabove, sealed also with the seal of the Cas- | chanted marbles will be bettered by a retellany of Meulont, this 15th day of March, | moval from the country of the tyrant Turks." in the year 1403.” SIMON DE BEAUDEMONT. -HOBHOUSE's Travels, p. 348.

-Journal de Troye et de la Champagne Meridionale.

[The Old Camel.]

MacGill mentions an old camel whom [Leibnitz's Opinion.]

he saw near a hut passing the evening of “MEA opinio est, omnia ut sic dicam

her days in plenty and tranquillity; " for plena esse animarum, vel analogarum natu

it is a humane principle of the Turks," he rarum, et ne brutorum quidem animas in

| adds, “that an old servant ought never terire.”—LEIBNITZ, p. 189.

to be deserted when age or sickness has disabled him from being any farther useful. Ilere she lay basking in the sun's rays be

side a fountain, or browsing in the shade, [Lord Holland and Æsculapius.] while the children of the village playing “On an ancient altar, once devoted to around her were taught by their parents to Æsculapius, the first Lord Holland thought be grateful for past services, and to respect fit to renew the like devotion to the God and venerate old age.”—Vol. 1, p. 144. of Health in this form:

Ob salutem in Italiâ
Anno 1767 recuperatam,
Hanc columnam

[The Broadside and the Bantam Cock ] Olim D. Æsculapio sacram,

“ In the famous victory of the 12th April, Nunc iterum donat dedicatque. | a little Bantam Cock perched himself upon

HOLLAND. | the poop of Rodney's ship, and at every Pennant's Tour from London to Dover. broadside that was poured into the Ville

| de Paris, clapt his wings and crew. Rod

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